Christine Howitt

Christine Howitt
University of Western Australia | UWA · Faculty of Education

PhD (Curtin)

About

53
Publications
24,438
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760
Citations

Publications

Publications (53)
Article
Full-text available
This paper describes how individualized photobooks were used to support 3- and 4-year-old children in demonstrating their science learning and developing their science identity through participation in a science outreach program. Photographic images stimulate children’s visual thinking and allow them to provide explanations of complex concepts usin...
Chapter
It is widely recognised that science explorations is vital in children's lives as they make sense of the world. Now in its fourth edition, Science in Early Childhood provides a comprehensive and engaging introduction to science in the early years. Each chapter has been updated to include current research and to address changing priorities in early...
Chapter
It is widely recognised that science explorations is vital in children's lives as they make sense of the world. Now in its fourth edition, Science in Early Childhood provides a comprehensive and engaging introduction to science in the early years. Each chapter has been updated to include current research and to address changing priorities in early...
Chapter
It is widely recognised that science explorations is vital in children's lives as they make sense of the world. Now in its fourth edition, Science in Early Childhood provides a comprehensive and engaging introduction to science in the early years. Each chapter has been updated to include current research and to address changing priorities in early...
Chapter
It is widely recognised that science explorations is vital in children's lives as they make sense of the world. Now in its fourth edition, Science in Early Childhood provides a comprehensive and engaging introduction to science in the early years. Each chapter has been updated to include current research and to address changing priorities in early...
Article
The Children’s Engagement Behaviour Framework was developed to describe young children’s engagement with science exhibits and how their behaviour is related to learning about the exhibits. The Framework was synthesised from frameworks in research literature related to family learning and the nature of play. It describes three categories of epistemi...
Article
Full-text available
Especially in light of the increasing breadth of research with children, efforts to develop quality in the implementation of the right to participate are urgently needed. This concern is the focus of an international research cooperation between the Graduate School of Education at the University of Western Australia in Perth (Christine Howitt and F...
Article
Full-text available
This research explored how young children’s research participation can be enhanced when an interactive narrative approach is embedded within research to enhance children’s consent to participation and their understanding of the research process. The context for this research was a 1-h, science outreach programme delivered into Australian playgroups...
Article
Augmented reality (AR) technology is being introduced in educational settings for its ability to overlay virtual information onto physical environments. The AR Sandbox is a conventional sandbox with depth coloured representations projected onto the sand’s surface. This research investigates how 4- and 5-year-old Australian children use an AR Sandbo...
Article
This paper introduces a hierarchical model of children’s (3- to 8-year olds) research participation rights that builds on work by Roger Hart and integrates key participation rights drawn from UNCRC Article 12: information, understanding, voice, and influence. It provides insight into the various levels of information that can be provided to childre...
Article
YOUNG CHILDREN’S RIGHTS, power and agency in research are dependent on adult agendas that are enmeshed throughout every research project. This paper presents a Rights-Based Research Ethics and Participation Planning Framework that defines and unpacks the components of a rights-based approach to early childhood research. This new framework supports...
Article
There is a need to identify young gifted children so that their cognitive and socio-emotional needs may be better met by teachers and schools. This study reports on Australian teachers' perceptions of the benefits and limitations associated with the use of a multiple assessment instrument process for identifying intellectually gifted 6- and 7-year-...
Article
Full-text available
Gerade in Anbetracht der zunehmenden Verbreitung des Forschens mit Kindern sind Anstrengungen zur Qualitätsentwicklung bei der Umsetzung des Rechts auf Partizipation dringend geboten. Diesem Anliegen widmet sich eine internationale Forschungskooperation zwischen der Graduate School of Education der University of Western Australia in Perth (Christin...
Article
Full-text available
In 2015 and 2017, we observed four pre-school centres, researching science, maths and technology pedagogy and how opportunities presented themselves for learning in outdoor settings. The purpose of this paper is to interrogate STEM practises in the early years, practices that are informed by play-based education pedagogies, to understand approaches...
Article
Ensuring young children’s competence to participate meaningfully in the informed consent process is a troublesome ethical issue. Evolving recognition of the influence of context and relationship, researcher perspective, and researcher responsibility to provide adequate support has advanced understanding of how this might be achieved. Here, we repor...
Chapter
Recognition of the importance of providing science-related experiences for young children has resulted in increased numbers of outreach programs aimed at a preschool audience. Early meaningful experiences of science have been found to promote children’s interest in science and enhance their self-belief that they can be effective science learners. H...
Article
This paper summarises the reporting of early childhood (EC) research practices through a meta-analysis of 10 scholarly international EC education journals. The analysis included 506 peer-reviewed primary research articles published between 2009 and 2012 (inclusive) involving young children between the ages of birth and eight years. These were revie...
Article
This paper describes the implementation of a flipped approach by two lecturers teaching different postgraduate education courses at an Australian university. Case studies, written as chronological stories, were developed with data collected from email correspondence between the two lecturers as critical friends, as well as from student feedback in...
Article
Full-text available
Ideas about ethical research with young children are evolving at a rapid rate. Not only can young children participate in the informed consent process, but researchers now also recognize that the process must be meaningful for them. As part of a larger study, this article reviews children's rights and informed consent literature as the foundation f...
Book
Full-text available
Science education in the early years is vital in assisting young children to come to know about and understand the world around them. Science in Early Childhood Education covers the theoretical underpinnings and practical applications of teaching science in early childhood settings in way that is engaging and accessible. It is a comprehensive resou...
Article
Full-text available
The case for integrating generic skills in university accounting programmes is well documented in the literature, but the implementation of strategies designed to teach generic skills in the context of accounting courses has posed ongoing challenges for academics and course administrators. The imperative for generic skills in accounting programmes...
Article
This paper presents a comprehensive review of reporting of research ethics in 10 scholarly international early childhood education journals. Peer-reviewed primary research articles published between 2009 and 2012 (inclusive) were reviewed for reported parent consent, child consent and institutional ethics approval. Of the 506 articles identified as...
Article
Full-text available
p>Mobile handheld devices are spreading rapidly in education. iPads, especially, are increasingly being adopted by different educational sectors, but there is currently little empirical evidence on whether, or how, they facilitate student learning. This paper reports on how iPads contributed to pre-service teachers' learning, including their learni...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this article is to describe two case studies of classroom-based teaching interventions, conducted by final-year pre-service teachers, which were successful in assisting young children with autism engage in and learn literacy through the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs). The 10-day interventions were carried ou...
Chapter
The challenge of better preparing pre-service early childhood teachers to deliver appropriate science learning experiences in the classroom poses complex yet relevant issues. An innovative strategy to solve this problem has been a unique cross-discipline and collaborative approach. The purpose of this innovation was to provide pre-service early chi...
Chapter
Full-text available
Although much has been written about improving primary school science and scientific skills for children, not a lot has been done to find out what science actually looks like for very young children. A common belief among adults is that science concept learning is something to be addressed in the later years of schooling. Thus, early childhood educ...
Article
Objectives At the end of this chapter you will: Recognise the potential for science with 3 and 4-year-old children. Recognise the place of everyday science in free and guided play for 3 and 4-year-old children. Describe various pedagogical principles to enhance the science teaching and learning of 3 and 4-year-old children through free and guided p...
Article
Full-text available
Children have immense curiosity, a thirst for knowledge and a questioning attitude. They are innate scientists. The challenge for early childhood educators is to fuel this curiosity through the provision of appropriate learning experiences and an engaging environment within early learning centres. This paper presents a detailed case study of how a...
Book
Full-text available
Planting the seeds of science is the product of a 3-year nationally funded project where teacher educators, scientists, engineers and pre-service teachers collaborated to develop early childhood science resources. Five modules of work are presented in the book around the themes of the environment, day and night, forensic science, cleanliness and so...
Article
Full-text available
Teacher educators are consistently challenged with the problem of how to construct more meaningful and relevant experiences within their science methods courses. The research presented in this paper addressed this problem on two levels. On a pedagogical level, the aim of the research was to capture the salient details about how one pre‐service earl...
Article
Scientists in Schools (SiS) is an initiative of the Australian Government Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations that aims to establish and maintain sustained and ongoing partnerships between scientists and school communities as a means of developing more scientifically literate citizens. This paper describes and analyses an ex...
Article
Full-text available
Three-dimensional mind maps are a highly effective tool for providing engaging, kinaesthetic and sensory experiences for young children, with real objects used to promote the sharing of knowledge and the creation of connections. The use of real objects allows children the opportunity to connect with those objects at a personal level, thus placing t...
Article
Scientists in Schools is a project funded by the Australian Government Department of Education, Employment, and Workplace Relations and managed by the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Education Section. This paper describes how the project is working to establish and maintain sustained and ongoing partnerships between s...
Article
Lack of confidence towards science is a major factor in the avoidance of teaching science at elementary school. This paper reports the results of a survey that asked 28 pre-service elementary teachers what they believed contributed to their confidence towards science and the teaching of science during a second year science unit where an holistic te...
Chapter
Full-text available
Young children are natural scientists, because of their immense curiosity and thirst for knowledge. Science is a part of their everyday world. They question everything around them, observe objects in minute detail and will happily manipulate objects again and again to see if the same thing happens. They are continually trying to make sense of their...
Article
In a preliminary experiment a single treatment of 2 kg ha glyphosate was found to be as effective as higher rates of application in reducing Cyperus rotundus shoot numbers. Single applications of 11–2 kg ha bromacil and 976 kg ha methyl bromide were compared with multiple applications of 2 kg haglyphosate, 4.5 kg ha 2,4‐D, 4 kg ha EPTC, 2.4 kg ha v...
Article
Full-text available
Hierarchical agglomerative polythetic clustering of vegetation data for 51 sites from Brian Pastures Research Station, south-east Queensland, Australia, produced site and species groups that supported those formed during a previous intuitive mapping survey. On the basis of floristic composition, these analyses suggested the possible amalgamation of...
Article
Diurnal variations in leaf conductance (g) were investigated in bearing and non-bearing custard apple (Annona cherimola × Annona squamosa) trees, cultivar ‘African Pride’, in subtropical Queensland, Australia (latitude 27°S). Most of the variation in log g could be attributed to changes in relative humidity (RH) (R2 = 0.86, P < 0.01). At RH <60%, g...
Article
Behavioral responses of Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) and Sitophilus oryzae L. to fenitrothion and of Rhyzopertha dominica L. to carbaryl and to bioresmethrin were tested by adding eggs (S. oryzae or R. dominica) or pupae (T. castaneum) to wheat unsprayed or sprayed with insecticide. Grain containing insects was placed above or below another layer o...

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Projects (2)
Project
The growing body of early childhood research theory suggests that participatory research is vastly complex and that such complexities tend to inhibit the rate at which research practice can embrace the progressive ideals of rights-based research. Thus, interpreting research from a child’s rights perspective opens the way for the development of new and innovative approaches to engage young children in the informed consent process, and to examine how the disparity between rights-based theory and research practice might be addressed. This research focuses on understanding and improving informed consent processes when engaging young children in research. It seeks to determine if an effective informed consent approach can be developed for young children that focuses on understanding and facilitates children’s high quality research participation.