Chris Paulin

Chris Paulin

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47
Publications
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Introduction
I am a retired marine biologist and work at fishHook Publications & Photography where I specialise in natural history writing and photography . My experience with natural history and ethnological museum collections includes 37 years as a marine biology curator at the National Museum of New Zealand (now Te Papa Tongarewa), where my research ranged from the taxonomy of New Zealand fishes to traditional Mäori fish-hooks and customary fishing techniques. The results of these studies have been published in over 60 scientific papers, including descriptions of 17 fish species new to science. Pdf copies of my published papers are available at the following link www.fishhookpublications.com (Bibliography page): http://www.fishhookpublications.com/index.php?p=1_6_Bibliography-pdf-links

Publications

Publications (47)
Article
The phylogenetic relationships among populations of seaperch, Helicolenus spp., in the south-west Pacific were examined with mtDNA markers. Parts of the cytochrome b gene [459 base pair (bp)] and the control region (448 bp) were sequenced in 58 specimens from the south-west Pacific and four specimens of Helicolenus lengerichi from Chile. Only one c...
Article
Grey mullet, Mugil cephalus, provided an important food resource for pre-European Mäori in Northland and supported one of New Zealand's first commercial fisheries, notably in Kaipara Harbour. The abundance of mullet led European settlers to establish canning factories in the mid-1880s, the product being sold locally and exported. Both fishing and c...
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Full-text available
Scorpaena onaria Jordan & Snyder (Scorpaeniformes: Scorpaenidae), previously known only from the northwestern Pacific Ocean, is reported from the southwestern Pacific Ocean for the first time on the basis of 19 specimens. The southwestern Pacific specimens are regarded as a southern population of S. onaria, characterised by a shorter supraocular te...
Article
A fish survey was carried out along 500 km of the West Coast South Island (WCSI) between Milford Sound (Fiordland) and Gentle Annie Point (Buller) during 1998-2000. Sampling at depths of 0-25 m, using mainly rotenone ichthyocide and spear, was conducted by teams of 4-6 divers who spent c. 150 hours under water collecting specimens and recorded habi...
Article
Two species of ling, Genypterus blacodes (Forster in Bloch & Schneider, 1801) and G. microstomus (Regan, 1903) have been recorded from New Zealand and Australian waters; a third species, G. tigerinus (Klunzinger, 1872) has been recorded from Australia. Specimens of ling collected from northern, central, and southern localities in the New Zealand Ex...
Article
Proceedings of the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Symposium. Edited by S. D. Rice, R. B. Spies, D. A. Wolfe, and B. A. Wright. American Fisheries Society, 1996, 931 p. ISBN 0?913235?95?4. Available from AFS Publication fulfilment, P. O. Box 1020, Sewickley, PA 15143, United States. Price: US$30. FishBase 96 CD?ROM, compiled by R. Froese and D. Pauly. Avail...
Article
Fiordichthys slartibartfasti n. gen., n. sp. and Bidenichthys beeblebroxi n. sp. are described, and B. consobrinus (Hutton, 1876) redescribed from material collected from shallow coastal rocky reefs of New Zealand. The caudal fins of Fiordichthys and Bidenichthys are separate from the dorsal and anal fins, a character which places them in the bythi...
Article
Nine new species of rattail fishes of the macrourid genus Caelorinchus from New Zealand waters are described and illustrated: C. celaenostoma n. sp., C. horribilis n. sp., C. infuscus n. sp., C. maurofasciatus n. sp., C. mycterismus n. sp., C. mystax n. sp., C. parvifasciatus n. sp., C. spathulata n. sp. and C. supernasutus n. sp. A key to the 20 k...
Article
The family Arripididae contains one genus, Arripis Jenyns, with four species endemic to areas within temperate Australian and New Zealand waters. A. georgianus (Valenciennes), found throughout cool temperate Australia, is identified by having more than 27 rakers on the lower limb of the first gill arch. A. truttaceus (Cuvier), found in Western...
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Pagrus auratus (Bloch & Schneider) is redescribed on the basis of material from Australasia and Japan. Pagrus Cuvier is a senior synonym of Chrysophrys Qaoy & Gamard, Chrysophris Cuvier, and Pagrosomus Gill. Pagrus auratus (Bloch & Schneider) is a senior synonym of P. major (Temminck & Schlegel) and the species is found widely in the Indo‐Pacific f...
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Physiculus microbarbata n. sp. differs from other species of the genus in having a barbel less than one fourth diameter of the orbit and closely resembles P. huloti Poll and P. capensis Gilchrist. The species is described from two specimens collected off the coast of Guinea, central Africa.
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Full-text available
Helicolenus barathri (Hector) is a valid species and not a junior synonym of H. percoides (Richardson) as considered by earlier authors. Both species areredescribed. They differ from other members of the genus in having low numbers of gill rakers (4–7+ 14–18) and tubed lateral line scales (27–29). H. barathri differs from H. percoides in having a l...
Article
Brosmodorsalis persicinus n. gen., n. sp. is described from specimens collected from shallow coastal rocky reefs of northern New Zealand. Brosmodorsalis is placed in the bythitid fish subfamily Brosmophycinae because it has the caudal fin separate from the dorsal and anal fins. The genus differs from all others within the subfamily by the origin of...
Article
Gadella Lowe, widespread in warm temperate and tropical seas is represented by eight nominal species, of which one is new. The genus is distinguished from other morid genera with light organs by the absence of a barbel. Thirty-one species of Physiculus Kaup are recognised, including six which are newly described. Physiculus is found in tropical and...
Article
Outgroup comparisons, and dissections of 19 species representing 16 morid genera, indicate that a complete horizontal membranous diaphragm within the posterior chamber of the swimbladder is a synapomorphy of the Moridae. The swimbladder of Pseudophycis differs from that of all other investigated morid genera in possessing lateral diverticula. The p...
Article
Fishes were observed and collected at the Kermadec Islands in 1984 and 1985. Five families and 16 species were newly recorded from the New Zealand region and a further 18 species were newly recorded from the Kermadec Islands. The number of coastal fishes known from the Kermadec Islands is now 112. Seventy‐seven coastal fish species were classified...
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Momonatira globosus, a new monotypic genus and species of Moridae, is described from five specimens taken in 1153–1184 m from South Canterbury Bight, New Zealand. Spindle shaped otoliths indicate affinities with genera within the Physiculus group. Momonatira is distinctive in having broad fleshy bases to the dorsal and anal fins; a very large globu...
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Full-text available
Six families of fishes — the Aulopiidae, Belonidae, Cirrhitidae, Gigantactinidae, Soleidae, and Veliferidae — are new records for the New Zealand region. These bring the number of teleost families known from the area to 165.
Article
Giant specimens of Lepidion collected in deep water east of New Zealand are referable to L. inosimae (Günther) and L. schmidti Svetovidov. Both species can be distinguished from L. microcephalus Cowper by the shape of the vomerine tooth patch and by differences in head length and orbit diameter.
Article
Recent collecting has increased the number of scorpionfish species known from New Zealand, particularly the Kermadec Islands. The following species are now represented in collections at the National Museum of New Zealand: Scorpaena papillosus (Bloch & Schneider); S. cardinalis Richardson; S. cooki Günther; Trachyscorpia capensis (Gilchrist & von Bo...
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Mobula japanica (Muller & Henle, 1841) and Masturus lanceolatus (Lienard, 1840) are widespread in warmer oceanic waters and have recently been recorded in the catches of tuna purse‐seine vessels in northern New Zealand. Large numbers of Mola mola (Linnaeus, 1758) are also taken each season. Additional specimens of Luvaris imperialis Rafinesque, 181...
Article
The occurrence of Echeneis naucrates, Remora brachyptera, R. remora, and Phtheirichthys lineata in New Zealand waters is confirmed; Rhombochirus osteochir is recorded for the first time. A key to these remoras is presented.
Article
Five species of Bramidae occur in New Zealand waters. Brama brama is occasionally taken in small schools by trawlers. Pteraclis velifera, Pterycombus petersii, Taratichthys longipinnis and Taractes asper are poorly known oceanic fishes, rarely seen except as beach-cast specimens. The three last-named are new records for New Zealand.
Article
Lepidocybium flavobrunneum (Smith, 1849) is widespread in warmer oceanic waters and has recently been recorded in the catches of tuna longline vessels in the New Zealand region. Twenty‐five specimens were caught at 31°46′‐32°03′S, 170°49′‐171°11′ E on 23–27 June 1979, thus extending the known range of the species to northern New Zealand.
Article
Congiopodus leucopaecilus, previously described from adult specimens alone, is redescribed with an account of the juvenile form. C. coriaceus n.sp. differs from C. leucopaecilus in colour pattern, head profile, and gill raker counts. Data on distribution and depth range are given for both species.
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Full-text available
Descriptions and distribution data are given for the three species of Halosauridae in the New Zealand-Australian region - Halosaurus pectoralis, Halosauropsis macrochir, and Aldrovandia affinis.
Article
Characters distinguishing the five genera of Trachicnthyidae are listed. Descriptions, illustrations, a key to identification, and distribution data are given for Optivus elongatus, Paratrachichthys trailli, Hoplostethus atlanticus, and H. mediterraneus from the New Zealand region.
Article
Three species of anglerfish, Histrio histrio, Antennarius ocellatus, and A. nummifer, are newly recorded from northern New Zealand waters. A. tridens is redescribed, and variations in its colour pattern are illustrated.

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