Chris Krägeloh

Chris Krägeloh
Auckland University of Technology | AUT · Department of Psychology and Neuroscience

PhD

About

179
Publications
126,433
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
2,787
Citations
Introduction
Chris Krägeloh is an Associate Professor in the Department of Psychology at Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand. His current research interests are psychometrics, outcome measurement, language planning, terminology, mindfulness, and investigating psychosocial factors in social robotics. He is a founding member of the NZ World Health Organisation Quality of Life Group and the Psychosocial Aspects in Robotics (PAIR) Lab. Chris is an Associate Editor of the journal Mindfulness.
Additional affiliations
May 2007 - March 2015
Auckland University of Technology
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
March 2005 - May 2007
University of Auckland
Position
  • Research Associate

Publications

Publications (179)
Article
Full-text available
Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) have been linked to positive outcomes for a range of psychological and physical health conditions, prompting the need for a high degree of validity and reliability in the measurement of mindfulness. While a number of mindfulness self-report instruments are available with demonstrated psychometric robustness, l...
Article
Full-text available
The World Health Organisation Quality of Life (WHOQOL) questionnaires are widely used around the world and can claim strong cross-cultural validity due to their development in collaboration with international field centres. To enhance conceptual equivalence of quality of life across cultures, optional national items are often developed for use alon...
Article
Full-text available
Nonattachment, or the lack of possessive and mental fixations and clinging, is considered a key element by which mindfulness cultivates psychological wellbeing. The 30-item Nonattachment Scale (NAS) is a measure of nonattachment, but its item functioning and measurement precision remain to be explored. The present study used a Rasch model to examin...
Article
Full-text available
The Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS) is the most widely used mindfulness scale to date, with validity studies indicating acceptable reliability and convergent validity. However, recent evidence indicates that the ability of the MAAS items to precisely discriminate between mindfulness levels is compromised. To improve item functioning and pr...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Routine evaluation of mental health services has become widespread, and the use of patient-reported out- come measures (PROMs) as clinical aids or discussion tools has been receiving increasing attention. The purpose of this scoping study was to provide a typology of the diverse ways in which studies reporting on PROM use in mental healt...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to explore the effectiveness of meditation as an intervention for pornography viewing for men who identify with self-perceived problematic pornography use (SPPPU). A series of randomized, multiple baseline (across subjects) single-case studies are reported in accordance with accepted guidelines (SCRIBE). Twelve males with...
Article
Pregnancy-related anxiety has been linked to many maternal and child-related negative outcomes. However, there is an absence of free, well-validated screeners for this condition. The Pregnancy-related Anxiety Scale–Screener (PrAS-Screener) was evaluated using robust Rasch methodology. This study also aimed to develop a shorter version to meet the n...
Article
Full-text available
Research indicates that deaths due to fall incidents are the second leading cause of unintentional injury deaths in the world. Death by fall due to a person texting or talking on mobile phones while walking, impaired vision, unexpected terrain changes, low balance, weakness, and chronic conditions has increased drastically over the past few decades...
Article
Full-text available
The recognition of mindfulness-based interventions as an effective approach to address psychological distress and improve well-being has stimulated the development of a multitude of programs, each designed for specific applications. While many mindfulness-based interventions are focused on addressing particular psychological needs, so-called second...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigated the relationship between fear of COVID-19, previous exposure to COVID-19, perceived vulnerability to disease, sleep quality, and psychological distress among healthcare workers (HCWs) in Taif city in Saudi Arabia, which has a population of 702,000 people. A cross-sectional study design was adopted. HCWs (n = 202) completed a...
Article
Introduction: This study investigates psychological distress and quality of life (QoL) amongst first year premedical and health science students. The primary aim of this study was to investigate potential differences in QoL and psychological distress between students who sought entry into a medicine programme when compared to those opting for a non...
Article
Full-text available
Fear is a central emotional response to imminent threats such as the coronavirus-19 disease (COVID-19). The Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S) assesses the severity of fear towards COVID-19. The present study examined the psychometric properties of the Arabic version of the FCV-19S. Using a forward-backward translation, the FCV-19S was translated int...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Numerous studies have documented the positive effects of mindfulness practice on the alleviation of various kinds of psychological distress, but a dearth of evidence remains related to the validity of common mindfulness instruments in Indian populations. The present study aimed to explore the higher-order construct of mindfulness in Indi...
Article
Full-text available
The WHOQOL-BREF is a widely used 26-item self-report measure of Quality of Life (QOL), but there is lack of research investigating to what extent it measures dynamic (state) and stable (trait) aspects of QOL. Generalizability Theory is the most suitable method to examine the state-trait distinction and to evaluate the overall reliability and genera...
Article
Full-text available
Robotic applications have become increasingly widespread in recent years, ranging from industrial robots to entertainment and healthcare. To enhance the psychological well-being of people, robots can also play an important role. While much of the previous research has focused on companionship robots, increased sophistication in functionality and te...
Article
Accurate distinction between state and trait anxiety is necessary for assessment and monitoring of individual anxiety levels over time and developing effective interventions to reduce anxiety. Generalizability theory (G-theory) is a suitable method to distinguish between state and trait and to evaluate reliability of test scores and sources of meas...
Article
Full-text available
While evidence supports the feasibility of online mindfulness training (MT), the effect of this approach on cognition remains unclear. The present study investigated changes in cognition following a newly developed 6-week videoconference-delivered MT program on cognitive function in two groups. The first group (n = 17) had two baseline assessments...
Article
This review examines the quality of the research exploring mindfulness within tai chi chuan and the way this integrative practice benefits health and learning for higher education students. A narrative review based on a systematic search was conducted. Ten English and three Chinese databases were utilised to appraise the relevant literature. The in...
Presentation
Full-text available
Issue: In education, it is crucial that good diagnostic measures are available to ascertain the wellbeing status of students particularly during a pandemic, such as COVID-19. In this presentation, we focus on the utility of measuring students’ phobic responses of COVID-19 with implications for social support, psychological distress and quality of l...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The COVID‐19 pandemic has caused major morbidity and mortality internationally. Most governments worldwide have enforced precautionary health measures such as social distancing, hand hygiene, and wearing gloves to limit the spread of this disease. In response to major health and economic stressors, individuals exhibit a range of differe...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Mindfulness, positive affect, and compassion may protect against psychological distress but there is lack of understanding about the ways in which these factors are linked to mental health. Network analysis is a statistical method used to investigate complex associations among constructs in a single network and is particularly suitable f...
Article
Objectives 1) Develop unidimensional instruments to measure osteoarthritis (OA) knowledge among people with hip or knee OA, and 2) assess the structural validity, internal consistency, cross-cultural validity/measurement invariance, test-retest reliability, and measurement error of the Hip Osteoarthritis Knowledge Scale (HOAKS) and the Knee Osteoar...
Article
Full-text available
There is a growing crisis of mental and substance use disorders (MSUDs), especially in adolescents and young adults, and this is expected to further escalate very rapidly as a consequence of the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic and the economic downturn. Dispositional optimism is an effective buffer against the development of mental disorders and...
Article
Full-text available
Here, we report on a quasi-experimental study to explore the applicability and perceived benefits of the CRAFT program, which is based on mindfulness, yoga, positive psychology, and emotional intelligence, to improve higher education student musicians’ health and well-being during the lockdown. A subset of student musicians at a Higher Conservatory...
Article
Full-text available
The Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS; Watson, Clark, & Tellegan, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54(6), 1063–1070, 1988) is a widely used affect measure but it has the limitations of an ordinal scale such as low precision and unsuitability for use with parametric statistics. Rasch analysis is an appropriate methodology use...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction We revisited the global concept of subjective quality of life (QoL) as assessed by the WHOQOL-BREF to investigate whether it could be elaborated into a conceptually more comprehensive instrument with good psychometric properties. Responding to a growing need for shorter QoL measures with broader social, spiritual and environmental cont...
Article
Objective: The Coach-Athlete Relationship Questionnaire (CART-Q) measures the nature of the coach-athlete relationship, yet the psychometric properties of the instrument still remain unclear. The purpose of this study was to resolve uncertainty about a suitable factor solution by applying previously used analytical methods, asymptotic distribution-...
Chapter
Full-text available
The scope of robot applications has been widening rapidly across the globe in recent areas. With extended deployment of robots in the healthcare industry, it is critical to understand the attitudes of medical professionals towards using robots in various health-related contexts. Particularly, human-like robots are used in several healthcare setting...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has been very disruptive, and thus is likely to result in substantial challenges to mental health. Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the effects of fear of COVID-19 on the mental well-being and quality of life among Saudi adult population and to evaluate the impact of perceived...
Article
Full-text available
Mindfulness training is associated with improvements in psychological wellbeing and cognition, yet the specific underlying neurophysiological mechanisms underpinning these changes are uncertain. This study uses a novel brain-inspired artificial neural network to investigate the effect of mindfulness training on electroencephalographic function. Par...
Article
Context: As psychosocial factors have been recognised as significant predictors of the recovery trajectory from chronic back pain, the 34-item Back Pain Attitudes Questionnaire (Back-PAQ) was developed based on themes obtained from patient interviews, but previous psychometric analyses with a general population sample revealed uncertainty around th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background: The COVID-19 caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), is a major global pandemic that has claimed more than 1.4 million lives worldwide. The COVID-19 pandemic as well as the precautionary measures (e.g., lockdown and isolation) and their subsequent consequences (e.g., job loss) are likely to have adverse i...
Article
Objectives Self-compassion has become increasingly recognized for its benefits to human health and well-being, but continued work is required to achieve its accurate assessment in the context of research and psychological treatment. The Self-Compassion Scale (SCS) is widely referred to as a trait measure, although the scale’s ability to differentia...
Article
Full-text available
Persistent post-concussion syndrome (PCS) symptoms are known to last years after traumatic brain injury (TBI), and similar symptoms are increasingly being documented among those who have not experienced a TBI. There remains however, a dearth of empirical evidence on the structural composition of symptoms beyond the post-acute symptom phase after TB...
Article
Full-text available
Background: A major problem in quantifying symptoms of schizophrenia is establishing a reliable distinction between enduring and dynamic aspects of psychopathology. This is critical for accurate diagnosis, monitoring and evaluating treatment effects in both clinical practice and trials. Materials and methods: We applied Generalisability Theory,...
Preprint
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic has been very disruptive and thus likely to result in substantial challenges to mental health. This study aimed to investigate the effects of fear of COVID-19 on mental well-being and quality of life among Saudi adult population, and to evaluate the impact of perceived social support. A total of 1029 Saudi adults with a mean a...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: To reduce the spread of COVID-19, physical distancing and hand washing has been widely promoted. However, more work is needed to understand the predictors of compliance with such health behaviors, such as fear of COVID-19. Methods: The Fear of COVID-19 Scale was administered to a sample of 1,029 Saudi participants recruited for an onli...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: The seven-item Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S) assesses severity of fear of COVID-19 (novel coronavirus). The present study translated the scale into Tamil and tested its psychometric properties so that the scale can be used in Tamil-speaking populations. Methods: The FCV-19S was translated into Tamil following a forward-backward tran...
Article
Full-text available
With the growing body of evidence for the effectiveness of mindfulness practice such as for general wellbeing or as part of therapeutic interventions, increasing focus has been given to exploring the precise function of mindfulness as well as its mechanism of action. However, as identified in both empirical as well as theoretical work, definitions...
Article
Since the inception of the chiropractic profession, debate has continued on differing practice objectives and philosophical approaches to patient care. While the political and academic leaders of the profession continue to dominate the discourse, little is known on the perspectives of the everyday practising chiropractor on their professional ident...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Accurate evaluation of mindfulness-based training requires understanding of the differences between state and trait changes, and the Generalizability Theory (G-Theory) is the most appropriate method to differentiate these aspects in a measure. The Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ) is widely used measure of dispositional mindful...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The WHOQOL tools are widely used, multi-faceted, patient-rated, quality of life (QoL) measures, developed by the World Health Organization. The WHOQOL questionnaires are used to assess generic quality of life issues affected by all health problems. This study developed a module to use with the WHOQOL tools to improve their sensitivity to He...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The purpose of this study was to gain an understanding on what quality of life (QOL) and its assessment means to chiropractors in everyday practice. Methods: This study captured chiropractors' perspectives on the QOL construct and its assessment using a qualitative descriptive methodology that comprised 2 focus groups, each with 4 par...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding user perceptions is particularly important in developing social robots, which tend to have a high degree of interaction with humans. However, psychometric measures of robot acceptability have only recently started to become available. The present critical review outlines the psychometrically validated questionnaires to measure social...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Compromised educator well-being creates educational, social, and economic problems, which are not resolved by knowledge of risk factors alone. The present study explored the protective role of dispositional mindfulness and self-compassion within the context of educator stress. Methods A total of 231 educators from 21 Australian schools...
Article
Objective: To use Rasch analysis to validate the WHOQoL-BREF and existing short versions in individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and orthopaedic injuries, with comparisons to general population groups. Design: The Partial Credit Rasch model was applied to evaluate the WHOQoL-BREF as well as shortened versions using a cross-sectional study...
Book
This book provides an outline and critical discussion of the characteristics of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) research. Since the first reports on the use of mindfulness practices in health interventions, a large body of research literature has emerged to document the effectiveness of MBIs for reducing psychological distress and to increas...
Article
Full-text available
Technology is increasingly being integrated into the provision of therapy and mental health interventions. While the evidence base for technology-led delivery of mindfulness-based interventions is growing, one approach to understand the effects of technology-delivered elements includes programs that retain some aspects of traditional face-to-face i...
Article
Full-text available
Objective This study compares data from two medical student cohorts early in their training from New Zealand and Hong Kong and then makes further comparisons with a non-medical group. Methods Questionnaires obtained information regarding educational site (universities situated in New Zealand, Hong Kong, and USA), gender, age, motivational beliefs,...
Article
Full-text available
Mindful parenting is the extension of intra-personal mindfulness to inter-personal processes by developing and fostering mindfulness during interactions with a child when acting in the role of a parent. While some empirical evidence points to various benefits of mindful parenting both for the parent and the child, suitable measurement tools for min...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background: The present study explored the role of dispositional mindfulness and self-compassion within the context of teacher stress. Method: A total of 231 participants from 21 Australian schools completed online surveys including measures of perceived stress, mindfulness, self-compassion, student-teacher relationships, and eating and sleeping p...
Article
Full-text available
Over the past two decades, a comprehensive literature has emerged about the health benefits of mindfulness-based interventions. Many of the practices taught in such programs have been adapted from traditional Buddhist practices and were informed by Buddhist understandings of how the mind creates suffering. During the process of secularizing the pra...
Article
Full-text available
There is a well-documented evidence base for the beneficial effects of mindfulness-based interventions for various health issues, and research has increasingly explored the role of mindfulness in nonclinical contexts. While the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FMMQ) was widely used to study dispositional mindfulness, no work has investigated t...
Article
Full-text available
The 39-item Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ) is a widely used mindfulness measure that includes five subscales: Act with Awareness, Describe, Nonjudge, Nonreact, and Observe. Short versions of the FFMQ are available in various languages, but these have not been explicitly compared, nor has their compliance with fundamental measurement pr...
Chapter
Recent comparisons between Buddhist and modern Western conceptualizations of mindfulness have focused on ethical aspects of mindfulness practice. Unlike Buddhism, where mindfulness practice is integrated with ethical guidelines and precepts, mindfulness as taught in secular psychology promotes a type of mindfulness practice that is not aligned with...