Christoforos Mavrogiannis

Christoforos Mavrogiannis
University of Washington Seattle | UW · Department of Computer Science and Engineering

Doctor of Philosophy

About

42
Publications
9,307
Reads
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442
Citations
Additional affiliations
July 2019 - October 2020
University of Washington Seattle
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • Personal Robotics Lab
November 2014 - April 2019
Cornell University
Position
  • Research Assistant
Description
  • Human Robot Interaction; Motion Planning; Navigation
April 2011 - August 2013
National Technical University of Athens
Position
  • Research Assistant
Description
  • Robotic Grasping, Manipulation and Artificial Hand Design
Education
August 2013 - April 2019
Cornell University
Field of study
  • Mechanical Engineering
September 2007 - March 2013
National Technical University of Athens
Field of study
  • Mechanical Engineering

Publications

Publications (42)
Preprint
Full-text available
We focus on the problem of planning safe and efficient motion for a ballbot (i.e., a dynamically balancing mobile robot), navigating in a crowded environment. The ballbot's design gives rise to human-readable motion which is valuable for crowd navigation. However, dynamic stabilization introduces kinematic constraints that severely limit the abilit...
Preprint
Full-text available
Robot navigation in crowded public spaces is a complex task that requires addressing a variety of engineering and human factors challenges. These challenges have motivated a great amount of research resulting in important developments for the fields of robotics and human-robot interaction over the past three decades. Despite the significant progres...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
State-of-the-art social robot navigation algorithms often lack a thorough experimental validation in human environments: simulated evaluations are often conducted under unrealistically strong assumptions that prohibit deployment in real world environments; experimental demonstrations that are limited in sample size do not provide adequate evidence...
Preprint
Full-text available
We focus on decentralized navigation among multiple non-communicating rational agents at \emph{uncontrolled} intersections, i.e., street intersections without traffic signs or signals. Avoiding collisions in such domains relies on the ability of agents to predict each others' intentions reliably, and react quickly. Multiagent trajectory prediction...
Article
Full-text available
We focus on decentralized navigation among multiple non-communicating agents in continuous domains without explicit traffic rules, such as sidewalks, hallways, or squares. Following collision-free motion in such domains requires effective mechanisms of multiagent behavior prediction. While this prediction problem can be shown to be NP-hard, humans...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We focus on decentralized navigation among multiple non-communicating agents at uncontrolled street intersections. Avoiding collisions under such settings demands nuanced implicit coordination. This is challenging to accomplish; the high dimensionality of the space of possible behavior and the lack of explicit communication among agents complicate...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We focus on the problem of analyzing multiagent interactions in traffic domains. Understanding the space of behavior of real-world traffic may offer significant advantages for algorithmic design, data-driven methodologies, and bench-marking. However, the high dimensionality of the space and the stochasticity of human behavior may hinder the identif...
Preprint
During in-hand manipulation, robots must be able to continuously estimate the pose of the object in order to generate appropriate control actions. The performance of algorithms for pose estimation hinges on the robot's sensors being able to detect discriminative geometric object features, but previous sensing modalities are unable to make such meas...
Preprint
Highly articulated organisms serve as blueprints for incredibly dexterous mechanisms, but building similarly capable robotic counterparts has been hindered by the difficulties of developing electromechanical actuators with both the high strength and compactness of biological muscle. We develop a stackable electrostatic brake that has comparable spe...
Article
Full-text available
Mobile robots struggle to integrate seamlessly in crowded environments such as pedestrian scenes, often disrupting human activity. One obstacle preventing their smooth integration is our limited understanding of how humans may perceive and react to robot motion. Motivated by recent studies highlighting the benefits of intent-expressive motion for r...
Preprint
We focus on the problem of analyzing multiagent interactions in traffic domains. Understanding the space of behavior of real-world traffic may offer significant advantages for algorithmic design, data-driven methodologies, and benchmarking. However, the high dimensionality of the space and the stochasticity of human behavior may hinder the identifi...
Preprint
Full-text available
We focus on the problem of planning the motion of a robot in a dynamic multiagent environment such as a pedestrian scene. Enabling the robot to navigate safely and in a socially compliant fashion in such scenes requires a representation that accounts for the unfolding multiagent dynamics. Existing approaches to this problem tend to employ microscop...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Robots deployed in human-populated spaces often need human help to effectively complete their tasks. Yet, a robot that asks for help too frequently or at the wrong times may cause annoyance, and a robot that asks too infrequently may be unable to complete its tasks. In this paper, we present a model of humans' helpfulness towards a robot in an offi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We focus on decentralized navigation among multiple non-communicating rational agents at uncontrolled intersections, i.e., street intersections without traffic signs or signals. Avoiding collisions in such domains relies on the ability of agents to predict each others' intentions reliably, and react quickly. Multiagent trajectory prediction is NP-h...
Preprint
Full-text available
Chopsticks constitute a simple yet versatile tool that humans have used for thousands of years to perform a variety of challenging tasks ranging from food manipulation to surgery. Applying such a simple tool in a diverse repertoire of scenarios requires significant adaptability. Towards developing autonomous manipulators with comparable adaptabilit...
Preprint
We focus on navigation among rational, non-communicating agents at unsignalized street intersections. Following collision-free motion under such settings demands nuanced \emph{implicit} coordination among agents. Often, the structure of these domains constrains multiagent trajectories to belong to a finite set of modes. Our key insight is that empo...
Chapter
We present a planning framework for decentralized navigation in dynamic multi-agent environments where no explicit communication takes place among agents. Our framework is based on a novel technique for computationally efficient multi-agent trajectory generation from symbolic topological specifications. At planning time, this technique allows an ag...
Chapter
We present a novel planning framework for navigation in dynamic, multi-agent environments with no explicit communication among agents, such as pedestrian scenes. Inspired by the collaborative nature of human navigation, our approach treats the problem as a coordination game, in which players coordinate to avoid each other as they move towards their...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We focus on the problem of designing an artificial agent (AI), capable of assisting a human user to complete a task. Our goal is to guide human users towards optimal task performance while keeping their cognitive load as low as possible. Our insight is that doing so requires an understanding of human decision making for the task domain at hand. In...
Preprint
Full-text available
We focus on the problem of designing an artificial agent (AI), capable of assisting a human user to complete a task. Our goal is to guide human users towards optimal task performance while keeping their cognitive load as low as possible. Our insight is that doing so requires an understanding of human decision making for the task domain at hand. In...
Preprint
Full-text available
We present MuSHR, the Multi-agent System for non-Holonomic Racing. MuSHR is a low-cost, open-source robotic racecar platform for education and research, developed by the Personal Robotics Lab in the Paul G. Allen School of Computer Science & Engineering at the University of Washington. MuSHR aspires to contribute towards democratizing the field of...
Thesis
Full-text available
Crowded human environments such as pedestrian scenes constitute challenging domains for mobile robot navigation, for a variety of reasons including the heterogeneity of pedestrians’ decision-making mechanisms, the lack of channels of explicit communication among them and the lack of universal rules or social conventions regulating traffic. Despite...
Article
Full-text available
We present a navigation planning framework for dynamic, multi-agent environments, where no explicit communication takes place among agents. Inspired by the collaborative nature of human navigation, our approach encodes the concept of coordination into an agent's decision making through an inference mechanism about collaborative strategies of collis...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We present a planning framework for decentralized navigation in dynamic multi-agent environments where no explicit communication takes place among agents. Our framework is based on a novel technique for computationally efficient multi-agent trajectory generation from symbolic topological specifications. At planning time, this technique allows an ag...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Intent-expressive robot motion has been shown to result in increased efficiency and reduced planning efforts for copresent humans. Existing frameworks for generating intent-expressive robot behaviors have typically focused on applications in static or structured environments. Under such settings, emphasis is placed towards communicating the robot's...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We present a novel, data-driven framework for planning socially competent robot behaviors in crowded environments. The core of our approach is a topological model of collective navigation behaviors, based on braid groups. This model constitutes the basis for the design of a human-inspired probabilistic inference mechanism that predicts the topology...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We present a framework for online navigation planning in multi-agent environments, where no explicit communication takes place among agents, such as pedestrian scenes. Inspired by pedestrian navigation, our approach encodes the concept of coordination into agents' decision making through an inference mechanism about joint strategies of avoidance. S...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Despite the great progress in robotic navigation in the past decades, navigating a human environment remains a hard task for a robot, due to the lack of formal rules guiding traffic, the lack of explicit communication among agents and the unpredictability of human behavior. Inspired by the efficiency of human navigation, we employ the insights of s...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Robots must be cognizant of how their actions will be interpreted in context. Actions performed in the context of a joint activity comprise two aspects: functional and communicative. The functional component achieves the goal of the action, whereas its communicative component, when present, expresses some information to the actor's partners in the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We present a novel planning framework for navigation in dynamic, multi-agent environments with no explicit communication among agents, such as pedestrian scenes. Inspired by the collaborative nature of human navigation, our approach treats the problem as a coordination game, in which players coordinate to avoid each other as they move towards their...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We present a planning framework for producing socially competent robot behaviors in pedestrian environments. The framework is designed according to conclusions of recent psychology studies on action interpretation and sociology studies on human pedestrian behavior. The core of the approach is a novel topological representation of the pedestrian sce...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We present a novel framework for socially competent pedestrian navigation based on understanding pedestrians’ intentions and planning intent-expressive robot motion. We model pedestrians’ intentions as combinations of intended topological routes and intended destinations. The core of this approach is a novel topological representation of a pedestri...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper we present an open-source design for the development of low-complexity, anthropomorphic, un-deractuated robot hands with a selectively lockable differential mechanism. The differential mechanism used is a variation of the whiffletree (or seesaw) mechanism, which introduces a set of locking buttons that can block the motion of each fin...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper we introduce an index for the quantification of anthropomorphism of robot arms. The index is defined as a weighted sum of specific metrics which evaluate the similarities between the human and robot arm workspaces, providing a normalized score between 0 (non-anthropomorphic artifacts) and 1 (human-identical artifacts). The human arm w...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper we present a series of design direc-tions for the development of affordable, modular, light-weight, intrinsically-compliant, underactuated robot hands, that can be easily reproduced using off-the-shelf materials. The proposed robot hands, efficiently grasp a series of everyday life objects and are considered to be general purpose, as...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper, we propose an optimization scheme for deriving task-specific force closure grasps for underactuated robot hands. Motivated by recent neuroscientific studies on the human grasping behavior, a novel grasp strategy is built upon past analysis regarding the task-specificity of human grasps, that also complies with the recent soft synergy...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this work, we present a novel concept in the area of optimal grasp synthesis, confronting both geometric and mechanical constraints. Initializing from a locally optimal force distribution on some predefined feasible contact points, our method improves gradually the grasp quality avoiding simultaneously singularities and mechanical limitations. T...
Thesis
Full-text available
The development of complex, human-like, multi-fingered robot hands, aiming at being incorporated in household robotics, prosthetics or even in industrial applications and space has brought the problem of grasping in the spotlight of modern robotics research. Grasping is a multiparametric problem during which the mechanical system (robot hand) inter...

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Projects

Project (1)
Project
Designing motion planning algorithms for the generation of socially compliant and intent-expressive robot motion in dynamic multi-agent environments, with an emphasis on crowded pedestrian scenes.