Christine Greenhow

Christine Greenhow
Michigan State University | MSU · Department of Counseling, Educational Psychology, and Special Education

About

89
Publications
84,896
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
4,447
Citations
Introduction
I am an Professor of Educational Psychology & Educational Technology (http://edutech.msu.edu/) in the College of Education at Michigan State University. I study learning and social media, the design of social-mediated spaces for learning, and Social Scholarship, or the transformation in scholars' professional practices in light of social media affordances and constraints. Connect with me on ResearchGate and on Twitter, Facebook, LinkedIn, Academia.edu, etc. Thanks for connecting.
Additional affiliations
January 2012 - present
Michigan State University
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
August 2010 - December 2012
University of Maryland, College Park
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
September 2007 - June 2009
University of Minnesota Twin Cities
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (89)
Article
Online learning—learning that involves interactions that are mediated through using digital, typically internet-based, technology—is pervasive, multi-faceted, and evolving, creating opportunities and challenges for educational research in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic. In this special issue, we advance an interdisciplinary agenda for online lea...
Article
Full-text available
Artificial intelligence (AI) is a field of study that combines the applications of machine learning, algorithm productions, and natural language processing. Applications of AI transform the tools of education. AI has a variety of educational applications, such as personalized learning platforms to promote students’ learning, automated assessment sy...
Article
Since the coronavirus pandemic, the ability to reach others across virtual space has become a prominent, widespread phenomenon. Within social media, social and professional discourse extends across fields. Socialmedia, considered by many as the Fifth Estate, redefines network influence and provides an outlet for historically underrepresented voices...
Article
Full-text available
Social media use has spiked around the world during the COVID-19 global pandemic as people reach out for news, information, social connections, and support in their daily lives. Past work on professional learning networks (PLNs) has shown that teachers also use social media to find supports for their teaching and ongoing professional development. T...
Article
In spring 2020, K–12 schools adopted remote learning amidst the Covid-19 pandemic. Using activity theory, the authors examine the educational response to this global health crisis in the United States and the United Kingdom. Data are drawn from three to four key news media publications in each country between 1 February and 31 May 2020. The authors...
Article
This article provides an overview of the state of research on social media and education in the twenty-first century. We begin with a synthesis of recent literature reviews to provide context for the articles within this special issue of the American Journal of Education titled “#Cloud2Class: The Disruption and Reorganization of Educational Resourc...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose In a public health crisis where social distancing, or physical distancing while in public spaces, is the new normal, social media offer respite from being alone. Recent statistics show spikes in social media usage worldwide during the Covid-19 pandemic. More than just easing loneliness, such freely available digital tools offer affordances...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose As higher education moves to formats that are not face-to-face classes in the wake of a global pandemic, educators need research-based guidelines to inform instructional planning and implementation. This study aims to provide recommendations for teaching with social media, as a complement and enhancement to traditional online teaching appro...
Article
The increasingly widespread use of social media to expand one's social connections is a relatively new but important phenomenon that has implications for teaching, learning, and teachers’ professional knowledge and development in the 21st century. Educational research in this area is expanding, but further investigation is necessary to better deter...
Chapter
Full-text available
Based on a systematic review of over a decade (2004–2019) of educational research on K-12 teaching and teacher learning with social media, this chapter reports on the state-of-the-art of social networking in education. Through analyzing 56 research articles, we address the following questions: (1) What social networking platforms are used by K-12 e...
Article
Social media play an increasing role in our everyday lives and in education. Teachers and administrators may use social media for professional learning, to find materials for use in the classroom, and as a vehicle for engaging students with each other or with the world at large. As this body of scholarship continues to grow, now is the time to refl...
Article
This chapter welcomes the reader to the study of social media in education. It begins with a description of the background, ranging from general use of social media in today's society to the importance of social media in education. The study of social media in education will inevitably draw on interdisciplinary concepts and networks of relationship...
Article
Social media provide new opportunities for when, how, where, and with whom people learn—venue unimaginable 15 years ago. Today’s students and educators have adopted social media for various purposes both within education and outside of it. This review of the published research on social media in education focuses on the affordances for student lear...
Article
Full-text available
Students today spend more time writing on social media than they do in formal classrooms and have developed distinct and complex literacies separate from traditional writing curricula. Although several studies have explored teens’ informal literacy practices online, research investigating how these spaces may inform or be effectively utilized in th...
Article
Full-text available
Social media has attracted considerable scholarly interest. Previous research has demonstrated the need for a more comprehensive overview of social media research across diverse disciplines. However, there is a lack of research that identifies the scope of social media integration across educational settings and how it relates to research in other...
Article
Full-text available
Educators increasingly teach with social media in varied ways, but they may do so without considering the ways in which social media corporations profit from their uses or compromise transparency, equity, health, safety, and democracy through the design of platforms. There is a lack of scholarship that addresses the curricular topics that educators...
Article
In a pilot study of an affordable and low-maintenance social media solution for adjunct faculty socialization or onboarding at the community college, interested adjuncts were offered the opportunity to participate in a socialmedia-like experience made possible by the Moodle Social wall format plugin. Though qualitative data did not suggest this opp...
Article
As new technologies shape and are shaped by human practices, educators and researchers must consider the impact that participating in social media—to access, reflect upon, question, evaluate and disseminate scholarship—is having on their professional development and practices. This paper investigates how members of the educational research communit...
Conference Paper
Within the field of education and informational technology, technologies like social media-near ubiquitous in the lives of today's high school and college students-raise interesting questions about learning, teaching, literacy, design and democracy for researchers and educators. In this panel we considered multiple perspectives on teaching with and...
Article
Full-text available
This conceptual exploration revisits a key question from earlier work (Greenhow & Gleason, 2014): What is scholarship reconsidered in the age of social media? Social scholarship is a framework that expanded Boyers’ (1990) conceptualization of scholarship to consider how social media affect discovery and research, teaching and learning, integration,...
Article
Full-text available
Research is rarely created for private use; researchers publish their work so that others can read and use it, to advance the collective understanding of a field and impact people’s lives. Yet traditional approaches to scholarship, which emphasize publication in subscription-based rather than open access journals, inhibit not only the dissemination...
Article
Full-text available
Blended learning, which combines online and face-to-face pedagogy, is a fast-growing mode of instruction as universities strive for equitable and alternative pathways to course enrollment, retention, and educational attainment. However, challenges to successfully implementing blended instruction are that social presence, or students’ ability to pro...
Article
Full-text available
The increasingly widespread use of social network sites to expand and deepen one’s social connections is a relatively new but potentially important phenomenon that has implications for teaching and learning and teacher education in the 21st century. This paper surveys the educational research literature to examine: How such technologies are perceiv...
Chapter
Full-text available
For out-of-school learners, social media creates the possibility of interacting with other learners or educators and their digital content anytime, any place across the globe. Although social media is difficult to define because these technologies increasingly change with use, many agree that social media includes any digital technology where users...
Article
Recent articles in the educational research field have called for a stronger research focus on students’ learning with everyday technologies in-and-out-of classrooms and on the changing nature of scholars’ practices in light of technological advancements. We present findings from a mixed methods study of whether and how novice researchers understan...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter will begin by redefining the concept of scholarship in the digital era. The authors will describe and summarize the conceptualization of social scholarship (Greenhow & Gleason, 2015, 2014) and the practices scholars, using social media, typically perform in different contexts. These practices include but are not limited to disseminatin...
Chapter
This chapter will begin by redefining the concept of scholarship in the digital era. The authors will describe and summarize the conceptualization of social scholarship (Greenhow & Gleason, 2015, 2014) and the practices scholars, using social media, typically perform in different contexts. These practices include but are not limited to disseminatin...
Chapter
The past ten years have brought significant growth in access to web technology and in the educational possibilities of social media. These changes challenge previous conceptualizations of education and the classroom and pose practical questions for students, educators, and administrators. Today, the capabilities of social media are influencing lear...
Chapter
MOOCs, or massively open and online courses, are a relatively new type of educational instruction borne out of new technological affordances. Since the arrival of MOOCs the hype has outpaced the research. This chapter discusses the emergence of different types of MOOCs as well as the current research on this new phenomenon in education and critical...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The papers in this symposium together address new contexts, modes and concerns related to teaching and teacher professional development in the age of social media, with a particular focus on the socio-technical affordances and challenges of social network sites and teachers' perceptions and experiences. The presentations included in this symposium...
Book
How are widely popular social media such as Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram transforming how teachers teach, how kids learn, and the very foundations of education? What controversies surround the integration of social media in students’ lives? The past decade has brought increased access to new media, and with this new opportunities and challenges...
Chapter
In this chapter, the authors seek to help educators understand trends in students' writing outside of the classroom, with a particular emphasis on illuminating students' purposes and practices in writing within social media spaces. The authors synthesize current research on students' Internet and social media practices and offer a case study from t...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – This paper aims to provide a re-envisioning of traditional conceptualizations of scholarship informed by knowledge assets theory, trends shaping the modern university and technological advancements. We introduce social scholarship, a set of scholarly practices being envisioned within the conventional four domains of scholarship (i.e. disc...
Article
Full-text available
It is argued that social media has the potential to bridge formal and informal learning through participatory digital cultures. Exemplars of sophisticated use by young people support this claim, although the majority of young people adopt the role of consumers rather than full participants. Scholars have suggested the potential of social media for...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Social media are fundamentally changing core practices in various industries (e.g., journalism, entertainment). Although surveys indicate that social media are impacting social scientists, we know little about how education scholars, specifically, use social media for their work or professional learning. This paper describes how and why educational...
Article
Full-text available
Social media are fundamentally changing core practices in various industries. Although surveys indicate that social media are impacting social scientists, we know little about how education scholars, specifically, use social media for their work or professional learning. This article explores how educational scholars incorporated the social media,...
Chapter
Full-text available
Scholars have theorized the affordances of social network sites for amplifying young people’s cognitive abilities and peer relationships; however, the majority of these studies have focused on college-age learners in course-related contexts. In this chapter, we focus on research and theory involving adolescents (aged 12-18) in the pre-college years...
Article
Full-text available
In this article, we address the complexities of designing such learning experiences, from both a course-level and programmatic view, by focusing on two recent courses in our hybrid doctoral program in Educational Psychology & Educational Technology (EPET) at Michigan State University. These doctoral seminars included two types of students – i.e., t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This symposium addresses how argumentation can be leveraged for learning in social media like Facebook (FB) exemplifying social learning. It catalyzes an international discussion forum (Germany, Israel, United States) that seeks to understand argumentative processes beyond isolated technology-based learning environments, what influences them, if an...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigates the experiences and life aspirations of adolescents based on interview data collected from primarily first-generation high school students in three Midwestern suburban and rural towns (N = 43) using a social capital framework. We explore adolescents' descriptions of experiences that represent new or different careers, cultur...
Article
Full-text available
This conceptual exploration inquires, what is scholarship reconsidered in the age of social media? How ought we to conceptualize social scholarship—a new set of practices being discussed in various disciplines? The paper offers a critical examination of the practical and policy implications of reconsidering scholarship in light of social media's af...
Article
Full-text available
Is social media making kids smarter? The answer to this question has sparked a debate in education around the world. However, research to date has narrowly focused on social media use among pre-college-age learners in formal educational settings. In this article, we explore the psychological, social and educational dynamics of one dominant social m...
Chapter
In this chapter, the authors seek to help educators understand trends in students' writing outside of the classroom, with a particular emphasis on illuminating students' purposes and practices in writing within social media spaces. The authors synthesize current research on students' Internet and social media practices and offer a case study from t...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter explores the unique forms of collaboration and civic engagement that are enabled by online social network sites within informal and formal learning settings. We highlight emerging research in the learning sciences and digital media and learning fields that illuminate the new possibilities for collaboration and civic engagement offered...
Chapter
This article introduces a youth-initiated practice: online social networking that is transforming our society in important ways and has vast implications for research concerning online behavior, the social and psychological aspects of online learning and the institution of education. In this paper, the author introduces the socio-technical features...
Data
Full-text available
This article may be used for research, teaching, and private study purposes. Any substantial or systematic reproduction, redistribution, reselling, loan, sub-licensing, systematic supply, or distribution in any form to anyone is expressly forbidden. The publisher does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the cont...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract This article defines Twitter tm ; outlines the features, affordances, and common uses; and conceptualizes “tweeting” as a literacy practice, comprising both traditional and new literacies, and impacting both informal and formal learning settings. Also provided is an overview of traditional and new literacies, and insights from a scan of th...
Article
Full-text available
The development of social capital in young people is positively associated with educational attainment, achievement, and psychosocial factors. Prior research has explored factors that contribute to social capital, such as offline social networks. To a lesser extent, studies have analyzed the relationship between online social networks and students'...
Article
Full-text available
The development of social capital in young people is positively associated with educational attainment, achievement, and psychosocial factors. Prior research has explored factors that contribute to social capital, such as offline social networks. To a lesser extent, studies have analyzed the relationship between online social networks and students'...
Article
Full-text available
Online social networks are increasingly important information and communication tools for young people and for the environmental movement. Networks may provide the motivation for young adults to increase environmental behaviors by increasing their knowledge of environmental issues and of the specific actions they can take to reduce greenhouse gas e...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – This viewpoint essay seeks to argue that young people's online social networking can serve as sites for and supports for student learning in ways not currently assessed. Design/methodology/approach – The two themes presented are based on a select review of the research literature as well as the author's explorations of young people's onli...
Article
Full-text available
This article introduces a youth-initiated practice: online social networking that is transforming our society in important ways and has vast implications for research concerning online behavior, the social and psychological aspects of online learning and the institution of education. In this paper, the author introduces the socio-technical features...
Article
Most U.S. teenagers participate in online social network sites, devoting hours to these networks, often at the expense of other leisure-time activities. This article describes young people's activities within one topic-focused niche network, outlining its unique features and the role of young people as content producers within and beyond the space....
Article
Full-text available
This paper discusses access and use of information and communication technologies among urban high school students from low-income families, a topic of great interest to teacher educators, educational policymakers, and others concerned with digital literacy instruction. Recent reports from national digital learning initiatives have portrayed today'...
Chapter
Online social network sites present opportunities for human service educators, practitioners, and clients. Human services education students can collaborate through multimedia networks, sharing ideas and experiences. Human services professionals can leverage online networks to problem solve, socialize and develop common resources, and clients can u...
Article
This study examined the role of a social network site (SNS) in the lives of 11 high school teenagers from low-income families in the U.S. We conducted interviews, talk-alouds and content analysis of MySpace profiles. Qualitative analysis of these data revealed three themes. First, SNSs facilitated emotional support, helped maintain relationships, a...
Article
In the past decade, significant shifts have occurred in the nature of the Internet and the conceptualization of classrooms. Such shifts have affected constructs of learning and instruction and paths for future research. In this article, the authors build on three ideas set forth in comments on their article “Web 2.0 and Classroom Research: What Pat...
Article
Full-text available
All students today are increasingly expected to develop technological fluency, digital citizenship, and other twenty‐first century competencies despite wide variability in the quality of learning opportunities schools provide. Social network sites (SNSs) available via the internet may provide promising contexts for learning to supplement school‐bas...
Article
Full-text available
Since Windschitl first outlined a research agenda for the World Wide Web and classroom research, significant shifts have occurred in the nature of the Web and the conceptualization of classrooms. Such shifts have affected constructs of learning and instruction, and paths for future research. This article discusses the characteristics of Web 2.0 tha...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper I introduce a youth-initiated practice: online social networking that is transforming our society in important ways and has vast implications for learning research and education. I introduce the social and technical features that characterize social networking systems and outline results from emerging research that suggests the social...
Conference Paper
In this paper I introduce a youth-initiated practice: online social networking that is transforming our society in important ways and has vast implications for learning research and education. I introduce the social and technical features that characterize social networking systems and outline results from emerging research that suggests the social...
Article
Online social network sites present opportunities for human service educators, practitioners, and clients. Human services education students can collaborate through multimedia networks, sharing ideas and experiences. Human services professionals can leverage online networks to problem solve, socialize and develop common resources, and clients can u...
Chapter
Online social network sites present opportunities for human service educators, practitioners, and clients. Human services education students can collaborate through multimedia networks, sharing ideas and experiences. Human services professionals can leverage online networks to problem solve, socialize and develop common resources, and clients can u...
Article
Full-text available
Today's emerging technologies and the concomitant changes in intellectual property laws make it imperative that colleges and universities establish clear policies regarding the appropriate use of copyrighted materials on their campuses and educate their communities about the application of copyright law in teaching, research, and scholarship (Brama...
Article
Full-text available
Trends in higher education have contributed to the need for more coordination and collaboration among different constituencies involved in instructional design and delivery. As researchers and educational technologists working in a large public research university, our research focuses on understanding the interactions among various stakeholder gro...
Conference Paper
Participation in elective online social networks that enhance learners' connections to their local community and to distant others they perceive as similar may be especially important to the educational attainment and engagement of low-income students traditionally underrepresented in higher education compared to their upper-to-middle income peers....
Article
Full-text available
In the past decade, significant shifts have occurred in the nature of the Internet and the conceptualization of classrooms. Such shifts have affected constructs of learning and instruction and paths for future research. In this article, the authors build on three ideas set forth in comments on their article "Web 2.0 and Classroom Research: What Pat...
Article
Since Windschitl first outlined a research agenda for the World Wide Web and classroom research, significant shifts have occurred in the nature of the Web and the conceptualization of classrooms. Such shifts have affected constructs of learning and instruction, and paths for future research. This article discusses the characteristics of Web 2.0 tha...

Network

Cited By