• Home
  • Christian Kehlmaier
Christian Kehlmaier

Christian Kehlmaier
Senckenberg Dresden, Germany · Phylogeography

Dr. rer. nat.

About

130
Publications
38,293
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,223
Citations
Citations since 2017
56 Research Items
843 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150
Introduction
Current projects comprise * studies of ancient DNA in vertebrates and inverterates, * systematics and phylogeny of Diptera (Pipunculidae, Acroceridae and Vermileonidae), * host-parasitoid relationships (Pipunculidae, Acroceridae). * fossil Diptera (Pipunculidae).

Publications

Publications (130)
Article
This study presents the first phylogenetic estimate for the pipunculid subfamily Chalarinae (genera Chalarus Walker, Jassidophaga Aczél and Verrallia Mik) based on an analysis of one mitochondrial coding (cytochrome oxidase 1) and two nuclear non-coding genes (28s and ITS2), using parsimony under direct optimization as implemented in poy4. It compl...
Article
Full-text available
The European species of the pipunculid tribe Eudorylini were revised. Type material of all but five nominal species was studied. The taxa were placed according to the latest generic concept presented by SKEVINGTON & YEATES (2001) and into species groups, predominantly based on phenetic similarities of the male genitalia. Altogether, 74 species are...
Article
Full-text available
The study is based on two Baltic amber inclusions from the middle Eocene, studied by means of micro-computed tomography (micro-CT). Inner male genitalic features are partly visualised and the specimens described as Metanephrocerus groehni Kehlmaier & Skevington sp.n. and Metanephrocerus hoffeinsorum Kehlmaier & Skevington sp.n. Based on a phenetic...
Article
Full-text available
Ancient DNA of extinct species from the Pleistocene and Holocene has provided valuable evolutionary insights. However, these are largely restricted to mammals and high latitudes because DNA preservation in warm climates is typically poor. In the tropics and subtropics, non-avian reptiles constitute a significant part of the fauna and little is know...
Article
Full-text available
The five extinct giant tortoises of the genus Cylindraspis belong to the most iconic species of the enigmatic fauna of the Mascarene Islands that went largely extinct after the discovery of the islands. To resolve the phylogeny and biogeography of Cylindraspis, we analysed a data set of 45 mitogenomes that includes all lineages of extant tortoises...
Article
Full-text available
Before humans arrived, giant tortoises occurred on many western Indian Ocean islands. We combined ancient DNA, phylogenetic, ancestral range, and molecular clock analyses with radiocarbon and paleogeographic evidence to decipher their diversity and biogeography. Using a mitogenomic time tree, we propose that the ancestor of the extinct Mascarene to...
Article
Archaeological investigations carried out in the cave Zubbio di Cozzo San Pietro, Bagheria, Sicily, revealed the presence of a few skeletal elements of a large-sized tortoise in a funerary area dating to the Copper/Bronze Age. The tortoise has been AMS-dated revealing an age of 12.5 ± 0.5 kyr BP and therefore it pre-dates the funerary activities. T...
Article
Full-text available
Museum material is an important source of metadata for past and recent biological events. With current sequencing technologies, it is possible to obtain historical DNA (hDNA) from older material and/or endangered species to answer taxonomic, systematic, and biogeographical questions. However, hDNA from museum collections is often highly degraded, m...
Article
During the annual meeting of the Diptera Working Group (AK Diptera) from 31 May to 2 June 2019, Diptera (two-winged flies) were collected at several localities in and around Tuttlingen-Möhringen, Germany (federal state of Baden-Württemberg). A total of 218 Diptera species from 34 families were recorded from three selected and two nearby localities...
Article
Full-text available
The first comprehensive molecular phylogeny of Pipunculidae (Diptera) is inferred from analyses of 6963 bp of DNA sequence data from the following five loci: cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI), cytochrome b (Cytb), 12S ribosomal DNA, carbamoyl phosphate synthetase region of CAD (CAD) and alanyl-tRNA synthetase (AATS). The monophyly of Pipunculida...
Article
The genera and species of worldwide wormlions (Diptera: Rhagionidae) are listed, with annotated references to nomenclature, synonymies and generic combinations, type localities, primary type depositories, distribution, and citations for the most recent revisions. The most diverse genera of the family are Vermileo Macquart, Vermipardus Stuckenberg a...
Article
Full-text available
We examined the type material of the extinct tortoise species Geochelone atlantica López-Jurado, Mateo and García-Márquez, 1998 from Sal Island, Cape Verde, using aDNA approaches and AMS radiocarbon dating. High-quality mitochondrial genomes obtained from the three type specimens support that all type material belongs to the same individual. In phy...
Article
Full-text available
Bayesian Inference and Maximum Likelihood were used to analyse the DNA sequences of the mitochondrial COI gene of 69 wormlion specimens (Diptera: Vermileonidae). Most of the studied individuals belong to Old World taxa and belong to four genera, i.e., Vermileo (n=53), Lampromyia (n=13), Vermipardus (n=2), and Leptynoma (n=1). Species of the genus V...
Article
The African reedfrog taxon Alexteroon consists of only three described species with rather restricted geographical ranges. Although the assignment to a distinct genus is supported by multiple evidence, its position within the larger African hyperoliid radiation has been disputed. Available molecular data are scarce and the geographic records are fe...
Article
Full-text available
We present a summary and analysis of the Diptera-related information published in Zootaxa from 2001 to 2020, with a focus on taxonomic papers. Altogether, 2,527 papers on Diptera were published, including 2,032 taxonomic papers and 1,931 papers containing new nomenclatural acts, equivalent to 22% of all publications with new nomenclatural acts for...
Article
Full-text available
We present 10 nearly complete mitochondrial genomes of the extinct tortoise Chelonoidis alburyorum from the Bahamas. While our samples represent morphologically distinct populations from six islands, their genetic divergences were shallow and resembled those among Galápagos tortoises. Our molecular clock estimates revealed that divergence among Bah...
Article
Full-text available
Eremias Fitzinger, 1834 is a speciose Eurasian genus of true lizards with approximately 40 species. Eremias species occurring in Pakistan have never been examined before using molecular genetics. In the present study, six out of seven morphologically defined taxa distributed in Pakistan (E. acutirostris, E. aporosceles, E. cholistanica, E. kakari,...
Article
Die 35. Tagung des AK DIPTERA fand vom 8. bis 10. Juni 2018 im niedersächsischen Elbe-Städtchen Hitzacker, im nördlichen Teil des Landkreises Lüchow-Dannenberg statt. Die Organisation vor Ort hatten Dr. Jens-Hermann Stuke (Leer) und Dr. Christian Kehlmaier (Dresden) übernommen.
Article
Full-text available
During the 35th meeting of the German Diptera working group (AK DIPTE RA) from June 8th to 10th, 2018, Diptera were recorded at three locations in the Biosphere Reserve ‘Niedersächsische Elbtalaue’ and in the surroundings of the Youth Hostel Hitzacker. A total of 383 species from 47 families were collected. Of these, 47 species (12 %) are first rec...
Article
Full-text available
Nuthatches of the Holarctic and partly Indo-Malayan genus Sitta have been subject to a number of phylogenetic analyses; however, the most complete phylogenetic hypothesis to date missed several Asian species-level taxa, was based on a limited sampling, and included only one sample per species. Other recent studies were mainly focused on phylogeogra...
Article
Full-text available
Hoploscopa Meyrick (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) is a fern-feeding genus found in montane areas of South-East Asia and Melanesia, eastwards up to the Samoan Islands. It includes sixteen described species, with at least 70 further undescribed species known from scientific collections. An iterative approach including morphological and molecular characters...
Article
Full-text available
It has been proposed that Lacerta viridis magnifica Sobolevssky, 1930 represents an extinct species or subspecies of green lizard endemic to the southern Crimea. Using NGS protocols optimized for heavily degraded DNA, we generated a complete mitogenome from one of the originally formalin-preserved specimens collected in the late 19th century. A com...
Article
We here present the first near-complete mitogenome of a member of the freshwater gastropod family Paludomidae, Pseudocleopatra dartevellei. This Congo River species is of particular importance, because the sister to the Lake Tanganyika radiation is supposed to be a paludomid riverine species. We used ancient DNA (aDNA) techniques including single-s...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Biogeographic analyses including our complete data set suggest that the ancestor of Cylindraspis lived in Africa and island-hopped to the Mascarenes circumventing Madagascar. According to our data, the Mascarene giant tortoises were definitely not introduced by humans.
Article
Full-text available
Mitochondrial heteroplasmy is the result from biparental transmission of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) to the offspring. In such rare cases, maternal and paternal mtDNA is present in the same individual. Though recent studies suggested that mtDNA heteroplasmy might be more common than previously anticipated, that phenomenon is still poorly documented a...
Article
Full-text available
Despite great progress in Pipunculidae (Insecta: Diptera) systematics during the past decades, the Mediterranean fauna of big-headed flies remains largely unknown. Here, we present new faunistic and taxonomic data for 98 named species from Cyprus, Egypt, France, Greece, Italy, Malta, Morocco, Portugal, Spain, Tunisia, and Turkey, based on our own c...
Article
Full-text available
Diagnosability is central to taxonomy as are type specimens which define taxa. New advances in technologies and the discovery of new informative traits must be matched with previous taxonomic decisions based on name-bearing type specimens. Consequently, the challenge of sequencing highly degraded DNA from historical types becomes an inevitability t...
Article
Full-text available
Annotated list of 54 species from eleven genera and three subfamilies of family Pipunculidae is given.Ten species of big-headed flies have been collected by window traps at three localities in southern Iran. Tomosvaryella israelensis De Meyer, 1995 and T. minuscula (Collin, 1956) are firstly recorded from Iran.
Article
During our studies on the Diptera fauna of the Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forest, Golestan province, Iran, a new species of the genus Clistoabdominalis (Pipunculidae) was identified. In the present paper we name, describe and illustrate Clistoabdominalis hyrcania sp. nov.. An identification key to the males of the Clistoabdominalis ruralis species gro...
Article
Full-text available
The present paper is a result of the project “Inventory and study of the invertebrate fauna of the Caldera de Taburiente National Park on La Palma, Canary Islands. Among the four species of Pipunculidae recorded, Chalarus guanche Kehlmaier sp. nov. is described and also recorded from Madeira, whereas Tomosvaryella freidbergi De Meyer, 1995 and T. p...
Article
Full-text available
The genus Dasydorylas Skevington, 2001 is recorded from two provinces in Iran (Sistan-o Baluchestan and Kermanshah Provinces). Dasydorylas derafshani sp. nov. and D. zardouei sp. nov. are illustrated and characterized morphologically and by DNA barcoding of the mitochondrial COI gene. Eudorylas antennalis Kapoor, Grewal & Sharma, 1987 is transferre...
Article
A checklist of 39 species of the genus Tomosvaryella Aczél (Diptera, Pipunculidae) known from the Middle East is provided. A new species, T. hamata Majnon Jahromi & Kehlmaier sp. n. is described from southern Iran and diagnostic characters of male and female terminalia are illustrated. Tomosvaryella dentiterebra (Collin, 1949) is redescribed and ma...
Article
Recent studies indicate that hybridization in animals occurs more frequently than previously thought and that it may play an important evolutionary role. Chelonians are capable of extensive hybridization, raising the question how chelonian species evolve and maintain genetic integrity despite hybridization. Here, we use two sister species with para...
Article
Full-text available
We provide data on the distribution of 23 big-headed fly species (Diptera: Brachycera: Pipunculidae) from Fars province, southern Iran. Two new species of the genus Tomosvaryella Aczél, T. angulata sp. nov. and T. pistacia sp. nov., are described and illustrated. The new species show a clear morphological affiliation to the T. congoana species-grou...
Article
Full-text available
We present new records of Pipunculidae from western and north-western Iran, including the description of Tomosvaryella subsylvatica sp. n. and another eleven species new to the national fauna, which currently comprises 33 species. http://www.zoobank.org/urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:C537D120-D296-4CE9-86A1-9F6482D4FD1D
Article
Full-text available
On page 568, an incorrect ENA accession number for DNA voucher CK882 has been published. The correct number is LT671745.
Article
Full-text available
Three high-elevation Hyles species of Central Asia have proven difficult to sample, and thus, only a limited number of specimens are available for study. Ancient DNA techniques were applied to sequence two mitochondrial genes from ‘historic’ museum specimens of Hyles gallii, Hyles renneri and Hyles salangensis to elucidate the phylogenetic relation...
Article
The genus Claraeola Aczél is recorded from Iran for the first time. Two new species, Claraeola parnianae Motamedinia & Kehlmaier sp. nov. and Claraeola khorshidae Motamedinia & Kehlmaier sp. nov., are described and illustrated. An updated identification key to the Western Palaearctic species of the genus Claraeola is provided. Both species were cha...
Article
Faunistic data of 42 species of big-headed flies for mainland Portugal are presented, adding 39 species to the national fauna (and 40 species to the fauna of mainland Portugal, respectively). A record of Clistoabdominalis trochanteratus (Becker, 1897) is the first in Europe. Cephalops lusitanicus spec. nov., a sibling species of Cephalops ultimus (...
Article
Full-text available
Quaternary climatic oscillations and geographic barriers have strongly influenced the distribution and diversification of thermophilic species occurring in the Mediterranean Basin. The Western Mediterranean pond turtle, Mauremys leprosa, is widely distributed throughout the Iberian Peninsula, southern France and most of the Maghreb region, with two...
Article
Full-text available
Records of big-headed flies from the Kleinraschützer Heide near Großenhain (Diptera: Pipunculidae). – In the course of a two-year study on the biotic diversity of the Kleinraschützer Heide in Saxony (Germany), 23 species of big-headed flies were identified , corresponding to 17.8 % of the German fauna. Apart from many common species, the second Ger...
Article
Full-text available
Using up to 2117 bp of mitochondrial DNA and up to 2012 bp of nuclear DNA, we analysed phylogeographic differentiation of six widely distributed species of African hinged terrapins (Pelusios spp.) representing different habitat types. Two taxa each live in savannahs or in forests and mesic savannahs, respectively, and the remaining two species occu...
Article
Full-text available
The freshwater turtles of the genus Emys and some leech species of the family Glossiphoniidae are the only Palaearctic representatives of primarily Nearctic taxa, which jointly colonised Eurasia and the Maghreb trough the Bering Strait during the Miocene. The strict trophic relationships occurring between the glossiphoniid parasite leech Placobdell...
Article
Faunistic records and DNA barcodes are presented for 13 species of Pipunculidae from Finnmark county, North Norway. Dorylomorpha clavata Albrecht, 1979, Pipunculus omissinervis Becker, 1889, Chalarus fimbriatus Coe, 1966 and Eudorylas jenkinsoni Coe, 1966 have previously not been recorded from Norway. DNA barcodes of the CO1 gene are presented for...
Article
Full-text available
Because of a recent taxonomic revision, the species identity of helmeted terrapins (Pelomedusa) became unclear in many regions of their wide distribution range. Based on mtDNA sequence data, here we present the first record of Pelomedusa subrufa sensu stricto for the South African province of Mpumalanga. In South Africa, this species was previously...
Article
This study is based on 152 specimens of big-headed flies collected in Alborz province, northern Iran. Of the 15 species identified, 14 represent first records for the Iranian fauna, including Tomosvaryella demeyeri Kuznetzov, 1993 and Tomosvaryella gazliensis Kuznetzov, 1994, previously known only from their respective type localities. DNA barcodes...
Article
Two recent observations of nectar feeding in Pipunculidae are documented.
Article
Full-text available
Fauna Europaea provides a public web-service with an index of scientific names (including important synonyms) of all extant multicellular European terrestrial and freshwater animals and their geographical distribution at the level of countries and major islands (east of the Urals and excluding the Caucasus region). The Fauna Europaea project compri...
Data
Vera Andreevna Richter short obituary
Data
Fauna Europaea Guidelines for Group Coordinators and Taxonomic Specialists
Article
Full-text available
Hepadnaviridae are double-stranded DNA viruses that infect some species of birds and mammals. This includes humans, where hepatitis B viruses (HBVs) are prevalent pathogens in considerable parts of the global population. Recently, endogenized sequences of HBVs (eHBVs) have been discovered in bird genomes where they constitute direct evidence for th...
Article
Lampromyia bellasiciliae sp. n. is described from Sicily, Italy. The new species belongs to the pallida subgroup and is differentiated from related taxa in a dichotomous identification key. DNA barcodes for eight of the currently recognised ten Palaearctic species of Lampromyia are provided, and the calculated genetic distances between the taxa and...
Article
Full-text available
Augenfliegen tragen ihren Namen nicht zu Unrecht. Ihr großer Kopf macht beinahe ein Drittel des Körpers aus und besteht fast komplett aus Augen. Eine internationale Arbeitsgruppe erforscht derzeit die Entwicklungsgeschichte dieser Zweiflügler, deren Aussehen und Lebensweise vor etwa 80 Mio. Jahren ihren Ausgang nahmen. Senckenberg Dresden ist mit v...
Article
Corononcodes ziegleri spec. nov. is described and illustrated based on material from Iran. The species represents the second Palaearctic representative of this panopine genus. In addition, C. siculus Bezzi is recorded from Fuerteventura (Canary Islands, Spain) for the first time. An identification key to the Palaearctic species of Corononcodes is p...
Article
Full-text available
A checklist of the Pipunculidae (Diptera) cited from Finland is presented. At present, 107 species have been recorded.