Christian Stecker

Christian Stecker
Technische Universität Darmstadt | TU · Institut für Politikwissenschaft

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63
Publications
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591
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Publications

Publications (63)
Chapter
Der Beitrag gibt wichtige Hinweise für die erste Etappe einer wissenschaftlichen Arbeit – der Suche nach einem Forschungsthema und einer Forschungsfrage. Zunächst wird herausgearbeitet, dass Forschende nicht bei einem allgemeinen Thema (z.B. „Der Bundesrat“) stehen bleiben sollten. Daran anknüpfend werden unterschiedliche Typen von Forschungsfragen...
Article
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung Diese Research Note berichtet zentrale Ergebnisse des Open Expert Surveys 2021 (OES21). In diesem Expert:innen-Survey, der vor der Bundestagswahl 2021 durchgeführt wurde, haben mehr als 300 Politikwissenschaftler:innen die wichtigsten Parteien entlang zentraler politischer Sachfragen verortet und deren Wichtigkeit für die jeweilige...
Chapter
The 22nd volume of the yearbook is designed as a broad compendium providing a current overview of various aspects of federal and regional polity, politics and policies. The total of 32 articles relate to following sections: Twelve articles on the main topic, federal management of the COVID-19 pandemic (i.a. Minister of Health Jens Spahn). Three art...
Chapter
This chapter analyzes the institutional foundation of parliamentary debates in the German Bundestag . Based on 89,920 speeches given between 1990 and 2017, we explore factors influencing debate participation. Some systematic patterns of debate participation emerge: We show that policy expertise is a strong predictor of debate participation as many...
Preprint
Gender-inclusive language is an important issue in the struggle for political equality between women and men. Parliaments are an important site in this struggle as they both reflect and shape gender-relations in society. Based on a novel high-quality corpus of all its debates we study the evolution of gender-fair language in the German parliament,...
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Zusammenfassung Die vorliegende Research Note stellt die erste systematische Dokumentation der Gesetzgebung in den deutschen Landtagen vor. Der Datensatz umfasst insgesamt 16.610 dokumentierte Gesetzgebungsvorgänge zwischen den Jahren 1990 und 2020. Nach einer Beschreibung des Datensatzes werden einige Gesetzgebungsmuster in den deutschen Ländern e...
Article
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Zusammenfassung Die Kölner Silvesternacht 2015/2016 und die Vorfälle in Chemnitz 2018 sind Schlüsselereignisse der jüngeren deutschen Geschichte, die eng mit den Konflikten in der Migrations- und Integrationspolitik verbunden sind. Wir untersuchen die diskursive Verarbeitung dieser Ereignisse in den Landtagen. Dazu verbinden wir qualitative und qua...
Article
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Federalism and the associated multi-level polity-structure have been frequently blamed for delaying the implementation of European Union (EU) directives. However, this verdict is incomplete as only a few studies open the “black box” of federalism to analyse the involvement of subnational parliaments and executives or second chambers in policy imple...
Chapter
Dieses Kapitel führt in die Methoden zur Analyse der programmatischen Ausrichtung von Parteien und des Parteienwettbewerbs ein. Im ersten Abschnitt gehen wir zunächst auf die Frage ein, welche Bedeutung die Positionierung von Parteien zu sachpolitischen Fragen in einer repräsentativen Demokratie hat und wie sachpolitische Übereinstimmungen und Diff...
Chapter
Wie die vorangegangenen Kapiteln zeigen, weisen die Landesverbände der deutschen Parteien eine ausgesprochene programmatische Vielfalt auf. In diesem Kapitel untersuchen wir, inwieweit die Programmatik der Landesverbände im Zusammenhang mit dem regionalen, gesellschaftlichen und ökonomischen Kontext der Parteien steht. Wir gehen dann der Frage nach...
Chapter
In diesem Kapitel werden – getrennt nach Bundesländern – die Entwicklung der programmatischen Positionen der Parteien auf der wirtschafts- und sozialpolitischen Dimension sowie der gesellschaftspolitischen Dimension für den Zeitraum von 1990 bis 2019 skizziert. Nach einem Abriss der historischen Entwicklung des Parteienwettbewerbs im jeweiligen Bun...
Chapter
In Ländern, in denen sich politische Parteien auf mehreren Ebenen eines föderalen oder dezentralen politischen Systems eigenständig konstituieren, beeinflussen Wahlen, aber auch sach- und personalpolitische Entscheidungen einzelner Parteien auf der einen Ebene regelmäßig die Entwicklung der Partei oder des gesamten Parteienwettbewerbs auf anderen E...
Chapter
Das vorliegende Buch beschäftigt sich mit der Entstehung, wechselseitigen Abhängigkeit und Entwicklung der programmatischen Ausrichtung der Landesverbände der deutschen Parteien. Mit einer Inhaltsanalyse der Bundes- und Landtagswahlprogramme der Parteien über einen Zeitraum von 30 Jahren (1990–2019) wurde aufzeigt, in welchem Ausmaß sich die inhalt...
Book
Unterscheidet sich die CDU im Saarland in ihren programmatischen Standpunkten und ihrem Themenprofil von den Christdemokraten in Schleswig-Holstein oder in den Stadtstaaten Berlin, Bremen und Hamburg? Steht die SPD in Baden-Württemberg oder Hessen weiter links als der sozialdemokratische Landesverband im benachbarten Rheinland-Pfalz? Gibt es progra...
Article
Auch wenn sie das Wort „Mehrheit“ im Namen führen, können Mehrheitskoalitionen den Willen einer Parlamentsmehrheit blockieren und Minderheiten begünstigen. Dies liegt daran, dass Koalitionsfraktionen immer große Kompromisspakete schnüren, darüber einheitlich abstimmen und die Opposition weitgehend ausschließen. Dabei kann in einzelnen Themen politi...
Article
This paper asks whether Germany’s main right-wing Populist Party, the AfD, filled a representation gap on the issue of Muslim immigration and integration and the role of Islam. We shed light on this question by analysing more than 575 manifestos from all 116 elections on the state and federal level between 1990 and 2017. A quantitative text analysi...
Article
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A widespread view in political science is that minority cabinets govern more flexibly and inclusively, more in line with a median-oriented and 'consensual' vision of democracy. Yet there is only little empirical evidence for it. We study legislative coalition-building in the German state of North-Rhine-Westphalia, which was ruled by a minority gove...
Article
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This study analyses congruence across various issues in 16 European democracies. Making use of public opinion and expert survey data, our analyses show that congruence between the policy preferences of citizens and the stances of governments is much more complex than what is revealed by studies focusing on ideology solely. Size and directions of in...
Article
Die globalen Migrationsströme haben Wahlverhalten, Parteiensysteme und Parteienwettbewerb in Europa und Deutschland drastisch verändert. In Folge des Zustroms von Flüchtlingen im Spätsommer und Herbst 2015 erstarkte die zuvor geschwächte „Alternative für Deutschland“ (AfD) und zog seitdem nicht nur in alle Landesparlamente, sondern auch in den Bund...
Article
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What influences parties’ issue attention towards immigration and integration? This study provides answers to this question by focusing on the party competition at the regional level in Germany, a country that has been strongly affected by the refugee crisis. Building on a novel data set which covers altogether 510 electoral manifestos during 108 fe...
Chapter
Die Kurzanalyse berichtet die Ergebnisse einer Expertenumfrage zur programmatischen Ausrichtung der deutschen Parteien im Herbst 2017. Online befragt wurden 93 Politikwissenschaftlerinnen und Politikwissenschaftler. Erhoben wurden die Positionen von acht Parteien auf sechs sachpolitischen Dimensionen sowie die Wichtigkeit dieser Themenbereiche für...
Article
The process of coalition formation following the 2017 Bundestag election was the most difficult in German post-war history. For the first time Germany saw negotiations fail, a minority government being discussed as a real possibility, and the federal president involved as formateur in coalition politics. The aim of this contribution is to explain w...
Article
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This paper analyses how the size and socio-economic diversity of their electorate affect parliamentarians’ legislative behaviour. We study the Australian senate, which wields considerable legislative influence and is marked by large differences in the size and socio-economic makeup of the districts that senators represent. We demonstrate that as th...
Article
This article introduces the special issue ‘Assessing democratic representation in multi-level democracies’ from a conceptual perspective. It adapts Powell’s chain of responsiveness – as a model of the democratic process on the national level – to the context of multi-level systems and discusses conditions that might facilitate or hamper responsiven...
Article
This article explores whether differential time horizons in legislative chambers that result from staggered membership renewal affect legislative behaviour. The analysis focuses on patterns of bill initiation and the introduction of amendments in the upper chambers of Australia, France, Germany and Japan – all four of which contain two or more clas...
Chapter
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Der Beitrag diskutiert „wieviel Partei“ auf kommunaler Ebene notwendig und nützlich und tatsächlich empirisch vorhanden ist. Dabei wird besprochen, unter welchen Bedingungen auf die Orientierungsfunktion von Parteien auch in den Kommunen nicht verzichtet werden kann. Konzeptionell werden einige analytische Unterscheidungen eingeführt, die helfen, d...
Article
Existing accounts of issue competition have focused on content: What issues do parties choose to compete with. We complement this literature with an account of parties’ choices on when to compete. Conceiving of the object of competition – public attention – as a common-pool resource, we explain the timing of party attempts at acquiring issues as an...
Article
When the reform of German federalism was enacted in 2006, the right of the second chamber, Bundesrat, to veto large parts of national legislation had long been identified as a dysfunctional element of the federal system. The need to compromise with an often opposition-controlled Bundesrat was perceived as hurting democratic principles and worsening...
Article
In the first comparative study of multidimensional government-citizen policy congruence, this article shows that citizens are less satisfied with democracy when their views differ from that of the government on policy dimensions beyond the general left-right axis. Satisfaction is reduced by a government that deviates on European integration and red...
Article
Models of ideal point estimation usually build on the assumption of spatial preferences. This ignores legislators’ non-policy incentives and is thus likely to produce implausible results for many legislatures. We study this problem in parliamentary systems and develop a model of roll call voting that considers both the policy and the non-policy, ta...
Article
Germany’s federalism imposes significant constraints on sub-national parties. They cannot enact their ambitious policy agenda as most legislative powers are concentrated at the federal level. This article demonstrates how sub-national parties use position-taking strategies to escape these constraints. By position-taking, parties try to induce regio...
Article
Die Idealpunktschätzung auf Grundlage namentlicher Abstimmungen zur Ermittlung politischer Positionen von Parteien und Abgeordneten ist eine auch außerhalb der Forschung zum U.S.-Kongress zunehmend häufig genutzte Technik. Unser Beitrag setzt sich mit den handlungstheoretischen und methodischen Herausforderungen dieser Technik in parlamentarischen...
Article
A core assumption of canonical ideal point estimation using roll calls is that cut points between ‘yea’ and ‘nay’ are a simple function of distance between the position of the status quo and the policy positions preferences of voters. We argue that the validity of this assumption varies across the roll call sample resulting in a considerabl...
Article
Our current knowledge of the causes of party unity rests heavily on the analysis of average unity scores of party groups from different countries. This study design invites two related problems: By aggregating unity scores we miss valuable variance at the level of disaggregated votes, and by comparing these aggregate scores across time and countrie...
Article
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integrationspolitische Fragen wie die Revision der EU-Vertrage umstritten. Der innenpolitisch sonst nicht etablierte Konflikt zwischen supranationaler Integration und nationalstaatlicher Autonomie wird also ebenfalls in den Debatten aufgenommen. Europapolitische Kontroversen sind also nicht ausschlieslich als Reproduktion der innenpolitischen Ausei...
Article
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Using 2184 roll call votes (RCV) from 42 electoral terms this paper tests the influence of different factors on party unity in the German Landtage. It finds evidence that the strategic calculus behind RCV-requests is a crucial predictor for unity scores. The requesting party group is on average significantly more united than its parliamentary compe...
Article
Full-text available
Using 2184 roll call votes (RCV) from 42 electoral terms this paper tests the influence of different factors on party unity in the German Landtage. It finds evidence that the strategic calculus behind RCV-requests is a crucial predictor for unity scores. The requesting party group is on average significantly more united than its parliamentary compe...
Article
Full-text available
Roll-call votes are important tools for legislative studies. They serve as an empirical foundation for many insights about the causes of party unity and the dominant lines of political conflict. In light of their importance surprisingly little is known about the causes behind the varying frequency of recorded votes across parliaments. This article...
Article
This election report presents condensed information on the election campaign, the results and the coalition formation of the 2009 Land election in Brandenburg. The SPD with its hugely popular Prime Minister Matthias Platzeck emerged as strongest party, leaving the Left Party in second and the CDU in third place. The stark difference between the CDU...
Article
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Relying on social choice theory, this paper argues that uncertainty regarding future public policies is likely to be related to party institutionalization and legislative organization. The argument is evaluated using survey data from businesses in eight EU member states in East Central Europe. It finds that firms report lower concern over policy un...
Chapter
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Dieser Beitrag betrachtet das Design parlamentarischer Demokratien mit Blick auf den Wert politischer Gleichheit. Politische Gleichheit ist einer der zentralen Grundwerte der Demokratie. Unsere Kernfrage bezieht sich auf die institutionelle Verwirklichung dieses Grundwerts: Wie sollten parlamentarische Demokratien gestaltet sein, damit die Interess...
Chapter
Inhalt und Umfang der vorliegenden Festschrift für Prof. Dr. Herbert Döring sind das Ergebnis von zwei unvorhersehbaren Wendungen. Die erste ereignete sich im Laufe der akademi-schen Karriere des zu Ehrenden und erklärt, warum diese Festschrift politikwissenschaftlichen und nicht geschichtswissenschaftlichen Inhalts ist. Die zweite Wendung vollzog...
Book
Wie wirken Vetospieler auf die Gesetzgebung? Welchen Vorteil besitzen dabei diejenigen Akteure, die Tagesordnung und Abstimmungsinhalte festlegen können? Diese Fragen stehen im Vordergrund des 13 Beiträge umfassenden Bandes zu Ehren von Herbert Döring. Zusätzlich werden thematisiert: Variablen der Kabinettsstabilität in Westeuropa, der Zusammenhang...
Article
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Consensus implies accommodating opposition. In the parliamentary process evi- dence on theinteraction ofopposition andgoverning parties is sketchy andtheor- etical approaches are manifold and ambivalent. Most prominently, there are contradictinghypothesesabouttheroleofparliamentarycommitteesinthisinter- action. While some authors consider committee...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
The Alternative for Germany (AfD) represents the most successful in the post-war Federal Republic so far. Faced with this case, political science is called upon to analyze the AfD’s conditions for success and to understand how the party is changing democratic competition. Previous studies have already addressed these questions and provide important insights into constituency, programming, personnel and AfD strategies, as well as their work in some state legislatures. However, significant research gaps remain. Since most of the studies focus on the AfD, it remains underexposed how the mainstream parties in parliament interact with this challenger (e.g., do they take up or avoid AfD issues) and how the parliamentary arena might change. In addition, existing studies are rooted in populist literature and make little use of the potential of parliamentary and party competition research. Finally, comparative work is limited in terms of the state parliaments, the behavioral indicators and the periods they take into account. Our project is intended to contribute through three goals. First, it comparatively examines the AfD’s behavior in all state legislatures as well as the underlying preferences and strategies on the basis of various indicators. Second, it analyzes the interaction between the AfD and the established factions. Third, on the basis of the literature on parliamentarism, populism and party competition, we are looking for explanations for the findings on the behavior of the AfD and the patterns of interaction in parliament. In particular, we focus on rhetoric, on the accentuation or framing of topics, on positioning along abstract ideological dimensions, and on concrete issues. Empirically, we rely on a comprehensive analysis of speeches, the main forms of parliamentary initiatives, and manifest behavioral data (e.g, votes on selected topics). Our project is expected to produce empirical and methodological contributions which shall not only contribute to the study on populist parties but on parliamentarism research in general. Methodologically, the project makes use of machine-based word processing, a unique, up-to-date database, which shall be developed further. The data obtained will allow us to systematically analyze the issues raised and will empower the scientific community for further studies. Finally, robust insights are to be expected, since the project uses the current quantitative and qualitative tools of text analysis in the sense of computational social science or eHumanities. The project is funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG).
Project
The project analyzes institutions and behavioral patterns of democratic majority formation in parliamentary systems of government. It compares the rationales of different models of majority formation -- based on the stages of the decision-making process at which majorities are formed -- and investigates under which background conditions the goals of these models can be attained. Special attention is given to the formation of pre-electoral coalitions and the governing strategies of minority cabinets.