Christine Wennerås

Christine Wennerås
University of Gothenburg | GU · Department of Infectious Diseases

About

107
Publications
12,612
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4,124
Citations
Citations since 2017
34 Research Items
1668 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300

Publications

Publications (107)
Article
The tick‐borne pathogen Neoehrlichia (N.) mikurensis is implicated in persistent infection of the vascular endothelium. B cells are crucial for the host defence to this infection. Chronic stimulation of B cells may result in B‐cell transformation and lymphoma. Five patients with malignant B‐cell lymphoma and concomitant N. mikurensis infection were...
Article
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Fungal tracheobronchitis caused by Aspergillus and Candida spp. is a recognized complication after lung transplantation, but knowledge of the incidence of Candida tracheobronchitis is lacking. The diagnosis relies on fungal cultures in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), but cultures have low specificity. We aimed to evaluate the one-year incidenc...
Article
Background: Local differentiation of eosinophil precursors occurs in the human thymus. Thymic eosinophils are often positioned in the corticomedullary junction between the CD4+CD8+ double-positive (DP) thymocytes and the CD4+ or CD8+ single-positive (SP) thymocytes. The aims of this study were to 1) determine if there are distinct thymic eosinophi...
Article
We report 2 cases of Spiroplasma ixodetis infection in an immunocompetent patient and an immunocompromised patient who had frequent tick exposure. Fever, thrombocytopenia, and increased liver aminotransferase levels raised the suspicion of anaplasmosis, but 16S rRNA PCR and Sanger sequencing yielded a diagnosis of spiroplasmosis. Both patients reco...
Article
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Purpose The tick-borne bacterium Neoehrlichia mikurensis causes the infectious disease neoehrlichiosis in humans. Vascular endothelium is one of the target cells of the infection. Neoehrlichiosis patients with compromised B cell immunity present with more severe inflammation than immunocompetent patients. The aim of this study was to compare the cy...
Article
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The patterns of humoral and cellular responses to SARS‐CoV‐2 were studied in Swedish primary health care workers (n = 156) for 6 months during the Covid‐19 pandemic. Serum IgA and IgG to SARS‐CoV‐2, T cell proliferation and cytokine secretion, demographic and clinical data, PCR‐verified infection, and self‐reported symptoms were monitored. The mult...
Article
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The lack of a Swedish patient-reported outcome instrument for eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) has limited the assessment of the disease. The aims of the study were to translate and validate the Eosinophilic Esophagitis Activity Index (EEsAI) to Swedish and to assess the symptom severity of patients with EoE compared to a nondysphagia control group....
Article
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Background: The Swedish Watson Dysphagia Scale (S-WDS) has been used to assess dysphagia in patients with eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) but has not been validated for this patient group. The aim of this study was to validate the S-WDS for adult patients with EoE. Methods: Ninety-seven Swedish adult patients with EoE and 97 controls without dysp...
Article
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Syphilis, which is caused by the sexually transmitted bacterium Treponema pallidum subsp. pallidum, has an estimated 6.3 million cases worldwide per annum. In the past ten years, the incidence of syphilis has increased by more than 150% in some high-income countries, but the evolution and epidemiology of the epidemic are poorly understood. To chara...
Article
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Tick-borne ‘Neoehrlichia (N.) mikurensis’ is the cause of neoehrlichiosis, an infectious vasculitis of humans. This strict intracellular pathogen is a member of the family Anaplasmataceae and has been unculturable until recently. The only available genetic data on this new pathogen are six partially sequenced housekeeping genes. The aim of this stu...
Article
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Eosinophils differentiate and mature in the thymus, outside of the bone marrow, in healthy individuals. Locally developed thymic eosinophils may contribute to the maturation and selection of human thymocytes.
Article
Increased number of eosinophils in the uterus has been reported under physiological and pathologic conditions. However, eosinophilic infiltration limited to the myometrium is very unusual. A rare finding of isolated eosinophilic infiltration in the myometrium without involvement of endometrium or pathologies in the cervix or ovaries was observed in...
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Background Noninvasive methods to assess treatment response in eosinophilic esophagitis are needed.AimsOur aim was to determine whether a blood-based biomarker panel centered on immune parameters could identify histologic response to treatment in eosinophilic esophagitis patients.MethodsA pilot study involving adult patients with active eosinophili...
Preprint
Full-text available
Syphilis is an important sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum subspecies pallidum. The last two decades have seen syphilis incidence rise in many high-income countries, yet the evolutionary and epidemiological relationships that underpin this are poorly understood, as is the global T. pallidum population structu...
Article
Galectin‐10 secretion by eosinophils Galectin‐10 is involved in the T cell suppressive activity of regulatory T cells and eosinophils alike. We have identified a subpopulation of T cell suppressive eosinophils that express CD16 on the surface and contain more galectin‐10 compared with conventional CD16‐negative eosinophils. Our main goal was to det...
Article
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Background: Candidatus (Ca.) Neoehrlichia (N.) mikurensis is an emerging tick-borne pathogen of humans that is closely related to Ehrlichia and Anaplasma species. This strict intracellular bacterium escapes detection by routine microbiologic diagnostic methods such as blood culture leading to considerable under-diagnosis of the infectious disease...
Article
Introduction: Collagenous gastritis (CG), a rare disorder of unknown etiology, has been postulated to have immune-mediated mechanisms. We investigated (i) the incidence and prevalence of CG in a pediatric population; (ii) the clinical, endoscopic, and histologic characteristics of childhood-onset CG; and (iii) the evidence for autoimmunity and/or...
Article
Background The knowledge regarding the occurrence and the clinical implications of tick-borne infections in immunosuppressed patients living in tick-endemic areas is limited. Methods Adult patients with autoimmune conditions requiring immunosuppressive treatment such as infliximab and rituximab, were invited to participate in the study when they...
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Background: Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) is one of the most common HIV-related opportunistic infections. The diagnosis of PCP is based on analyses from respiratory tract specimens which may require the invasive procedure of a diagnostic bronchoscopy. The objective of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic potential of Pneumocystis jir...
Article
Background: Allergy and other immune-mediated diseases are more frequently reported in children who have undergone liver transplantation. Furthermore, autoantibodies are also prevalent, suggesting a state of immune dysregulation in these patients. Whether or not these processes occur simultaneously in the same individual has not been studied previ...
Article
Full-text available
Candidatus (Ca.) Neoehrlichia mikurensis is the cause of neoehrlichiosis, an emerging tick-borne infectious disease characterized by fever and vascular events. The bacterium belongs to the Anaplasmataceae, a family of obligate intracellular pathogens, but has not previously been cultivated, and it is uncertain which cell types it infects. The goals...
Article
Full-text available
The tick-borne bacterium Candidatus (Ca.) Neoehrlichia (N.) mikurensis is a cause of “fever of unknown origin” because this strict intracellular pathogen escapes detection by routine blood cultures. Case reports suggest that neoehrlichiosis patients may display serological reactivity to Anaplasma (A.) phagocytophilum. Since Anaplasma serology is pa...
Article
We prospectively evaluated a combination of fungal biomarkers in adult hematology patients with focus on their clinical utility at different time points during the course of infection. In total, 135 patients were monitored once‐ to twice‐weekly for serum (1‐3)‐ß‐D‐Glucan (BG), galactomannan (GM), bismethyl‐gliotoxin and urinary D‐arabinitol/L‐arabi...
Article
Fever of unknown origin in a multiple sclerosis patient on immunomodulatory therapy was due to neoehrlichiosis The emerging tick-borne bacterium Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis is the etiologic agent of neoehrlichiosis, a febrile illness that may be accompanied by vascular complications. Severe cases of neoehrlichiosis have been described in pat...
Article
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Background: Neoehrlichiosis is an infectious disease caused by the tick-borne bacterium “Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis”. Splenectomy and rituximab therapies are risk factors for severe neoehrlichiosis. Our aim was to examine if neoehrlichiosis patients had low levels of natural IgM antibodies and/or were hypogammaglobulinemic, and if such defi...
Article
Eosinophils have the capacity to regulate the function of T cell subsets. Our aim was to test the hypothesis of the existence of a regulatory subset of eosinophils. Human eosinophils were incubated with T cells that were stimulated with allogeneic leukocytes or CD3/CD28 cross-linking. After 2 d of coculture, 11% of the eosinophils gained CD16 expre...
Article
The most common tick-borne human disease in Norway is Lyme borreliosis. Ticks in Norway also harbour less known disease-causing agents such as Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis, Borrelia miyamotoi and Rickettsia helvetica. However, human infections caused by these pathogens have never been described in Norway. The main aims of the study were to ev...
Article
Background: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) afflicts both children and adults. It has been debated whether pediatric and adult EoE represent different disease entities. The objectives of this study were to determine if the blood eosinophil molecular pattern of children with EoE is: 1) distinct from that of healthy children; and 2) different from th...
Article
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is an antigen-driven T cell-mediated chronic inflammatory disease where food and environmental antigens are thought to have a role. Human eosinophils express the immunoregulatory protein galectin-10 and have T cell suppressive capacity similar to Tregs. We hypothesized that one function of eosinophils in EoE might be...
Article
Background: Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) that develops after intestinal or multivisceral transplantation is difficult to diagnose and is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Material and methods: The objectives of this study were to investigate the incidence, clinical picture, risk factors, and outcome of GVHD in a Scandinavian coho...
Article
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Patients with multiple myeloma and other B cell disorders respond poorly to pneumococcal vaccination. Vaccine responsiveness is commonly determined by measuring pneumococcal serotype-specific antibodies by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), a functional opsonophagocytosis assay (OPA) or by both assays. We compared the two methods in vaccina...
Article
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The prevalence of Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis infection was determined in 102 persons bitten by ticks in Sweden. Two infected women had erythematous rashes; 1 was co-infected with a Borrelia sp., and the other showed seroconversion for Anaplasma phagocytophilum. Both patients had increased levels of Neoehrlichia DNA and serum cytokines for s...
Data
Technical Appendix. Tick-borne disease study design and pan-bacterial PCR.
Article
Full-text available
CandidatusNeoehrlichia mikurensis is the tick-borne agent of neoehrlichiosis, an infectious disease that primarily affects immunocompromised patients. So far, the genetic variability of Neoehrlichia has been studied only by comparing 16S rRNA gene and groEL operon sequences. We describe the development and use of a multi-locus sequence analysis (ML...
Article
Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis, which has rodents as its natural host, is an emerging tick-borne pathogen in Europe and Asia. This intracellular bacterium causes the infectious disease neoehrlichiosis. Immunocompromised patients may contract a severe form of neoehrlichiosis with high fever and vascular/thromboembolic events. Since it is not det...
Article
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Design of Experiments (DoE) has been used to optimize a diversity oriented palladium catalyzed cascade Heck-Suzuki reaction for the construction of 3-alkenyl substituted cyclopenta[b]indole compounds. The obtained DoE model revealed a reaction highly dependent on the ligand. Guided by the model, an optimal ligand was chosen that selectively deliver...
Article
Detection of the fungal cell wall component beta-glucan (BG) in serum is increasingly used to diagnose invasive fungal infections (IFI), but its optimal use in hematology patients with high risk of IFI is not well defined. We retrospectively analyzed the diagnostic accuracy, optimal cut-off level, and potential confounding factors of BG reactivity....
Article
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Eosinophilia has been associated with less severe Graft-versus-Host Disease (GVHD), but the underlying mechanism is unknown. We hypothesized that eosinophils diminish allogeneic T cell activation in patients with chronic GVHD. The capacity of eosinophils derived from healthy subjects and hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) transplant recipients, with or...
Article
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While increased numbers of eosinophils may be detected in patients with graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, it is not known if eosinophils play a role in GVHD. The aims of this study were to determine: whether eosinophils are activated during GVHD; whether the patterns of activation are similar in acu...
Data
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Figure S1. Gating of eosinophil was performed on unfractioned leukocytes following repeated hypotonic lysis.
Article
Swallowed topical corticosteroids are the standard therapy for eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) in adults. Eosinophils in the blood of untreated EoE patients have an activated phenotype. Our aim was to determine if corticosteroids restore the phenotype of eosinophils to a healthy phenotype and if certain cell-surface molecules on blood eosinophils co...
Article
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Background: Invasive infections and sterile tissue damage can both give rise to systemic inflammation with fever and production of inflammatory mediators. This makes it difficult to diagnose infections in patients who are already inflamed, e.g. due to cell and tissue damage. For example, fever in patients with hematological malignancies may depend...
Article
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BACKGROUND Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis is a newly discovered noncultivatable bacterium spread among ticks and rodents in Europe and Asia that can infect humans, particularly immunocompromised patients. METHODS We compiled clinical and laboratory data from 11 patients with hematological malignances or autoimmune diseases who were diagnosed wi...
Article
The clinical importance of airway colonisation by the fungus Exophiala dermatitidis in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) is unclear. We have previously shown that E. dermatitidis frequently colonises the airways of patients with CF. The aims of the present study were to determine whether patients who are colonised by E. dermatitidis have detectabl...
Article
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Background Vaccination with the 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV) has been recommended for elderly patients with B cell malignancies and dysfunctions because of their enhanced susceptibility to pneumococcal infections. More recent recommendations advocate the use of conjugate pneumococcal vaccines. Methods We compared responses t...
Article
Blood eosinophil numbers may be elevated in allergy, inflammatory bowel disease and eosinophilic esophagitis. The aim of this study was to examine whether circulating eosinophils display distinct phenotypes in these disorders and if different patterns of eosinophilic chemoattractants exist. Blood eosinophils from patients with symptomatic eosinophi...
Article
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Whereas patients with multiple myeloma (MM) have a well-documented susceptibility to infections, this has been less studied in other B-cell disorders, such as Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia (WM) and monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS). We investigated the humoral immunity to 24 different pathogens in elderly patients with MM...
Article
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The black-pigmented fungus Exophiala dermatitidis is considered to be a harmless colonizer of the airways of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. The aim of this study was to establish the recovery rate of E. dermatitidis in respiratory specimens from CF patients, transplant recipients, and subjects with other respiratory disorders in Sweden. Second, we...
Article
The performance of a new commercially available duplex PCR, which combines pan-dermatophyte PCR with a Trichophyton rubrum-specific PCR, was evaluated. This Dermatophyte PCR kit, which requires one day for laboratory diagnosis, was compared with the conventional methods of microscopy and culture that necessitate up to 4 weeks for final diagnosis of...
Article
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An immunocompromised patient presented with febrile episodes, an erysipelas-like rash, and thromboembolic complications. Amplification of 16S rRNA gene sequences from blood and sequence analysis revealed “Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis.” We report the first case of human disease caused by “Ca. Neoehrlichia mikurensis.”
Article
The present study aimed to improve the rate of detection of blood-borne microbes by using PCRs with pan-bacterial and Candida specificity. Seventeen per cent of the blood samples (n=178) collected from 107 febrile patients with haematological malignancies were positive using standard culture (BacT/Alert system). Candida PCR was positive in 12 patie...
Article
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Eosinophils express the chemoattractant receptors CCR3 and FPR. CCR3 binds several agonists such as eotaxin-1, -2, and -3 and RANTES, whereas the FPR binds the formylated tripeptide fMLP and a host of other ligands. The aim of this study was to investigate if there is interplay between these two receptors regarding the elicitation of migration and...
Article
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Clara cell 16-kDa (CC16) is an anti-inflammatory protein chiefly produced in the lung epithelium. CC16 has been shown to inhibit the migration of rabbit neutrophils and human monocytes toward the formyl peptide N-formyl-methionine-leucin-phenylalanin (fMLF). Eosinophils migrate towards prostaglandin D2 (PGD(2)) and CC16 has been shown to bind to PG...
Article
It has been reported that extracts from common aeroallergens directly activate eosinophils from non-allergic individuals, eliciting chemotaxis and degranulation. The aims of this study were to compare the reactivity of eosinophils from non-atopic and atopic individuals to airborne allergens, and to assess if this reactivity was modulated by natural...
Article
In order to properly interpret receptor inhibition experiments, the precise receptor specificities of the employed antagonists are of crucial importance. Lately, a great number of agonists for various formyl peptide receptors have been identified using a selection of antagonists. However, some confusion exists as to the precise receptor specificiti...
Article
The anti-inflammatory drug piroxicam has been reported to affect the production of reactive oxygen species in phagocytes. This anti-inflammatory effect is thought to be mediated through inhibition of cyclooxygenase (COX), an enzyme important for prostaglandin synthesis. We have compared the effects of piroxicam on superoxide production mediated by...
Article
The objective was to evaluate which receptors house dust mite (HDM) and birch pollen extracts engage to activate human eosinophils. Chemotaxis and degranulation were studied in eosinophils pretreated with pertussis toxin and other antagonists of G protein-coupled receptors, e.g. the formyl peptide receptor (FPR), CC chemokine receptor 3 (CCR3) and...
Article
Eosinophils are predominantly found in tissues that have an interface with the external environment and its bacterial flora, such as the gastrointestinal and respiratory tracts. Although it is not the primary function of eosinophils to phagocytose and kill bacteria, we hypothesized that they might be able to recognize and become activated by microo...
Article
This study assesses the importance of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) as a diarrhoeal agent in developing countries. Odds ratios were calculated for incurring ETEC-associated diarrhoea based on data reported between 1970 and 1999. Carriage of ETEC was associated with diarrhoea in children aged less than five years, except for hospitalized i...
Article
Eosinophilic granulocytes are found in tissues with an interface with the external environment, such as the gastrointestinal, genitourinary and respiratory tracts. These leucocytes have been associated with tissue damage in a variety of diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether necrotic epithelial cells can activate eosinophils. The d...
Article
Allergic diseases are characterized by the presence of eosinophils, which are recruited to the affected tissues by chemoattractants produced by T cells, mast cells and epithelium. Our objective was to evaluate if allergens can directly activate human eosinophils. The capacity of purified allergen extracts to elicit eosinophil chemotaxis, respirator...
Article
Bacillary dysentery arises when Shigella invades the colonic and rectal mucosae of the human gut and elicits a strong inflammatory response, which may lead to life-threatening complications. Hence, downregulation of the host inflammatory response is an appealing therapeutical alternative. The gastrointestinal tract is densely innervated, and nerve...
Article
RationaleAllergic diseases such as chronic bronchial asthma are characterized by the presence of eosinophils, which are recruited to the affected tissues by chemoattractants produced by allergen-specific T-cells, mast cells and airway epithelium. We have evaluated if allergens can directly activate human eosinophils.
Article
RationaleEosinophils are found in tissues with an interface with the external environment, such as the gastrointestinal, genitourinary and respiratory tracts. Our hypothesis is that eosinophils can recognize and be activated by microorganisms that enter tissues when mucosal membranes are leaky, i.e. during inflammatory conditions.