Christian Haug Eide

Christian Haug Eide
University of Bergen | UiB · Department of Earth Science

PhD

About

50
Publications
24,704
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701
Citations
Introduction
I work in the field of clastic sedimentology and focus on how uplands and sedimentary basins are connected in space and time, on how sedimentary environments vary and build up the sedimentary record, and how sedimentary architecture impacts the flow of fluids and intrusions in sedimentary basins. Website: http://www.uib.no/en/persons/Christian.Haug.Eide
Additional affiliations
January 2014 - February 2015
Norce Research
Position
  • Researcher II
July 2010 - January 2014
University of Bergen
Position
  • PhD Student
Description
  • Thesis title: Shallow-marine facies and virtual outcrop geology - Intra-parasequence variability in ancient shallow-marine environments

Publications

Publications (50)
Article
Full-text available
Present-day catchments adjacent to sedimentary basins may preserve geomorphic elements that have been active through long intervals of time. Relicts of ancient catchments in present-day landscapes may be investigated using mass-balance models and can give important information about upland landscape evolution and reservoir distribution in adjacent...
Article
Full-text available
Igneous sills are common components in rifted sedimentary basins globally. Much work has focussed on intrusions emplaced at relatively shallow paleodepths (0-1.5 km). However, due to constraints of reflection-seismic imaging and limited field-exposures, intrusions emplaced at deeper paleodepths (>1.5 km) within sedimentary basins are as not well-un...
Article
Models relating sediment supply to catchment properties are important in order to use the geological record to deduce landscape evolution and interplay between tectonics and climate. Water-discharge (Qw) is an important factor in the widely used BQART-model of Syvitski & Milliman (2007), which relates sediment load to a set of measureable catchment...
Article
Full-text available
Deposits of wave-dominated shorelines are typically considered to act as relatively simple hydrocarbon reservoirs and are commonly modeled as “tanks of sand”. However, important heterogeneities that can act as barriers to fluid flow occur at the parasequence, bedset and bed scales, especially in viscous oil or low permeability oil fields. Heterogen...
Article
Full-text available
Facies models for wave-dominated shorelines include an ‘offshore transition zone’ between shelfal mudstones and nearshore shoreface sandstones. Offshore transition-zone deposits are commonly tabular sandstone beds interbedded with continuous mudstone beds. However, observations from the Blackhawk Formation show that the offshore transition zone loc...
Article
Sills are important components of magmatic plumbing systems due to their role as storage features of magma. Previous studies have indirectly investigated sill propagation and architecture by using laboratory experiments, remote sensing, modelling and theory. These studies, however, often struggle to include the complexity of natural systems, which...
Article
Full-text available
Opening of the Arctic Ocean has been the subject of much debate, and the placement of terranes in the Early Mesozoic remains a crucial part of this important discussion. Several continental terranes complicate the palaeogeographic reconstruction. One such terrane is Crockerland, which has been inferred to explain sediment distribution in the Arctic...
Preprint
Full-text available
Opening of the Arctic Ocean has been the subject of much debate, and the placement of terranes in Early Mesozoic remains a crucial part of this important discussion. Several continental terranes complicate the paleogeographic reconstruction. One such terrane is Crockerland, which has been inferred to explain sediment distribution in the Arctic thro...
Article
Full-text available
Conceptual geological models of the shallow subsurface that integrate geological and geotechnical information are important for more strategic data acquisition and engineering at offshore wind sites. Utsira Nord is an offshore wind site in the Norwegian North Sea suitable for floating turbines, with an average water depth of 267 m. It covers a 23 k...
Preprint
Conceptual geological models of the shallow subsurface which integrate geological and geotechnical information are important for more strategic data acquisition and engineering at offshore wind sites. Utsira Nord is an offshore wind site in the Norwegian North Sea. It covers an area of 23 km x 43 km within the Norwegian Channel palaeo ice stream, w...
Article
Full-text available
Triassic strata in the Greater Barents Sea Basin are important records of geodynamic activity in the surrounding catchments and sediment transport in the Arctic basins. This study is the first attempt to investigate the evolution of these source areas through time. Our analysis of sediment budgets from subsurface data in the Greater Barents Sea Bas...
Article
Full-text available
Igneous sheet-complexes transport magma through the crust, but most studies have focused on single segments of the magma-transport-system or have low resolution. In the Jameson Land Basin in East Greenland, reflection-seismic data and extensive outcrops give unparalleled constraints on mafic intrusions down to 15 km. This dataset shows how sill-com...
Article
Small-scale (< 20 m), non-resolvable sand injectites can constitute a large part of the net-to-gross volume and affect fluid flow in the reservoir. However, they may also cause challenges for well placement and reservoir development because they are too small to be reliably constrained by reflection seismic data. It is therefore important to better...
Article
A series of offshore intra-basinal igneous centres have been documented across the North Atlantic Igneous Province including the United Kingdom, Ireland and Greenland. However, inconsistent cross-border terminology implies that similar features are not present in the Norwegian offshore which, in turns, leads to misperceptions of cross-border geolog...
Poster
Full-text available
This poster was published in relation to NGU's Vintermøte 2021, January 6th. The poster presents an overview of newly collected field data of the so far under-studied Eocene formation, Aspelintoppen Formation. Aerial imagery of over 1000 pictures of mountain top locations with Aspelintoppen Formation outcrops adds to the sparse dataset which alre...
Article
Sedimentary recycling has the potential to obscure source‐to‐sink relationships, provenance interpretations, burial history reconstructions and robust reservoir quality predictions in siliciclastic sedimentary basins. Here, we integrate petrographic and cathodoluminescence microtextures with fluid inclusion thermometry in quartz overgrowths to iden...
Article
Full-text available
The Greater Barents Sea Basin (GBSB) in Arctic Russia and Norway is an intracratonic basin that accommodated an enormous amount of sediment during the Triassic. These deposits are up to 4.5 km thick over an area 2,500,000 km2, and consists of marine mudstones and mudstone-rich fluviodeltaic topsets with sandstone-dominated fluvial channels. The bas...
Article
The high Arctic is a remote place, where geoscientific research and teaching require expensive and logistically demanding expeditions to make use of the short field seasons. The absence of vegetation facilitates the use of modern photogrammetric techniques for the cost-effective generation of high-resolution digital outcrop models (DOMs). These geo...
Article
Full-text available
Shear zones are common strain localization structures in the middle and lower crust and play a major role during orogeny, transcurrent movements and rifting alike. Our understanding of crustal deformation depends on our ability to recognize and map shear zones in the subsurface, yet the exact signatures of shear zones in seismic reflection data are...
Article
Full-text available
Rift-related magmatism resulting in widespread igneous intrusions has been documented in various basins, including the Faroe Shetland Basin (UK), Voring and More Basins (Norway) and the Browse and Carnarvon basins of the NW Shelf of Australia. Seismic mapping, combined with field work, has resulted in greater understanding of subsurface intrusive p...
Article
Full-text available
The Triassic-Jurassic transition marks an important change in the basin configuration of the Greater Barents Sea. A contiguous basin with km-thick sedimentary successions changed into a partitioned basin with uplift in the west and foreland basins in the east with significant implication for the basin infill history. Our study employs a range of di...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Shear zones play an important role in localizing crustal deformation during rifting, continental break up and passive margin formation. Because shear zones change physical rock properties relative to the surrounding undeformed rocks, we can image them in seismic reflection data. The exact seismic signature of shear zones is however still largely un...
Article
In recent years it has become clear that many shallow‐marine heterolithic and mudstone‐dominated successions are deposited as mud belts forming part of subaqueous deltas that are related to major fluvial sources either upstream or along shore. Here the Havert Formation is presented as an ancient example of this kind of system. The Havert Formation...
Article
Wave-dominated deltas are often fed by single trunk distributary channels which can remain the primary source of sediment supply to the delta for periods of thousands of years. Consequently, the sedimentary architecture of the delta can record subtle changes in sediment supply and wave intensity over significant periods of time. The geomorphologica...
Preprint
Full-text available
Present-day catchments adjacent to sedimentary basins may preserve geomorphic elements that have been active through long intervals of time. Relicts of ancient catchments in present-day landscapes may be investigated using mass-balance models and can give important information about upland landscape evolution and reservoir distribution in adjacent...
Preprint
Outcrops and modern depositional environments are important analogues for subsurface hydrocarbon-, water- or CO2-sequestration reservoirs, as they supplement limited well- and seismic- data and provide information on connectivity of sandbodies observed in subsurface datasets. Object based modelling is one of a series of methods that is widely used...
Preprint
A core component of the sequence stratigraphic model is the implicit assumption of a semi-sinusoidal relative sea-level curve, and the occurrence of “sequence boundaries” formed during intervals of sea-level fall, recognized primarily by the presence of incised valleys. Late Cretaceous paralic deposits in the Book Cliffs, Utah, have been one of the...
Article
Full-text available
Catchments provide water and sediment to downstream sedimentary systems, and these form individual source-to-sink systems. Source-to-sink systems comprise adjacent linked segments, commonly hinterland catchments, alluvial- and coastal plains, the continental shelf, continental slope and submarine fan. The dimensions of the catchment and how it scal...
Preprint
Models relating sediment-supply to catchment-properties are important in order to use the geological record to deduce landscape evolution and the interplay between tectonics and climate. Water-discharge (Qw) is an important factor in the widely used BQwART-model of Syvitski and Milliman (2007), which relates sediment load to a set of measureable ca...
Article
Application of 3D seismic reflection data to igneous systems in sedimentary basins has led to a revolution in the understanding of mafic sill complexes. However, there is considerable uncertainty on how geometries and architecture of sill complexes within the subsurface actually relates to geometries in seismic reflection data. To provide constrain...
Preprint
Facies models for wave-dominated shorelines include an "offshore transition zone" between shelfal mudstones and nearshore shoreface sandstones. Offshore transition zone deposits are commonly tabular sandstone beds interbedded with continuous mudstone beds. However, observations from the Blackhawk Formation show that the offshore transition zone loc...
Preprint
Deposits of wave-dominated shorelines are typically considered to act as relatively simple hydrocarbon reservoirs and are commonly modeled as “tanks of sand”. However, important heterogeneities that can act as barriers to fluid flow occur at the parasequence, bedset and bed scales, especially in viscous oil or low permeability oil fields. Heterogen...
Preprint
Application of 3D-seismic reflection-data to igneous systems in sedimentary basins has led to a revolution in the understanding of mafic sill-complexes. However, there is considerable uncertainty on how geometries and architecture of sill complexes within the subsurface relates those imaged in seismic reflection-data. To provide constraints on how...
Article
Clinoform surfaces are routinely used to mark transitions from shallow waters to deep basins. This concept represents a valuable tool for screening potential reservoir intervals in frontier basins where limited data are available. Variations in the character of clinoform geometries and shoreline and shelf-edge trajectories are indicators of a range...
Article
Igneous intrusions feature in many sedimentary basins where hydrocarbon exploration and production is continuing. Owing to distinct geophysical property contrasts with siliciclastic host rocks (e.g., higher Vp, density and resistivity than host rocks), intrusions can be easily delineated within data sets including seismic and CSEM profiles, provide...
Article
Seismic modelling is necessary to understand elasticwave propagation in the subsurface. Modelling is costeffective and insightful, as long as adequate methods are used. An ideal seismic-modelling strategy is to generate complete synthetic seismograms for realistic earth models, then process them as performed with real seismic data. These complete s...
Article
Full-text available
Tide-dominated deltas have an inherently complex distribution of heterogeneities on several different scales, and are less well-understood than their wave- and river-dominated counterparts. Depositional models of these environments are based on a small set of ancient examples, and are therefore immature. The Early Jurassic Gule Horn Formation is pa...
Article
This paper describes results from a geophysical study in the area between the ultraslow Knipovich Ridge and Bear Island, western Barents Sea. The objective was to map the crustal structure along a profile crossing a pull-apart rifted continental margin and oceanic crust generated by ultraslow spreading. The results are based on modeling of wide-ang...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
S2S-Future is a Marie Sklodowska-Curie Innovative Training Network (MSCA ITN) funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (Grant Agreement No 860383). The objective of the project is to understand, quantify and model the sediment routing system from the sediment production (source) to the sediment deposition (sink).
Project
The aim of this project is to map and thoroughly describe the distributions, geometries, orientations and number of channels in the Aspelintoppen Formation, with the purpose of contributing to the knowledge of this Eocene(?) formation. The thick succession of relatively similar deposits (shallow, low energy channels separated by floodplain with peat development) bring up the question of potential long-term climatic stability. Aspelintoppen Formation, the youngest formation in the central Tertiary Basin in Central Spitsbergen, comprises an up to 1000 m thick succession of continental (channel and floodplain) to near-coastal deposits. Due to the high altitude and low accessibility of many localities where the formation crops out, field studies have generally been limited. Published studies of the formation mostly deal with the fluvial-marine transition zone exposed at localities in Van Keulenfjorden, whereas development of the fluvial system has received limited attention. In previous work, traditional fieldwork proved unsuitable for proper channel dimensions and orientations to be established, due to poor lateral accessibility along outcrops on mountain tops. In addition to helicopter and airplane surveys, recent development in the use of drones for mapping otherwise inaccessible outcrops, provides possibilities to improve the mapping of channel systems of the Aspelintoppen Formation and tie the results into already existing sedimentological and palaeobotanical data. This project will use images obtained from drone and helicopter surveys and logs from two sediment cores from Urdkollbreen and Gustavfjellet, 10 km N and 8 km NE of the former mining town Svea. These data are processed into 3D models and interpreted in relation to earlier work, such as field observations and logs by others. From the virtual outcrops, quantitative measurements of channel widths, thicknesses and orientations will be made and used to discuss development and variation in the fluvial system. The data may be used to discuss discharge variations, sediment supply variations, gradient changes and changes in accommodation space of Aspelintoppen Formation.
Project
Investigate sediment sources to Triassic Greater Barents Sea (Barents Sea, Timan-Pechora Basin, Kara Sea) and landscape development in the surrounding uplands. Correlate well-dated stratigraphy from Norway to Russian sectors using seismic and well data. Relate changes in sediment volumes to regional tectonics using mass-balance models. Important for sand prediction in the basin