Chris Haley

Chris Haley
The University of Edinburgh | UoE · College of Medicine and Veterinary Medicine

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530
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Publications

Publications (530)
Preprint
Background Self-reported trauma exposure has consistently been found to be a risk factor for Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) and several studies have reported interactions with genetic liability. To date, most studies have examined interaction effects with trauma exposure using genome-wide variants (single nucleotide polymorphisms SNPs) or polygeni...
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Background Single-step genomic best linear unbiased prediction (ssGBLUP) allows the inclusion of information from genotyped and ungenotyped individuals in a single analysis. This avoids the need to genotype all candidates with the potential benefit of reducing overall costs. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of genotyping strategies, t...
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We describe a genome-wide analytical approach, SNP and Haplotype Regional Heritability Mapping (SNHap-RHM), that provides regional estimates of the heritability across locally defined regions in the genome. This approach utilises relationship matrices that are based on sharing of SNP and haplotype alleles at local haplotype blocks delimited by reco...
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Background parent-of-origin effects (POE) play important roles in complex disease and thus understanding their regulation and associated molecular and phenotypic variation are warranted. Previous studies mainly focused on the detection of genomic regions or phenotypes regulated by POE. Understanding whether POE may be modified by environmental or g...
Preprint
Full-text available
We describe a genome-wide analytical approach, SNP and Haplotype Regional Heritability Mapping (SNHap-RHM), that provides regional estimates of the heritability across locally defined regions in the genome. This approach utilises relationship matrices that are based on sharing of SNP and haplotype alleles at local haplotype blocks delimited by reco...
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Full-text available
Variation in obesity-related traits has a genetic basis with heritabilities between 40 and 70%. While the global obesity pandemic is usually associated with environmental changes related to lifestyle and socioeconomic changes, most genetic studies do not include all relevant environmental covariates, so the genetic contribution to variation in obes...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background parent-of-origin effects (POE) play important roles in development and complex disease and thus understanding their regulation and associated molecular and phenotypic variation are warranted. Previous studies have mainly focused on the detection of genomic regions or phenotypes regulated by POE. Understanding whether POE may be modified...
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Full-text available
The ever-growing genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have revealed widespread pleiotropy. To exploit this, various methods that jointly consider associations of a genetic variant with multiple traits have been developed. Most efforts have been made concerning improving GWAS discovery power. However, how to replicate these discovered pleiotropic...
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Background The apolipoprotein E ( APOE ) ε4 allele is the strongest genetic risk factor for late onset Alzheimer’s disease, whilst the ε2 allele confers protection. Previous studies report differential DNA methylation of APOE between ε4 and ε2 carriers, but associations with epigenome-wide methylation have not previously been characterised. Method...
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An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.
Preprint
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Variation in complex traits related to obesity, such as body weight and body mass index, has a genetic basis with heritabilities between 40 and 70%. Nonetheless, the so-called global obesity pandemic is usually associated with environmental changes related to diet, lifestyle, and sociocultural and socioeconomic changes. However, most genetic studie...
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Human population isolates provide a snapshot of the impact of historical demographic processes on population genetics. Such data facilitate studies of the functional impact of rare sequence variants on biomedical phenotypes, as strong genetic drift can result in higher frequencies of variants that are otherwise rare. We present the first whole geno...
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Intramuscular fat (IMF) is one of the main meat quality traits for breeding programmes in livestock species. The main objective of this study was to identify genomic regions associated with IMF content comparing two rabbit populations divergently selected for this trait, and to generate a list of putative candidate genes. Animals were genotyped usi...
Preprint
Full-text available
Human population isolates provide a snapshot of the impact of historical demographic processes on population genetics. Such data facilitate studies of the functional impact of rare sequence variants on biomedical phenotypes, as strong genetic drift can result in higher frequencies of variants that are otherwise rare. We present the first whole geno...
Preprint
Full-text available
INTRODUCTION: The Apolipoprotein E (APOE) ε4 allele is the strongest genetic risk factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD), while the ε2 allele confers protection. Previous studies report differential DNA methylation of APOE between ε4 and ε2 carriers but associations with epigenome-wide methylation are unknown. METHODS: The EPIC array was used to ident...
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Britain and Ireland are known to show population genetic structure; however, large swathes of Scotland, in particular, have yet to be described. Delineating the structure and ancestry of these populations will allow variant discovery efforts to focus efficiently on areas not represented in existing cohorts. Thus, we assembled genotype data for 2,55...
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Through his own research contributions on the modelling and genetic analysis of quantitative traits and through his former students and postdocs, Robin Thompson has indirectly left a major legacy in human genetics. In this short note, we highlight examples of the long-lasting relevance and impact of Robin's work in human genetics. A lone early stud...
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In the original version of this Article, the legend in the upper panel of Figure 2 incorrectly read ‘paternal imprinting’ and should have read ‘maternal imprinting’. This has been corrected in both the PDF and HTML versions of the Article.
Preprint
Full-text available
The ever-growing genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have revealed widespread pleiotropy. To exploit this, various methods which consider variant association with multiple traits jointly have been developed. However, most effort has been put on improving discovery power: how to replicate and interpret these discovered pleiotropic loci using mult...
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Full-text available
Insulin resistance, broadly defined as the reduced ability of insulin to exert its biological action, has been associated with depression and cognitive dysfunction in observational studies. However, it is unclear whether these associations are causal and whether they might be underpinned by other shared factors. To address this knowledge gap, we ca...
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Parent-of-origin effects (POE) exist when there is differential expression of alleles inherited from the two parents. A genome-wide scan for POE on DNA methylation at 639,238 CpGs in 5,101 individuals identifies 733 independent methylation CpGs potentially influenced by POE at a false discovery rate ≤ 0.05 of which 331 had not previously been ident...
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Background Major Depression (MDD), neuroticism and psychological distress have each been associated with an increased risk of several diseases commonly associated with ageing. In the current study, we sought to identify which of these traits was associated with methylation age acceleration, and if any methylation age association with MDD or distres...
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Pedigree-based analyses of intelligence have reported that genetic differences account for 50-80% of the phenotypic variation. For personality traits these effects are smaller, with 34-48% of the variance being explained by genetic differences. However, molecular genetic studies using unrelated individuals typically report a heritability estimate o...
Preprint
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Epigenetic DNA modification is partly under genetic control, and occurs in response to a wide range of environmental exposures. Linking epigenetic marks to clinical outcomes may provide greater insight into underlying molecular processes of disease, assist in the identification of therapeutic targets, and improve risk prediction. Here, we present a...
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Background: Genome-wide DNA methylation (DNAm) profiling has allowed for the development of molecular predictors for a multitude of traits and diseases. Such predictors may be more accurate than the self-reported phenotypes and could have clinical applications. Results: Here, penalized regression models are used to develop DNAm predictors for te...
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BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder is a clinically heterogeneous psychiatric disorder with a polygenic architecture. Genome-wide association studies have identified a number of risk-associated variants across the genome and have reported growing evidence of NETRIN1 pathway involvement. Stratifying disease risk by genetic variation within the NET...
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Background: Major depressive disorder is a clinically heterogeneous psychiatric disorder with a polygenic architecture. Genome-wide association studies have identified a number of risk-associated variants across the genome and have reported growing evidence of NETRIN1 pathway involvement. Stratifying disease risk by genetic variation within the NE...
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Full-text available
Depression is a polygenic trait that causes extensive periods of disability. Previous genetic studies have identified common risk variants which have progressively increased in number with increasing sample sizes of the respective studies. Here, we conduct a genome-wide association study in 322,580 UK Biobank participants for three depression-relat...