Chris Snider

Chris Snider
University of Bristol | UB · Department of Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical Engineering

About

79
Publications
17,135
Reads
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1,199
Citations
Citations since 2017
52 Research Items
1138 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500
Additional affiliations
August 2021 - present
University of Bristol
Position
  • Lecturer
May 2017 - July 2021
University of Bristol
Position
  • Lecturer
September 2013 - April 2017
University of Bristol
Position
  • Research Associate

Publications

Publications (79)
Article
Full-text available
As a mechanism through which better solutions are developed, creativity is well-recognised as an important part of the engineering design process, but has to date largely only been studied in general or in early design process stages. This paper aims to study the occurrence of creative behaviour in engineering design with a particular focus on the...
Article
Full-text available
Due to the situational and contextual individuality of engineering work, the in-progress monitoring and assessment of those factors that contribute to the success and performance in a given scenario poses a distinct and unresolved challenge, with heavy reliance on managerial skill and interpretation. Termed engineering project health management (EP...
Article
Full-text available
While there has been a recent growth of interest in the Digital Twin, a variety of definitions employed across industry and academia remain. There is a need to consolidate research such to maintain a common understanding of the topic and ensure future research efforts are to be based on solid foundations. Through a systematic literature review and...
Article
Full-text available
The integration of virtual and physical workflow is a major ongoing trend in engineering, with substantial potential for benefit during design development stages. Within this trend, the emerging field of Mixed Reality technologies provide capability to couple the virtual and physical realms in design prototyping. Applications to date remain ad-hoc...
Article
Full-text available
This paper introduces anarchic manufacturing, an extremely distributed planning and control philosophy, as the methodology for planning and controlling future smart factories. Anarchic manufacturing delegates decision-making authority and autonomy to the lowest level of entities in system elements with no centralised control or oversight. It is oft...
Chapter
Prototyping in New Product Development (NPD) encompasses a broad selection of methods used to generate knowledge about a product or process. Whilst some methods focus on the creation of a prototype in its intended domain, others centre on its testing and evaluation, contributing to an understanding of the prototype’s performance against a set of de...
Preprint
Full-text available
Presented at Design Computing and Cognition DCC'22. J.S. Gero (ed). Preprint to be published in Springer Nature 2022. Awarded runner up for best computing paper.
Article
COVID-19 and global crises/events are driving governments to rethink their national manufacturing strategies. The drastic change of societal conditions has exposed our reliance on a constrained set of production practices. Furthermore, the future manufacturing landscape indicates - supply chain crises, trade agreements and natural disasters - a hig...
Article
Full-text available
Prototyping uses many models over its process, with varying strength and weakness offered by those in the physical vs digital domains. Working across domains is necessary but introduces a transition cost, process complexities, and risks lost learning. Drawing from Digital Twinning, this work explores the creation of integrated physical-digital prot...
Article
Full-text available
Prototyping is a well-established and valued design process activity. However, capturing prototypes and the tacit knowledge that led to and was gained from their creation is a challenge. Beyond that, questions remain on how best to utilise that captured data. This paper looks at how one can exploit and generate insights from data that has been capt...
Article
Full-text available
Whilst remanufacture is identified as a key enabler for sustainable manufacture in future industry, its role within the context of new product development remains unclear. Where prototypes often go through multiple iterations with varying degrees of change, could remanufacture be adopted to reduce the time and cost components of design iteration? T...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper provides an overview and appraisal of the International Design Engineering Annual (IDEA) challenge - a virtually hosted design hackathon run with the aim of generating a design research dataset that can provide insights into design activities at virtually hosted hackathons. The resulting dataset consists of 200+ prototypes with over 1300...
Article
Full-text available
The act of prototyping is a key element of the design process. However, capturing information on how prototypes evolve and influence one another is a complex problem. This paper presents an iterative evolution to a prototyping capture platform, termed Pro2Booth, designed to address the shortcomings encountered in previous systems. The Pro2Booth har...
Chapter
Since the 1980s society has been largely satisfied with modern manufacturing’s production practice. We are able to develop supply chains that can produce today’s highly complex and advanced products and are able to scale mass production to meet much of society’s demands.
Chapter
Additive Manufacturing (AM) machines are a highly flexible manufacturing capability capable of producing a wide range of products. One feature that enables this is the ability to change materials in a relatively short time. For example, Fused Deposition Modelling (FDM) printers can be quickly and easily reconfigured to print in different materials...
Article
Full-text available
This paper demonstrates that a distributed control and planning system can fulfil an idealised mixed-model assembly problem and compete with traditional systems. The anarchic manufacturing system is a distributed planning and control system, based on a free market structure, where system elements have decision-making authority and autonomy. Mixed-m...
Article
Full-text available
Physical prototyping during early stage design typically represents an iterative process. Commonly, a single prototype will be used throughout the process, with its form being modified as the design evolves. If the form of the prototype is not captured as each iteration occurs understanding how specific design changes impact upon the satisfaction o...
Article
Full-text available
Whilst prior works have characterised the affordances of prototyping methods in terms of generating knowledge about a product or process, the types, or ‘dimensions’ of knowledge towards which they contribute are not fully understood. In this paper we adapt the concept of ‘design domains’ as a method to interpret, and better understand the contribut...
Article
Full-text available
Design is multi-modal, and depending on the current stage in the process, progress can be facilitated through working in either the physical or virtual domain with frequent iterations commonly required between. Traditionally, prototyping workflows are sequential, although current trends such as Digital Twinning and Mixed Reality (MR) enable decreas...
Article
Full-text available
The importance of prototyping is unanimous with numerous studies into the media, types, roles and properties of prototypes. However, no recent papers have sought to examine and characterise industry practice and if and how this has changed since the early 2000s. To address this, a snapshot of industrial prototyping practice with particular attentio...
Preprint
Full-text available
Whilst prior works have characterised the affordances of prototyping methods in terms of generating knowledge about a product or process, the types, or 'dimensions' of knowledge towards which they contribute are not fully understood. In this paper we adapt the concept of 'design domains' as a method to interpret, and better understand the contribut...
Preprint
Full-text available
Prior work has shown Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) trained on surrogate Computer Aided Design (CAD) models are able to detect and classify real-world artefacts from photographs. The applications of which support twinning of digital and physical assets in design, including rapid extraction of part geometry from model repositories, information...
Article
Full-text available
Modern version control strategies are highly capable at supporting the management of virtual artefacts. The process of developing a new product, however, is not limited to virtual artefacts. Today’s fast-paced industrial processes require a diverse range of both virtual and physical artefacts to explore, refine, and evaluate designs. These virtual...
Article
Full-text available
Prototyping is an indispensable activity in product development that facilitates the generation of knowledge in the design process. It is crucial that this knowledge is the right knowledge (e.g., type, fidelity, and accessibility) to ensure stakeholders can evaluate and decision-make effectively. While this is well-recognised, prior work has focuse...
Article
Full-text available
Prior work has shown Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) trained on surrogate Computer Aided Design (CAD) models are able to detect and classify real-world artefacts from photographs. The applications of which support twinning of digital and physical assets in design, including rapid extraction of part geometry from model repositories, information...
Article
Full-text available
Engineering and the manner in which engineers think is largely visual and functional, and yet engineers are typically provided with search engines that are text-based. While software based on a visual and functional ethos exist (CAD for example), when searching for information engineers are still required to enter a text query into a search box. Th...
Article
Manufacturers are poorly equipped to manage product transition scenarios, when moving from one product to another. Most tools consider a mature system, yet during transition and ramp up disturbances and inefficiency are common. The traditional methods, using centralised planning and control structures are too rigid and often resort to simple dispat...
Article
Full-text available
During engineering design, designers employ three types of model: physical, virtual and cognitive. The role and contribution of each is documented in literature albeit fragmented in nature. Consequentially, a gap in understanding exists in terms of how these models and the transitions between them impact the designer and design process. This paper...
Article
Full-text available
Design structure matrices (DSMs) are widely known for their ability to support engineers in the management of dependencies across product and organisational architectures. Recent work in the field has exploited product lifecycle management systems to generate DSMs via the co-occurrence of edits to engineering files. These are referred to as dynamic...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper looks at city scale visualisation during concept generation as a method to engage citizens with city planning. A Virtual Reality based platform is proposed, prototyped and piloted. The platform, City Blocks, utilises an abstracted physical design kit and a generated, explorable digital twin to visualise and analyse concepts. It is found...
Article
Full-text available
Physical prototyping is critical activity in the produce development process, but the cost and time required to produce prototypes hinders it use in the design process. Hybrid prototyping through coupling LEGO and FDM printing is presented as an approach to address these issues. After establishing the separate design rules for FDM printing and LEGO...
Article
Full-text available
The democratisation of design permits greater stakeholder involvement in what has traditionally been a domain reserved for experts; the design process itself. This is enabled by technological advances in fields such as 3D printing, virtual reality and high-speed peer to peer communication technologies which have fuelled the development of new and i...
Article
Full-text available
While extensive modelling - both physical and virtual - is imperative to develop right-first-time products, the parallel use of virtual and physical models gives rise to two interrelated issues: the lack of revision control for physical prototypes; and the need for designers to manually inspect, measure, and interpret modifications to either virtua...
Article
Full-text available
This paper introduces Hybrid Prototyping as a way to couple different prototyping methods; combining their complementary affordances and mitigating their limitations. To characterise and investigate this approach, a simulation-based study was conducted into the coupling of low-cost 3D printing and LEGO®. Key benefits hypothesised are reduced fabric...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper contributes to a better understanding and design of dashboards for monitoring of engineering projects based on the projects’ digital footprint and user-centered design approach.
Article
Full-text available
As manufacturing is moving from mass production to mass customisation in the age of Industry 4.0, companies are forced to embrace complexity to gain a competitive advantage using the emerging paradigm of digital smart manufacturing. However, with this increasing complicatedness and complexity, traditional hierarchical and centralised models may not...
Article
Full-text available
Paying a premium in a cloud manufacturing free market environment will benefit a customer during steady state scenarios, however during disruption this benefit diminishes to zero; dependent on the degree of disruption. These customers will recover quicker from disruptions, but the returns are small compared to the relative increase in cost. A cloud...
Article
Full-text available
Balancing multiple conflicting objectives is a problem faced by all manufacturers, with on-time performance and cash position as two important examples. This study compares the effect of changing demand and priority of conflicting objectives within conventional, centralised, hierarchical systems and anarchic distributed systems, via agent-based sim...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The development of new technology has been identified as one of the key enablers to support business and economic growth in developed countries. For example, the United Kingdom (UK) has invested £968 Million into the creation of Catapult centres to provide 'pull through' of low Technology Readiness Level (TRL) research and science. While these Cata...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The use of Mixed Reality (MR) tools can improve information retrieval, collaboration and decision making, thus aiding the management of buildings within the operation and maintenance (O&M) lifecycle stages. In this paper, we focus on the use of MR in visualising BIM data to aid building lifecycle management. This paper compares current and emerging...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Modern engineering work, both project-based and operations, is replete with complexity and variety making the effective development of detailed understanding of work underway difficult, which in turn impacts on management and assurance of performance. Leveraging the digital nature of modern engineering work, recent research has demonstrated the cap...
Chapter
Full-text available
The development of new technology has been identified as one of the key enablers to support business and economic growth in developed countries. For example, the United Kingdom (UK) has invested £968 Million into the creation of Catapult centres to provide ‘pull through’ of low Technology Readiness Level (TRL) research and science. While these Cata...
Chapter
Full-text available
The use of Mixed Reality (MR) tools can improve information retrieval, collaboration and decision making, thus aiding the management of buildings within the operation and maintenance (O&M) lifecycle stages. In this paper, we focus on the use of MR in visualising BIM data to aid building lifecycle management.
Chapter
Full-text available
Modern engineering work, both project-based and operations, is replete with complexity and variety making the effective development of detailed understanding of work underway difficult, which in turn impacts on management and assurance of performance.
Article
Full-text available
Significant challenge exists in the effective monitoring and management of engineering design and development projects. Due to traits such as contextual variation and scale, detailed understanding of engineering projects and activity are difficult to form, with monitoring hence reliant on interpretation of managerial personnel and adherence to defi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Performance of engineering design and development projects depends on myriad factors, creating challenges in implementation and management. These are compounded by potential for high variation across contexts. This work investigates influencers upon performance and contextual variation through relationship between real industry issues and factors t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Design rules govern the design process by imposing constraints on the development of a product. Examples of design rules include engineering standards, regulations, standard operating procedures and existing designs as protected by patents. They have the potential to over-constrain the design space and impact innovation. In this paper, an explorato...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Design Structure Matrices have become a fundamental tool to support engineers in their handling and management of interactions across product & organisational architectures. Recent work in the field has exploited the opportunity afforded by Product Lifecycle Management systems, which capture the digital footprint of engineering projects to generate...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
1. The paradigm shift When compared to the practices of 1950 the engineering design process has undergone a transformative change. In particular, the scale of engineering projects is an order of magnitude greater, the complexity of the artefacts being designed has increased dramatically, and the toolchains employed are almost all digital and far mo...
Article
Full-text available
Dealing with component interactions and dependencies remains a core and fundamental aspect of engineering, where conflicts and constraints are solved on an almost daily basis. Failure to consider these interactions and dependencies can lead to costly overruns, failure to meet requirements, and lengthy redesigns. Thus, the management and monitoring...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Large-scale engineering projects are challenging to monitor, manage, and improve. This paper presents an approach to addressing part of this challenge - the automatic detection of engineering activity through the project lifecycle. By monitoring the focus of work in real-time, this aims to enable managers to build a detailed understanding of the ac...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The development of Computer Aided Design (CAD) models is a fundamental and distinct feature of Engineering Projects. CAD models can be considered to be the digital embodiment of the products’ design and are used to support a wide variety of tasks that span the embodiment, detail, manufacture and commissioning phases of a project. With this in mind,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Open Design and crowd-sourced development have recently formed a new paradigm in the engineering design and manufacture industries. Through collaboration and free sharing of information, open design has proven capable of developing complex products at a low cost, utilising an expert and motivated work force to bring products to market. However, as...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Many modern engineering projects are required to coordinate multiple project teams, utilise distributed resources and integrate knowledge across multiple disciplines. Hence, the execution of these projects needs to involve high volume of remote communications, synchronous or asynchronous interactions, complicated decision-making and control process...