Christian S. Czymara

Christian S. Czymara
Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main · Sociology with Focus on Quantitative Methods for Social Research

Dr. rer. pol.

About

32
Publications
9,031
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377
Citations
Introduction
I am an empirical social scientist interested in immigration, ethnic conflict, political communication and public opinion. Also see my website: https://czymara.com

Publications

Publications (32)
Article
Full-text available
Based on an innovative design, combining a multi-factorial survey experiment with a longitudinal perspective, we examine changes in the public acceptance of immigrants in Germany from the beginning of the so-called "migration crisis" to after the sexual assaults of New Year's Eve 2015/16. In contrast to previous studies investigating similar resear...
Article
Full-text available
Mass media has long been discussed as an essential determinant of the threat perceptions leading to anti-immigration attitudes. The field of empirical research on such media effects is still comparatively young, however, and lacks studies examining precise measures of the media environment an individual is likely to be actually exposed to. We emplo...
Article
I n 2015, the number of people seeking asylum in Europe skyrocketed. However, asylum applications were mainly concentrated in a few destination countries such as Germany, Austria, or Sweden. After the so-called EU-Turkey deal, asylum rates quickly dropped in subsequent years. I examine how these developments affected public opinion from both a stat...
Article
Full-text available
Immigration is among the most vividly discussed topics in Europe’s national parliaments in recent years, often with a particular emphasis on the inflow of Muslims. This article examines the link between articulations of national political parties (political elite discourses) and natives’ attitudes toward immigrants in Europe. It provides a nuanced...
Article
COVID-19 is having a tremendous impact on gender relations, as care needs have been magnified due to schools and day-care closures. Using topic modeling on over 1,100 open reports from a survey fielded during the first four weeks of the lockdown in Germany, we shed light on how personal experiences of the lockdown differ between women and men. Our...
Article
Full-text available
In the last 20 years, several major terror attacks conducted in the name of political Islam hit Western Europe. We examine the impact of such terror attacks on hostile behaviour on social media from a cross-national perspective. To this end, we draw upon time-stamped, behavioural data from YouTube and focus on the frequency and popularity ('likes')...
Article
Full-text available
The relation between religiosity and well-being is one of the most researched topics in the psychology of religion, yet the directionality and robustness of the effect remains debated. Here, we adopted a many-analysts approach to assess the robustness of this relation based on a new cross-cultural dataset (N = 10, 535 participants from 24 countries...
Article
The relationship between police and ethnic minorities has been the subject of increasing interest in many Western societies in recent years. We examine first-generation immigrants' trust in the police in Europe from a comparative and longitudinal perspective. Based on roughly 20,000 immigrants observed in 22 countries over 13 years in the European...
Article
Full-text available
During the early months of the COVID-19 pandemic in Germany, social restrictions and social distancing policies forced large parts of social life to take place within the household. However, comparatively little is known about how private living situations shaped individuals experiences of this crisis. To investigate this issue, we analyze how expe...
Preprint
Full-text available
The paper reports findings from a crowdsourced replication. Eighty-four replicator teams attempted to verify results reported in an original study by running the same models with the same data. The replication involved an experimental condition. A “transparent” group received the original study and code, and an “opaque” group received the same unde...
Preprint
Full-text available
The relationships between police and minorities have received increasing interest in many Western societies in recent years. We examine first-generation immigrants’ trust in the police in Europe from a comparative and longitudinal perspective. On the contextual level, we test the impact of police size on trust and, on the individual level, we analy...
Preprint
We analyze whether the Islamist terror attack on the Christmas market in Berlin in 2016 had an impact on public opinion toward immigration in general and, since the attacker has entered Germany to apply for asylum, toward refugees in particular. An analysis of this natural experiment reveals a negative shift regarding the latter, while no differenc...
Article
News media have transformed over the last decades, there being increasing numbers of online news suppliers and an increase in online news consumption. We examine how reporting on immigration differs between popular German online and print media over three crucial years of the so-called immigration crisis from 2015 to 2017. This study extends knowle...
Preprint
Full-text available
Findings from 162 researchers in 73 teams testing the same hypothesis with the same data reveal a universe of unique analytical possibilities leading to a broad range of results and conclusions. Surprisingly, the outcome variance mostly cannot be explained by variations in researchers’ modeling decisions or prior beliefs. Each of the 1,261 test mod...
Preprint
Full-text available
Family structure is a critical axis through which social inequality is reproduced. The COVID-19 pandemic can exacerbate the already existing socio-economic gaps between family structures. To investigate this issue, we analyze how experiences and concerns vary across living arrangements along two dimensions that may be associated with social disa...
Article
Full-text available
With a growing Muslim population, many European countries need to integrate Muslims into their societies. One aspect that can hinder successful integration are substantial differences in human values. This is because such values are consequential for attitudes as well as behavior. We compare basic human values between Muslim immigrants and non-Musl...
Preprint
Germany is currently experiencing a huge inflow of migrants. In this vignette study, we analyze how much different kinds of migrants are accepted in Germany. We investigate three different rights for migrants: the right to stay in Germany, the right to work in Germany and the right to receive social benefits. Our results show that people who flee f...
Preprint
COVID-19 is having a tremendous impact on gender relations, as care needs have been magnified due to schools and day-care closures. Using topic modeling on over 1,100 open reports from a survey fielded during the first four weeks of the lockdown in Germany, we shed light on how personal experiences of the lockdown differ between women and men. Our...
Preprint
Immigration is among the most vividly discussed topics in Europe’s national parliaments in recent years, often with a particular emphasis on the inflow of Muslims. This article examines the link between articulations of national political parties (political elite discourses) and natives’ attitudes toward immigrants in Europe. It provides a nuanced...
Preprint
Mass media have long been discussed as an essential determinant of the threat perceptions leading to anti-immigration attitudes. The field of empirical research on such media effects is still comparatively young, however, and lacks studies examining precise measures of the media environment an individual is likely to be actually exposed to. We empl...
Preprint
Based on an innovative design, combining a multi-factorial survey experiment with a longitudinal perspective, we examine changes in the public acceptance of immigrants in Germany from the beginning of the so-called ‘migration crisis’ to after the sexual assaults of New Year’s Eve (NYE) 2015/2016. In contrast to previous studies investigating simila...
Article
Full-text available
We analyze whether the Islamist terror attack on the Christmas market in Berlin in 2016 had an impact on public opinion toward immigration in general and, since the attacker has entered Germany to apply for asylum, toward refugees in particular. An analysis of this natural experiment reveals a negative shift regarding the latter, while no differenc...
Article
We analyze whether the Islamist terror attack on the Christmas market in Berlin in 2016 had an impact on public opinion toward immigration in general and, since the attacker has entered Germany to apply for asylum, toward refugees in particular. An analysis of this natural experiment reveals a negative shift regarding the latter, while no differenc...
Preprint
News media have shape-shifted over the last decades, with rising online news suppliers and an increase in online news consumption. We examine how reporting on immigration differs between popular German online and print media over three crucial years of the so-called immigration crisis, from 2015 to 2017. We extend knowledge on framing of the crisis...
Preprint
Full-text available
In an era of mass migration, social scientists, populist parties and social movements raise concerns over the future of immigration-destination societies. What impacts does this have on policy and social solidarity? Comparative cross-national research, relying mostly on secondary data, has findings in different directions. There is a threat of sele...
Thesis
Full-text available
Immigration has been a vividly discussed topic in Europe in recent years, leading to an increased polarisation in many Western societies. This relates to rising immigration rates as well as to significant, dramatic events such as terrorist attacks and acts of xenophobic violence. A plethora of studies has investigated the impact of a country’s actu...
Code
Stata do files for Czymara & Dochow (2018): Mass Media and Concerns about Immigration in Germany in the 21st century: Individual-level Evidence over 15 Years. European Sociological Review. https://doi.org/10.1093/esr/jcy019
Article
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung Wir diskutieren ein Vignettendesign, welches auf der Ziehung einer d-effizienten Einzelstichprobe aus dem gesamten Vignettenuniversum basiert. Hierfür gehen wir zunächst auf die zugrundeliegende Annahme vernachlässigbarer Interaktionen zwischen Vignettenmerkmalen ein. Eine anschließende Simulation veranschaulicht potenzielle Konsequ...
Data
Data, Stata do- & log-file for the article Refugees Unwelcome? Changes in the Public Acceptance of Immigrants and Refugees in Germany in the Course of Europe’s 'Immigration Crisis'
Article
Full-text available
EN: Germany is currently experiencing a high inflow of migrants. In this vignette study, we analyze how much different kinds of immigrants are accepted in Germany. We investigate three different rights for immigrants: the right to stay in Germany, the right to work in Germany, and the right to receive social benefits. Our results show that people w...
Data
Full-text available
EN: Germany is currently experiencing a high inflow of migrants. In this vignette study, we analyze how much different kinds of immigrants are accepted in Germany. We investigate three different rights for immigrants: the right to stay in Germany, the right to work in Germany, and the right to receive social benefits. Our results show that people w...
Data
EN: Germany is currently experiencing a high inflow of migrants. In this vignette study, we analyze how much different kinds of immigrants are accepted in Germany. We investigate three different rights for immigrants: the right to stay in Germany, the right to work in Germany, and the right to receive social benefits. Our results show that people w...

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Projects

Project (1)
Project
The dissertation project consists of three studies investigating the impact of the political & the media environment on attitudes toward immigrants and immigration. In particular, this research focuses on (1) the changes in the public acceptance of different immigrant subgroups during Europe's so-called immigration crisis (2) the effect of media salience on individual concerns about immigration and (3) effects of political party discourses on group-specific exclusionism.