Chris M. Bell

Chris M. Bell
York University · Schulich School of Business

PhD

About

33
Publications
18,604
Reads
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1,387
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2020 - present
Hunan Normal University
Position
  • Xiao Xiang Scholar
January 2003 - present
York University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (33)
Article
Purpose The purpose of this study is to examine the underlying cognitive mechanisms between interpersonal justice and creativity. Design/methodology/approach The theoretical model was tested through survey method in two distinct settings, i.e. student teams and organizational setting. Findings This study found evidence that interpersonal justice...
Article
This Special Issue on “Justice enactment ‐ research on doing justice in organizations” was developed to address questions relating to the prerequisites and conditions for and processes and outcomes of doing and enacting justice in organizations. In this editorial, we briefly introduce the collection of the seven empirical papers included in this Sp...
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This study examines the varying roles of power, status, and national culture in unethical decision-making. Most research on unethical behavior in organizations is grounded in Western societies; empirical comparative studies of the antecedents of unethical behavior across nations are rare. The authors conduct this comparative study using scenario st...
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Purpose Although studies have demonstrated that knowledge hiding is an important inhibitor of organizational innovation, current research does not clearly address how intragroup relationship conflict influences knowledge hiding. This study aims to identify the underlying mechanism between intra-group relationship conflict and knowledge hiding. Des...
Article
Servant leadership is a popular style of ethically-based leadership developed in the cultural context of the United States and other Anglo-Saxon (Anglo) countries with a similar culture and managerial context. However, much of the empirical research on this leadership style has been conducted in China, a country with very different cultural and man...
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Feeling the sting of another's injustice is a common human experience. We adopt a motivated information processing approach and explore how individual differences in social motives (e.g., high vs. low collectivism) and epistemic motives (e.g., high vs. low need for closure) drive individuals' evaluative and behavioral reactions to the just and unju...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to investigate, with a Pakistani sample, the destructive and constructive behavioral intentions associated with benign and malicious envy in the context of perceived opportunity to perform. Design/methodology/approach The authors conducted two cross-sectional studies to test the hypotheses. In Study 1, data wer...
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In three studies, we examined the relationship between implicit negotiation beliefs, moral disengagement, and a negotiator’s ethical attitudes and behavior. Study 1 found correlations between an entity theory that negotiation skills are fixed rather than malleable, moral disengagement, and appropriateness of marginally ethical negotiation tactics....
Chapter
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The world’s poorest citizens exist in a context of extreme uncertainty over which they have little control. Contemporary philanthrocapitalist aid is grounded in the premise that economic gain will empower the world’s poor, and the expectation that the market should be driven by rational self-interested economic decision-making. We critique this app...
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Purpose. Test whether procedural justice effects on organizational powerlessness and dehumanization are stronger for women than men and, consequently, mediated effects on turnover intention are conditional upon gender. Design/methodology/approach. We recruited to a two-wave survey of workplace attitudes with flyers distributed at downtown subway...
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To better understand organizational corruption, this paper investigates different roles of power and status in affecting corruption from the perspective of common interest. According to social exchange theory and entitlement theory, as well as the cultural construct of relationships, we put forward competing hypotheses to explore the influence of i...
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This article reflects on context effects in the study of behavioral ethics and organizational justice. After a general overview, we review three key challenges confronting research in these two domains. First, we consider social scientific versus normative approaches to inquiry. The former aims for a scientific description, while the latter aims to...
Article
Much of the current research on culture and negotiation has taken the approach of generalizing the effects of culturally specific norms or attitudes to the negotiation context. However, negotiation experiences may differ across cultures, societies and nations, and these experiences can form the basis of culture-specific cognitive schemas or scripts...
Article
The authors examined how perceived event-specific procedural and distributive justice about own and envied others' outcomes interacts with episodic envy to predict counterproductive work behaviors. Our results were consistent with the attribution model of justice, finding that episodic envy significantly predicted counterproductive work behaviors a...
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Creativity is a form of self-expression that can challenge the status quo. The literature on organizational justice and creativity suggests that employees engage in creativity because it is a personally rewarding activity, but may withhold creativity because of the risk and uncertainty of introducing innovation and change. Both motivation and disin...
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In the current economic downturn, people are fearful, uncertain, and preoccupied about how the recession affects them, their loved ones, and their collective futures. In short, they feel threatened by the stability and security of their personal finances. This study examined the psychometric properties of the Financial Threat Scale (FTS), a 5-item...
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Both organizational justice and behavioural ethics are concerned with questions of ‘right and wrong’ in the context of work organizations. Until recently they have developed largely independently of each other, choosing to focus on subtly different concerns, constructs and research questions. The last few years have, however, witnessed a significan...
Article
In two studies, we investigated whether learning goals, which focus attention on task strategies rather than outcomes, affect negotiator behavior and results differently than performance goals. In Study 1, negotiators with learning goals had lower rates of impasse and were judged to be most cooperative. Study 2 replicated these results using a diff...
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Anecdotal evidence abounds that conflicts between two individuals can spread across networks to involve a multitude of others. We advance a cultural transmission model of intergroup conflict where conflict contagion is seen as a consequence of universal human traits (ingroup preference, outgroup hostility; i.e. parochial altruism) which give their...
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This article explores the hypothesis that third parties are motivated to seek information about agents who have behaved unethically in the past, even if the agent and available information are irrelevant to the third parties’ goals and interests. We explored two possible motives for this information seeking behavior: deonance, or the motive to care...
Chapter
Full-text available
In this chapter we develop the concept of Organizational De/humanization, drawing on the classic sociological work of Marx (1844, 1961), Durkheim (1897, 2006), and Weber (1905, 1976) and more recent work on the social psychology of dehumanization. We position de/humanization in an ontological relationship with organizational in/justice. We identify...
Article
Drawing on the motivated information processing model (De Dreu & Carnevale, 2003), we explore how individual differences in collectivism (the social motive) and need for closure (the epistemic motive) drive individuals’ reactions to the justice treatment of a coworker. Across both laboratory and field studies, we find that the (un)just treatment of...
Article
The deontic model of justice and ethical behavior proposes that people care about justice simply for the sake of justice. This is an important consideration for business ethics because it implies that justice and ethical behavior are naturally occurring phenomena independent of system controls or individual self-interest. To date, research on the d...
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In 7 experiments, the causal effects of the availability of an attractive alternative (AA) relationship partner on current relationship thoughts and intentions were tested using confederates, mental simulations, and virtual reality. Men behaved consistent with traditional relationship-commitment theories, showing decreased willingness to tolerate t...
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The perception of behavior as a moral or conventional concern can be influenced by contextual variables, including status and power differences. We propose that social processes and in particular social role enactment through the exercise of power will psychologically motivate moralization. Punishing or rewarding others creates a moral dilemma that...
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This study systematically explored the role of a range of emotions in the conflict process. In order to do so, we articulated and tested a typology of discreet conflict-relevant emotion constructs. Emotions were demarcated by the two dimensions of self-concern versus other-concern, and motives to approach or withdraw from the other party or conflic...
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This article explores how much memes like urban legends succeed on the basis of informational selection (i.e., truth or a moral lesson) and emotional selection (i.e., the ability to evoke emotions like anger, fear, or disgust). The article focuses on disgust because its elicitors have been precisely described. In Study 1, with controls for informat...
Article
This article explores how much memes like urban legends succeed on the basis of informational selection (i.e., truth or a moral lesson) and emotional selection (i.e., the ability to evoke emotions like anger, fear, or disgust). The article focuses on disgust because its elicitors have been precisely described. In Study 1, with controls for informat...
Article
University Microfilms order no. 3111173. Thesis (Ph. D.)--Duke University, 2003. Includes bibliographical references.

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