Chris Button

Chris Button
University of Otago · School of Physical Education, Sport and Exercise Sciences

PhD

About

190
Publications
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Publications

Publications (190)
Article
Full-text available
Drowning has been the cause of over 2.5 million preventable deaths in the past decade. Despite the fact that the majority of drownings occur in open water, assessment of water safety competency typically occurs in swimming pools. The assessment of water safety competency in open water environments brings with it a few difficulties, but also promise...
Article
Full-text available
Fundamental movement skill (FMS) proficiency does not develop solely due to maturation, but also via diverse perceptual-motor experiences across childhood. Practicing gymnastics has been shown to improve postural control. The purpose of the present study was to examine potential changes to postural control of children following a course of educatio...
Article
Full-text available
Drowning causes significant mortality and morbidity globally, and infants (0–4 years of age) are disproportionately impacted. In a groundbreaking approach to pediatric drowning prevention, ecological psychology has been used to investigate the relationship between infants’ perceptual–motor development and their behavior around bodies of water. In t...
Article
Full-text available
Drowning has been identified as the cause of over 2.5 million preventable deaths globally in the past decade. Lower- and middle-income countries in Asia have recorded the highest numbers of drowning worldwide and children seem particularly vulnerable. Drowning is a complex phenomenon informed by multiple interacting factors, and the majority of dea...
Article
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Learning aquatic skills is an important component of developing physical literacy in children. Aquatic skills such as floating, swimming and safe entry/exit promote engagement in different water environments and may help preserve lives in an emergency. This scoping review was conducted to evaluate the influence of task constraints (i.e., equipment)...
Article
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Ramps used to access swimming pools are designed with a shallow slope that affords easy access for all including infants. Locomotor experience has been linked to infants’ avoidance of falling into the water from drop‐offs; however, the effect of such experience on infants’ behavior when a slope is offered to access the water has not been addressed....
Article
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In an immersion incident, a person may be required to tread water for extended periods of time in order to survive. Treading water, or maintaining a stable head position above the water surface, can be achieved in several different ways. Determining which treading water techniques are economic (energetically and cognitively) is an important first s...
Article
Full-text available
Crawling experience was recently linked to crawling and walking infants’ avoidance of falling on real and water cliffs, whereas walking experience had no effect on walkers’ avoidance behavior (Burnay et al., 2021). In the current study, the behavior of 25 infants was analyzed on the Real Cliff/Water Cliff apparatus using a longitudinal study design...
Article
Full-text available
The objectives of this study were to identify how spatiotemporal, kinetic, and kinematic parameters could (i) characterize swimmers' adaptability to different swimming speeds and (ii) discriminate expertise level among swimmers. Twenty male participants, grouped into (a) low-, (b) medium-, and (c) high-expertise levels, swam at four different swim...
Article
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Worldwide, 1.3 billion people live in Poverty , a socio-economic status that has been identified as a key determinant of a lack of sports participation. Still, numerous athletes around the world have grown up in underprivileged socio-economic conditions. This is the case in Brazil, a country with around 13.5 million impoverished citizens, yet, over...
Book
Dynamics of Skill Acquisition, Second Edition, provides an analysis of the processes underlying human skill acquisition. As the first text to outline the multidisciplinary ecological dynamics framework for understanding movement behavior, this heavily updated edition stays on the cutting edge, with principles of nonlinear pedagogy and methodologies...
Article
In an ecological dynamics rationale, the development of expertise in sports is shaped by interactions of personal, task and environmental constraints. A notable outcome of this process is the distinctive performance styles of athletes shaped by socio-cultural-historical constraints. To understand this process, we examined the role of socio-cultural...
Article
Full-text available
Infants’ avoidance of drop‐offs has been described as an affordance learning that is not transferable between different locomotor postures. In addition, there is evidence that infants perceive and act similarly around real and water cliffs. This cross‐sectional study investigated the effects of specific locomotor experiences on infants’ avoidance b...
Preprint
Full-text available
Infants’ avoidance of drop-offs has been described as an affordance learning that is not transferable between different locomotor postures. In addition, there is evidence that infants perceive and act similarly around real and water cliffs. This cross-sectional study investigated the effects of specific locomotor experiences on infants’ avoidance b...
Article
Full-text available
Wearable sensors that can be used to measure human performance outcomes are becoming increasingly popular within sport science research. Validation of these sensors is vital to ensure accuracy of extracted data. The aim of this study was to establish the validity and reliability of gyroscope sensors contained within three different inertial measure...
Article
Learning to swim in a swimming pool might not prepare water competence sufficiently for different aquatic environments. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of teaching children water safety knowledge and skills in open water environments (i.e., harbor, river, and surf). The aquatic knowledge and skills of 98 children (7-11 years o...
Article
Full-text available
Background: There is a need for interdisciplinary research to better understand how pedagogical approaches in primary physical education (PE) can support the linked development of physical, cognitive and affective aspects of physical literacy and physical activity behaviors in young children living in deprived areas. The Skill Acquisition Methods f...
Technical Report
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Cette revue de littérature scientifique a pour objectif de faire un état des lieux du concept d'aisance aquatique chez les 4-6 ans à travers 6 thématiques commandées par le imnistère des sports: définitions et finalités, certification, construction, contexte matériel et institutionnel et compétences à l'encadrement.
Article
To cope in various aquatic environments (i.e. swimming pools, lakes, rivers, oceans), learners require a wide repertoire of self-regulatory behaviours such as awareness of obstacles and water properties, floating and moving from point to point with different strokes, decision making, emotional control and breathing efficiently. By experiencing diff...
Article
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Recent perspectives for the study of perceptual-motor expertise have highlighted the importance for considering variability in gaze behaviour. The present paper explores the prevalence of variability in gaze behaviour in an anticipation task through examining goalkeepers gaze behaviours when saving soccer penalty kicks, with a primary focus on offe...
Article
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The radical embodied cognition approach to behavior requires emphasis upon how humans adapt their motor skills in response to changes in constraint. The aim of this exploratory study was to identify how the typical coordination patterns used to tread water were influenced by constraints representative of open water environments. Twenty-three partic...
Article
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Before examining the effect of changing constraints on skill adaptation, it is useful to know the tolerable variability of a movement pattern for optimal performance. Tolerable variability may vary throughout the period of task performance as some parts of the movement pattern may be more important than others. The purpose of this study was to quan...
Poster
Full-text available
Crawling and walking infants can easily adapt their behaviour and successfully locomote down a 10° dry-land slope. Do infants use the affordance offered by a smooth and gradual entrance to the water to avoid water submersion? Or would they perceive the situation as safe and put themselves at risk of becoming submerged and possibly drowning? We tes...
Article
Dynamic situations, such as interactive sports or walking on a busy street, impose high demands on a person's ability to interact with (others in) its environment (i.e., 'interact-ability'). The current study examined how distance regulation, a fundamental component of these interactions, is mediated by different sources of visual information. Part...
Article
Objective: This review article delineates some important theoretical concepts that inform sport expertise acquisition studies. In particular, the principles of ecological psychology and dynamical systems theory have united together to form the ecological dynamics, a framework that provides the perfect platform through which to study the role of soc...
Article
Full-text available
A wide range of movement experiences over the early years of life is crucial for the development of expertise in skill later in adulthood. A set of movements termed Fundamental Movement Skills has been suggested as a precursor for performance of more complex movement. The attainment of FMS during childhood is certainly a noble and worthwhile aim. H...
Article
Full-text available
Validated assessment tools for movement competence typically involve the isolation and reproduction of specific movement forms, which arguably neglects individuals’ ability to combine and adapt movements to overcome constraints within a dynamic environment. A new movement assessment tool, the General Movement Competence Assessment (GMCA), was devel...
Article
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Background: The constraints-led approach was first proposed to capture how movement solutions are shaped and organised without being prescribed. It has since been extended as a suitable framework for informing coaching practice. The contemporary view of the role of the coach in the constraints-led approach characterises them as a monitor and manipu...
Article
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Climbers often train on indoor climbing walls, which are modifiable to simulate features of outdoor climbing environments at different levels of difficulty. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of regularity of climbing holds on emergent perceptual-motor behaviours. Skilled climbers performed six repetitions of two topographically si...
Article
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Purpose: To examine the movement and physiological demands of rugby union officiating within elite competition. Methods: Movement demands of 9 elite officials across 12 Super Rugby matches were calculated, using global positioning system devices. Total distance (m), relative distance (m·min-1), percentage time spent within various speed zones we...
Chapter
We aimed to examine how participants of different skill level adapt their stroke when asked to swim at different speeds. 20 subjects divided into (a) low-(n = 6), (b) medium-(n = 8), and (c) high-(n = 7) expertise level swam in front crawl at four different swim paces of 60, 70, 85 and 100 % of their maximal speed in a swimming flume. Eight force s...
Chapter
Interpersonal coordination in sports can be studied by examining interactions between agents. Evidently, individuals differ in their ability to interact with others (cf. ‘interact-ability’), which critically depends on their sensitivity to information for (inter-)action. Recently, we found that agents could access different information sources for...
Article
Full-text available
Rugby union referees often determine the outcome of matches, which highlights the importance of their physical conditioning and decision-making ability. This article reviews the limited pool of research related to the physical demands of refereeing 15-a-side rugby union within the context of match officials from other team sports. Decision-making i...
Article
Purpose: Aquatic survival skills may be compromised in cold water thereby increasing the likelihood of drowning. This study compared physiological, psychological, and behavioural responses of humans treading water and swimming in cold and temperate water. Methods: Thirty-eight participants were classified as inexperienced (n=9), recreational (n=...
Article
Nonlinear Pedagogy is an exploratory approach to teaching and learning Physical Education that can be potentially effective to help children acquire relevant twenty-first century competencies. Underpinned by Ecological Dynamics, the focus of Nonlinear Pedagogy is on the learner and includes the provision of less prescriptive instructions and guided...
Article
There are some concerns that children today may be less calibrated to their action capabilities because of the "risk-free" culture that has proliferated during recent decades. This study investigated the extent to which judgments of reaching affordances presented in different directions (i.e., overhead, diagonal, and horizontal) are related to chil...
Chapter
Uncertainty in extreme sports performance environments, like rock and ice climbing, provides considerable psycho-emotional and physiological demands which challenge the acquisition of perceptual–motor skills. An ecological dynamics theoretical framework adopts concepts and tools of nonlinear dynamics and ecological psychology to investigate and mod...
Article
Regulating distance with a moving object or person is a key component of human movement and of skillful interpersonal coordination. The current set of experiments aimed to assess the role of gait mode and body orientation on distance regulation using a cyclical locomotor tracking task in which participants followed a virtual leader. In the first ex...
Article
In the lead article of this special issue, Paul Glazier proposes that Newell’s constraints model has the potential to contribute to a grand unified theory of sports performance in that it can help to integrate the disciplinary silos that have typically operated in isolation in sports and exercise science. With a few caveats discussed in this commen...
Article
Collective behaviors in team sports result in players forming interpersonal synergies that contribute to performance goals. Because of the huge amount of variables that continuously constrain players’ behavior during a game, the way that these synergies are formed remain unclear. Our aim was to quantify interpersonal synergies in the team sport of...
Article
Full-text available
Contemporary theorizing on the complementary nature of perception and action in expert performance has led to different emphases in the study of movement coordination and gaze behavior. On the one hand, coordination research has examined the role of variability in movement control, evidencing that variability facilitates individualized adaptations...
Article
Control of static posture is constrained by multiple sensory inputs, motor ability and task constraints. Development of static postural control across the lifespan can be analyzed effectively using non-linear analyses of center of pressure (CoP) time series, including approximate and sample entropy. In this paper, the key findings from studies usin...
Book
Full-text available
This technically oriented book on medicine as applied to extreme sports offers broad coverage of the field extending well beyond the usual focus on major trauma and acute injuries. In addition to the injuries and diseases associated with individual extreme sports, this book also addresses the topics of psychology, dermatology, ophthalmology, infect...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Under the view of dynamical system theory, expertise in sports emerges from the interaction of multiple constraints. At an individual level, important interactions amongst constraints could include the relationships that evolve between one's family, playmates/coaches, and specific training activities. Or more broadly, other environmenta...
Article
Full-text available
We investigated whether distance estimation accuracy over open water is influenced by the viewing direction of the observer. Twenty-two healthy students (9 male, 13 female) made 10 distance estimates ranging between 50 and 950 m actual distance in 2 viewing conditions: (1) from shore to boat and (2) from boat to shore. There were no consistent diff...
Article
Full-text available
Background: There is some apparent confusion regarding similarities and differences between two popular physical education (PE) pedagogical frameworks, that is, the Constraints-Led Approach (CLA) and Teaching Games for Understanding (TGfU). Purpose: Our aim in this commentary is to detail important theoretical and pedagogical concepts that distingu...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We aimed to examine how participants of different skill level adapt their stroke when asked to swim at different speeds. 20 subjects divided into (a) low-(n=6), (b) medium-(n=8), and (c) high-(n=7) expertise level swam in front crawl at four different swim paces of 60, 70, 85 and 100% of their maximal speed in a swimming flume. Eight force sensors...