Christine Preiser

Christine Preiser
Universitätsklinikum Tübingen · Institute of Occupational and Social Medicine and Health Services Research

About

49
Publications
3,158
Reads
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103
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2018 - April 2020
Universität Augsburg
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • Projekt: Wissenspolitiken in der Neuregulierung der Prostitution in Deutschland (DFG-Projekt, Leitung Prof. Dr. Reiner Keller)
January 2013 - June 2018
Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law
Position
  • PhD Student
Description
  • Conducted an ethnographic study on bouncers in German nightclubs, mainly based on open participant observations in three nightclubs in two German cities.
June 2011 - May 2020
Universitätsklinikum Tübingen
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • Research Projects: Check.App – Symptom-Checker auf Basis künstlicher Intelligenz MySUPPORT – Individuelles, dynamisches Patientenbedarfscreening // Methods teaching: Forschungswerkstatt Qualitative Methoden 15+ workshops on qualitative methods
Education
October 2006 - January 2011
University of Freiburg
Field of study
  • Sociology
October 2005 - September 2006
University of Tuebingen
Field of study
  • Sociology

Publications

Publications (49)
Article
Qualitative research methods, primarily interviews, have become more common in the field of addiction research. Other data sources were often neglected, although sources such as social media can offer insights into the realities of people, since social media also plays a relevant role in today's living environments. This article examines the use of...
Article
Full-text available
Workers’ health surveillance is considered essential for employees’ health and protection against hazardous working conditions. It is one part of occupational health care and thus one of four pillars of holistic workplace health management. In Germany, employers are obliged to provide mandatory and voluntary occupational health care (OHC) to employ...
Article
Patients receiving palliative care often express a desire to die. Forms and backgrounds of these expressions can be diverse. To contribute to a better understanding of this phenomenon, we analyzed patients' desire to die expressions reported by palliative care providers participating in 11 communication trainings on desire to die. The 102 participa...
Article
Background Symptom checker apps (SCAs) are accessible tools that provide early symptom assessment for users. The ethical, legal, and social implications of SCAs and their impact on the patient-physician relationship, the health care providers, and the health care system have sparsely been examined. This study protocol describes an approach to inves...
Article
Zusammenfassung Hintergrund Die Versorgungsforschung ist von Multidisziplinarität und Methodenpluralität gekennzeichnet. Die Medizin bildet einen wichtigen Orientierungspunkt, auch in der Adressierung forschungsethischer Fragen. Zugleich werden in sozialwissenschaftlichen Fächern jedoch die etwa in der Medizin etablierten stark formalisierten Begut...
Article
Full-text available
Background Micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) represent the majority of businesses in the EU. Little is known about psychosocial demands faced by company owners, managers, and employees in SMEs, especially in the health and service sector. The current study aimed to identify which psychosocial demands related to work organization are...
Article
Full-text available
Background General practitioners (GPs) are challenged, e.g. by long working hours, and as employers they are responsible for the creation of working conditions that prevent work-related psychosocial risks. Leadership behaviour plays an important role within the working conditions of employees, thus we focused on two research questions: To what exte...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Symptom checker apps (SCAs) are accessible tools that provide early symptom assessment for users. The ethical, legal, and social implications of SCAs and their impact on the patient-physician relationship, the health care providers, and the health care system have sparsely been examined. This study protocol describes an approach to inves...
Article
Zusammenfassung. Hintergrund: Qualitative Methoden ermöglichen bei unterschiedlichen Fragestellungen vertieften Erkenntnisgewinn im Feld der Suchtforschung. Allerdings ist der Zugang zu den entsprechenden Methoden nicht einfach, da ihre Komplexität und Vielfalt nicht leicht zu überblicken ist und die Umsetzung umfangreiches theoretisches und method...
Conference Paper
Hintergrund: Alkoholkonsum in der Schwangerschaft ist ein tabuisiertes Thema. Stigmatisierung und Scham erschweren den Zugang zu dieser Zielgruppe. Qualitative Forschungsansätze zum Konsum von Schwangeren nutzten bisher oft Interviews. Bereits bestehende Daten wie Diskussionen aus Onlineforen werden bisher wenig beachtet. Diese Arbeit vergleicht d...
Conference Paper
Hintergrund: Alkoholkonsum in der Schwangerschaft gilt als bedeutsamster Risikofaktor für angeborene Fehlbildungen oder geistige Behinderung. Durch Abstinenz sind diese Schädigungen vollständig vermeidbar. Diese Arbeit untersucht persönliche Einstellungen zum Alkoholkonsum in der Schwangerschaft und gegenüber Schwangeren, die Alkohol konsumieren. M...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Symptom checker applications (SCA) are accessible tools that provide early symptom assessment for users. Ethical, legal, and social implications of SCA, their impact on the patient-physician relationship, the health care providers and the health care system have sparsely been examined. This study protocol describes an approach to invest...
Article
Einleitung Alkoholkonsum in der Schwangerschaft birgt viele Risiken für das ungeborene Kind. Trotz präventiver Maßnahmen konsumieren manche Schwangere Alkohol. Diese Untersuchung zielt darauf ab, mögliche Gründe für den Konsum in der Schwangerschaft zu identifizieren und die Zuschreibung der Expert:innenrolle an medizinisches Fachpersonal durch die...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Currently, many countries, affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, discuss how the ‘lockdown-restrictions’ could be lifted to restart the economy and public life after the first wave of the COVID-19 disease has subsided. This study protocol describes an approach designed to provide an in-depth understanding of how companies and their employ...
Article
Full-text available
General practices are established microenterprises in Germany providing a variety of preventive and therapeutic health care services and procedures in a challenging working environment. For example, general practice teams are confronted increasingly with work-related demands, which have been associated with poor psychological and physical outcomes....
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Exercise has a positive effect on health, which has already been proven in many studies. Doctors have an important role in helping patients to get more exercise. Against this background, the preventive model project "Exercise on Prescription" (RfB) was launched in Germany in 2009. This allows doctors to give their patients a prescriptio...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Work-related stress has been associated with poor psychological and physical outcomes. A better understanding of work-related psychosocial demands, risks and resources can therefore contribute to the prevention of work-related stress. Compared to the general population, medical staff have reported a higher prevalence of chronic stress. U...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Work-related stress has been associated with poor psychological and physical outcomes. A better understanding of work-related psychosocial demands, risks and resources can therefore contribute to the prevention of work-related stress. Compared to the general population, medical staff have reported a higher prevalence of chronic stress. U...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: Patients in oncological and palliative care (PC) often have complex needs, which require a comprehensive treatment approach. The assessment of patient-reported outcomes (PROs) has been shown to improve identification of patient needs and foster adjustment of treatment. This study explores occupational routines, attitudes and expectatio...
Article
Full-text available
The night has historically been neglected in both disciplinary and interdisciplinary research. To some extent, this is not surprising, given the diurnal bias of human researchers and the difficulty of performing work at night. The night is, however, a critical element of biological, chemical, physical, and social systems on Earth. Moreover, researc...
Preprint
The night has historically been neglected in both disciplinary and interdisciplinary research. To some extent, this is not surprising, given the diurnal bias of human researchers, and the difficulty of performing work at night. The night is, however, a critical element of biological, chemical, physical, and social systems on Earth. Moreover, resear...
Poster
Hintergrund: Wie andere Gesellschaftsbereiche ist das Gesundheitssystem vom weitreichenden Prozess der Digitalisierung betroffen. Bisher wenig erforscht ist die Frage, wie sich diese Prozesse nicht nur auf die praktischen Tätigkeiten, sondern auch auf das berufliche Selbstverständnis der Betroffenen auswirken. In der qualitativen Teilstudie des Ver...
Thesis
Hintergrund: Die Literatur zum ärztlichen und pflegerischen Professionsverständnis ist nach wie vor von der Frage nach „guten“ Ärzt*innen/„guter“ Pflege dominiert und damit vor allem normativ geprägt. Befragt man Behandler*innen direkt nach ihrem Professionsverständnis, sind vor allem jene normativen Konzepte und soziale Erwünschtheit erwartbar. Di...
Preprint
BACKGROUND An increasing shortage of skilled (medical) personnel has been reported in many post-industrial economies. Concerning are persisting and growing trends in absenteeism and an incapacity to work which has initiated a political, economic and scientific interest in a better understanding and management of determinants related to work environ...
Article
Full-text available
Background: An increasing shortage of skilled personnel, including medical personnel, has been reported in many postindustrial economies. Persisting and growing trends in absenteeism and incapacity to work due to mental disorders are concerning and have increased political, economic, and scientific interest in better understanding and management o...
Article
Zusammenfassung Hintergrund Ein wesentlicher Aspekt von Balintarbeit sind Erzählungen über Begegnungen zwischen Patient und Behandler. Der Akt des Erzählens ist sowohl eine bewusste, kohärente Auseinandersetzung mit Erinnerung als auch ein Kommunikationsprozess im sozialen Kontext der Balintgruppe. Methode Mittels narrativer Analysemethoden können...
Article
The article draws from ethnographic research among bouncers in German nightclubs and deals with the relationship between actors of private and public security in nighttime urban spaces. The control of trouble is at the center of bouncers' working routine. The relationship between bouncers and the police - and the ethnographer - depends on how bounc...
Article
Conducting research on nightclub bouncers involves fieldwork with actors who have limited interest in having the details of their work become visible to third parties. Conversely, it is the specific interest of ethnography to make the invisible visible. Thus, the research process is a constant negotiation of two potentially conflicting logics of (i...
Article
Objective: Against the background of well-described associations between oral and general health, the cooperation between general practitioners (GPs) and dentists is crucial. Besides treatment, this includes prevention. Administrative referral between these two professions is not provided by statute. Thus, the study addresses the question: How do d...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: In Germany, innovative concepts of anchoring psychotherapeutic consultations within an occupational setting emerge in models like the "psychosomatic consultation in the workplace" (PCIW). Characteristic quality is the close cooperation between company-based occupational health physicians (OPs) and external psychotherapeutic consultants. L...
Article
http://www.med.uni-tuebing-en.de/uktmedia/EINRICHTUNGEN/Institute/Institut+fuer+Arbeits_+und+Sozialsmedizin/PDF_Archiv/Geschichte_Arbeitsmedizin_T%C3%BCbingen_ASU_2015_01-port-80-p-90322.pdf
Article
Full-text available
Full-text avaible via open access: https://www.thieme-connect.de/products/ejournals/pdf/10.1055/s-0034-1384611.pdf Goal of the Study: In Germany, mental disorders have increasing importance for disability and early retirement. However, patients may have to wait several months before becoming an appointment with a psycho(somatic) therapist. Accordin...
Article
Hintergrund: Unter dem Dach der zentralen Graduiertenakademie der Universitat Tubingen bot die Koordinierungsstelle Versorgungsforschung vom 13.–17.02.2012 erstmals eine Blockveranstaltung „Methoden der Versorgungsforschung“ an. Es war die Teilnahme an einzelnen oder allen 13 Modulen moglich. Ziel der Blockveranstaltung war die Abdeckung verschiede...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
When is the last time you actually had a face-to-face chat with your colleagues? Or have you been worried to turn up at your workplace at all? In many countries, working conditions are highly regulated and aim to safeguard health and safety of workers, but over the last year the COVID-19 pandemic has questioned established concepts of work organization; therefore, new and adjusted ways on how work can be organized during this and future pandemics are needed. Our study provides an in-depth understanding of how different workplace settings in Germany deal with their working conditions during the pandemic. We developed a mixed methods approach including document analysis of relevant health and safety material, interviews and employee surveys with key actors, workers and students from different companies and institutions.
Project
Symptom checker applications (SCA) are accessible tools that provide early symptom assessment for users. Ethical, legal, and social implications of SCA, their impact on the patient-physician relationship, the health care providers and the health care system have sparsely been examined. We aim to investigate possible impacts and implications of SCA on different levels of health care provision. We will consider the perspectives of users, non-users, general practitioners and (international) health care experts. We aim to assess a comprehensive overview of the use of SCA and reveal problematic issues. Methods: The primary outcomes of this study are empirically informed, multi-perspective recommendations for different stakeholders on ethical, legal, and social implications of SCA. Quantitative and qualitative methods will be used in several consecutive and interconnected parts: Study part 1: survey that assess the user degree of SCA in Germany as well as predictors for SCA usage Study part 2: self-observational diary and user-interviews to assess the user perspectives, usage pattern and arising problems Study part 3a: GP interviews to assess their experiences, perspectives, self-image, and concepts Study part 3b: interviews with health care experts on potential impacts of SCA on the health care system
Project
Compared to other economic sectors, higher psychological strain is reported by staff working in the health care system, including primary care practices. Four modifiable, setting-specific factors are considered relevant in this context: leadership, work processes, communication, and health promotion. Using primary care practices as an example for small and medium-sized enterprises (SME), IMPROVEjob aims to develop a multimodal, participatory intervention for the prevention of psychological distress within teams. Furthermore, the effect of the intervention is assessed and options for the transferral into other SME are evaluated. In this inter- and transdisciplinary project, researchers of three universities from six disciplines - Occupational Medicine, Primary Care Medicine, Psychosomatic Medicine, Operations Research, Health Promotion and Epidemiology - collaborate in four work packages (WP): ­WP 1: Analysis of working conditions in SME & modelling of workflows. ­WP 2: Development of a participatory, setting-specific intervention & feasibility study. ­WP 3: Cluster-randomised, controlled study evaluating the effectiveness of the intervention. ­WP 4: Development of dissemination strategies & evaluation of transferral options into other SME.