Christian Heine

Christian Heine
Shell Global | Shell · Specialist Geosciences, Projects & Technology Upstream

Doctor of Philosophy

About

83
Publications
35,943
Reads
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3,351
Citations
Additional affiliations
March 2017 - September 2020
Shell Global Solutions International B.V.
Position
  • Senior Geodynamicist & Subject matter expert (SME) for Tectonics and Geodynamics
March 2016 - present
Ruhr-Universität Bochum
Position
  • Lecturer
Description
  • Lecturer short course 'Exploration tectonics: From plate to play scale' (annual)
January 2014 - March 2017
Shell International Exploration & Production
Position
  • Researcher

Publications

Publications (83)
Article
Full-text available
When continents break apart, continental crust and lithosphere are thinned until break-up is achieved and an oceanic basin is formed. The most remarkable and least understood structures associated with this process are up to 200 km wide areas of hyper-extended continental crust, which are partitioned between conjugate margins with pronounced asymme...
Article
Full-text available
Rifting between large continental plates results in either continental breakup and the formation of conjugate passive margins, or rift abandonment and a set of aborted rift basins. The nonlinear interaction between key parameters such as plate boundary configuration, lithospheric architecture, and extension geometry determines the dynamics of rift...
Article
Full-text available
OPEN ACCESS - Full text and supplementary data available at http://www.solid-earth.net/4/215/2013/se-4-215-2013.html The South Atlantic rift basin evolved as a branch of a large Jurassic–Cretaceous intraplate rift zone between the African and South American plates during the final break-up of western Gondwana. While the relative motions between So...
Article
Full-text available
Plain Language Summary Passive margins mark the transition zone from a continent to the ocean without being an active boundary of tectonic plates. They are typical for all continents on the globe. In the South Atlantic, the passive margins are located adjacent to the eastern coastline of South America and the western coastline of Africa. Studying t...
Article
Full-text available
Continental microplates are enigmatic plate boundary features, which can occur in extensional and compressional regimes. Here we focus on microplate formation and their temporal evolution in continental rift settings. To this aim, we employ the geodynamic finite element software ASPECT to conduct 3D lithospheric-scale numerical models from rift inc...
Chapter
This contribution integrates lithologic, mineralogical, geochemical, and geomechanical data from cores and outcrops, and emphasizes where and how sedimentology may help the exploration of self-sourced unconventional reservoirs. In fact, the activity in the unconventional, 2020, Sedimentology, depositional model, and implications for reservoir quali...
Presentation
The Red Sea is an evolving rift basin with its northern part still undergoing continental lithosphere extension while its central and southern parts have already broken up and entered seafloor spreading mode. The basin offers excellent analogues to improve our knowledge about passive continental margin evolution, such as the conjugate central South...
Article
Subduction is a fundamental mechanism of material exchange between the planetary interior and the surface. Despite its significance, our current understanding of fluctuating subducting plate area and slab volume flux has been limited to a range of proxy estimates. Here we present a new detailed quantification of subduction zone parameters from the...
Article
Full-text available
Habitat dynamics interacting with species dispersal abilities could generate gradients in species diversity and prevalence of species traits when the latter are associated with species dispersal potential. Using a process‐based model of diversification constrained by a dispersal parameter, we simulated the interplay between reef habitat dynamics du...
Preprint
Full-text available
Subduction is a fundamental mechanism of material exchange between the planetary interior and the surface. Despite its significance, our current understanding of fluctuating subducting plate area and slab volume flux has been limited to a range of proxy estimates. Here we present a new detailed quantification of subduction zone parameters from the...
Article
Full-text available
Global deep‐time plate motion models have traditionally followed a classical rigid plate approach, even though plate deformation is known to be significant. Here we present a global Mesozoic–Cenozoic deforming plate motion model that captures the progressive extension of all continental margins since the initiation of rifting within Pangea at ~240...
Presentation
Full-text available
The conjugate Santos/Campos-Namibe/Benguela margin system of the South Atlantic is the result of complex 3D interaction of two rift segments. Data acquired in the context of extensive hydrocarbon exploration efforts in the basins allow to study the first order evolution of lithosphere deformation, magmatism, microplate and basin infill dynamics acr...
Conference Paper
Forward and adjoint plate-mantle models currently represent the primary means of understanding the evolution of the plate-mantle system over time periods significantly longer than 100 Myr. These plate motion- and subduction-driven models depend on kinematic models as surface boundary constraints and are widely used for understanding plume-plate, as...
Article
Full-text available
This multidisciplinary study describes the burial and exhumation history of the frontier Galilee Basin in central Queensland, Australia, with implications for understanding its geohistory and unconventional gas prospectivity. Seismic interpretation, stratigraphic mapping and an analysis of exhumation through quantifying over-compaction, show total...
Article
Previous thermomechanical modeling studies indicated that variations in the temperature and strength of the crystalline crust might be responsible for the juxtaposition of domains with thin-skinned and thick-skinned crustal deformation along-strike the foreland of the Central Andes. However, there is no evidence supporting this hypothesis from data...
Article
The geology of the earth has shown profound changes in the position, connectivity and topography of continents during the last 100 Myr, which could have shaped the diversification of lineages and thus the current distribution of biodiversity. Here, we evaluate the association between plate tectonics and the current location of hotspots of endemic r...
Article
Full-text available
The importance of quantifying the contribution of historical processes in shaping current biodiversity patterns is now recognized, but quantitative approaches that explicitly link speciation, extinction and dispersal processes to palaeo-environmental changes are currently lacking. Here, we propose a spatial diversification model of lineages through...
Article
Full-text available
We evaluate the spatial and temporal evolution of Earth's long-wavelength surface dynamic topography since the Jurassic using a series of high-resolution global mantle convection models. These models are Earth-like in terms of convective vigour, thermal structure, surface heat-flux and the geographic distribution of heterogeneity. The models genera...
Preprint
Singular regions of the globe harbour a disproportionally large fraction of extant biodiversity. Spatial biodiversity gradients are frequently associated to extant ecological conditions using statistical models, but more rarely to paleo-environmental conditions, especially beyond the Quaternary. On one hand the role of plate tectonics in shaping th...
Article
Full-text available
In interaction with past climate changes, it is likely that plate tectonics contributed to the shaping of current global species diversity, but so far this has not been statistically quantified at the global level. Here, we tested whether plate tectonics since the breakup of Gondwana left an imprint on current patterns of species richness of amphib...
Article
Full-text available
We present three-dimensional (3-D) models that describe the present-day thermal and rheological state of the lithosphere of the greater Kenya rift region aiming at a better understanding of the rift evolution, with a particular focus on plume–lithosphere interactions. The key methodology applied is the 3-D integration of diverse geological and geop...
Data
Numerical geodynamic model for continental breakup between Iberia and Newfoundland during Late Jurassic / Early Cretaceous times. A moderately asymmetric narrow rift generates an asymmetric margin pair through rift migration. Material phases are overlain by the strain rate field in grey-shade. White line is the critical viscosity of 10^20.5 Pas. Ri...
Data
Alternative numerical geodynamic model for continental breakup between Brazil and Angola in the Early Cretaceous. A symmetric wide rift thins through simultaneous faulting for 20 My until the crustal thickness reaches ∼10 km thickness. As long as the lower crust lies within the critical viscosity contour, the entire crust undergoes pure shear exten...
Data
Numerical geodynamic model for continental rifting and breakup in the South China Sea region during the Paleogene. The very weak crust of this model decouples crust and mantle deformation throughout rift history. Lower crustal flow takes place towards the basin axis and compensates topographic gradients. In contrast to the other models shown in thi...
Data
Numerical geodynamic model for continental breakup between Brazil and Angola in the Early Cretaceous. An asymmetric narrow rift generates 150 km of hyper-extended continental crust on the right side and 20 km on the left. The rift migration phase has a duration of ∼20 My. Material phases are overlain by the strain rate field in grey-shade. White li...
Article
Full-text available
Crustal rheology controls the style of rifting and ultimately the architecture of rifted margins. Here we review the formation of three magma-poor margin pairs, Iberia-Newfoundland, the central segment of the South Atlantic Rift, and the South China Sea by integrating observational data into a numerical forward modelling framework. We utilise a 2D...
Article
Full-text available
We present 3D models that describe the present-day thermal and rheological state of the lithosphere of the greater Kenya Rift region aiming at a better understanding of the rift evolution, with a particular focus on plume-lithosphere interactions. The key methodology applied is the 3D integration of diverse geological and geophysical observations u...
Article
Full-text available
The Cretaceous breakup of Gondwana strongly modified the global distribution of shallow tropical seas reshaping the geographic configuration of marine basins. However, the links between tropical reef availability, plate tectonic processes and marine biodiversity distribution patterns are still unknown. Here, we show that a spatial diversification m...
Article
Full-text available
Paleoshoreline maps represent the distribution of land and sea through geological time. These compilations provide excellent proxies for evaluating the contributions non-tectonic vertical crustal motions, such as mantle convection-driven dynamic topography, to the flooding histories of continental platforms. Until now, such data have not been avail...
Article
Coral bleaching events threaten coral reef habitats globally and cause severe declines of local biodiversity and productivity. Related to high sea surface temperatures, bleaching events are expected to increase as a consequence of future global warming. However, response to climate change is still uncertain as future low latitude climatic condition...
Data
This quicktime animation accompanies the paper by Heine, C., Müller, R.D., DiCaprio, L. and Steinberger, B. (2010), Integrating deep Earth dynamics in paleogeographic reconstructions of Australia, Tectonophysics, 483, 135-150. The animation is based on a combination of a present-day digital elevation model corrected for time-dependent sediment thic...
Article
Integrated plate kinematic and forward extensional modelling provides new and powerful insights into the evolution of conjugate passive margin systems. The South Atlantic conjugate margins are an ideal laboratory as intracontinental rifting in Africa and South America preceeding the opening of the South Atlantic rift allows to quantitatively recons...
Article
Full-text available
Numerical modelling is a powerful tool to integrate a multitude of geological and geophysical data while addressing fundamental questions of passive margin formation such as the occurrence of crustal hyper-extension, (a-)symmetries between conjugate margin pairs, and the sometimes significant structural differences between adjacent margin segments....
Article
Rift basins and passive margins are an archive of extensional processes affecting the shape and integrity of lithospheric plates. We present a new geospatial database of global rift structures (GloRiDa - Global Rifts database) based on a compilation of rifts. We analyse the spatio-temporal associations between rift activity during the Mesozoic and...
Conference Paper
The tectonic evolution of the circum-Arctic is complex, punctuated by the opening and closing of several ocean basins, and the accretion and deformation of numerous autochthonous and allochthonous terranes. Here, we present a new plate tectonic reconstruction for the circum-Arctic and adjacent regions since the start of the Jurassic, incorporating...
Article
Owing largely to the remoteness of the region, the detailed Mesozoic and Cenozoic kinematic evolution of the circum-Arctic is not well known. Highly dynamic plate boundaries, in particular related to the subduction of plates in northern Panthalassa and the South Anuyi oceans since the Jurassic, adds additional complexity due to fragmentation of the...
Article
Full-text available
The South Atlantic rift basin evolved as branch of a large Jurassic-Cretaceous intraplate rift zone between the African and South American plates during the final breakup of western Gondwana. By quantitatively accounting for crustal deformation in the Central and West African rift zone, we indirectly construct the kinematic history of the pre-break...
Data
Full-text available
OPEN ACCESS - Full text and other supplementary files available at http://www.solid-earth.net/4/215/2013/se-4-215-2013.html The South Atlantic rift basin evolved as a branch of a large Jurassic–Cretaceous intraplate rift zone between the African and South American plates during the final break-up of western Gondwana. While the relative motions bet...
Article
Full-text available
The Banda Arc, situated west of Irian Jaya and in the easternmost extension of the Sunda subduction zone system, reveals a characteristic bowl-shaped geometry in seismic tomographic images. This indicates that the oceanic lithosphere still remains attached to the surrounding continental margins of northern Australia and the Bird's Head microcontine...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding tectonic and geodynamic processes leading to the present-day configuration of the Earth involves studying data and models across a variety of disciplines, from geochemistry, geochronology and geophysics, to plate kinematics and mantle dynamics. All these data represent a 3-D spatial and 1-D temporal framework, a formalism which is not...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding geodynamic processes leading to the present-day configuration of the Earth involves studying data and models across a variety of disciplines, from geochemistry, geochronology and geophysics, to plate kinematics and mantle dynamics. All these data exist within a 3-dimensional spatial and 1-dimensional temporal framework, a formalism wh...
Article
We present a series of reconstructed global grids of lithospheric thickness in 1 Ma timesteps from the Early Cretaceous to present, as an application of a novel workflow to reconstruct the estimated past geographic location of elements on a dataset based on a plate kinematic model. Global geodynamic modelling relies on increasingly detailed boundar...
Article
Numerical models are a useful tool to combine present-day knowledge on plate kinematics and lithosphere rheology in order to reveal the complex relations between deformation modes, margin asymmetry and crustal hyperextension. We investigate how long rift duration and distinct successive extensional velocities influence lithospheric localization and...
Article
The Equatorial Atlantic conjugate margin system is a classical example of a major continental transfer zone, which developed at an oblique angle relative to the South Atlantic rift. The onset of separation of the South American and African lithospheres along the Equatorial Atlantic rift, however, was preceded by 20-25 Ma of progressive crustal thin...
Article
One of the most elusive aspects in the evolution of the Arctic is the origin and timing of the opening of the Amerasia Basin. The Amerasia Basin's central location within the Arctic province makes it a centerpiece in tectonic reconstructions; however its pre-rift configuration and kinematic development remains unclear. To date, several tectonic mod...
Article
The topography of the Earth's surface is subject to constant change due to tectonic, surface processes and mantle-driven vertical motions. While the effects of mantle convection can be approximated via convection models, there is a lack of temporally and spatially consistent data at global scale to ground-truth these models. We reverse-engineered d...
Article
Full-text available
Extensional deformation along the South Atlantic, Central African and West Africa rift systems heralded in the breakup of the western half of the Gondwana supercontinent. The interplay between a complex series of intraplate rifts profoundly affected the spatio-temporal localisation of extensional deformation and the resulting geometries of the conj...
Conference Paper
The effect of mantle flow on surface topography has been the subject of considerable interest over the last few years. A common approach to the problem is to link plate tectonic reconstructions and global geodynamic models. An important limitation of this approach is that traditional plate tectonic reconstructions do not take the deformation of the...
Article
Full-text available
Numerical models of continental rifting and passive margin formation have so far been largely limited to 2D cross sectional slices of the deforming lithosphere assuming little to no out-of plane transport of material and at constant extensional velocities. Plate tectonic models which simulate continental rifting and breakup between plates commonly...
Article
Southeast Asia has been dominated by accretion of continental terranes and subduction around its main margins for much of the Cenozoic and Mesozoic. It is thus expected that the geological record displays some evidence of subduction-driven dynamic topography signal through anomalous long-wavelength subsidence or uplift in the region. The spatio-tem...
Conference Paper
There has been considerable interest in the effect of mantle flow on the Earth's surface over the past few years. A frequently used approach to investigate the problem consists of imposing the kinematics predicted by global plate reconstructions in convection models. Such models do not capture the changes in surface topography due to lithospheric d...
Article
A limitation of regional and global plate tectonic models is the way continental deformation is represented. Continental blocks are typically represented as rigid polygons - overlaps or gaps between adjacent continental blocks represent extension or compression respectively. Full-fit reconstructions of major ocean basins result in large overlaps be...
Article
It is well documented that the Cenozoic progressive flooding of Australia, contemporaneous with a eustatic sea level fall, requires a downward tilting of the Australian Plate towards the SE Asian subduction system. Previously, this large-scale, mantle-convection driven dynamic topography effect has been approximated by computing the time-dependent...
Article
Full-text available
Two main hypotheses compete to explain the mid-Cretaceous global sea-level highstand: a massive pulse of oceanic crustal production that occurred during the Cretaceous Normal Superchron (CNS) and the "supercontinent breakup effect," which resulted in the creation of the mid-Atlantic and Indian ocean ridges at the expense of subducting old ocean flo...
Data
Full-text available
Two main hypotheses compete to explain the mid-Cretaceous global sea-level highstand: a massive pulse of oceanic crustal pro- duction that occurred during the Cretaceous Normal Superchron (CNS) and the “supercontinent breakup effect,” which resulted in the creation of the mid-Atlantic and Indian ocean ridges at the expense of subducting old ocean f...
Article
The origin of anomalous tectonic subsidence (ATS) of large intracontinental basins long after their most recent phase of extension and last thermal perturbation is the subject of a long standing debate. We show that deep-Earth processes may contribute to the subsidence of these tectonically stable basins by analysing the Tertiary mantle convection-...
Article
With the increase of data availability and improved resolution on a global and regional scale from both public and private sources, the need to view and interpret these datasets in multiple dimensions has simultaneously grown. And it is no longer sufficient to only visualize data in 3 dimensions but to view, interpret and edit these dataset through...
Article
Full-text available
Earth's long-term sea-level history is characterized by widespread continental flooding in the Cretaceous period (∼145 to 65 million years ago), followed by gradual regression of inland seas. However, published estimates of the Late Cretaceous sea-level high differ by half an order of magnitude, from ∼40 to ∼250 meters above the present level. The...