Christiane Spiel

Christiane Spiel
University of Vienna | UniWien · Institut für Angewandte Psychologie: Arbeit, Bildung, Wirtschaft

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Dr.

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291
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Publications

Publications (291)
Article
Full-text available
Appetitive aggression, i.e., the motivation to obtain rewards through aggressive behaviors, has been suggested as a key driver of cyberbullying. Due to the contextual properties of cyberspace(e.g., anonymity), it is assumed that the negative effects of cyberbullying are masked, leading to a preponderance of its positive outcomes (e.g., thrill). Sin...
Article
Despite the conceptual proximity between the basic needs and agency and communion and their similar function for psychological functioning, studies investigating their interplay are scarce. This study aims to investigate their joint role in hedonic and eudaimonic well-being in light of the COVID-19 pandemic. Self-reports were collected from 13,313...
Article
School represents an essential developmental context for adolescents. Accordingly, understanding well-being in school is of utmost importance. While it has long been common to measure well-being on a general level, more recent conceptualizations emphasize its multidimensionality and context-specificity. Therefore, the present study took a person-or...
Article
Full-text available
The outbreak of the COVID-19 virus urged all members of the society to adopt COVID-responsible behavioral patterns and practice them in everyday life. Given the variability in its adoption, it is critical to understand psychological factors associated with socially responsible behavior during the pandemic. This might be even more important among ad...
Chapter
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Die Coronapandemie stellt Hochschulen vor bisher ungeahnte Herausforderungen. Digitalisierung und Online-Lehre bestimmen das Bild, während Campus und Seminarräume verwaisen. Welche Auswirkungen haben diese Veränderungen auf Studierende und Lehrende? Werden Diskriminierung und Exklusion durch digitale Lehre verstärkt oder gemindert? Und wie können H...
Article
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Occupational gender segregation is still a persistent problem in the labor market. This study investigates gender differences in gender typicality and prestige of occupational aspirations in early adolescence, as well as the role of agency and communion in these differences. In total, 2779 adolescents (age 11–15) reported their occupational aspirat...
Article
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It has been repeatedly shown that the extent to which individuals adopt stereotypically masculine and feminine traits in their self-concept impacts their health and well-being. This is especially important in adolescence, when developmental changes and social pressures to conform to stereotypical gender roles can affect psychological functioning. H...
Book
Bildung, ihre Einflussfaktoren und Folgen sind häufig Gegenstand wissenschaftlicher, politischer und medialer Diskurse. Ihre Sicherung stellt eine der zentralen Aufgaben der Gesellschaft dar. Die Bildungspsychologie beschäftigt sich aus psychologischer Perspektive mit Bildungsprozessen über die gesamte Lebensspanne sowie mit den Bedingungen und Maß...
Chapter
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Was genau ist ein Reallabor? Wie funktioniert Service Learning? Wozu dienen Praktikum, Citizen Science und Duales Studium? Dieses Handbuch erläutert zentrale Begriffe der jüngeren wissenschaftstheoretischen Debatte in ihren Auswirkungen auf Hochschullehre und Bildungsperspektiven. Transdisziplinarität erschließt sich auf diese Weise als umfassendes...
Poster
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The rapid switch to digital learning during the COVID-19 crises put groups that might be disadvantaged in the virtual classroom at risk (Rapanta et al., 2020). Studies indicate gender differences in the use of technologies and related skills (Colley & Comber, 2003; Drabowicz, 2014; Kayany & Yelsma, 2000; Korlat et al., 2020; Li & Kirkup, 2007), wit...
Article
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Background Converging evidence points to the relevance of adolescent wellbeing as a resource for positive development and successful learning. As schools represent one of the most significant environments for adolescent development, there is increasing interest in students’ wellbeing in schools. However, the growing body of research reveals great h...
Article
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Highlights: (1) Adequate preparation (e.g., providing technical equipment, didactical adaptation of teaching materials, fostering digital literacy in students …) is needed for distance learning to succeed.(2) Disadvantaged students need special support to avert a widening of the educational gap between students from different social backgrounds and...
Article
Full-text available
Traditional conceptualizations of aggression distinguish between reactive (e.g., rage) and proactive (e.g., reward) functions of aggression. However, critiques of this dichotomy have pointed out these models conflate motivational valence and self-control. Addressing this weakness, recent conceptualizations consider four types of aggression: rage-,...
Article
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Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, higher educational institutions worldwide switched to emergency distance learning in early 2020. The less structured environment of distance learning forced students to regulate their learning and motivation more independently. According to self-determination theory (SDT), satisfaction of the three basic psychological...
Chapter
Full-text available
Was genau ist ein Reallabor? Wie funktioniert Service Learning? Wozu dienen Praktikum, Citizen Science und Duales Studium? Dieses Handbuch erläutert zentrale Begriffe der jüngeren wissenschaftstheoretischen Debatte in ihren Auswirkungen auf Hochschullehre und Bildungsperspektiven. Transdisziplinarität erschließt sich auf diese Weise als umfassendes...
Article
Full-text available
The sudden switch to distance education to contain the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic has fundamentally altered adolescents’ lives around the globe. The present research aims to identify psychological characteristics that relate to adolescents’ well-being in terms of positive emotion and intrinsic learning motivation, and key characteristics of...
Article
Full-text available
The spread of the COVID-19 pandemic quickly necessitated digital learning, which bore challenges for all pupils but especially for groups disadvantaged in a virtual classroom. As some studies indicate persistent differences between boys and girls in use of technologies and related skills, the aim of this study was to investigate gender differences...
Article
Full-text available
COVID-19 and its containment measures have uniquely challenged adolescent well-being. Following self-determination theory (SDT), the present research seeks to identify predictors of well-being in terms of positive emotion and intrinsic learning motivation under distance schooling conditions and whether SDT’s core postulates hold true in this except...
Article
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In March 2020 schools in Austria temporarily closed and switched to distance learning to contain the spread of the coronavirus (COVID-19). The resulting situation posed great challenges to teachers, guardians and students (Huber and Helm 2020). Research has shown that perceived competence (Deci and Ryan 2000) affects self-regulated learning (SRL),...
Article
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In the wake of COVID-19, university students have experienced fundamental changes of their learning and their lives as a whole. The present research identifies psychological characteristics associated with students’ well-being in this situation. We investigated relations of basic psychological need satisfaction (experienced competence, autonomy, an...
Article
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In line with gender stereotypes, girls are expected to take on communal roles and boys to take on agentic roles. Based on gender intensification theory, the present cross-sectional study investigated girls’ and boys’ gender role identity and corresponding age differences across adolescence using the spontaneous self-description method. In total, 34...
Chapter
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Bei dem seit 2016 kursierenden Begriff »Transfer in der Lehre« geht es um eine stärkere Kooperation von Zivilgesellschaft und Hochschule. Umstritten ist, ob diese bildungspolitische Forderung gleichrangig zu Forschung und Lehre als dritte Mission in den regulären akademischen Tätigkeitskatalog aufgenommen werden soll. Den einen erscheint dieses Eng...
Chapter
Full-text available
Bei dem seit 2016 kursierenden Begriff »Transfer in der Lehre« geht es um eine stärkere Kooperation von Zivilgesellschaft und Hochschule. Umstritten ist, ob diese bildungspolitische Forderung gleichrangig zu Forschung und Lehre als dritte Mission in den regulären akademischen Tätigkeitskatalog aufgenommen werden soll. Den einen erscheint dieses Eng...
Article
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Despite formally equal educational opportunities for women and men, educational and occupational careers are still characterized by gender disparities rather than gender equality. Men are overrepresented in STEM fields and higher positions, while women are frequently working in low-status jobs in the health and social sector. These differences alre...
Article
Full-text available
Aggressive behavior in the face‐to‐face and cyber contexts is driven by underlying aggression (i.e., functions of aggressive behavior). Common theories of aggression distinguish between reactive (e.g., rage) and proactive (e.g., seeking to achieve power and affiliation) aggression. However, according to the quadripartite violence typology, this dis...
Chapter
Summarized are the results of a research project that focused on assessing and fostering competences for self-regulated learning in higher education. Innovative instruments (situational judgement test, competence-performance-assessment, learning journal) to assess different aspects of self-regulated learning (e.g., use of cognitive and metacognitiv...
Article
This study investigated the gender-specific effects of social achievement goals – i.e., social development goals, social demonstration approach goals, and social demonstration avoid goals – on bullying perpetration in a sample of 788 adolescents (53.3% girls), taking into account the mediating role of sense of belonging and non-inclusive group norm...
Article
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This study investigates the effects of contextual and motivational factors as well as, crucially, their interaction in predicting university students’ dropout intentions. We focus on context-related problems in students’ degree program as contextual factors and students’ personal best goals (PB goals) as motivational factors. The sample of this stu...
Article
Objectives: Tobacco and alcohol use have their origin in adolescence, and risky use of these substances is amongst the leading preventable causes of morbidity and mortality. Health literacy (HL) encompasses the skills that are decisive to make appropriate health decisions in this context. Given the paucity of evidence on the link between HL and ado...
Article
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Several studies have demonstrated a relationship between sensation seeking and aggression. However, few studies have examined the relationships between sensation seeking and face-to-face and cyberbullying. The few existing studies assessed sensation seeking with items partly referring to antisocial behavior. This could have led to tautological find...
Article
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The concept of citizen science in scientific research brings researchers and laypersons together to work on research projects. Using an achievement goal theory framework, the present study employs a citizen science approach in which researchers and students collaboratively developed items assessing students’ achievement goals (mastery-approach, nor...
Article
Zusammenfassung. Studien zeigen, dass geschlechterstereotype Annahmen und Erwartungen von Lehrkräften die Bildungskarrieren ihrer Schüler_innen beeinflussen. Systematisch evaluierte Interventionen, die Lehrkräfte dabei unterstützen, eigene Geschlechterstereotype zu reflektieren und Mädchen und Jungen gleichermaßen zu fördern, existieren jedoch kaum...
Chapter
Eingang in den deutschen Wortschatz hat die Evaluation spätestens seit der starken medialen Präsenz des „Programme for International Student Assessment“ (PISA) Anfang des neuen Jahrtausends gefunden. Die im Bildungskontext durchgeführten Evaluationen sollen dazu beitragen, die Qualität von pädagogischen Maßnahmen, Bildungsinstitutionen oder auch ga...
Article
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Despite a number of studies arguing for the effectiveness of app-interventions in the educational context, there are no systematically evaluated apps for promoting SRL, to date. The present pilot study introduces a smartphone-app that aims to support students during the process of their Bachelor’s thesis. The intervention focused on the promotion o...
Article
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Within-class consensus describes the extent to which students agree in their perceptions of classroom characteristics. The most frequently studied external link in research on within-class consensus is achievement. However, the direction of effects between consensus and achievement is disputed and longitudinal studies that could add clarity have no...
Article
Empathy is considered a common protective factor against traditional and cyberbullying. Existing studies have only considered broad components of empathy, such as affective and cognitive empathy. However, there are still inconclusive results regarding the role of cognitive empathy in (cyber)bullying. Therefore, we examined relationships between not...
Chapter
Lebenslanges Lernen ist zu einem zentralen Thema der Bildungspolitik geworden und soll nicht zuletzt in der Schule systematisch gefördert werden. Nach begrifflichen Klärungen und einem Überblick zum Forschungsstand werden Fördermaßnahmen in der Schule sowie ihre schüler- und lehrerseitigen Bedingungen erörtert. Als konkretes Beispiel wird das Proje...
Article
Die aktuelle Situation von Forschung und Lehre an österreichischen Universitäten wurde vom Verband der Universitätsprofessoren und Universitätsprofessorinnen (UPV) in Anlehnung an eine aktuelle Umfrage des Deutschen Hochschulverbandes durchgeführt. Das Resultat offenbart viele Parallelen zur Situation in Deutschland. Forschung & Lehre, 2018, 9, 778...
Chapter
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Rethinking Society for the 21st Century - by International Panel on Social Progress (IPSP) July 2018
Chapter
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Rethinking Society for the 21st Century - by International Panel on Social Progress (IPSP) July 2018
Article
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Background Within‐class consensus on mastery goal structures describes the extent to which students agree in their perceptions of mastery goal structures. Research on (work) teams suggests that higher levels of consensus within a group indicate a well‐functioning social environment and are thus positively related to beneficial socio‐emotional outco...
Article
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Universities are increasingly required to address societal challenges in teaching and research as their third mission (TM). We took an educational-psychological approach to assessing parameters which support university members in setting goals and taking action for TM activities. For that purpose, we conducted semi-structured qualitative interviews...
Article
Positive attitudes toward evaluation among stakeholders are an important precondition for successful evaluation processes. However, empirical studies focusing on stakeholders’ attitudes toward evaluation are scarce. The present paper explores the approach of assessing social representations as indicators of people’s attitudes toward evaluation. In...
Article
Despite many efforts to increase gender fairness in education in recent years, the issue has not yet become obsolete: Gender discrimination still exists and nds expression in unused chances and limited action repertoires for both sexes. This article gives an overview on existing gender differences across the lifespan before providing explanations f...
Book
Internal quality development is relevant to every higher education institution and is related to numerous aspects of quality as well as to the primary missions of these institutions, namely research and teaching. Many higher education institutions focus in this context on developing their teaching to align with competence-based higher education, an...
Chapter
Education is the process of learning and expanding culture, and, as it contributes to the improvement of the human condition through better knowledge, health, living conditions, social equity and productivity, is a central tool for social progress. Education is expected to foster social progress through four different but interrelated purposes: hum...
Article
Forty-seven secondary school teachers participated in a four-week training program on assessment strategies. A subgroup of 15 teachers documented their implementation of the training content and rated their reflective practice in standardized diaries. Teachers most often applied techniques of trying to avoid judgment biases, followed by systematic...
Article
There is a lively discussion on how to evaluate competence-based higher education in both evaluation and competence research. The instruments used are often limited to course evaluation or specific competences, taking a rather narrow perspective. Furthermore, the instruments often comprise predetermined competences that cannot be adapted to higher...
Article
Children are exposed to a gender-specific environment on an everyday basis through media, books, school supplies and especially toys. Children’s movies and television programs were found to portray protagonists’ occupational and private roles in a very traditional, gender-stereotypical way. The present two studies aimed to investigate gender-specif...
Article
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In prior research, goal structures have been measured as macroscopic and holistic constructs referring to all activities in the classroom setting associated with learning and performing on a meta-level. A more comprehensive approach for identifying concrete classroom structures that should foster students’ mastery goals is provided by the multidime...
Article
The goals of the present study were (1) to examine parents' and teachers' opinions on bullying and cyberbullying prevention, and (2) to investigate whether the involvement of their children or students in bullying affects their opinions. Altogether, 959 adults (466 parents, 493 teachers) reported on their opinions. More than 95% of parents and teac...
Article
Full-text available
University students are supposed to be autonomous learners, able to adapt to an educational environment significantly less guided than school. Entering higher education poses a challenge of self-regulation, in which beginning students are often not prepared with self-regulation strategies needed. Since there are many studies assessing self-regulate...
Chapter
Lebenslanges Lernen ist zu einem zentralen Thema der Bildungspolitik geworden und soll nicht zuletzt in der Schule systematisch gefördert werden. Nach begrifflichen Klärungen und einem Überblick zum Forschungsstand werden Fördermaßnahmen in der Schule sowie ihre schüler- und lehrerseitigen Bedingungen erörtert. Als konkretes Beispiel wird das Proje...
Chapter
The 2030 Agenda emphasizes the requirement for researchers to collaborate with policy makers, practitioners and other stakeholders in providing solutions to sustainable development challenges, benefitting the most vulnerable and marginalized and leaving no one behind. However, the establishment of high-quality and fruitful collaboration is difficul...
Chapter
Transferring evidence-based intervention programs effectively into practice and into the wider field of public policy often fails, even if the logic of evidence-based approaches has become highly important in recent years. As a consequence, the field of implementation research has emerged, implementation frameworks have been developed, and implemen...
Article
The present study reports a high-quality evaluation of the ViSC Social Competence Program, which was implemented large scale inAustria.Arigorous test of program effectiveness has been performed to investigate the dynamic change of aggressive behavior and victimization and to ensure a high level of statistical conclusion validity.Acluster randomized...
Article
Strong evidence indicates the importance of successful education for individuals as well as for society as a whole; however, evidence-based knowledge from educational psychology is frequently not (successfully) transferred to decision-makers and practitioners. Besides, there is an increasing demand for transfer of academic knowledge in general to h...
Article
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Approaches to correcting correlation coefficients for range restriction have been developed under the framework of large sample theory. The accuracy of missing data techniques for correcting correlation coefficients for range restriction has thus far only been investigated with relatively large samples. However, researchers and evaluators are often...