# Christoph EigenUniversity of Cambridge | Cam

Christoph Eigen

PhD

## About

30

Publications

2,032

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722

Citations

Citations since 2017

Introduction

Research Associate at the Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge

## Publications

Publications (30)

We study the collapse of an attractive atomic Bose-Einstein condensate prepared in the uniform potential of an optical-box trap. We characterize the critical point for collapse and the collapse dynamics, observing universal behavior in agreement with theoretical expectations. Most importantly, we observe a clear experimental signature of the counte...

Understanding strongly correlated phases of matter, such as the quark–gluon plasma and neutron stars, and in particular the dynamics of such systems, for example, following a Hamiltonian quench (a sudden change in some Hamiltonian parameter, such as the strength of interparticle interactions) is a fundamental challenge in modern physics. Ultracold...

We have measured the quantum depletion of an interacting homogeneous Bose-Einstein condensate, and confirmed the 70-year old theory of N.N. Bogoliubov. The observed condensate depletion is reversibly tuneable by changing the strength of the interparticle interactions. Our atomic homogeneous condensate is produced in an optical-box trap, the interac...

Boyle’s 1662 observation that the volume of a gas is, at constant temperature, inversely proportional to pressure, offered a prototypical example of how an equation of state (EoS) can succinctly capture key properties of a many-particle system. Such relationships are now cornerstones of equilibrium thermodynamics¹. Extending thermodynamic concepts...

We explore the dynamics of a tuneable box-trapped Bose gas under strong periodic forcing in the presence of weak disorder. In absence of interparticle interactions, the interplay of the drive and disorder results in an isotropic nonthermal momentum distribution that shows subdiffusive dynamic scaling, with sublinear energy growth and the universal...

Using a combination of bound-state spectroscopy and loss spectroscopy, we pinpoint eight intrastate Feshbach resonances in K39, as well as six previously unexplored interstate ones. We perform a detailed characterization of four of the intrastate resonances and two of the interstate ones. We carry out coupled-channel scattering calculations and fin...

Boyle's 1662 observation that the volume of a gas is, at constant temperature, inversely proportional to pressure, offered a prototypical example of how an equation of state (EoS) can succinctly capture key properties of a many-particle system. Such relations are now cornerstones of equilibrium thermodynamics. Extending thermodynamic concepts to fa...

We provide an overview of the effects of interactions in Bose-condensed gases. We focus on phenomena that have been explored in ultracold atom experiments, covering both tuneable contact interactions and dipolar interactions. Our discussion includes: modifications to the ground state and excitation spectrum, critical behaviour near the Bose--Einste...

Using a combination of bound-state spectroscopy and loss spectroscopy, we pinpoint eight intrastate Feshbach resonances in $^{39}$K, as well as six previously unexplored interstate ones. We also perform a detailed characterization of four of the intrastate resonances and two of the interstate ones. We carry out coupled-channel scattering calculatio...

The two-fluid model is fundamental for the description of superfluidity. In the nearly incompressible liquid regime, it successfully describes first and second sound, corresponding, respectively, to density and entropy waves, in both liquid helium and unitary Fermi gases. Here, we study the two sounds in the opposite regime of a highly compressible...

The two-fluid model is fundamental for the description of superfluidity. In the nearly-incompressible-liquid regime, it successfully describes first and second sound, corresponding, respectively, to density and entropy waves, in both liquid helium and unitary Fermi gases. Here, we study the two sounds in the opposite regime of a highly compressible...

DOI:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.104.049903

Understanding and classifying non-equilibrium many-body phenomena, analogously to the classification of equilibrium states of matter into universality classes1,2, is an outstanding problem in physics. From stellar matter to financial markets, any many-body system can be out of equilibrium in a myriad of ways, and many are difficult to experiment on...

We study the decay mechanism of the gapped lowest-lying axial excitation of a quasipure atomic Bose-Einstein condensate confined in a cylindrical box trap. Owing to the absence of accessible lower-energy modes, or direct coupling to an external bath, this excitation is protected against one-body (linear) decay, and the damping mechanism is exclusiv...

Understanding and classifying nonequilibrium many-body phenomena, analogous to the classification of equilibrium states of matter into universality classes, is an outstanding problem in physics. Any many-body system, from stellar matter to financial markets, can be out of equilibrium in a myriad of ways; since many are also difficult to experiment...

We study the decay mechanism of the gapped lowest-lying excitation of a quasi-pure box-trapped atomic Bose-Einstein condensate. Owing to the absence of lower-energy modes, or direct coupling to an external bath, this excitation is protected against one-body (linear) decay and the damping mechanism is exclusively nonlinear. We develop a universal th...

Down and down the energy cascade
Injecting energy into a turbulent system at large length scales results in the energy cascading down and eventually dissipating at a characteristic small length scale. In conventional fluids, this small scale is set by fluid viscosity. Navon et al. studied the turbulence energy cascade in a quantum gas, a Bose-Einst...

This thesis describes a collection of experiments that explore interacting ultracold Bose gases, both in and out of equilibrium. Our experiments are performed using a gas of $^{39}$K or $^{87}$Rb confined in the uniform potential of an optical box trap, a novel testbed for quantum many-body phenomena. Our work focuses on weakly interacting non-equi...

Three-body recombination in quantum gases is traditionally associated with heating, but it was recently found that it can also cool the gas. We show that in a partially condensed three-dimensional homogeneous Bose gas three-body loss could even purify the sample, that is, reduce the entropy per particle and increase the condensed fraction η. We pre...

Three-body recombination in quantum gases is traditionally associated with heating, but it was recently found that it can also cool the gas. We show that in a partially condensed three-dimensional homogeneous Bose gas three-body loss could even purify the sample, that is, reduce the entropy per particle and increase the condensed fraction $\eta$. W...

We experimentally and theoretically investigate the lowest-lying axial excitation of an atomic Bose-Einstein condensate in a cylindrical box trap. By tuning the atomic density, we observe how the nature of the mode changes from a single-particle excitation (in the low-density limit) to a sound wave (in the high-density limit). Throughout this cross...

We experimentally and theoretically investigate the lowest-lying axial excitation of an atomic Bose-Einstein condensate in a cylindrical box trap. By tuning the atomic density, we observe how the nature of the mode changes from a single-particle excitation (in the low-density limit) to a sound wave (in the high-density limit). We elucidate the phys...

Scale-invariant fluxes are the defining property of turbulent cascades, but their direct measurement is a notorious problem. Here we perform such a measurement for a direct energy cascade in a turbulent quantum gas. Using a time-periodic force, we inject energy at a large lengthscale and generate a cascade in a uniformly-trapped Bose gas. The adjus...

Understanding strongly correlated phases of matter, from the quark-gluon plasma to neutron stars, and in particular the dynamics of such systems, $e.g.$ following a Hamiltonian quench, poses a fundamental challenge in modern physics. Ultracold atomic gases are excellent quantum simulators for these problems, thanks to tuneable interparticle interac...

We study the dynamics of an initially degenerate homogeneous Bose gas after an interaction quench to the unitary regime at a magnetic Feshbach resonance. As the cloud decays and heats, it exhibits a crossover from degenerate- to thermal-gas behaviour, both of which are characterised by universal scaling laws linking the particle-loss rate to the to...

We have measured the quantum depletion of an interacting homogeneous Bose-Einstein condensate, and confirmed the 70-year old theory of N.N. Bogoliubov. The observed condensate depletion is reversibly tuneable by changing the strength of the interparticle interactions. Our atomic homogeneous condensate is produced in an optical-box trap, the interac...

We study the dynamics of an initially degenerate homogeneous Bose gas after an interaction quench to the unitary regime at a magnetic Feshbach resonance. As the cloud decays and heats, it exhibits a crossover from degenerate- to thermal-gas behaviour, both of which are characterised by universal scaling laws linking the particle-loss rate to the to...

Using two-photon Bragg spectroscopy, we study the energy of particle-like excitations in a strongly interacting homogeneous Bose-Einstein condensate, and observe dramatic deviations from Bogoliubov theory. In particular, at large scattering length $a$ the shift of the excitation resonance from the free-particle energy changes sign from positive to...

We study the collapse of an attractive atomic Bose-Einstein condensate prepared in the uniform potential of an optical-box trap. We characterise the critical point for collapse and the collapse dynamics, observing universal behaviour in agreement with theoretical expectations. Most importantly, we observe a clear experimental signature of the count...