Christoph Heibl

Christoph Heibl
Nationalpark Bayerischer Wald · Naturschutz und Forschung

Dr.

About

50
Publications
24,233
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1,449
Citations
Citations since 2017
31 Research Items
1068 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250

Publications

Publications (50)
Article
Full-text available
In 2021, the Leather grapefern (Botrychium mutifidum) was found on the Lindbergschachten in the Bavarian Forest National Park. This fern is threatened with extinction in Germany, and is only represented in a few plants nationwide at another locality in the Bavarian Forest National Park. At the newly discovered site, B. multifidum grows in a wet gra...
Article
The response of biodiversity to natural and anthropogenic disturbances is a central topic in applied ecology. Climate change has altered forest disturbance regimes, resulting in global increases in stand-replacing disturbances, which are regularly followed by the removal of trees (salvage logging). Yet, the mid- to long-term effects of disturbances...
Article
Recent progress in the taxonomy of flat bark beetles (Cucujidae), specifically, in the genus Cucujus, has revealed great diversity in subtropical Asia, but the seemingly well-known temperate and boreal taxa need further attention because of their conservation status. Here, we used an integrative approach using morphology, DNA, and species distribut...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding species richness variation among local communities is one of the central topics in ecology, but the complex interplay of regional processes, environmental filtering and local processes hampers generalization on the importance of different processes. Here, we aim to unravel drivers of spider community assembly in temperate forests by a...
Article
Full-text available
This short communication reports on new sites of the critically endangered club-moss taxa (Diphasiastrum alpinum and D. × issleri) and the first record of the triploid Diphasiastrum hybrid D. alpinum × D. × issleri (genome formula AAC), which were discovered between 2018 and 2020 in the Bavarian Forest National Park and adjacent areas.
Article
Full-text available
Large carnivores promote crucial ecosystem processes but are increasingly threatened by human persecution and habitat destruction. Successful conservation of this guild requires information on long-term population dynamics obtained through demographic surveys. We used camera traps to monitor Eurasian lynx between 2009 and 2018 in a strictly protect...
Article
Full-text available
The amount of carbon stored in deadwood is equivalent to about 8 per cent of the global forest carbon stocks1. The decomposition of deadwood is largely governed by climate2–5 with decomposer groups—such as microorganisms and insects—contributing to variations in the decomposition rates2,6,7. At the global scale, the contribution of insects to the d...
Article
Forests host most terrestrial biodiversity and provide important ecosystem services, including the provision of drinking water. Increasing frequency and intensity of natural disturbances and subsequent salvage logging may impact both biodiversity and drinking-water quality. However, empirical evidence and particularly that generated from long-term...
Article
Full-text available
The extinction of species is a non‐random process, and understanding why some species are more likely to go extinct than others is critical for conservation efforts. Functional trait‐based approaches offer a promising tool to achieve this goal. In forests, deadwood‐dependent (saproxylic) beetles comprise a major part of threatened species, but anal...
Preprint
Full-text available
Large carnivores are crucial for ecosystems but are increasingly threatened by human persecution and habitat destruction. Successful conservation of this guild requires information on long-term population dynamics through the demographic surveys. We camera trapped Eurasian lynx between 2009 and 2018 in two strictly protected areas in the Bohemian F...
Article
Full-text available
Aim The protection of phylogenetic diversity has become a priority in conservation biology, but its achievement requires a detailed understanding of (a) hotspots of phylogenetic diversity on a management‐relevant scale and (b) the land use and climate factors determining local phylogenetic diversity. In this study, we identified spatial patterns of...
Article
Full-text available
1. Land‐use intensification leads to loss and degradation of habitats and is thus a major driver of biodiversity loss. Restoration strategies typically focus on promoting biodiversity but often neglect that land‐use intensification could have changed the underlying mechanisms of community assembly. Since assembly mechanisms determine the diversity...
Article
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The presence of Puma, Puma concolor , has been controversial in El Salvador due to the lack of published, verifiable data. We surveyed 119 sites in Montecristo National Park and 17 sites in the Río Sapo basin using wildlife cameras. We detected Pumas in both areas, representing the first photographic records for El Salvador. We call for a national...
Article
Full-text available
Following natural disturbances, additional anthropogenic disturbance may alter community recovery by affecting the occurrences of species, functional groups and evolutionary lineages. However, our understanding is limited of whether rare, common, or dominant species, functional groups, or evolutionary lineages are most strongly affected by an addit...
Article
Full-text available
Recent progress in remote sensing provides much-needed, large-scale spatio-temporal information on habitat structures important for biodiversity conservation. Here we examine the potential of a newly launched satellite-borne radar system (Sentinel-1) to map the biodiversity of twelve taxa across five temperate forest regions in central Europe. We s...
Article
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p>Thermal melanism theory states that dark-colored ectotherm organisms are at an advantage at low temperature due to increased warming. This theory is generally supported for ectotherm animals, however, the function of colors in the fungal kingdom is largely unknown. Here, we test whether the color lightness of mushroom assemblages is related to cl...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The majority of wood decomposing fungi are mushroom-forming Agaricomycetes, which exhibit two main modes of plant cell wall decomposition: white rot, in which all plant cell wall components are degraded, including lignin, and brown rot, in which lignin is modified but not appreciably removed. Previous studies suggested that brown rot f...
Article
Full-text available
Wood-inhabiting fungi and saproxylic beetles are threatened by habitat degradation. Our understanding of the importance of macroclimate and local factors determining their taxonomic diversity has increased, but determinants of functional and phylogenetic diversity are poorly understood. We investigated assemblages of wood-inhabiting fungi and sapro...
Article
Full-text available
This short communication reports on a total of six sites of three critically endangered clubmoss species (Diphasiastrum alpinum, D. complanatum and D. issleri), which were discovered from 2014 to 2015 in the Bavarian Forest National Park and adjacent areas.
Article
Full-text available
The species-energy hypothesis predicts that more productive areas support higher species richness. Conversely, when resources are reduced, species richness is reduced. Empirical tests of whether extinctions are predominantly caused by environmental constraints or competitive exclusion are lacking. We experimentally reduced dead wood to c. 15% of th...
Article
Full-text available
A tool commonly used in wildlife biology is density estimation via camera-trap monitoring coupled with capture–recapture analysis. Reliable regional density estimations of animal populations are required as a basis for management decisions. However, these estimations are affected by the session design, such as the length of the monitoring session,...
Article
A population of Eurasian lynx Lynx lynx was established by reintroductions in the Bohemian Forest Ecosystem in the 1970s and 1980s. The most recent information on the population status indicates that the distribution has stagnated since the late 1990s, for unknown reasons. We assessed the availability of suitable habitat along the Austrian–German–C...
Article
Major environmental gradients co-vary with elevation and have been a longstanding natural tool allowing ecologists to study global diversity patterns at smaller scales, and to make predictions about the consequences of climate change. These analyses have traditionally studied taxonomic diversity, but new functional diversity approaches may provide...
Article
Species with close associations to a specific host species, such as parasites and phytophages, make immense contributions to biodiversity. Hence, factors determining the variation in species richness among hosts are a main focus of ecological research. Investigations of determining factors of fungivorous species among host species are still scarce....
Article
As the Earth's biota enters the sixth great mass extinction event recorded in the history of the planet, it is predicted that the erosion of biodiversity will result in the reduction of the goods and services that ecosystems provide. To mediate the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem function associated with wood production in temperate forests in E...
Article
Full-text available
Eurasian lynx are individually identifiable by their unique coat markings, making them ideal candidates for capture–recapture (CMR) surveys. We evaluated the use of digital photography to estimate Eurasian lynx population abundance and density within the Bavarian Forest National Park. From November 2008 to January 2009 we placed 24 camera trap site...
Article
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Among the World's most challenging environments for plant life is the Atacama Desert, an arid zone extending over 1300 km and from sea level to 2000/3000 m altitude along the southwestern Andean foothills. Plants there and in the adjacent Mediterranean zone exhibit striking adaptations, and we here address the question whether in a species-rich cla...
Article
In this study, we explore the interplay of population demography with the evolution of ecological niches during or after speciation in Hordeum. While large populations maintain a high level of standing genetic diversity, gene flow and recombination buffers against fast alterations in ecological adaptation. Small populations harbour lower allele div...
Article
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Observations and pictures of two snakes, Tachymenis peruviana Wiegmann, 1836, and Tachymenis chilensis(Schlegel, 1837), were taken in the Atacama coastal desert, province of Antofagasta, Chile. Furthermore, in the collection of the Museo Nacional de Historia Natural de Santiago, we found two individuals of T. c. chilensis from Cachapoal and Talcapr...
Article
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Knowing the geographical origin of economically important plants is important for genetic improvement and conservation, but has been slowed by uneven geographical sampling where relatives occur in remote areas of difficult access. Less biased species sampling can be achieved when herbarium collections are included as DNA sources. Here, we address t...
Article
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The R statistical analysis package has emerged as a popular platform for implementation of powerful comparative methods to understand the evolution of organismal traits and diversification. A hackathon was organized to bring together active R developers as well as end-users working on the integration of comparative phylogenetic methods within R to...
Article
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Se describe Oxalis novemfoliolata Heibl & Martic. del desierto de Atacama, Chile. Hasta ahora ha sido encontrada solamente en Falda Verde cerca de Chañaral. Se distingue de las demás especies halladas en el territorio chileno por sus hojas en su mayoría 9-folioladas. Tanto la morfología del cáliz, forma de vida y suculencia, así como los marcadores...
Article
1. Planktonic organisms are exposed to harmful ultraviolet (UV) radiation. Pigmentation offers protection but at the same time increases visibility, and therefore vulnerability, to visually orienting predators such as fish. As an adaptation against fish predation, zooplankton should be transparent, though this would leave them less protected agains...

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Project (1)
Project
The lynx population of the mountain border between Bavaria and Bohemia originates from a planned reintroduction of the species in the region of the present day Sumava National Park (Czech Republic). Between 1982 and 1989, a total of 17 lynx were released there.The two national parks, Sumava and Bavarian Forest, comprise the central core of the population’s range. With a combined area of nearly 95,000 ha, the parks embody the largest strictly protected forest area in all of Central Europe. Although the lynx enjoys a great level of acceptance across broad sections of the population, the return of this large predator also harbours potential for conflict. Since roe deer are the most important wild animal in the hunting contingents in the study area, however, lynx are considered to be in direct competition with human hunters. According to the opinions of many hunters, this is further exacerbated by the fact that the simple existence of lynx in an area will cause the roe to become much more secretive in their habits. For this reason, the inclusion of lynx as a factor in determining hunting quotas has become a main source of conflict. To date, the unavailability of relevant scientific data makes this matter a source of controversial debate between hunters, foresters and environmentalists. The following complex of questions is, at the same time, highly relevant for practical application. What is the spectrum of the lynx’s prey? Is lynx presence of significance on the population dynamics of roe and red deer? How is the influence of lynx on the behaviour of its prey? Which factors determine the distribution of lynx, roe and red deer within the study area? How is the influence of roe and red deer on forest development in the study area, and whether changes have occurred since the return of lynx? The project was carried out in close collaboration between the national park administrations of the Bavarian Forest and Sumava.