# Christian GlusaSandia National Laboratories · Computer Science Research Institute

Christian Glusa

PhD

## About

61

Publications

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899

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Introduction

Additional affiliations

August 2012 - May 2017

## Publications

Publications (61)

Nonlocal models allow for the description of phenomena which cannot be captured by classical partial differential equations. The availability of efficient solvers is one of the main concerns for the use of nonlocal models in real world engineering applications. We present a domain decomposition solver that is inspired by substructuring methods for...

We explore the approximation of feedback control of integro-differential equations containing a fractional Laplacian term. To obtain feedback control for the state variable of this nonlocal equation, we use the Hamilton–Jacobi–Bellman equation. It is well known that this approach suffers from the curse of dimensionality, and to mitigate this proble...

We propose a new benchmark for high-performance (HP) computers. Similar to High Performance Conjugate Gradient (HPCG), the new benchmark is designed to rank computers based on how fast they can solve a sparse linear system of equations, exhibiting computational and communication requirements typical in many scientific applications. The main novelty...

We explore the approximation of feedback control of integro-differential equations containing a fractional Laplacian term. To obtain feedback control for the state variable of this nonlocal equation we use the Hamilton--Jacobi--Bellman equation. It is well-known that this approach suffers from the curse of dimensionality, and to mitigate this probl...

We introduce a mathematically rigorous formulation for a nonlocal interface problem with jumps and propose an asymptotically compatible finite element discretization for the weak form of the interface problem. After proving the well-posedness of the weak form, we demonstrate that solutions to the nonlocal interface problem converge to the correspon...

Fractional equations have become the model of choice in several applications where heterogeneities at the microstructure result in anomalous diffusive behavior at the macroscale. In this work we introduce a new fractional operator characterized by a doubly‐variable fractional order and possibly truncated interactions. Under certain conditions on th...

Anomalous behavior is ubiquitous in subsurface solute transport due to the presence of high degrees of heterogeneity at different scales in the media. Although fractional models have been extensively used to describe the anomalous transport in various subsurface applications, their application is hindered by computational challenges. Simpler nonloc...

Anomalous behavior is ubiquitous in subsurface solute transport due to the presence of high degrees of heterogeneity at different scales in the media. Although fractional models have been extensively used to describe the anomalous transport in various subsurface applications, their application is hindered by computational challenges. Simpler nonloc...

We propose a domain decomposition method for the efficient simulation of nonlocal problems. Our approach is based on a multi-domain formulation of a nonlocal diffusion problem where the subdomains share “nonlocal” interfaces of the size of the nonlocal horizon. This system of nonlocal equations is first rewritten in terms of minimization of a nonlo...

Support for lower precision computation is becoming more common in accelerator hardware due to lower power usage, reduced data movement and increased computational performance. However, computational science and engineering (CSE) problems require double precision accuracy in several domains. This conflict between hardware trends and application nee...

Support for lower precision computation is becoming more common in accelerator hardware due to lower power usage, reduced data movement and increased computational performance. However, computational science and engineering (CSE) problems require double precision accuracy in several domains. This conflict between hardware trends and application nee...

We propose a domain decomposition method for the efficient simulation of nonlocal problems. Our approach is based on a multi-domain formulation of a nonlocal diffusion problem where the subdomains share "nonlocal" interfaces of the size of the nonlocal horizon. This system of nonlocal equations is first rewritten in terms of minimization of a nonlo...

Graph partitioning has been an important tool to partition the work among several processors to minimize the communication cost and balance the workload. While accelerator-based supercomputers are emerging to be the standard, the use of graph partitioning becomes even more important as applications are rapidly moving to these architectures. However...

Nonlocal operators of fractional type are a popular modeling choice for applications that do not adhere to classical diffusive behavior; however, one major challenge in nonlocal simulations is the selection of model parameters. In this work we propose an optimization-based approach to parameter identification for fractional models with an optional...

We consider the integral definition of the fractional Laplacian and analyze a linear-quadratic optimal control problem for the so-called fractional heat equation; control constraints are also considered. We derive existence and uniqueness results, first order optimality conditions, and regularity estimates for the optimal variables. To discretize t...

The purpose of this paper is to study a Helmholtz problem with a spectral fractional Laplacian, instead of the standard Laplacian. Recently, it has been established that such a fractional Helmholtz problem better captures the underlying behavior in geophysical electromagnetics. We establish the well-posedness and regularity of this problem. We intr...

Graph partitioning has been an important tool to partition the work among several processors to minimize the communication cost and balance the workload. While accelerator-based supercomputers are emerging to be the standard, the use of graph partitioning becomes even more important as applications are rapidly moving to these architectures. However...

The purpose of this paper is to study a Helmholtz problem with a spectral fractional Laplacian, instead of the standard Laplacian. Recently, it has been established that such a fractional Helmholtz problem better captures the underlying behavior in Geophysical Electromagnetics. We establish the well-posedness and regularity of this problem. We intr...

Fractional equations have become the model of choice in several applications where
heterogeneities at the microstructure result in anomalous diffusive behavior at the
macroscale. In this work we introduce a new fractional operator characterized by a
doubly-variable fractional order and possibly truncated interactions. Under certain
conditions on th...

Multilevel methods such as multigrid and domain decomposition are among the most efficient and scalable solvers developed to date. Adapting them to the next generation of supercomputers and improving their performance and scalability is crucial for exascale computing and beyond.

Nonlocal operators of fractional type are a popular modeling choice for applications that do not adhere to classical diffusive behavior; however, one major challenge in nonlocal simulations is the selection of model parameters. In this work we propose an optimization-based approach to parameter identification for fractional models with an optional...

Partial differential equations (PDEs) are used with huge success to model phenomena across all scientific and engineering disciplines. However, across an equally wide swath, there exist situations in which PDEs fail to adequately model observed phenomena, or are not the best available model for that purpose. On the other hand, in many situations, n...

Partial differential equations (PDEs) are used, with huge success, to model phenomena arising across all scientific and engineering disciplines. However, across an equally wide swath, there exist situations in which PDE models fail to adequately model observed phenomena or are not the best available model for that purpose. On the other hand, in man...

The fractional Laplacian in Rd, which we write as (−Δ)α/2 with α∈(0,2), has multiple equivalent characterizations. Moreover, in bounded domains, boundary conditions must be incorporated in these characterizations in mathematically distinct ways, and there is currently no consensus in the literature as to which definition of the fractional Laplacian...

We consider the integral definition of the fractional Laplacian and analyze a linear-quadratic optimal control problem for the so-called fractional heat equation; control constraints are also considered. We derive existence and uniqueness results, first order optimality conditions, and regularity estimates for the optimal variables. To discretize t...

We design and analyze solution techniques for a linear-quadratic optimal control problem involving the integral fractional Laplacian. We derive existence and uniqueness results, first order optimality conditions, and regularity estimates for the optimal variables. We propose two strategies to discretize the fractional optimal control problem: a sem...

The reduced reliability of next-generation exascale systems means that the resiliency properties of a numerical algorithm will become an important factor both in the choice of algorithm and in its analysis. The multigrid algorithm is the workhorse for the distributed solution of linear systems but little is known about its resiliency properties and...

The MueLu User's Guide provides information on configuration, build, and usage of Trilinos' MueLu multigrid package. In particular, it gives a comprehensive overview of solver options to be selected.

We design and analyze solution techniques for a linear-quadratic optimal control problem involving the integral fractional Laplacian. We derive existence and uniqueness results, first order optimality conditions, and regularity estimates for the optimal variables. We propose two strategies to discretize the fractional optimal control problem: a sem...

Parallel implementations of linear iterative solvers generally alternate between phases of data exchange and phases of local computation. Increasingly large problem sizes on more heterogeneous systems make load balancing and network layout very challenging tasks. In particular, global communication patterns such as inner products become increasingl...

We explore the connection between fractional order partial differential equations in two or more spatial dimensions with boundary integral operators to develop techniques that enable one to efficiently tackle the integral fractional Laplacian. In particular, we develop techniques for the treatment of the dense stiffness matrix including the computa...

The fractional Laplacian in R^d has multiple equivalent characterizations. Moreover, in bounded domains, boundary conditions must be incorporated in these characterizations in mathematically distinct ways, and there is currently no consensus in the literature as to which definition of the fractional Laplacian in bounded domains is most appropriate...

A numerical scheme is presented for approximating fractional order Poisson problems in two and three dimensions. The scheme is based on reformulating the original problem posed over $\Omega$ on the extruded domain $\mathcal{C}=\Omega\times[0,\infty)$ following Caffarelli and Silvestre (2007). The resulting degenerate elliptic integer order PDE is t...

We develop all of the components needed to construct an adaptive finite element code that can be used to approximate fractional partial differential equations, on non-trivial domains in $d\geq 1$ dimensions. Our main approach consists of taking tools that have been shown to be effective for adaptive boundary element methods and, where necessary, mo...

We explore the connection between fractional order partial differential equations in two or more spatial dimensions with boundary integral operators to develop techniques that enable one to efficiently tackle the integral fractional Laplacian. In particular, we develop techniques for the treatment of the dense stiffness matrix including the computa...

Computing at the exascale level is expected to be affected by a significantly higher rate of faults, due to increased component counts as well as power considerations. Therefore, current day numerical algorithms need to be reexamined as to determine if they are fault resilient, and which critical operations need to be safeguarded in order to obtain...

The predicted reduced resiliency of next-generation high performance computers means that it will become necessary to take into account the effects of randomly occurring faults on numerical methods. Further, in the event of a hard fault occurring, a decision has to be made as to what remedial action should be taken in order to resume the execution...

The reduced reliability of next generation exascale systems means that the resiliency properties of a numerical algorithm will become an important factor in both the choice of algorithm, and in its analysis. The multigrid algorithm is the workhorse for the distributed solution of linear systems but little is known about its resiliency properties an...

Given a weighted undirected graph G=(V,E,d) with d:E→ℚ + and a positive integer K, the distance geometry problem (DGP) asks to find an embedding x:V→ℝ K of G such that for each edge {i,j} we have ∥x i -x j ∥=d ij . Saxe proved in 1979 that the DGP is NP-complete with K=1 and doubted the applicability of the Turing machine model to the case with K>1...