Christian Stoll

Christian Stoll
Technische Universität München | TUM · TUM School of Management

Dr. rer. pol.

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16
Publications
21,666
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309
Citations
Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (16)
Article
Global integrated reporting is essential if the planet is to achieve net-zero emissions. Global integrated reporting is essential if the planet is to achieve net-zero emissions. A gas flare is seen in the centre of the frame at an oil well site A gas flare is seen in the centre of the frame at an oil well site
Article
In the Spring of 2021, the mining crackdown in China shook up global Bitcoin mining activity. We show that this crackdown may have reduced the use of renewable electricity sources for Bitcoin Mining, resulting in increased carbon intensity of mining activities. We estimate that Bitcoin mining may be responsible for 65.4 MtCO2 annually, which is com...
Preprint
Full-text available
The energy consumption and related carbon emissions of cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin are subject to extensive discussion in public, academia, and industry. As cryptocurrencies continue their journey into mainstream finance, incentives to participate in the networks and consume energy to do so remain significant. First guidance on how to allocate...
Article
Full-text available
Global greenhouse gas emissions need to reach net-zero around mid-century to limit global warming to 1.5 °C. This decarbonization challenge has, inter alia, increased the political and societal pressure on companies to disclose their carbon footprints. As a response, numerous companies announced roadmaps to become carbon neutral or even negative. T...
Article
Bitcoin’s increasing energy consumption has triggered a passionate debate about the sustainability of the digital currency. And yet, most studies have thus far ignored that Bitcoin miners cycle through a growing amount of short-lived hardware that could exacerbate the growth in global electronic waste. E-waste represents a growing threat to our env...
Article
Pricing carbon to address climate change sparks divisions like few other policy options. From street riots to academic debate, it has stirred both passionate and principled disagreement, leaving scarce room for compromise between advocates and critics. Among scholars, what used to be nearly unanimous support for carbon pricing has ceded way to a mo...
Article
The digital currency Bitcoin is known for its energy hunger and associated carbon footprint. Investors, how-ever, must not neglect further environmental, social, and governance issues related to digital currencies. Therefore, we urge the adoption of a more comprehensive view in assessing the externalities of investments in Bitcoin and other cryptoc...
Preprint
The carbon footprint of Bitcoin has drawn wide attention, but Bitcoin's long-term impact on the climate remains uncertain. Here we present a framework to overcome uncertainties in previous estimates and project Bitcoin's electricity consumption and carbon footprint in the long term. If we assume Bitcoin's market capitalization grows in line with th...
Preprint
Full-text available
Global greenhouse gas emissions need to reach net-zero around mid-century to limit global warming to 1.5°C. This decarbonization challenge has, inter alia, increased the political and societal pressure on companies to disclose their carbon footprints. As a response, numerous companies announced roadmaps to become carbon neutral or even negative. Th...
Article
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has triggered the largest drop in greenhouse gas emissions since World War II. Evolving mobility patterns, in particular, have shown the short-term mitigation potential of behavioral change. Sustaining such changes could abate 15% of all transportation emissions with limited net impacts on societal w...
Article
Ulrich Gallersdörfer is a research associate in the Department of Informatics at the Technical University of Munich. His research focuses on identity management in blockchains. His interest extends to further aspects of the technology, ranging from environmental implications to data analytics applications. Lena Klaaßen is a graduate student at TUM...
Article
Participation in the Bitcoin blockchain validation process requires specialized hardware and vast amounts of electricity, which translates into a significant carbon footprint. Here, we demonstrate a methodology for estimating the power consumption associated with Bitcoin’s blockchain based on IPO filings of major hardware manufacturers, insights on...

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