Chris Anderson

Chris Anderson
Linköping University | LiU · Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine (IKE)

MBBS, MD, FACD

About

128
Publications
18,328
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3,087
Citations
Additional affiliations
February 2001 - present
Linköping University
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (128)
Article
Full-text available
The high-density microneedle array patch (HD-MAP) is a promising alternative vaccine delivery system device with broad application in disease, including SARS-CoV-2. Skin reactivity to HD-MAP applications has been extensively studied in young individuals, but not in the >65 years population, a risk group often requiring higher dose vaccines to produ...
Article
Full-text available
Monitoring of low-molecular weight cancer biomarkers, such as tryptophan (Trp) and its derivative kynurenine (Kyn), might be advantageous to non-invasive skin cancer detection. Thus, we assessed several approaches of topical sampling of Trp and Kyn, in relation to phenylalanine (Phe) and tyrosine (Tyr), on the volar forearm of six healthy volunteer...
Article
The AWARE (A World-wide Antihistamine-Refractory chronic urticaria patient Evaluation) study investigated outcomes in patients with chronic urticaria refractory to H1-antihistamine. The objective of the current study was to analyse the effects of treatment on patients’ symptoms and quality of life for a period of up to 2 years. Over the 2 years, th...
Article
Full-text available
Significance: Tissue simulating phantoms are an important part of validating biomedical optical techniques. Tissue pathology in inflammation and oedema involves changes in both water and hemoglobin fractions. Aim: We present a method to create solid gelatin-based phantoms mimicking inflammation and oedema with adjustable water and hemoglobin fra...
Article
Full-text available
The molecular composition of human skin is altered due to diseases, which can be utilized for non-invasive sampling of biomarkers and disease diagnostics. For this to succeed, it is crucial to identify a sampling formulation with high extraction efficiency and reproducibility. Highly hydrated skin is expected to be optimal for increased diffusion o...
Article
Background: The high-density microarray patch (HD-MAP) promises to be a robust vaccination platform with clear advantages for future global societal demands for health care management. The method of action has its base not only in efficient delivery of vaccine but also in the reliable induction of a local innate physical inflammatory response to a...
Article
Rising consumer demands for safer, more natural, and sustainable topical products have led to increased interest in finding alternative excipients, while retaining functionality and cosmetic appeal. Particle-stabilized Pickering creams have emerged as possible alternatives to replace traditional surfactant-stabilized creams and are thus one of the...
Article
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Borrelia-specific antibodies in serum did not contribute to the diagnosis of Borrelia arthritis or Borrelia-associated dermatitis in a young woman with ongoing treatment with rituximab due to multiple sclerosis. The diagnosis was confirmed by the detection of Borrelia-DNA in a skin punch biopsy. The patient history did not reveal any tick exposure....
Article
Full-text available
The development of microarray patches for vaccine application has the potential to revolutionise vaccine delivery. Microarray patches (MAP) reduce risks of needle stick injury, do not require reconstitution and have the potential to enhance immune responses using a fractional vaccine dose. To date, the majority of research has focused on vaccine de...
Article
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Background The efficiency of transdermal drug delivery may be increased by pretreating the skin with microneedles, but distinct effects of microneedles and the microneedle-enhanced delivery of vasoactive drugs on the skin microvasculature are still not well investigated. Materials and Methods In eight healthy human subjects, we measured the microv...
Article
Actinic keratosis is the most common actinic lesion in fair-skinned populations. It is accepted as an indicator of actinic skin damage and as an occasional precursor of squamous cell carcinoma. The aim of this study was to investigate, in a cohort of patients with a diagnosis of actinic keratosis, the relative risk of developing skin cancer during...
Article
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Abstract Skin microdialysis (SMD) is a versatile sampling technique that can be used to recover soluble endogenous and exogenous molecules from the extracellular compartment of human skin. Due to its minimally invasive character, SMD can be applied in both clinical and preclinical settings. Despite being available since the 1990s, the technique has...
Article
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Background: In the light of increasing skin cancer incidences worldwide, preventive measures to promote sun protection in individuals with risky sun habits have continued relevance and importance. Aim: To report the long-term effect of individualised sun protection advice given in primary health care (PHC), on sun habits and sun protection behav...
Article
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Background Capillary refill (CR) time is traditionally assessed by ‘naked-eye’ inspection of the return to original colour of a tissue after blanching pressure. Few studies have addressed intra-observer reliability or used objective quantification techniques to assess time to original colour. This study compares naked-eye assessment with quantified...
Article
https://authors.elsevier.com/c/1ZCIkcI2~p-NC Short abstract: The development of formulation concepts for improved skin tissue oxygenation, including methods for measuring oxygen (O2) transport across biological barriers, are important research topics with respect to all processes that are affected by the O2 concentration, such as radiation therapy...
Article
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Background: Hyaluronic acid (HA), a large glycosaminoglycan involved in proliferation, migration, and tissue repair, is suggested to be an important factor for keratinocyte activation and re-epithelialization. The experimental hypothesis of this study was that HA accelerates re-epithelialization, and we aimed to investigate the effect of exogenous...
Article
Objective: To describe the effect of low ambient temperature on skin temperature and capillary refill (CR) time in forehead, sternum and finger pulp. Methods: An observational, nonrandomized experimental study on 15 healthy subjects (6 females) in a cold room (8 °C). Outcome measures were skin temperature and quantified CR test after application...
Article
The capillary refill test was introduced in 1947 to help estimate circulatory status in critically ill patients. Guidelines commonly state that refill should occur within 2 s after releasing 5 s of firm pressure (e.g., by the physician’s finger) in the normal healthy supine patient. A slower refill time indicates poor skin perfusion, which can be c...
Article
Full-text available
To use Bioengineering methodology is used to achieve, at five anatomical sites, a detailed, quantitative assessment of the return of blood content to the blanched area, during the Capillary Refill (CR) test. An observational, non-randomized, experimental study on 23 healthy subjects (14 females) was performed in our climate controlled skin physiolo...
Article
Background: Chronic urticaria (CU) is characterized by the recurrence of itchy hives and/or angioedema for more than 6 weeks. AWARE (A World-wide Antihistamine-Refractory Chronic Urticaria Patient Evaluation) is a multinational study designed to document the real-life treatment situation, burden of disease and clinical resource usage of H1-antihis...
Article
Full-text available
Knowledge on Staphylococcus aureus colonization rates and epidemiology in hand eczema is limited. The aim of this study was to clarify some of these issues. Samples were collected by the “glove juice” method from the hands of 59 patients with chronic hand eczema and 24 healthy individuals. Swab samples were taken from anterior nares and throat from...
Article
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Endocannabinoids and related N-acylethanolamines (NAEs) are lipid mediators involved in a number of physiological and pathological mechanisms in peripheral tissues. Microdialysis (MD) technique allows continues sampling of endogenous substances in the interstitial fluids of the tissues. The main limitation of MD sampling of lipophilic compounds is...
Article
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Background: In both Sweden and Australia high incidence rates of skin cancer have become a major health problem. In prevention and risk communication, it is important to have reliable ways for identifying people with risky sun habits. In this study the validity and reliability of the questionnaire Sun Exposure Protection Index (SEPI), developed to...
Article
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Abstract Conventional skin UV-sensitivity phototesting is based on semi-quantitative assessment of minimal erythema dose (MED). This study demonstrates a method for quantitative MED determination, using a lengthwise attenuating UVB-field combined with tissue viability imaging (TiVi). The study aim was to investigate the agreement between MED acquir...
Article
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Objectives For solid organ transplant recipients the risk of skin cancer is markedly increased due to immunosuppression. Many studies propose an annual, or more frequent, skin screening program by a dermatologist. As the number of transplant recipients increases and survival times improve, the need for screening and rapid response (as required) acc...
Article
There is good agreement between dermatological staff and patients using the Hand Eczema Extent Score (HEES). The aim of this study was to assess inter-and intra-observer reliability of the HEES in dermatologists and intra-observer reliability of the HEES in patients with hand eczema. Six dermatologists assessed 18 patients twice. Only the hands of...
Article
Background In tissue viability imaging (TiVi), an assessment method for skin erythema, correct orientation of skin position from provocation to assessment optimizes data interpretation. Image processing algorithms could compensate for the effects of skin translation, torsion and rotation realigning assessment images to the position of the skin at p...
Article
Background: Sun exposure habits and the propensity to undertake sun protection differ between individuals. Not least in primary prevention of skin cancer, aiming at reducing ultraviolet (UV) exposure, knowledge about these factors may be of importance. The aim of the present study was to investigate, in a primary health care (PHC) population, the...
Article
Full-text available
Gold salts has previously been used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis but have been replaced by biologicals such as TNF-α inhibitors. The mechanisms behind the anti-inflammatory effect of metallic gold ions are still unknown, however, recent data showed that charged gold atoms are released from pure metallic gold implants by macrophages via...
Data
Table S1. Selected genes differentially regulated (FC ≥ 3) in THP-1 cells after dissolucytosis of gold compared to control THP-1 cells.
Article
Introduction: Skin has a large dynamic capacity for alterations in blood flow, and is therefore often used for recruitment of blood during states of hypoperfusion such as during burn shock resuscitation. However, little is known about the blood flow and metabolic consequences seen in the dermis secondary to the use vasoactive drugs (i.e. noradrena...
Article
Full-text available
Cutaneous microdialysis demonstrates cytokine production in living human skin. In the present study, microdialysis samples taken from uninvolved and lesional skin in three test subjects with psoriasis over 24 h have been investigated for cytokine content with a bead-based multiplex immunoassay from Luminex. Concentration curves for a set of Th1/Th2...
Chapter
Introduction Innate Immunity Adaptive Immunity Changes in Skin Immunity with Age Changes in Innate Skin Immunity with Disease Innate Immunity in Skin Reactivity Immunity and Itch of Sensitive Skin From Theory to Lab Bench to Clinical Scenario Summary: Take Home Message Acknowledgments References
Article
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In routine clinical phototesting and in basic research, naked eye dermatological assessment is the "gold standard" for determining the patient's minimal erythemal dose (MED). In UV-B testing with a divergent, radially attenuating beam of characterised dosimetry, laser Doppler perfusion imaging has been previously used to give quantitative descripti...
Article
Assessment of hand eczema in a clinical study has been achieved using a scoring system which documents extent of eczema on different areas of the hand. To investigate whether the same scoring system could be used by patients to communicate current status of hand eczema. In a study of 62 patients (36 women and 26 men, age range 19-75 years), the pat...
Article
Full-text available
Topical 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) and methyl aminolevulinate (MAL) photodynamic therapy (PDT) of skin lesions is an accepted treatment for skin tumours but success rates need improvement. The effectiveness of PDT is influenced by availability of oxygen. The aim of this study was to demonstrate, in normal skin, whether a decrease in skin oxygen te...
Article
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Minimally invasive biosensors are of great interest for rapid detection of disease biomarkers for diagnostic screening at the point-of-care. Here we introduce a device which extracts disease-specific biomarkers directly from the upper dermis, without the needle and syringe or resource-intensive blood processing. Using antigen-specific antibodies ra...
Article
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Insertion of a cutaneous microdialysis catheter into normal dermis has been shown to induce the production of IL1b, IL6 and IL8 in an innate response to minimal trauma. In the present study, skin biopsy for immunohistochemistry has been performed at the site of the microdialysis catheter to compare the findings with that of the microdialysis findin...
Article
Introduction: The colour of tissue is often of clinical use in the diagnosis of tissue homeostasis and physiological responses to various stimuli. Determining tissue colour changes and borders, however, often poses an intricate problem and visual examination, constituting clinical praxis, does not allow them to be objectively characterized or quant...
Article
Full-text available
Background/aims: Skin is a viscoelastic material, comprised of fluidic and fibrous components. Changes in viscoelasticity can arise due to a number of conditions including dehydration, swelling (associated with injury or disease), impaired heart function, rehydration therapy, ageing, scarring, sun exposure and genetic conditions affecting connectiv...
Article
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Individual variability in skin reactivity and healing capacity after trauma are important clinical issues. The aims were to develop an in vivo, human wound model based on a standardised minimal skin injury and to demonstrate therapeutic effect of simple wound therapies in terms of morphological wound outcome with changes in skin blood perfusion as...
Article
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This report outlines results from an independent study assessing the clinical potential of an emerging, contemporary imaging technology. Tissue Viability (TiVi) imaging is an easily implemented, non-invasive, and portable technique which maps the blood circulation in the surface dermal layer. However, its routine clinical implementation awaits the...
Article
In the investigation and management of skin disease, various testing protocols are of importance. The extent to which clinical judgments and decisions on therapy are supported by the performance of such testing can be affected negatively by the lack of time and resources for the performance of tests. In the present study, the possibility of utilizi...
Article
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Pathergy is the term used to describe hyper-reactivity of the skin that occurs in response to minimal trauma. A positive skin pathergy test (SPT), characterised by erythematous induration at the site of the needle stick with a small pustule containing sterile pus at its centre, is among the criteria required for a diagnosis of Behçet's disease (BD)...
Article
Tissue Viability (TiVi) imaging is a promising new technology for the assessment of microcirculation in the upper human dermis. Although the technique is easily implemented and develops large amounts of observational data, its role in the clinical workplace awaits the development of standardised protocols required for routine clinical practice. The...
Article
Skin tags (acrochordons) are exceedingly common benign skin lesions. A novel medical device in the form of a flat adhesive patch applies pressure to the base of a skin tag, leading to its removal within 3-6 days. The device was used in a clinical trial to treat and remove skin tags of the neck, upper torso, and axillae in volunteers. In this study,...
Article
Full-text available
Microdialysis allows the study of the local production and temporal resolution of cytokines in living skin. Samples were taken from the normal skin of 10 healthy subjects for 24-28 h after insertion of a concentric microdialysis catheter, and analysed with a Luminex bead-based assay. Interleukin-1 beta (IL1b), IL6 and IL8 were seen in all subjects...
Article
In both clinical and experimental phototesting, naked eye assessment of erythema has been the main assessment parameter. As with all subjective assessment, variability in recorded results due to variable circumstances around the performance and reading of tests influences reliability and utility of data whether they be interpreted for an individual...
Article
Full-text available
The high skin cancer incidence in western society, and its known association with sun exposure habits, makes the area an important target for prevention. We investigated, in a primary healthcare setting, differentiated levels of prevention efforts directed at the propensity of the patient to change his/her sun habits, sun protection behaviour, and...
Article
A new and versatile method for tissue viability imaging based on polarization spectroscopy of blood in superficial tissue structures such as the skin is presented in this paper. Linearly polarized light in the visible wavelength region is partly reflected directly by the skin surface and partly diffusely backscattered from the dermal tissue matrix....
Article
The skin is a key protective barrier from the environment for terrestrial mammals and is one in a continuous state of renewal and repair. Impairment of skin barrier function is often demonstrated by an altered integrity of the stratum corneum (SC) and a consequential increase in transepidermal water loss (TEWL). Skin barrier function impairment oft...
Article
The skin mirrors the individual's well being. Visible for both the patient and the attending physician, it can be a source of information for the diagnosis of multi-system diseases and diseases of internal organs. Therapy is usually directed at the primary disease. Pharmaco-therapeutic options for internal diseases are at present not always optimal...
Article
Full-text available
Background/aims: Many clinical conditions that affect the microcirculation of the skin are still diagnosed and followed up by observational methods alone in spite of the fact that non-invasive, more user-independent and objective methods are available today. Limited portability, high cost, lack of robustness and non-specificity of findings are amon...
Article
Full-text available
non-peer-reviewed Skin behaves as a viscoelastic material, having mechanical properties composed of elastic and fluid components. Upon indentation, the fibres are stretched and fluid displaced from the compressed region. The rate of recovery from this imprint is therefore dependent on the hydration and elasticity of the skin. A reliable measurement...
Article
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non-peer-reviewed This article describes the theoretical development and design of a real-time microcirculation imaging system, an extension from a previously technology developed by our group. The technology utilises polarisation spectroscopy, a technique used in order to selectively gate photons returning from various compartments of human skin t...
Article
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Non-peer-reviewed This paper describes the design and evaluation of a novel easy to use, tissue viability imaging system (TiVi). The system is based on the methods of diffuse reflectance spectroscopy and polarization spectroscopy. The technique has been developed as an alternative to current imaging technology in the area of microcirculation imagin...
Article
A 24-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was conducted in Denmark, Egypt, Jordan, Norway, and Sweden to compare the efficacy and safety of topically applied 2% minoxidil solution with those of placebo in the treatment of early male pattern baldness. One hundred fifty-one men were evaluable at week 24. They applied 1 ml of either the placeb...
Article
In vivo diagnostics of skin diseases as well as understanding of the skin biology constitute a field demanding characterization of physiological and anatomical parameters. Biomedical optics has been successfully used, to qualitatively and quantitatively estimate the microcirculatory conditions of superficial skin. Capillaroscopy, laser Doppler tech...
Article
Full-text available
peer-reviewed no abstract available IRCSET VINNOVA, the Swedish agency for Innovation Systems
Chapter
INTRODUCTION The term “dermatitis” is deeply entrenched in the nosological history of diseases of the skin. As a term, it describes the organ as the skin and indicates that there is a component of inflammation. Even patients have a broad concept of what the skin might look like in this condition and actually use the term in a relatively correct con...