Chris Smillie

Chris Smillie
Scotland's Rural College | SRUC · Department of Environment and Countryside

BSc (Hons), MSc, MCSM, MCIEEM, PGCHE, FHEA, PhD

About

16
Publications
1,761
Reads
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90
Citations
Citations since 2017
5 Research Items
87 Citations
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Introduction
Dr Smillie has worked and studied in the environmental sector since 1987. Chris studied the relationship between mine metal wastes and salt marsh flora in a PhD at the Camborne School of Mines. From 2004, Chris worked in consultancy, conducting EIAs/EcIAs in the UK, the Middle East and North Africa. From 2010, Chris began working as a lecturer in ecology and environmental management at Nottingham Trent University, with interests in environmental impact and vegetation/geochemistry relationships.
Education
January 2011 - December 2011
Nottingham Trent University
Field of study
  • Higher Education
January 2000 - July 2006
University of Exeter
Field of study
  • Environmental and Earth Resources
September 1994 - September 1995
Bournemouth University
Field of study
  • Water Environment

Publications

Publications (16)
Poster
Full-text available
Salt marshes can be classed as sinks for heavy metal pollution. However, total metal content does not necessarily imply bioavailability. The roots of Salicornia spp. have previously been shown to covary with sediment copper concentrations. This study used sediments and plants from Restronguet Creek (heavily polluted), Lelant (moderately polluted) a...
Poster
Full-text available
Salt marshes can generally be considered as sinks for metals. Research into salt marshes in Cornwall, UK suggests those estuaries heavily impacted by mining contamination are characterised by a less diverse vegetation compared with a significantly less-polluted site. Assessment using the National Vegetation Classification on the mid-marsh confirmed...
Poster
Full-text available
Traprain Law is a steep-sided hill in East Lothian. Most of the hill is grassland and designated as a Site of Special Scientific Interest for botanical and geological interest. In 2003, a fire damaged much of the vegetation on the site. To facilitate regrowth, 125 sheep were reintroduced in 2008 to reduce coarse vegetation. However, this did not ha...
Poster
Full-text available
The conservation volunteers in this study undertook habitat management, species monitoring or visitor engagement on behalf of conservation-focused organisations. Volunteers in the study were distinguished by: • Older age, and high levels of educational qualification • High scores on the environmental and nature scales • High levels of duration and...
Technical Report
Full-text available
 Surveys by CIEEM and The Wakeman Review show there is a gap in skills between what is taught in environmental STEM subjects.in HE and what the environmental profession requires  There is a lack of knowledge surrounding the range of environmental careers and their characteristics/requirements. This has been cited due to a separation of ecology an...
Presentation
Full-text available
short presentation and debate available at https://youtu.be/Eev9BOW5K5E
Article
Full-text available
Macroalgae in estuarine and coastal waters, in contrast to vascular salt marsh plants, have previously been utilised as biomonitors of sediment-held metals. The colonising halophyte Salicornia spp., however, occurs in both mudflats alongside macroalgae, as well as in association with salt marsh vascular plants. The present research aims to determin...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Revegetation of tailings in West Africa presents two major problems when using established methodologies, in that soils have the potential to be highly alkaline, rather than acidic, plus the majority of recommended plant species are non-native to the area. Alteration of cap engineering however can modify hydrology, pH and morphology, allowing for a...
Book
Cornwall is a land defined by it's coastline and the mining industry that supported it's people for so long. As such, the estuaries of Cornwall have become highly contaminated, resulting in an ecology specialised to metal enriched environments. In this edition, we look at the environment of the Camel, Fal, Gannel and Hayle estuaries, focussing on t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Countries in the Middle East and North Africa region house a variety of ecosystems from the dense pine woodland of the Algerian coast to the extremely sparsely vegetated desert of Oman. Although cataloguing of flora and fauna in certain areas has been meticulously detailed, standard techniques for rapid assessment across the variety of habitats has...
Thesis
Salt marshes can generally be considered as sinks for metals. Research into Cornish salt marshes heavily impacted by mining contamination (Restronguet Creek and the Hayle Estuary) has suggested that these are characterised by a less diverse, more robust vegetation compared with the significantly less-polluted site of the Camel Estuary. Vegetation s...
Conference Paper
Estuaries within Cornwall have been accepting metal-rich tailings and water from mining since the Bronze Age. Previous work at Camborne School of Mines has indicated that the floristic composition within contaminated salt marshes differs from characteristic British assemblages as defined by the National Vegetation Classification (NVC). Two communit...
Conference Paper
In the absence of human intervention the ecosystem that develops on an historic mining site adapts to tolerate the particular set of environmental conditions that the mining activity has created. Often this naturally developed ecosystem is of high biodiversity value because only a particular assemblage of organisms can survive on such a stressed si...
Conference Paper
Estuaries within Cornwall, UK have been accepting metal-rich tailings and water from mining for hundreds of years. Over time, saltmarsh ecosystems have developed on metal-rich sediments. Previous work at CSM has indicated that the floristic composition of these saltmarshes varies from characteristic British assemblages. Our hypothesis is metal-sens...
Thesis
MSc thesis which examined the River Ythan and it's estuary - a proposed Nitrate Vulnerable Zone (NVZ) in Aberdeenshire due to eutrophication. The research focussed on the impact of storm conditions on nitrogen movements. as well as analysing data to assess relationships, the thesis also detailed management options for nitrogen control.
Thesis
BSc (Hons) project that used palynology and literature research to determine the past use of a presumed pond in Surrey. The research revealed a striking correlation between pollen and written history. The pond was eventually dated back to Oliver Cromwell's family and a mill run.

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