Christoph Burger

Christoph Burger
University of Vienna | UniWien · Institut für Angewandte Psychologie: Arbeit, Bildung, Wirtschaft

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24
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Publications

Publications (24)
Article
Full-text available
Self-esteem has been identified as a predictor of bullying perpetration and victimization, which, in turn, may lead to school adjustment problems. However, findings regarding the direction and strength of these associations have been inconclusive. This study aimed to resolve this by differentiating between offline and cyber contexts and various sel...
Article
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Abstract Social networking sites such as Facebook attract millions of users by offering highly interactive social communications. Recently, a counter movement of users has formed, deciding to leave social networks by quitting their accounts (i.e., virtual identity suicide). To investigate whether Facebook quitters (n=310) differ from Facebook users...
Article
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The aim of this study is to identify the key determinants of high-level mobile phone use in a high-coverage target group by replicating an Australian study conducted by Walsh and White. Factors predicting high-level mobile phone use and relations between self- and prototypical identity are investigated by using an extended version of the theory of...
Article
The effectiveness of the Viennese Social Competence (ViSC) programme on various bullying-related teacher variables was examined at two time points with a quasi-experimental intervention-control group design. In Austria, Cyprus, and Turkey, teachers participated in a series of in-school trainings and implemented an anti-bullying prevention programme...
Article
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Evidence-based anti-bullying programs are predominantly implemented in high-income countries, although there is a clear need for bullying prevention also in low- and middle-income countries. The present study reports the effectiveness of a short and ultra-short version of the ViSC Social Competence Program that was implemented in nine Kosovar schoo...
Article
Full-text available
There is growing interest in interventions that enhance placebo responses in clinical practice, given the possibility that this would lead to better patient health and more effective therapy outcomes. Previous studies suggest that placebo effects can be maximized by optimizing patients' outcome expectations. However, expectancy interventions are di...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Despite the fact that feedback (FB) provided by teachers to students is a recognised, effective teaching tool, successful use of feedback during clinical training depends on many factors. In addition to appropriate training and attitude of teachers, sustainable feedback requires an appropriate teaching culture and active commitment on th...
Article
There is a lively discussion on how to evaluate competence-based higher education in both evaluation and competence research. The instruments used are often limited to course evaluation or specific competences, taking a rather narrow perspective. Furthermore, the instruments often comprise predetermined competences that cannot be adapted to higher...
Article
Despite its critical role for successful student learning, providing adequate teacher feedback is still a major issue during clinical education. In human medical education, the implementation of clinical encounter cards (CECs) has led to more frequent, timely, and structured teacher feedback. The present study aimed to introduce student-initiated C...
Chapter
Der vorliegende Beitrag basiert auf Ergebnissen der Kompetenz- und Evaluationsforschung und stellt (1) ein Prozessmodell der kompetenzorientierten Lehre und (2) ein Konzept zur umfassenden und gleichzeitig ökonomischen Evaluation kompetenzorientierter Lehre vor, das von Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftlern der Universität Wien an der Veterinär...
Article
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Individuals prefer their name letters over nonname letters, which is known as the name-letter effect (NLE). This research aimed to examine a possible NLE for gender-role orientation (GRO) by rating letters for their gender-typicality in an initial preference task (Gender-IPT). Indeed, a clear NLE appeared: Men rated their initials as more male-typi...
Article
Full-text available
The Initial Preference Task (IPT) is based on the name-letter effect (NLE: individuals prefer name over non-name letters) and is widely used for measuring implicit (automatic) self-esteem. However, its implicitness has been criticized because up to 85% of individuals can become aware of its self-relevant nature (i.e., recognizers; Krizan, 200817....
Article
It is still a topic of debate whether pathological Internet use (PIU) is a distinct entity or whether it should be differentiated between pathological use of specific Internet activities like playing Internet games and spending time on Internet sex sites. The aim of the current study was to contribute to a better understanding of common and differe...
Article
Humor is an essential part of our life and an important means to cope with stressful life events. Recent research established that humor is a multi-faceted construct that includes both adaptive and maladaptive humor styles. Whereas self-enhancing and affiliative humor styles seem to be beneficial, aggressive and self-defeating humor styles may be l...
Article
Full-text available
Previous research has repeatedly found that people suffering from some clinical disorders (e.g., bulimia nervosa, depression) possess low explicit (i.e., conscious, deliberate) self-esteem while at the same time displaying high implicit (i.e., unconscious, automatic) self-esteem. This phenomenon has been termed damaged self-esteem and was proposed...
Article
The present paper investigated whether academic psychologists show a tendency to rate the quality and appropriateness of scientific studies more favorably when results and conclusions are consistent with their own prior beliefs (i.e., confirmation bias). In an online experiment, 711 psychologists completed a questionnaire (e.g., about their belief...
Article
Full-text available
The association of body height with occupational success has been frequently studied, with previous research mainly finding a positive effect among men and positive or null effects among women. Occupational success has almost exclusively been measured so far by short-term success variables (e.g., annual income). In the present study, the relationsh...
Article
Previous research on the Implicit Association Test (IAT) has almost completely neglected stimuli effects caused by individual differences in concept representations. The present study describes a more person-centered idiographic approach (i.e., individualized stimulus word selection) in which stimuli are either selected from a list or freely associ...
Article
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Student ratings have been a controversial but important method for the improvement of teaching quality during the past several decades. Most universities rely on summative evaluations conducted at the end of a term or course. A formative approach in which each course unit is evaluated may be beneficial for students and teachers but has rarely been...
Article
Full-text available
Background and Objectives: Community-based studies of stalking in European countries are scarce. The aim of the present study was to replicate the epidemiological study by Dressing and colleagues, which analyzed a sample drawn from a middle-sized German city (Dressing et al., 2005) by using a general population sample (urban as well as rural citize...

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Project (1)
Project
The project follows three main objectives: 1. Develop: Developing a European Toolkit for Internal Quality Management in Competence-Based Higher Education that addresses the European standards and guidelines as well as EU transparency and recognition tools. 2. Implement: The participating institutions of higher education will have started a pilot project to implement and test the internal quality management procedure. 3. Disseminate: The European Toolkit will be available for European higher education institutions