Christian Bueger

Christian Bueger
University of Copenhagen · Department of Political Science

PhD
researching the key challenges that the oceans are facing, crossing maritime security, blue economy, ocean health.

About

109
Publications
72,678
Reads
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2,625
Citations
Citations since 2016
57 Research Items
2114 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300350
Introduction
Christian Bueger is a Professor of International Relations at the Department of Political Science of the University of Copenhagen. He conducts research on Global Governance, Expertise and Maritime Security, in particular, drawing on and advancing an approach known as international practice theory and praxiography. He has been the principal investigator of several research projects that received funding from the Economic and Social Research Council and the British Academy. As part of the SafeSeas network he is currently co-directing the project Transnational Organised Crime at Sea.
Additional affiliations
August 2017 - present
Cardiff University
Position
  • Professor
July 2014 - July 2017
Cardiff University
Position
  • Reader in International Relations
Description
  • Research on Ocean Governance, Maritime Security, Contemporary Piracy, international practice theory and the sociology of expertise. Teaching international relations and social science methodology.
February 2012 - July 2014
Cardiff University
Position
  • Lecturer in International Relations
Description
  • Research on maritime security, contemporary piracy, practice theory and the sociology of expertise.
Education
September 2006 - December 2010
European University Institute
Field of study
  • International Relations
September 2005 - August 2006
European University Institute
Field of study
  • Political and Social Science
September 1997 - December 2002
Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main
Field of study
  • Political Science

Publications

Publications (109)
Chapter
This book brings together the key scholars in the international practice debate to demonstrate its strengths as an innovative research perspective. The contributions show the benefit of practice theories in the study of phenomena in international security, international political economy and international organisation, by directing attention to con...
Chapter
This book brings together the key scholars in the international practice debate to demonstrate its strengths as an innovative research perspective. The contributions show the benefit of practice theories in the study of phenomena in international security, international political economy and international organisation, by directing attention to con...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The EU's subsea data cable network is both vital for global connectivity and vulnerable. This study provides a systematic review of the current security threats, as well as the actors at the origin of these threats. Building on reports and expert input, the paper takes stock of current awareness, preparedness and response mechanisms, both at the EU...
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The digital pdf of Chapters 1, 4, 9, 13, 15 and 16 available Open Access under CC-BY-NC-ND licence. This collection brings together leading figures in the study of international relations to explore praxis as a perspective on international politics and law. With its focus on competent judgments, the praxis approach holds the promise to overcome the...
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Introduction What do we mean by theory and how is it related to practice? The question has been one of the recurrent themes for negotiating the identity of the discipline of International Relations (IR). Debates concern what kind of knowledge scholars should produce and value, what should count as ‘theory’ and ‘empirics’, but also what status is gr...
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Ten years after the last large scale piracy attacks in the Western Indian Ocean, other maritime crimes such as illicit fishing and maritime smuggling have emerged. The spill over of conflicts in Yemen and Mozambique and maritime grey-zone activities have also become major maritime security issues. Yet, perhaps the most worrying-though largely under...
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In the capitals and think tanks around the world much debate has taken place on the importance of the Indo-Pacific as a new regional framework. Increasingly, the Indo-Pacific is treated as a fact, not as a geopolitical regional construct. Discussions focus on how to engage with the new region and design strategies. The 2021 AUKUS agreement is a goo...
Technical Report
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Evidence submitted to UNCLOS: fit for purpose in the 21st century?
Article
2021 is a key moment of opportunity for UK maritime security. The publication of the government’s Integrated Review in March is being followed by a systematic ‘refresh’ of the UK’s 2014 National Strategy for Maritime Security. In this article, Christian Bueger, Timothy Edmunds and Scott Edwards examine the role and significance of this strategy ref...
Article
Undersea communication cables are the core critical infrastructure of the digital age. 99% of all transoceanic digital communication—financial transactions, emails, or voice messaging—is transported through undersea fiber-optic cables. The global submarine cable network is a critical infrastructure that does not receive the analytical attention it...
Article
The question of when and how international orders change remains a pertinent issue of International Relations theory. This article develops the model of pragmatic ordering to conceptualise change. The model of pragmatic ordering synthesises recent theoretical arguments for a focus on ordering advanced in-practice theory, pragmatist philosophy, and...
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Maritime security is a relatively novel field of international activity and governing and securing the sea presents substantial challenges. In this introduction to the volume the editors set out the basic context of maritime security. They discuss the challenges and efforts of governments and argue there is a need to pay more attention to capacity...
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Seychelles is a small island state, but a grand ocean nation. Its economy was severely affected by Somali piracy. Illegal fishing and the smuggling of narcotics provide ongoing challenges. This chapter details how maritime security became one of the government’s top priorities, and the different measures the country adopted, including a coordinatio...
Chapter
Although capacity building is a growing field of international activity in maritime security as elsewhere, it remains under theorized. The chapter presents a primer for such an effort in firstly discussing how capacity building has been understood to date, then offering an outline of the breadth of capacity building. It then investigates which theo...
Chapter
This conclusion gathers the key insights that have been gained from comparing countries, drawing on the loose framework presented in Chapter 1. It begins by revisiting the need to develop the theoretical discussion on capacity building presented in Chapter 2. It then discusses each of the dimensions of the framework in further detail and considers...
Article
Moving away from studying actors to studying practices opens a fascinating vista of global governance. Kratochwil provokes inquiry into the practical work actual people do in international relations. He helps to move beyond binaries by offering a pragmatic approach to global governance in a fragmented institutional environment. Yet, his criticism o...
Preprint
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Assemblage theory provides an innovative approach to analysing governance and a unique position to understand processes and situations of polycentrism. It's strength lies in understanding constellations that involve large numbers and multiple forms of actors and in exploring governing relations that are informal and often subject to rapid change. I...
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Transnational organised crime at sea is a growing international concern. However, and despite its importance, the concept remains uncertain and contested. This ambiguity has led to a tendency to focus on individual challenges such as piracy or illegal fishing, rather than convergencies and synergies between and across issues, and has stymied a conc...
Preprint
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Political science researchers increasingly claim that they are doing ‘field research’. It is a conventional, more and more accepted justification in political science. It is also a convenient one for why a political scientist drags himself around elsewhere than the office desk, library or seminar room he otherwise has to be. In this chapter, I shal...
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This article examines the rise of maritime security in concept and practice. We argue that developments in the maritime arena have flown beneath the radar of much mainstream international relations and security studies scholarship, and that a new agenda for maritime security studies is required. In this article we outline the contours of such an ag...
Article
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Maritime security capacity-building is a growing field of international activity. It is an area that requires further study, as a field in its own right, but also as an archetype to develop insights for capacity-building and security sector reform in other arenas. This article is one of the first to analyse this field of activity. Our empirical foc...
Article
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In this introduction to a special section of the September 2019 issue of International Affairs, we revisit the main themes and arguments of our article ‘Beyond seablindness: a new agenda for maritime security studies’, published in this journal in November 2017. We reiterate our call for more scholarly attention to be paid to the maritime environme...
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Maritime Security is one of the preconditions for developing the blue economy. Maritime crimes, ranging from piracy, smuggling to illegal fishing, or the lack of compliance with environmental laws and regulations, undermine the efforts to protect the environment, create employment and harvest ocean resources sustainably. While the importance of mar...
Article
Editors’ introduction to the first EJIS Junior-Senior Dialogue feature. - Volume 3 Issue 3 - Jutta Weldes, Timothy Edmunds, Christian Bueger, David Galbreath, Elizabeth Kier, Anthony King
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A lack of capabilities is most often taken to imply a lack of influence. The foreign policy of the Seychelles provides a surprising case of successful small state diplomacy that counters this claim. With a population of less than 100,000 and a diplomatic service of 100 staff, Seychelles is recognized as a broker in international organizations and a...
Chapter
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This is the first of two chapters that introduce seven approaches of international practice theory. We discuss four approaches, that have their origins in the writing of a major intellectual figure: Pierre Bourdieu, Michel Foucault, Etienne Wenger, and Theodore Schatzki. We provide a concise introduction to the conceptual vocabulary and strategies...
Chapter
We consider how the main approaches of IPT relate to one another and how their relationship spurs exciting new questions for future research. To explore these relations, we focus on a set of conceptual challenges. These challenges present issues that are contentious, present dilemmas or paradoxes and over which IPT scholars take differing positions...
Chapter
This chapter continues our review of the main approaches. We discuss three of them: the focus on narratives, actor-network theory and pragmatic sociology. Narrative approaches, actor-network theory, and pragmatic sociology have not always been included in the body of practice theoretical thought, although as we demonstrate, they are an essential pa...
Book
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Tackling maritime security is one of the major global challenges today. Safeguarding international transport by sea; preventing accidents and disasters; fighting transnational organised crimes like piracy and the trafficking of narcotics and weapons; addressing fishery crimes and preventing other environmental crimes are all vital for international...
Chapter
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We have become used to conceptualizing the scientific study of International Relations (IR) as a discipline or as a community of scholars. Describing IR in such a way firstly clarifies that IR scholarship is done by people. IR is more than a set of abstract principles, theories or ideas; it includes scholars and their activities. Contrary to earlie...
Book
International Practice Theory is the definitive introduction to the practice turn in world politics, providing an accessible, up-to-date guide to the approaches, concepts, methodologies and methods of the subject. Situating the study of practices in contemporary theory and reviewing approaches ranging from Bourdieu’s praxeology and communities of p...
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This is a study of pirate agency. Starting from an understanding of agency as an effect of ‘agencements’, I offer a reconstruction of six of such formations. Relying on different experiences with Somali piracy, ranging from watching movies, playing computer games, participating as an observer in various meetings, taking field notes, talking to inte...
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This article presents an empirical study that aims to draw out core elements of an assemblage theory of global governance. Situating assemblage theory in the third, practice-oriented generation of global governance research, I argue that it provides us with a feature-rich toolbox sensitive to the routine matters of international cooperation, the ro...
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This article examines the rise of maritime security in concept and practice. We argue that developments in the maritime arena have flown beneath the radar of much mainstream international relations and security studies scholarship, and that a new agenda for maritime security studies is required. In this article we outline the contours of such an ag...
Chapter
Full-text available
The chapter provides a concise introduction to Actor-network theory by revisiting some of the classical texts and asking how these spur new interesting questions on the role of science and technology in (international) politics. A must read for anyone interested in ANT and the dialogue between IR and STS.
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This article aims at identifying how the global response to poaching can be improved and what role South Africa might play in it. To do so, we examine the emerging global wildlife crime regime and the challenges it faces. To offer an understanding of how governance could be improved, we ask how the success in curbing another transnational crime can...
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This article aims at identifying how the global response to poaching can be improved and what role South Africa might play in it. To do so, we examine the emerging global wildlife crime regime and the challenges it faces. To offer an understanding of how governance could be improved, we ask how the success in curbing another transnational crime can...
Article
What has become known as post-factual politics poses particular challenges to the role of expertise, calling for a new type of reflexivity able to inform scholarly strategies towards policy. Taking recent literature on the ‘practice turn’ as our point of departure, we argue for introducing a sense of ‘practical reflexivity’ that can provide guidanc...
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The practice turn provides new avenues for core questions of international relations and European Studies. This article draws on a practice theoretical account to shed new light on the constitution of agency in global politics. An understanding of agency as achievement that requires significant practical work and the participation in international...
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International operations against piracy in the Western Indian Ocean are due to wind down. Some major external navies will probably remain, but the region’s states will have to adjust to their new role in managing the challenging security environment. In this article, Christian Bueger and Jan Stockbruegger examine the options for cooperation in this...
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Within the study of international relations, 'international practice theory' has become a well-established perspective that offers new avenues for the study of world politics. This chapter surveys the practice turn in the discipline of international relations (IR). We argue that IR has not only covered a quite fascinating range of issues and proble...
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Editorial and mission statement - Volume 1 Issue 1 - Tim Edmunds, Christian Bueger, David Galbreath, Adrian Hyde-Price, Elizabeth Kier, Anthony King, Jutta Weldes
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TT: Dear Professor Dewey. Thank you so much for your willingness to participate in this Talk. Theory Talks is an open-access journal, which contributes to International Relations debates by publishing interviews with cutting-edge theorists. It is not often that Theory Talks is able to overcome space-time limitations and conduct a Talk with a depart...
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We tend to think of pirates as an ancient menace or the characters of romantic Hollywood dramas. But today, piracy is a serious scourge for mariners around the world. The most pressing problem for many years has been piracy off the coast of Somalia. Pirates hijacked hundreds of vessels and turned the Gulf of Aden into one of the most dangerous wate...
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Information Sharing and Maritime Domain Awareness (MDA) are at the heart of the contemporary maritime security agenda. The goal of MDA is to develop shared understandings of developments and threats at sea. It is one of the preconditions for coordination and cooperation between diverse maritime security agencies and has often been understood as “ke...
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The core claims of the practice turn in International Relations (IR) remain ambiguous. What promises does international practice theory hold for the field? How does the kind of theorizing it produces differ from existing perspectives? What kind of research agenda does it produce? This article addresses these questions. Drawing on the work of Andrea...
Book
This volume brings together scholars from different fields to explore the power, consequences and everyday practices of security expertise. Expertise mediates between different forms of knowledge: scientific and technological, legal, economic and political knowledge. This book offers the first systematic study of security expertise and opens up a p...
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Maritime security is one of the latest buzzwords of international relations. Major actors have started to include maritime security in their mandate or reframed their work in such terms. Maritime security is a term that draws attention to new challenges and rallies support for tackling these. Yet, no international consensus over the definition of m...
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How are international phenomena rendered knowable? By which means and practical devices is international knowledge generated? In this article, I draw on the case of contemporary maritime piracy to introduce a research framework that allows these questions to be addressed. Arguing that the practices of international knowledge generation are poorly u...
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Is the decade of large scale piracy off the coast of Somali over? What are the lessons from Somali piracy for maritime security governance? This article revisits the triggers of piracy and argues for the need of being cautious since the current success in curbing piracy might not be sustainable. I identify six factors that trigger piracy: (1) geogr...
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Information-sharing and maritime domain awareness (MDA) are at the heart of the contemporary maritime security agenda. The goal of MDA is to develop a shared understanding of developments and threats at sea which is one of the preconditions for coordination and cooperation between diverse maritime security agencies. MDA is not only a technical chal...
Book
How does the practice turn play out in international relations? This study offers a concise introduction to the core approaches, issues and methodology of International Practice Theory, examining the design, strategies and technique of practice theoretical research projects interested in global politics, and outlining issues for a future agenda. ©...
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The role and functions of expertise in international politics is, since decades, a core research theme. This chapter outlines a history of how the relation between science and international politics has been approached through the lenses of expertise. My intention is to offer a heuristic device. I argue that the debate can be structured in three ge...
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Die Praxiographie, das empirische Studium von Praktiken, steht vor einem grundsätzlichem methodischen Problem: Wie lassen sich Praktiken studieren, wenn der Zugang zur unmittelbaren Beobachtung der Tätigkeiten, die Praktiken konstituieren, verschlossen ist? Der Beitrag entwickelt den Ansatz der narrativen Praxiographie als eine Antwort, die sich au...
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Political scientists have started to focus on ‘practice’ as the smallest unit of analysis. Following a broader turn in the social sciences, the practice focus provides multiple advantages, including better conceptualizations of short-term social change, getting closer to the everyday activities of those speaking, writing and doing politics, appropr...
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Concepts such as the ‘failed state’ are jointly produced by academics and political actors and hence connect academia and global politics. Little attention has been spent to study such concepts and the practices that create them and sustain their relevance. We develop an innovative framework for studying concepts. Relying on actor-network theory, w...
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This chapter argues that the way that assemblage is employed as a loose metaphor almost deprives it of any theoretical meaning. In contrast, other intellectual projects claim that assemblage is more than a metaphor, it is a promising theoretical source of inspiration for developing new frameworks of research. In this chapter I argue that it is impo...
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International Relations scholars increasingly are interested in practice. Following a larger turn to practices in the social sciences, a broad movement of scholars aims at studying practices. In this introduction we discuss what is fascinating about practice. International Practice Theory offers a genuine novel perspective on politics and internati...
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This chapter provides an approximation of what practice theory is and its utility in International Relations. We first provide a brief detour showing how practice theory has been introduced across the social sciences. To illustrate the complexity of practice theory we introduce the ‘trading zone’ metaphor. Unlike conventional theories, it is an int...
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This chapter provides a discussion of core approaches. We discuss their origins, their core concepts and how to use them to study international relations. These approaches are both the cornerstones and compass of International Practice Theory. We start with the praxeology of Bourdieu, whose approach has been directly associated with practice theory...
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What are the methodological consequences of the practice turn? This chapter discusses how practice theory can be put into practice. What does IPT-driven research imply? How can one study practice? By which methods and techniques? Introducing the term praxiography to speak about International Practice Theory-driven research, we first discuss general...
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In this concluding chapter, we ask whether International Practice Theory has so far lived up to its promises. Some of the promises are clearly on the way to being realized, others leave us with a more mixed evaluation. Indeed, the practice turn is far from being completed. Yet, what would it imply if the practice turn is completed? What will be the...
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In this chapter, we reflect on the relation between the core approaches and investigate how to cope with their tensions. We argue that their disagreements over questions, such as how contingent the world is, how to understand normativity, or how to conceptualize the varying scale of international practices, point us to a range of future challenges...
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Vergleichbar zu anderen Strängen der Politikwissenschaft versucht auch die Regierungsforschung zunehmend, sich aus dem Griff eines reduzierten Institutionenbegriffs zu befreien.
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Maritime security has been a long-neglected issue on the African security agenda. This situation is changing incrementally, not the least because of the attention to the problem of piracy in the continent's waters. The “piracy momentum” has led to a significant intensification of maritime security cooperation. This article analyzes current processe...
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In this article I develop a practice–theoretical account to provide the first systematic investigation of the justification of Somali piracy. Arguing for an understanding of piracy as a ‘community of practice’, I show how this community is organised by a ‘grand narrative’ that projects piracy as a quasi-state practice of the protection of sovereign...
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Contemporary global and regional security relations are no longer predominantly characterized by formal organizational structures, but increasingly made up of informal and often diffused problem centered alignments. Following the hypothesis that new security problems produce new forms of security alignment, I scrutinize in this paper how one proble...
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In the last decade maritime piracy has become recognized as a pressing global problem. Together with the problem the new inter-disciplinary project of piracy studies has emerged. In this article I review the state of knowledge and the character of piracy studies. I present two arguments. Firstly, I review recent contributions and suggest that pirac...
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Die Bedeutung des Sicherheitsbegriffs ist in den letzten Dekaden signifikant erweitert und vertieft worden. Die Kontroversen um die Bedeutung von Sicherheit, welche Gegenstände und Probleme Teil von Sicherheitspolitik sein sollen und wie Sicherheitspolitik von anderen Feldern wie der Entwicklungspolitik abzugrenzen ist, führten zu einer „neuen Unsi...
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Contemporary piracy is a complex and intricate problem. This article discusses different sources of complexity of the problem and suggests paying attention to ontological complexity. To unravel ontological complexity one has to ask the very fundamental question: Why is piracy actually considered to be problematic? Addressing this question leads to...
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The simplistic, but still influential, idea of a clear-cut boundary between science and politics does not capture the complexities of the ongoing “dialogue between science and politics.” Neither do political scientists live in an ivory tower, nor do they breathe the air of a separate world. However, the relation between political science practition...
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Within less than a decade piracy has been turned from a marginal economic problem into aglobal security problem. A surprising array of international actors addresses piracy and coordinates theiractivities. In this contribution we interrogate this astonishing story of international cooperation. We arguethat what we observe here is a global security...
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Without question there is no shortage of reflexivity in the discipline of International Relations (IR), to the extent that after several 'grand debates' and numerous 'turns', it seems to have reached a certain intellectual 'surfeit'. One of the reasons is certainly that many of the questions concerned are not logically solvable, and that debates on...
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That piracy needs to be addressed onshore is a widely shared assumption. While the majority of counter-piracy measures focus on the sea, a number of onshore counter-piracy initiatives have been launched. We can observe the seeds of an alternative land-based policy approach. One set of land-based programs aims at strengthening the legal and security...
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The dominant approach to counter-piracy strategy off Somalia is astonishingly narrow-minded. Deterrence, surveillance and military operations do not provide sustainable or efficient solutions; better strategic alternatives must draw on the lessons of 21st-century peace operations. This perspective leads to an understanding of counterpiracy as a pro...
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Controversy is at the heart of politics. Theories of practice offer a productive way of understanding controversies and potentially negotiating in them. In this paper, drawing on the work of Theodore Schatzki, Michel Callon and Bruno Latour, I introduce a heuristic for understanding controversies. I argue that what is often at stake in controversie...
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The end of the cold war saw several security analysts pose the question of whether academic security analysis was ―actually part of the solution or part of the problem‖, contributing more to the manufacturing of insecurity and threats than it did to ‗de-securitizing' contemporary politics. A normative dilemma was formulated: ―how to write or speak...
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Praktisches Wissen und Alltagshandlungen finden in der Disziplin Internationale Beziehungen (IB) nur selten Beachtung. Welche analytischen Vorteile es bietet, sich diesen »praktischen« Dimensionen zuzuwenden, und welche unterschiedlichen Herangehensweisen es gibt, zeigen wir in diesem Beitrag. Deutlich wird, dass eine praxistheoretische Ausrichtung...
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International Relations (IR) has cultivated the idea of a gap between the theory and the practice/praxis of IR. This division into two different spheres of knowledge is related to the predominant objectivist conception of science in IR, where the scientist is said to be observing reality from a distance without affecting it. Poststructuralists have...

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