Chris Howell

Chris Howell
Oberlin College · Department of Politics

Yale University, Ph.D.

About

45
Publications
5,573
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1,359
Citations
Introduction
Chris Howell currently works at the Department of Politics, Oberlin College. Chris does research in Comparative Politics and Political Economy.

Publications

Publications (45)
Article
The Political Construction of Business Interests: Coordination, Growth, and Equality. By MartinCathie Jo and SwankDuane. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012. xv + 307 pp. Tables, bibliography, notes, index. Paper, $31.99. ISBN: 978-1-107-60364-6. - Volume 87 Issue 4 - Chris Howell
Article
Over the course of the past quarter century, paralleling the decline of organized labor, there has been a marked increase in the role of the state in the industrial relations of advanced capitalist societies. This has come both in the form of state activism in the reconstruction of institutions, and through the replacement of collective self-regula...
Article
Full-text available
Based on quantitative indicators for fifteen advanced countries between 1974 and 2005, and case studies of France, the United Kingdom, Germany, Italy, Sweden, and Ireland, this article analyzes the trajectory of institutional change in the industrial relations systems of advanced capitalist societies, with a focus on Western Europe. In contrast to...
Article
This article traces the process of institutional change in industrial relations in Britain, France and Sweden over the last quarter-century in order to identify the mechanisms and forms of institutional change. These three cases demonstrate a high degree of institutional plasticity, and a greater convergence in industrial relations than comparisons...
Article
Despite continued social protest, something quite fundamental has changed in the regulation of class relations in France. This article explores two paradoxes of this transformation. First, a dense network of institutions of social dialogue and worker representation has become implanted in French firms at the same time as trade union strength has de...
Article
Institutionalist approaches to the study of politics have long exhibited a tendency to emphasize continuity at the expense of change. This article seeks to elaborate an institutionalist theoretical framework that explicitly integrates a theory of change — one which emphasizes the interaction between structural economic change and state action — and...
Article
This article examines how Conservative governments restructured public sector in day trial relations in Britain between 1979 and 1997, and identifies the main components of trade union strategic response to change. It argues that Conservative policy is important for its impact upon trade union strategy and practice, and that public sector unions co...
Book
Full-text available
The collapse of Britain's powerful labor movement in the last quarter century has been one of the most significant and astonishing stories in recent political history. How were the governments of Margaret Thatcher and her successors able to tame the unions? In analyzing how an entirely new industrial relations system was constructed after 1979, How...
Article
There has been little systematic analysis of what the 'Third Way' means in the sphere of industrial relations. This paper examines the record of the New Labour government in order to evaluate the distinctiveness, innovation and coherence of its industrial relations policy. It argues that many of the limitations of this policy result from the instit...
Article
Comparative political economy has reached a moment of theoretical synthesis in which a series of incremental theoretical developments has coalesced into a new paradigm. The theoretical framework of the varieties of capitalism approach to political economy establishes a space for rigorous institutional analysis. It can compellingly explain why disti...
Article
One can identify the construction and transformation of three distinct systems of industrial relations in Britain over the last century. In contrast to the view that the state has been largely abstentionist in the sphere of industrial relations, or that, where intervention has taken place, it has been ad hoc, incoherent and reactive, this article m...
Article
Comparative political economy has been transformed since the end of the 1970s. The explanatory value of class conflict, the power resources of social classes, and the social base of particular national models of political economy have been replaced by an emphasis upon the role of institutions in explaining both how contemporary political economies...
Article
This article will lay out a framework for understanding the relationship between social democratic parties and labour movements, and then briefly examine three cases-Britain, Germany and Sweden-in the period from roughly the end of the Second World War to the present. It seeks to explain the stark fact that the collapse of forms of political exchan...
Article
Chapter 1. European Unions Face the Millennium George Ross and Andrew Martin Chapter 2. Unforgiven: British Trade Unionism in Crisis Chris Howell Chapter 3. Every Which Way But Loose: German Industrial Relations Since 1980 Stephen J. Silvia Chapter 4. "Yesterday's Modern Times Are No Longer Modern" : Swedish Unions Confront the Double Shift Rianne...
Article
This paper addresses the question of whether there is, any longer, a distinctive Left form of industrial relations. It does so through an examination of what the metamorphosis of the British Labour Party has meant for industrial relations policy, and hence the role of organized labor in the British political economy. An examination of the Blair gov...
Article
The British labor movement has responded to a lengthy period of economic restructuring, state hostility and a consequent decline in union membership and influence, with a wide-ranging strategic reevaluation of the relationship between women and trade unions. It is primarily the nature of the locations in the labor market occupied by women, and not...
Article
This book is a study of the relationship between full-time union officials and shop stewards across the whole of British industry (public and private, manufacturing and services) in 1986–91. It is the first major study of union officials for 20 years, and one of the most detailed studies of workplace collective bargaining and union organisation fol...
Chapter
This chapter describes and explains the transformation that has taken place in French industrial relations during the Mitterrand era, and discusses some of the consequences for workers and trade unions in France. It will be argued that the nature of French industrial relations, or what I term labour regulation,2 characterized for the bulk of the po...
Article
La Grande-Bretagne connait un declin du pouvoir des syndicats. L'A. presente les affirmations theoriques soulignant les explications pluralistes sur les relations industrielles et les critiques que rencontrent cette ideologie. Les ressources du marche du travail, politiques et strategiques, sont respectivement etudiees dans les periodes de pouvoir...
Book
In May and June of 1968 a dramatic wave of strikes paralyzed France, making industrial relations reform a key item on the government agenda. French trade unions seemed due for a golden age of growth and importance. Today, however, trade unions are weaker in France than in any other advanced capitalist country. How did such exceptional militancy giv...
Article
This article explores the impact of the 1982-83 industrial relations reforms known as the lois Auroux of the Socialist government in France. It argues that, contrary to the goals of the Socialists, this reform package failed to stimulate regular collective bargaining between employers and trade unions. Nevertheless, the reforms did have an importan...
Article
Books reviewed in this article: Kirsten Wever, Labor, Business and Change in Germany and the United States Ian Clark, Governance, the State, Regulation and Industrial Relations Raymond Markey, Paul Gollan, Ann Hodgkinson, Alain Chouraqui and Ulke Veersama (eds), Models of Employee Participation in a Changing Global Environment: Diversity and Intera...

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