Christine Lonjou

Christine Lonjou
Sorbonne Université | UPMC

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28
Publications
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2,543
Citations

Publications

Publications (28)
Article
Rod‐cone dystrophy (RCD), also called retinitis pigmentosa, is characterized by rod followed by cone photoreceptor degeneration, leading to gradual visual loss. Mutations in over 65 genes have been associated with non‐syndromic RCD explaining 60% to 70% of cases, with novel gene defects possibly accounting for the unsolved cases. Homozygosity mappi...
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Primary cilia are sensory organelles present on most mammalian cells. The assembly and maintenance of primary cilia are facilitated by intraflagellar transport (IFT), a bidirectional protein trafficking along the cilium. Mutations in genes coding for IFT components have been associated with a group of diseases called ciliopathies. These genetic dis...
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Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease (PVOD) is a rare and devastating cause of pulmonary hypertension that is characterized histologically by widespread fibrous intimal proliferation of septal veins and preseptal venules and is frequently associated with pulmonary capillary dilatation and proliferation. PVOD is categorized into a separate pulmonary art...
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The high prevalence of type 2 diabetes and its uneven distribution among human populations is both a major public health concern and a puzzle in evolutionary biology. Why is this deleterious disease so common, while the associated genetic variants should be removed by natural selection? The 'thrifty genotype' hypothesis proposed that the causal gen...
Article
Mutations in the CRB1 gene are associated with variable phenotypes of severe retinal dystrophies, ranging from leber congenital amaurosis (LCA) to rod-cone dystrophy, also called retinitis pigmentosa (RP). Moreover, retinal dystrophies resulting from CRB1 mutations may be accompanied by specific fundus features: preservation of the para-arteriolar...
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To identify the genetic defect of a consanguineous Portuguese family with rod-cone dystrophy and varying degrees of decreased audition. A detailed ophthalmic and auditory examination was performed on a Portuguese patient with severe autosomal recessive rod-cone dystrophy. Known genetic defects were excluded by performing autosomal recessive retinit...
Article
HLA typing, demographic and immunological risk factors for nevirapine and efavirenz reactions were studied in a French cohort of HIV patients. Cases with isolated rash were significantly associated with HLA-DRB101 allele. No liver toxicity was observed and no association was detected with the percentage of CD4 T-cells. This study suggests that HLA-...
Article
Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and its severe form, toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN), are rare but life-threatening cutaneous adverse reactions to drugs, especially to allopurinol, carbamazepine, lamotrigine, phenobarbital, phenytoine, sulfamethoxazole, oxicam and nevirapine. Recently, a strong association between carbamazepine and allopurinol indu...
Article
Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are rare but severe cutaneous adverse drug reactions, which can be caused by a certain number of specific drugs among which is carbamazepine, an antiepileptic agent. A very strong association of carbamazepine-induced SJS with HLA-B*1502 has recently been described in the Han Chines...
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Whereas the human linkage map appears on limited evidence to be constant over populations, maps of linkage disequilibrium (LD) vary among populations that differ in gene history. The greatest difference is between populations of sub-Saharan origin and populations remotely derived from Africa after a major bottleneck that reduced their heterozygosit...
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Linkage tests to localize oligogenes have been extended during the past year. Using simulated data and multiplex selection we find that several tests on affected sib pairs have comparable power and type I error. Three variants of SIBPAL2 are favoured when substantial numbers of normal sibs are included, but performance relative to the BETA benchmar...
Article
Atopy and asthma are complex genetic diseases resulting from the interactions of a number of genetic and environmental factors. We had previously reported allelic association between the IL9 marker on chromosome 5q31-33 and atopy. In order to further investigate the role of susceptibility genes on 5q31-33 in the development of atopy and asthma we h...
Article
Asthma is the most common chronic childhood disease in developed nations [ 1], affecting more than 155 million individuals. The cost of treating the disease in the USA alone approximates 6 billion dollars per annum [ 2]. Asthma is a complex disease that has proven extremely difficult to dissect genetically [ 3]. Considerable effort is currently bei...
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Previous studies have suggested that atopy is linked to the beta chain of the high affinity IgE receptor (Fcepsilon R1-beta) on chromosome 11q13. Fcepsilon R1-beta polymorphisms, I181L, V183L, and E237G, are reported to be associated with asthma and atopy. The aim of this study was to investigate linkage to Fcepsilon R1-beta in a UK population and...
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Full-text available
The central problem of complex inheritance is to map oligogenes for disease susceptibility, integrating linkage and association over samples that differ in several ways. Combination of evidence over multiple samples with 1,037 families supports loci contributing to asthma susceptibility in the cytokine region on 5q [maximum logarithm of odds (lod)...
Article
Combination of evidence over samples, each of which is too small to be conclusive, is the central problem in complex inheritance. There are three approaches: meta-analysis, prospective collaboration, and retrospective collaboration. Our experience with the first and last, which are the most cost-effective, is discussed.
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Full-text available
On the causal hypothesis, most genetic determinants of disease are single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that are likely to be selected as markers for positional cloning. On the proximity hypothesis, most disease determinants will not be included among markers but may be detected through linkage disequilibrium with other SNPs. In that event, allel...
Article
An efficient test of deviation from Hardy-Weinberg frequencies with one degree of freedom was applied to 44 marker loci in a genome scan, and 7 loci had a significant excess of apparent homozygotes (chi2 (1) > 6) suggestive of typing error. In this example evidence for linkage did not increase when outliers were censored. Statistical quality contro...
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Allelic association has proven useful to refine the location of major genes prior to positional cloning, but it is of uncertain value for genome scans in complex inheritance. We have extended kinship theory to give information content for linkage and allelic association. Application to pairs of closely linked markers as a surrogate for marker x oli...
Article
Recently a graphical study of linkage disequilibrium around the CAPN3 locus failed to refine the 1.3-Mb interval suggested by haplotype sharing. On the contrary, the Malecot model as implemented in the ALLASS program maps CAPN3 within 3 kb of its true location (23 kb from the locus midpoint), overcoming identified problems with small samples, inter...
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Full-text available
Recombination acts on the genetic map, not on the physical map. On the other hand, the physical map is usually more accurate. Choice of the genetic or physical map for positional cloning by allelic association depends on the goodness of fit of data to each map under an established model. Huntington disease illustrates the usual case in which the gr...
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We have undertaken a study of the haplotypes among French potential bone marrow donors in order to define the geographical regions of France with the maximum of polymorphism and also to develop a strategy for optimal donor recruitment. A maximum likelihood estimator was used to calculate haplotype frequencies and their support limits for each regio...
Article
A likelihood approach to HLA serology has been developed in which the aim is not to define a recognition set for a serum but to describe the serum's ability to react with each and every antigen in the test cells, this ability being quantified in terms of the probability of a positive reaction. For a given set of probabilities, one for each antigen,...

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