Christa Kuehn

Christa Kuehn
Research Institute for Farm Animal Biology · Genome Biology

Prof. Dr.

About

213
Publications
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Publications

Publications (213)
Article
Full-text available
The insertion of an endogenous retroviral long terminal repeat (LTR) sequence into the bovine apolipoprotein B (APOB) gene is causal to the inherited genetic defect cholesterol deficiency (CD) observed in neonatal and young calves. Affected calves suffer from developmental abnormalities, symptoms of incurable diarrhoea and often die within weeks to...
Conference Paper
In equine parentage control, the current common practice is the use of an internationally agreed upon microsatellite (MS) marker panel. In German horse breeding the goal is to transition to a SNP-based parentage control system. To facilitate the change from one method to another, an intermediate solution is the imputation of MS markers based on SNP...
Article
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Circular intronic RNAs (ciRNAs) are still unexplored regarding mechanisms for their emergence. We considered the ATXN2L intron lariat-derived circular RNA (ciRNA-ATXN2L) as an opportunity to conduct a cross-species examination of ciRNA genesis. To this end, we investigated 207 datasets from 4 tissues and from 13 mammalian species. While in eight sp...
Article
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Reliability of genomic predictions is influenced by the size and genetic composition of the reference population. For German Warmblood horses, compilation of a reference population has been enabled through the cooperation of five German breeding associations. In this study, preliminary data from this joint reference population were used to genetica...
Article
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) hold gene regulatory potential, but require substantial further functional annotation in livestock. Applying two metabogenomic approaches by combining transcriptomic and metabolomic analyses, we aimed to identify lncRNAs with potential regulatory function for divergent nutrient partitioning of lactating crossbred cows...
Article
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Bovine mammary function at molecular level is often studied using mammary tissue or primary bovine mammary epithelial cells (pbMECs). However, bulk tissue and primary cells are heterogeneous with respect to cell populations, adding further transcriptional variation in addition to genetic background. Thus, understanding of the variation in gene expr...
Article
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Several recent studies have demonstrated the role of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in regulating the defense mechanism against parasite infections, but no studies are available that investigated their relevance for immune response to nematode infection in sheep. Thus, the aim of the current study was to (i) detect putative lncRNAs that are express...
Article
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Circular RNAs have been observed in a large number of species and tissues and are now recognized as a clear component of the transcriptome. Our study takes advantage of functional datasets produced within the FAANG consortium to investigate the pervasiveness of circular RNA transcription in farm animals. We describe here the circular transcriptiona...
Article
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Background: Tetradysmelia is a rare genetic disorder that is characterized by an extremely severe reduction of all limb parts distal of the scapula and pelvic girdle. We studied a Holstein Friesian backcross family with 24 offspring, among which six calves displayed autosomal recessive tetradysmelia. In order to identify the genetic basis of the di...
Article
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Most of the circRNAs reported to date originate from back splicing of a pre-mRNA, and these exonic circRNAs are termed canonical circRNAs. Our objective was to provide an overview of all other (non-canonical) circRNAs that do not originate from the junction of two exons and to characterize their common properties. Those generated through a failure...
Article
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The sequencing of total RNA depleted for ribosomal sequences remains the method of choice for the study of circRNAs. Our objective was to characterize non-canonical circRNAs, namely not originating from back splicing and circRNA produced by non-coding genes. To this end, we analyzed a dataset from porcine testis known to contain about 100 intron-de...
Article
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The premelanosome protein (PMEL) is important for fibril formation within melanosomes during vertebrate melanogenesis. Fibrils form a matrix for pigment deposition within pigmented tissues such as skin and hair. PMEL mutations are known to modulate eumelanic pigmentation in vertebrates. However, in bovines, PMEL mutations were also found to alter p...
Article
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Intramuscular fat (IMF) is a meat quality indicator associated with taste and juiciness. IMF deposition, influenced by genetic and non-genetic factors, occurs through a transcriptionally coordinated process of adipogenesis. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are transcriptional regulators of vital biological processes, including lipid metabolism and adipogenesis....
Article
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Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) can influence transcriptional and translational processes in mammalian cells and are associated with various developmental, physiological and phenotypic conditions. However, they remain poorly understood and annotated in livestock species. We combined phenotypic, metabolomics and liver transcriptomic data of bulls div...
Article
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Infection and inflammation of the mammary gland, and especially prevention of mastitis, are still major challenges for the dairy industry. Different approaches have been tried to reduce the incidence of mastitis. Genetic selection of cows with lower susceptibility to mastitis promises sustainable success in this regard. Bos taurus autosome (BTA) 18...
Article
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Mastitis is one of the major risks for public health and animal welfare in the dairy industry. Two of the most important pathogens to cause mastitis in dairy cattle are Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and Escherichia coli (E. coli). While S. aureus generally induces a chronic and subclinical mastitis, E. coli is an important etiological pathogen...
Conference Paper
Seit über zwei Jahrzehnten wird die Abstammungskontrolle für Pferde in Deutschland über das von der International Society for Animal Genetics empfohlene Abstammungspanel mit Mikrosatelliten (MS) durchgeführt. Im Rahmen der geplanten Einführung der genomischen Selektion beim deutschen Warmblutpferd soll in naher Zukunft die Umstellung auf ein SNP-ba...
Article
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Background: In dairy herds, mastitis causes detrimental economic losses. Genetic selection offers a sustainable tool to select animals with reduced susceptibility towards postpartum diseases. Studying underlying mechanisms is important to assess the physiological processes that cause differences between selected haplotypes. Therefore, the objectiv...
Article
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Background: Genomic regions associated with divergent livestock feed efficiency have been found predominantly outside protein coding sequences. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNA) can modulate chromatin accessibility, gene expression and act as important metabolic regulators in mammals. By integrating phenotypic, transcriptomic, and metabolomic data with...
Article
The susceptibility of animals to periparturient diseases has a great effect on the economic efficiency of dairy industries, on the frequency of antibiotic treatment, and on animal welfare. The use of selection for breeding cows with reduced susceptibility to diseases offers a sustainable tool to improve dairy cattle farming. Several studies have fo...
Article
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The original article [1] contained an error whereby the captions to Figs 2 and 3 were mistakenly inverted; this has now been corrected.
Article
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Background: A major challenge in modern medicine and animal husbandry is the issue of antimicrobial resistance. One approach to solving this potential medical hazard is the selection of farm animals with less susceptibility to infectious diseases. Recent advances in functional genome analysis and quantitative genetics have opened the horizon to ap...
Article
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Retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4) facilitates the transport of retinol in the body but is also an adipokine and fatty acid transporter. Our study was aimed at investigating the associations between RBP4 abundance and fat deposition in cattle. Blood samples of 246 crossbred bulls were taken at 8 months of age and at slaughter at 18 months of age for...
Article
To investigate the dynamics of circRNA expression in pig testes, we designed specific strategies to individually study circRNA production from intron lariats and circRNAs originating from back-splicing of two exons. By applying these methods on seven Total-RNA-seq datasets sampled during the testicular puberty, we detected 126 introns in 114 genes...
Article
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Background: In the mammary gland transcriptome of lactating dairy cows genes encoding milk proteins are highly abundant, which can impair the detection of lowly expressed transcripts and can bias the outcome in global transcriptome analyses. Therefore, the aim of this study was to develop and evaluate a method to deplete extremely highly expressed...
Article
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High ambient temperature has multiple potential effects on the organism such as hyperthermia, endotoxemia, and/or systemic inflammation. However, it is often difficult to discriminate between cause and consequence of phenotypic effects, such as the indirect influence of heat stress via reduced food intake. Lactating dairy cows are a particularly se...
Article
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The study of selection signatures helps to find genomic regions that have been under selective pressure and might host genes or variants that modulate important phenotypes. Such knowledge improves our understanding of how breeding programmes have shaped the genomes of livestock. In this study, 942 stallions were included from four, exemplarily chos...
Data
Breed specific significant integrated Haplotype Score (iHS) signals (-log10(p-value) ≥ 4.0) in Trakehner, Holsteiner, Hanoverian and Oldenburger. (DOC)
Data
Breed specific Runs of Homozygosity (ROH) in Holsteiner, Hanoverian, Oldenburger and Trakehner. ROH were shared by at least 33 percent of all individuals (N = 942) in the sample set. (DOC)
Conference Paper
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In modern livestock production systems resource efficiency and nutrient transformation play a crucial role for optimal animal husbandry and economic success. Animals expressing divergent metabolic phenotypes under identical environmental conditions have conjectured genetic differences, many of which may be found outside protein coding regions. Whil...
Article
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Adequate metabolic adaptation of key tissues playing an essential role for bioenergetic homeostasis and lactogenesis is critical in cows to adapt to changes in energy requirements and physiological processes during the lactation period. Mitochondria are recognized as central to meet energy needs and maintaining of metabolic homeostasis because mito...
Conference Paper
High temperatures jeopardize animal welfare of dairy cows. During periods of hot weather, leaky gut syndrome, characterized by impaired gut integrity, may occur. Diminished intestinal barrier facilitates penetration of toxic and bacterial compounds, leading to increased inflammation in jejunum and reflected by increased appearance of immune cells....
Article
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Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) emerged as important regulatory component of mechanisms involved in gene expression, chromatin modification and epigenetic processes, but they are rarely annotated in the bovine genome. Our study monitored the jejunum transcriptome of German Holstein calves fed two different milk diets using transcriptome sequencing (R...
Article
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Transcriptome analyses of bovine muscle tissue differing in intramuscular fat (IMF) content identified agouti signaling protein (ASIP) as a promising candidate gene for fat deposition. The protein is secreted from adipocytes and may serve as a signaling molecule in cross-talk between adipocytes and muscle fibers or other cells. Known receptors for...
Article
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There is increasing evidence that nutrition during early mammalian life has a strong influence on health and performance in later life. However, there are conflicting data concerning the appropriate milk diet. This discrepancy particularly applies to ruminants, a group of mammals that switch from monogastric status to rumination during weaning. Lit...
Article
Birth weight differences have been shown to affect body composition in pigs and other species. However, data on effects of birth weight differences on morphological and cellular traits of carcass in bulls with a longer fattening period are scarce. Consequently, we have analyzed 2 groups of bulls from an experimental F2 cross (Charolais × Holstein)...
Poster
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The etiology determines extent and quality of the immune response after an udder infection (mastitis). Gram negative bacteria (eg. Escherichia coli) will quickly elicit strong inflammation of the udder, fully activate its immune defence and often eradicate the pathogen. In contrast, Gram-positive bacteria (eg. Staphylococcus aureus) will slowly eli...
Article
Appearance, distribution, and amount of intramuscular fat (IMF), often referred to as marbling, are highly variable and depend on environmental and genetic factors. On the molecular level, the concerted action of several drivers, including hormones, receptors, transcription factors, etc., determines where clusters of adipocytes arise. Therefore, th...
Article
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Thyroid hormone responsive protein (THRSP) is known to be involved in lipogenic processes in rodents. In cattle, THRSP could be a potential molecular marker for intramuscular fat (IMF) deposition since mRNA abundance was frequently found to be increased in skeletal muscle with high IMF content compared to those with low IMF. The aim of this study w...
Article
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Background Categorical traits without ordinal representation of classes do not qualify for threshold models. Alternatively, the multinomial problem can be assessed by a sequence of independent binary contrasts using schemes such as one-vs-all or one-vs-one. Class probabilities can be arrived at by normalization or pair-wise coupling strategies. We...
Article
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The “rat-tail” syndrome (RTS) is an inherited hypotrichosis in cattle, which is exclusively expressed in diluted coloured hair. The affected animals also suffer from disturbed thermoregulation, which impairs their health and growth performance. Phenotypic features that are similar to RTS are observed in dogs with black hair follicle dysplasia. We u...
Article
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Usually, reads from transcriptome sequencing data unmapped to the target species reference genome are disregarded. A recent RNAseq project on the new fatal disease Bovine Neonatal Pancytopenia had indicated an unexplained immune response signature to a double stranded RNA virus. To unravel its background, contigs were de novo assembled from unmappe...
Article
Genome-wide association studies in livestock based on high-resolution genotyping and sequencing have revealed that the majority of signals associated with complex phenotypic traits are located outside of annotated protein-coding regions in the genome. The approaches of next-generation sequencing applied to whole transcriptome and chromatin profiles...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Early dietary nutrition plan in calves is crucial for later appropriate heifer and cow performance. However, there is controversy about the appropriate milk supply during the first weeks of life. Currently, there is only limited knowledge about the genome-wide expression pattern for juvenile intestine. Thus, we performed a next-generation-sequencin...
Article
Full-text available
Background MHC class I genotyping is essential for a wide range of biomedical, immunological and biodiversity applications. Whereas in human a comprehensive MHC class I allele catalogue is available, respective data in non-model species is scarce in spite of decades of research. Results Taking advantage of the new high-throughput RNA sequencing te...