Chris Stary

Chris Stary
Johannes Kepler University Linz | JKU · Institute of Business Information Systems - Communications Engineering

Professor
Emergent Systems Engineering

About

499
Publications
65,725
Reads
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2,837
Citations
Introduction
Chris Stary currently works at the Institute of Business Informatics- Communications Engineering, Johannes Kepler University Linz. Chris does research in Learning Support, Digital Twins, Model-based Design, Distributed Information Systems Engineering, Knowledge Elicitation and Representation. His current focus is on emergence of behavior models.
Additional affiliations
July 2017 - July 2017
University of Rostock
Position
  • Lecturer
September 1995 - present
Johannes Kepler University Linz
Description
  • www.ce.jku.at
August 1990 - August 1991
Florida International University
Position
  • Visiting Professor
Education
March 1984 - September 1988
TU Wien
Field of study
  • Computer Science
October 1981 - January 1985
University of Vienna
Field of study
  • Philosophy, Psychology, Pedagogy
October 1978 - January 1983
TU Wien
Field of study
  • Computer Science

Publications

Publications (499)
Chapter
Full-text available
In diesem Artikel gehen wir auf erkenntnistheoretische Konstrukte der Design Science und der damit verbundenen Vorgehensweise zur Erschließung von Anforderungen an praxisorientierte Lösungen in organisationalem Kontext und damit verbundener Designzyklen ein. Wir nutzen die Erkenntnisse der neueren Forschung zu Realismus und Wahrheit, um eine diesbe...
Article
Full-text available
This paper reports three exploratory empirical studies with older adults that had little or no prior experience with interactive technologies. The participants were introduced to interactive technology by playing games on touchscreens, playing in pairs with the assistance of a mentor. We focus on two principle aspects, the peer-to-peer interaction...
Article
Full-text available
Digital Twins (DT) as digital representations are increasingly becoming operational design tools in a variety of contexts. Although a common understanding of the concept and the underlying development procedure would facilitate DT applications, only limited information has been published on the essential stages of development and fundamental develo...
Conference Paper
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We discuss the engineering of so-called ‘humanoid’ socio-technical settings mimicking cognitive and social skills. We discuss the influence of Artificial Intelligence (AI) on digital selves. We introduce relevant approaches to awareness and the emergence of consciousness in artificial agents. We define mandatory properties of digital selves so that...
Conference Paper
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Project-based learning (PjBL) allows learners to focus on a topic of their interest and apply the presented and acquired knowledge in their current (work) practice. When applied in institutional contexts, these particularities have to be recognized for stakeholder-centered learning support. In this paper we report on identifying and designing value...
Article
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Keeping humans in the loop or bringing them back into the loop in dynamically changing socio-technical or socio-hybrid systems requires the human-centered arrangement of system designs and the adoption of digital artefacts according to human capabilities and needs. When transhumanist developments increasingly propagate through society, digital sens...
Conference Paper
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This paper introduces the project "Digital Sensemaking" (DIGI-Sense) that tackles human needs in the envisioned digital revolution (Industry4.0, humanoid robots, Internet of Behaviours, Cyber-Physical-Systems) to enable meaningful transformation processes. Psychologists of work argue that digitalization at the workplace can lead to an overflow of i...
Article
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Digital Twins are digital models of Cyber-Physical Systems to enable not only continuous monitoring but also active functional improvement of networked services, physical products, machines and devices. This capacity is of utmost importance when recognizing and exploring business opportunities in terms of organizational and technology innovations,...
Article
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published in EDeR – Educational Design Research An International Journal for Design-Based Research in Education https://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/EDeR/firstonline Background: The lack of commonly accepted models of educational Design-based Research (DBR) hinders the effectiveness of knowledge transfer and theory development in this field. Such m...
Conference Paper
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We report on the development of a capacity-building system in Cyber-Physical System (CPS) development, with the goal of educating engineering-interested students and workforce with multidisciplinary skills to meet the increasing demand for skilled developers and informed users. A mixed-mode structure of tangibles and digital twins is central to the...
Conference Paper
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Keeping humans in the loop or bringing them back into the loop in dynamically changing socio-technical systems requires the human-centered arrangement of system designs and the adoption of digital artefacts according to human capabilities and needs. Design-integrated engineering of System-of-Systems (SoS) facilitates the complex interplay of cyber-...
Chapter
In this chapter, we discuss a complex adaptive system modeling approach of ecosystems targeting the pragmatic aspect when grasping a certain situation through semantic role modeling. The approach supports System-of-Systems thinking and is exemplified by a concrete case from institutional education. An essential aspect is the communication behavior...
Chapter
We present the most important landmarks in computation and computing which contributed to the current state of the art in computer science. They constitute a prerequisite for digital twins, and their upgrade to digital selves through socio-emotional intelligence.
Article
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Connectivity is key to the latest technologies propagating into everyday life. Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) and Internet-of-Things (IoT) applications enable users, machines, and technologically enriched objects (‘Things’) to sense, communicate, and interact with their environment. Albeit making human beings’ lives more comfortable, these systems co...
Chapter
We describe problems of social orders (social dilemma situations), and we discuss whether these problems will emerge during the cooperation of digital selves.
Chapter
In this chapter, we provide some data on the origin of digital twins and provide insight why we consider them crucial for today when it comes to digital transformation. We also are projecting future developments in the context of humanoid socio-technical systems.
Book
Full-text available
Since digital twins increasingly become high fidelity digital models of eco-systems and their dynamic evolvement (cf. Durão et al., 2018) in the first part of this book we provide information on their background and their development in the context of Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) and their industrial application. We discuss the engineering of so-ca...
Chapter
Starting out with human behavior variability in the context of a sample case, we demonstrate positioning algorithmic twin execution utilizing the findings from Part II and thus embodying socio-emotional intelligence.
Chapter
In this chapter, we model jealousy of agent-based stochastic interactions from a very different perspective. We study the impact of jealousy to cooperation models by using dynamic artificial agents and agent populations following combined characteristics. We simulate a dynamic multi-player public goods game, and we use the Business Transaction Theo...
Chapter
Contextual adaptation requires behavior modification and is facilitated through executable models. System-of-Systems thinking features dynamic adaptation given specific situations, such as handling an emergency case of or within a system.
Chapter
In this chapter, we present the areas constituting agent-based social simulation, and we give a short overview on game theory. The given explanations should sufficiently contribute to the understanding of the next chapters. We argue why game theory is such a powerful theory in modeling intra agent behavior of huge crowds.
Chapter
In this chapter, we first motivate a behavior-centered perspective on representing development knowledge, such as digital twins which serve as baseline and frame of reference for design and execution. The introduced design-integrated engineering approach is based on role understanding of autonomous while federated actors.
Chapter
We introduce the concept of System-of-Systems, as it facilitates taking a dedicated perspective on CPS in the course of design and adaptation of behavior in a complex adaptive system. System-of-Systems thinking reduces complexity by considering functional behavior and socio-emotional capabilities in an integrative while situation-sensitive way.
Chapter
The construction of digital behavior models by means of behavior modeling embedding emotional aspects is generalized for further developments. We show a top-down approach to creating behavior-oriented digital selves representations. We recapture respective development principles, with the focus on functional, socio-emotional, and communication beha...
Chapter
We describe the relationship between social norms and emotions and the role of jealousy in socioeconomic conflicts. We capture the different types of jealousy exemplifying socio-emotional behavior. A short overview of state-of-the-art modeling is presented to capture the social environment of actors or agents. The methodology for a deterministic ap...
Chapter
We discuss how consciousness emerges in human brains and speculate whether it can also emerge in computational substrates. We discuss the relevance of emotional aspects for cognitive architectures, and we characterize the future role of artificial intelligence.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Recognizing business opportunities in a timely and accurate way is crucial for business operation today. Due to steadily improving technologies in almost all areas relevant for organizations, organizational actors need multifac-eted support when digital transformation processes are instantiated, targeting technology utilization for business opportu...
Article
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Cyber-Physical Production Systems (CPPS) form the basis of the next industrial revolution. However, many manufacturing companies are reluctant to adopt this disruptive technology due to a lack of know-how and a high project risk. In this paper, we present the development of a design tool that addresses common challenges of CPPS engineering, includi...
Conference Paper
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Cyber-Physical System (CPS) development becomes challenging when digital representations, so-called Digital Twin (DT) models, are synchronized with physical counterparts for real-time design and control. Learner support requires transparent and intelligible capacity building tools to grasp the idea of such complex systems and develop integrated des...
Chapter
The domain of Subject-oriented Business Process Management (S-BPM) is somewhat outstanding due to its embracing of Subject Orientation. However, at the same time, it is also a classic BPM domain concerned with typical aspects like creation and exchange of diagrammatic process models, elicitation of domain knowledge, and implementing process (models...
Article
Full-text available
Makerspaces have gained momentum, not only due to novel manufacturing technologies but also the need for qualified workforce in production industries. Capacity building should not follow ad hoc procedures or arbitrary project designs to qualify for digital production, but rather should still leave room for creativity. As such, the quest has arisen...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Autonomy has been touted to be a major asset of Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) and its components. By intertwining non-physical and physical processes they seamlessly integrate interdependent computational and physical components. In this contribution we take a closer look on structural constellations of CPS and their components that refer to autonom...
Article
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Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) form the new backbone of digital ecosystems. Upcoming CPS will be operated on a unifying basis, the Internet of Behaviors (IoB). It features autonomous while federated CPS architectures and requires corresponding behavior modeling for design and control. CPS design and control involves stakeholders in different roles wi...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper reports three exploratory empirical studies with older adults that had little or no prior experience with interactive technologies. The participants were introduced to interactive technology by playing games on touchscreens, playing in pairs with the assistance of a mentor. We focus on two principle aspects, the peer-to-peer interaction...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Volatile environments, such as today's digital eco systems, require dynamically adaptable infrastructures and technologies. In order to keep up with ongoing developments, stakeholder operation can benefit from enriching processes with features for effective capacity building. Consequently, learning technologies need to be coupled with workflow comp...
Chapter
This contribution investigates co-creative system design in transhuman settings based on a reflective learning approach. Transhuman settings can be understood as systems of co-creation and co-evolution, laying the groundwork for development processes informed by educational reflection principles. A communication framework and system architecture ut...
Conference Paper
The advent of makerspaces has increased access and utilization of facilities for digital production. They can be of benefit for timely education, not only for qualifying existing workforce in production industries, but also for attracting students in production-related domains. We discuss the case of a regional makerspace and its first evaluation s...
Article
Full-text available
"Technik bringt das „Noch-nicht-Seiende zum Vorschein“ Im Licht dieser Aussage von Ernst Bloch wird deutlich, warum es gerade bei der gegenwärtigen Entwicklung der Naturwissenschaften und Technik wichtig ist, zu präzisieren, was unter Realismus zu verstehen ist und die Notwendigkeit der Überwindung des naiven Realismus und jeder Form von AntiRealis...
Chapter
Full-text available
The development of industry 4.0 (I4.0) systems is increasingly conceptualised as a configuration process during which components are selected and associated to compose a desired system. This paper presents an approach to configuring I4.0 systems in a distributed way involving the various stakeholders. It is termed Tindustry, as it is inspired by co...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper explores representational capabilities of S-BPM for task-based CPS design, in order to meet Cyber-Physical System particularities throughout development and operation. Essential functional properties of CPS are derived from conceptual and empirical studies. As tasks are the foundation for functional design of operational support systems,...
Chapter
Full-text available
The next generation Internet-of-Things (IoT) is touted Internet-of-Behavior (IoB). Its topping quality is the dynamic generation of behavior (prescriptions), based on extensive data analytics. Although this can be of benefit for timely adaptation, it requires qualified representation and informed design capabilities to understand its impact on indi...
Article
Full-text available
This contribution intends to raise awareness of connectedness in the continuous digitalization of society and organizations. It suggests points of reflection when being tracked by Internet-of-Things systems, which in turn encourage or discourage behavior. The question arises: How much digital facilitation is necessary and when does algorithmic over...
Presentation
Full-text available
While recognizing digital transformation processes based on Artificial Intelligence reveal fundamental essentials about the structure of our world and the way we design our living as well as digital artefacts. Why not fuse digital and human-driven approaches to realize their collective creation capabilities? At the conference we are interested how...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Goal: Identifying support from Knowledge Management (KM) frameworks and Risk Management to build collective intelligence for handling systemic crises, triggered by the Corona virus disease 2019 (Covid-19) Design / Methodology / Approach: Conceptual analysis of frameworks and their operationalization to handle crises and risks embodying findings f...
Data
Includes an elaborated version of underlying concept and tool
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Goal: Stakeholder-centered knowledge elicitation and acquisition for study counseling and informed decision making on the selection of study programs and study locations Design / Methodology / Approach: Design-Based Research embodying Value Network Analysis and Repertory Grids Results: A stakeholder-centered methodology for co-creating value networ...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The development of industry 4.0 (I4.0) systems is increasingly conceptualised as a configuration process during which components are selected and associated to compose a desired system. This paper presents an approach to configuring I4.0 systems in a distributed way involving the various stakeholders. It is termed Tindustry, as it is inspired by co...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Interdisciplinary dialogue is based on in-depth understanding of different disciplines and methods. Within Cognitive Science the process of mutual learning can be successfully promoted by epistemologists. We propose epistemological reflection to be used in interdisciplinary research between Computer Science, Cognitive Psychology, and Philosophy. It...
Conference Paper
The emergence of customized services and products utilizing Internet-of-Things (IoT) systems requires specific design skills. Developers need to understand IoT systems as complex hardware/software systems of highly dynamic nature, coherently connected to design representations, such as digital twins. While the importance of designing a use or busin...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The emergence of customized services and products utilizing Internet-of-Things (IoT) systems requires specific design skills. Developers need to understand IoT systems as complex hardware/software systems of highly dynamic nature, coherently connected to design representations, such as digital twins. While the importance of designing a use or busin...
Chapter
Preface Our future is the world we are going to live in, attracting our fantasies, speculations, fears and hopes. We really would like to know something about it and want to be prepared. Therefore, we observe trends. An obvious trend is that our world gets more and more connected. Information is seamlessly following and doing this quickly. We learn...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper proposes a method for iterative engineering of cyber-physical production systems (CPPS) that allows early testing of virtual prototypes and early involvement of domain experts. It is based on behaviour-driven development (BDD) from agile software engineering, which is adapted to address a set of issues relevant for CPPS engineering inclu...
Article
Full-text available
Elderly people often struggle to keep up with digital advancements, particularly given the fast pace of such developments and the increasing need to interact with novel devices in everyday life. To include elderly people in ongoing socio-technological developments, we aim to overcome the barriers to learning and adoption such older adults may face....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The next generation Internet-of-Things (IoT) is touted Internet-of-Behavior (IoB). Its topping quality is the dynamic generation of behavior (prescriptions), based on extensive data analytics. Although this can be of benefit for timely adaptation, it requires qualified representation and informed design capabili-ties to understand its impact on ind...
Article
Full-text available
This contribution intends to raise awareness on connectedness in continuous digitization of society and organizations. It suggests points of reflection when being tracked by Internet-of-Things systems which in turn encourage or discourage behavior. The question arises: How much digital facilitation is necessary and when is algorithmic overdependenc...
Preprint
Full-text available
When practically working towards the common good and cooperation as value above profit-orientation and competitive advantage, the transformation of conventional business operation on the process level helps to make relevant changes explicit. Its implementation requires engineering skills and semantic behavior representations. In our analytical and...
Article
Full-text available
When academic students are introduced to scientific work, they need to become familiar with how to select a research topic, to identify research goals, and to structure a research project accordingly. In Business Informatics, research practice is increasingly following a design science approach. In this contribution, we introduce a corresponding di...
Chapter
Full-text available
With the specification of effective and efficient processes, the foundation for their implementation has been laid. Following these preparatory activities, we now deal with the implementation of process specifications in an execution environment and the handling of process instances in live operation. The implementation of a process specification a...
Chapter
Full-text available
The following case study shows how some of the previously described BPM concepts, methods and languages were used to improve a core process of a company. On the basis of the individual aspects of the open BPM cycle their instantiation and intertwining will be demonstrated as occurring in a real industrial development project. In the following, the...
Chapter
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There is no organization without processes. When people want to collaborate, they use the necessary tools and coordinate their activities to reach the desired result. Since such activities can not only be carried out by humans, but also by machines and computers, their activities must also be included when aligning human requirements and technical...
Chapter
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Modeling languages determine the concepts that can be used to describe an extract from perceived reality and how these concepts can be put into mutual relationship. Modeling languages thus provide the vocabulary and the grammar needed to represent real-life situations in models. They will subsequently be considered in a structured way.
Chapter
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The aim of the process preparation in the sense of a subsequent implementation is a precise description of the process with a description of the process strategy and process logic. The preparation includes the activity bundles on the left side of the open cycle, i.e., analysis, modeling, validation and optimization (see figure below). The result of...
Chapter
Full-text available
In the previous chapters, we have shown that what happens in organizations (companies, administrations, etc.) is based on models from various disciplines. Business models, which represent enterprise architectures with models for products and services, organizational structure, processes, data and IT infrastructure, describe in which area a company...
Chapter
Full-text available
In the previous chapters we have considered the means for describing the sequence of activities executed in a process. In the course of digitalization, processes in an organization and, in particular across organizations, are becoming more complex. In order to describe them nonetheless in a transparent way, it is necessary to organize them as netwo...
Chapter
Full-text available
In the previous chapter we outlined the various aspects of Business Process Management. Since models are often used in practice to describe these aspects, the following sections will first look in more detail at the tasks and properties of models and modeling. We then present examples of models from various areas of expertise that in our experience...
Article
Full-text available
Der Erfolg kreativer Expertenorganisationen basiert auf generiertem Wissen und Zukunftspotenzial. Das vorgestellte Instrument zu Wissenscontrolling zeichnet sich durch seine kompakte und kontextuelle Darstellung auf Basis wahrgenommener Tätigkeitsprofile aus. Es ermöglicht operativ tätigen Fachkräften ebenso wie Führungsverantwortlichen Wissensmana...