Chockalingam (Vish) Viswesvaran

Chockalingam (Vish) Viswesvaran
Florida International University | FIU · Department of Psychology

PhD

About

195
Publications
308,672
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19,666
Citations
Citations since 2017
29 Research Items
7782 Citations
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201720182019202020212022202302004006008001,0001,200
201720182019202020212022202302004006008001,0001,200

Publications

Publications (195)
Article
Purpose Although affective accounts of organizational justice theory have been offered, suggesting a role played by trait affectivity dimensions – trait positive affectivity (TPA) and trait negative affectivity (TNA) - in shaping applicant reactions to selection procedures, research in this area relies on cognitive information processing accounts o...
Article
Purpose The psychological contract breach (PCB) literature has documented the negative effects of PCB on employee job attitudes and the variables that moderate (accentuate or mitigate) this relationship. Given that multiple variables together influence a subordinate’s PCB – job attitudes relationship, this paper aims to investigate a three-way inte...
Article
Aims We explore the effects of four predictors of anxiety (work constraints, work/family conflict, verbal abuse, and negative team orientation) among nurses and their subsequent effects on job satisfaction and turnover intentions. We also examine the moderating effect of supervisor support on the relationship between job satisfaction and turnover i...
Article
Full-text available
Organizations have great interest in controlling counterproductive work behaviors. In an effort to reduce the amount of counterproductivity among employees, professionals have turned to integrity tests – a non‐cognitive measure used worldwide for more than 60 years to identify individuals with a higher propensity to engage in counterproductive work...
Article
Organizations have great interest in controlling counterproductive work behaviors. In an effort to reduce the amount of counterproductivity among employees, professionals have turned to integrity tests – a non‐cognitive measure used worldwide for more than 60 years to identify individuals with a higher propensity to engage in counterproductive work...
Chapter
Full-text available
Organizations have great interest in controlling counterproductive work behaviors. In an effort to reduce the amount of counterproductivity among employees, professionals have turned to integrity tests—a non-cognitive measure used worldwide for more than 60 years to identify individuals with a higher propensity to engage in counterproductive work b...
Article
Regulating individual expressions of faith: A balancing act for organizations - Volume 12 Issue 4 - David A. Beane, Chockalingam Viswesvaran
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Although research into issues of conscientiousness bandwidth for personnel selection has compared global vs. facet validities using cross‐sectional designs, there has been an absence of longitudinal research. We provided the first empirical test of differential dynamicity between conscientiousness and its four facets across time, observing evidence...
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Full-text available
We used meta‐analysis to advance our understanding of personality traits as antecedents of expatriate adjustment to international assignments and to test expatriate adjustment as a mediator linking the Five‐Factor Model (FFM) of personality to job performance and turnover intentions (k = 43; N = 7,007). Personality accounted for 20% of the variance...
Article
Issues of trait bandwidth and trait-situation interactions have been scantly considered in the personality-job satisfaction literature. We addressed these gaps with respect to extraversion's major facets of enthusiasm and assertiveness. Consistent with expectations, only enthusiasm shared a direct relationship with job satisfaction. The assertivene...
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Full-text available
We carried out a meta-analysis of perceived overqualification (POQ). Synthesizing twenty-five years of research (k = 61), we helped to clarify disparate and conflicting findings in the literature. Our results indicated that POQ was associated with job satisfaction (ρ = -.41), organizational commitment (ρ = -.35), turnover intentions (ρ = .37), job...
Article
The lengthy and complex focal article by Tett, Hundley, and Christiansen (2017) is based on a fundamental misunderstanding of the nature of validity generalization (VG): It is based on the assumption that what is generalized in VG is the estimated value of mean rho ( $\bar{\rho}$ ). This erroneous assumption is stated repeatedly throughout the arti...
Chapter
An important construct in Industrial, Work and Organizational (IWO) psychology, organizational behavior, and human resources management (personnel selection, training, and performance evaluation) in general, and personnel selection in particular, is the construct of job performance. Job performance is the most important dependent variable in IWO ps...
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Workplace religious expression has become an intensely debated topic across news outlets and social media. However research on what constitutes acceptable vs unacceptable workplace religious display is sparse. At a time when EEOC claims involving religion are on the rise there is a clear need for study in this area. In this study participants in tw...
Article
Popular and academic press alike have concluded that mindfulness significantly benefits healthy individuals as well as those suffering from physical and psychological problems. Workplace interventions, clinical therapies, and popular self-help programs aimed at enhancing mindfulness abound, and research has demonstrated the efficacy of such mindful...
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Measures of political skill have been shown to be significant predictors of job performance across a variety of occupations and have consistently been related to positive work-related behaviors and outcomes. A reliability generalization study was conducted on the Political Skill Inventory (PSI), currently the most frequently utilized measuring inst...
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In this commentary, we build on Bracken, Rose, and Church's (2016) definition stating that 360° feedback should involve “the analysis of meaningful comparisons of rater perceptions across multiple ratees, between specific groups of raters” (p. 764). Bracken et al. expand on this component of the definition later by stressing that “the ability to co...
Article
This might be the most opportune time for Human Resource Management (HRM) to benefit from psychometric meta-analysis. Explosion of empirical research, often with conflicting results, hide important takeaways that can guide evidence-based applications of HRM. The science of HRM can turn to meta-analyses and meta-analytic thinking as the antidote to...
Chapter
Integrity is a critically important individual differences construct and plays a central role in organizational sciences. Integrity tests have a long-standing history in the field of personality assessment. In this chapter, we review four different conceptualizations of how integrity test scores map into the personality domain as described by the w...
Article
This study explores the correlates of multitasking ability, as measured by a commercially developed test that has been used for high stakes personnel selection contexts with more traditional predictors (i.e., personality and cognitive ability) in an organizational sample. Multitasking ability exhibited differential relationships with the cognitive...
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Full-text available
Many studies have examined creative and innovative performance (CIP)–task performance, CIP–organizational citizenship behaviour (OCB), and CIP–counterproductive work behaviour (CWB) relationships in order to differentiate CIP from these established job performance dimensions. However, the overlap between CIP and these performance dimensions is stil...
Article
All measurements must contend with unreliability. No measure is free of measurement error. More attention must be paid to measurement error in all psychological research. The problem of reliability is more severe when rating scales are involved. Many of the constructs in industrial–organizational (I–O) psychology and organizational behav-ior/human...
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Full-text available
Measurement Error Obfuscates Scientific Knowledge: Path to Cumulative Knowledge Requires Corrections for Unreliability and Psychometric Meta-Analyses - Volume 7 Issue 4 - Chockalingam Viswesvaran, Deniz S. Ones, Frank L. Schmidt, Huy Le, In-Sue Oh
Article
This paper provides a theoretical overview and empirical demonstration of Partial Least Squares Path Modeling (PLS) comparing it to Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). The two data analysis techniques share historical origins but differ in terms of underlying algorithms, which gives rise to other key differences: (a) the treatment of unexplained in...
Article
We examined gender differences in five different types of clerical work sample exercises. Our results indicated that, overall, gender differences were minimal. However, there was substantial variability in gender differences across work sample exercises such that the magnitude and direction of gender differences depended on the constructs that each...
Article
Analizamos las diferencias de género en cinco tipos distintos de ejercicios de muestras de trabajo administrativo. Los resultados indican que, en general, las diferencias de género eran mínimas. No obstante, había gran variabilidad en las diferencias de género en los ejercicios de muestras de trabajo en función de los constructos evaluados por cada...
Article
This study examined the moderating role of polychronicity, the preference for multitasking, on the relationship between multitasking ability and performance. The results support the importance of fit in understanding the interaction between preference for and ability to multitask. The relationship between multitasking ability and an overall perform...
Article
A national sample of attorneys were surveyed to investigate how characteristics of a rejected applicants’ claim affect attorney decisions to represent the claimant, have confidence in favorable claimant outcomes, determine claim credibility, and select legal action outcomes. Three variables were manipulated within rejected applicant claim vignettes...
Article
Many studies have examined the stability of criterion-related validity coefficients across time. However, the majority of this research has been conducted using tests of cognitive ability and has neglected alternate predictor constructs and methods. For example, little research has considered the dynamicity of personality predictor validities and n...
Article
The prevalence of individuals using social networking sites to stay connected has increased considerably in only a few years and the information posted is now being used by organizations for employee selection. The purpose of the current study was to investigating how differences on the Big Five Personality traits, honesty-integrity, and emotional...
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Examination of the Van Iddekinge, Roth, Raymark, and Odle-Dusseau (2012) meta-analysis reveals a number of problems. They meta-analyzed a partial database of integrity test validities. An examination of their coded database revealed that measures coded as integrity tests and meta-analyzed as such often included scales that are not in fact integrity...
Article
Multi-rater feedback systems are increasingly being used in organizations for assessment and development. Research suggests self-ratings are often uncorrelated with other-ratings, which has implications for ratee receptivity to feedback. Prior research suggests ratee personality may offer insight into selfother rating discrepancy. We explored the e...
Article
Full-text available
Multi-rater feedback systems are increasingly being used in organizations for assessment and development. Research suggests self-ratings are often uncorrelated with other-ratings, which has implications for ratee receptivity to feedback. Prior research suggests ratee personality may offer insight into self-other rating discrepancy. We explored the...
Article
Purpose The benefits of humor for general well‐being have long been touted. Past empirical research has suggested that some of these benefits also exist in the work domain. However, there is little shared understanding as to the role of humor in the workplace. The purpose of this paper is to address two main gaps in the humor literature. First, the...
Article
This chapter describes measures of cognitive ability (general mental ability and specific abilities) and examines their usefulness for personnel selection. An overview of definitional and theoretical issues as they apply to use of such measures in personnel decision making is provided first. Then, issues of reliability of measures are discussed, ag...
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Full-text available
Meta-analytic structural equations modeling is increasingly used in theory testing. There has been much debate when meta-analyzed correlation matrices are used in structural equations modeling on whether to use mean observed correlations (i.e., corrected only for sampling error) or correlations corrected for study artifacts such as unreliability in...
Chapter
Usefulness in Prediction and Explanation Current and Future Directions for Individual Differences Workplace Applications References
Chapter
• individual differences and real-world outcomes - cognitive abilities and personality; • individual differences at work - role that individual differences play in work settings; • usefulness of individual differences' attributes - in work settings, relationships documented for broad spectrum of behaviors and outcomes at work; • job performance, vi...
Article
Learning is one of the main goals of any training program. Much research has focused on how learning may be enhanced through effective training design. We compiled the extant literature exploring the efficacy of five common pre-training interventions in promoting learning. Meta-analytic results (k = 159; total N = 13,684) reveal consistent positive...
Article
This meta-analysis of 103 independent samples provides a comparative evaluation of the relationships associated with four emergent proactive constructs including proactive personality, personal initiative, voice, and taking charge. This study investigates comparative relationships among these focal proactive constructs and key organizational variab...
Article
Survey results (N = 198) suggest emotional intelligence is a significant predictor of individual ethicality, perceptions of others’ethicality and perceptions that unethical behavior facilitates success. Importantly, emotional intelligence explains incremental variance in perceptions of others’ ethicality, over and above individual ethicality. The r...
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Full-text available
Los resultados de este estudio (N = 198) sugieren que la inteligencia emocional es un predictor significativo de la eticidad individual, la percepción de la condición ética de los demás y la percepción de que el comportamiento no ético facilita el éxito. Especialmente, la inteligencia emocional muestra varianza añadida en la percepción de la condic...
Article
This paper offers theoretical development clarifying the structure and function of collective job satisfaction and uses meta-analytic methods (k = 73) to examine the satisfaction–performance relationship when both constructs are construed at the work unit level. Overall, our results suggest that the relationship between unit-level job satisfaction...
Article
The present study examined the measurement equivalence of a second-order factor model of emotional intelligence (EI). Using scores for 921 job applicants obtained during a personnel selection process, measurement equivalence of the Wong and Law Emotional Intelligence Scale (WLEIS) was tested across ethnic (Whites, Blacks, and Hispanics) and gender...
Article
Work–family conflict can have a dramatic negative effect on organizational productivity. Accordingly, organizations are adopting initiatives aimed at assisting employees in achieving a balance between work and family (e.g., family-friendly work culture, supportive supervisors, work-family programs and policies, etc.). Research regarding the effecti...
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This study used a Solomon four-group design to investigate the fakability of a widely used measure of emotional intelligence (EI). Administration instructions (faking/honest-response) and testing effects (pre-test/no pre-test) were the two conditions (i.e., 2 x 2) examined; two different Solomon four-group designs – one for fake-good instructional...
Chapter
Cognitive ability (CA) or intelligence testing has been hailed "as the most practical contribution made to humanity by all of psychology" (Roberts, Markham, Matthews, & Zeidner, in press). Spearman's paper from 100 years ago, "General Intelligence, Objectively Determined and Measured," was the initial turning point in directing attention to the con...
Article
The article reviews psychosocial treatments for phobic and anxiety disorders in youth. Using criteria from Nathan and Gorman (2002), 32 studies are evaluated along a continuum of methodological rigor. In addition, the treatments evaluated in each of the 32 studies are classified according to Chambless et al.'s (1996) and Chambless and Hollon's (199...
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The article reviews the current status (1993-2007) of psychosocial treatments for children and adolescents who have been exposed to traumatic events. Twenty-one treatment studies are evaluated using criteria from Nathan and Gorman (2002) along a continuum of methodological rigor ranging from Type 1 to Type 6. All studies were, at a minimum, robust...
Article
Emotional intelligence (EI) is thought to offer significant benefit to organizational productivity through enhanced employee performance and satisfaction, decreased burnout, and better teamwork. EI may also have implications for the incidence of counterproductive workplace behavior. Survey results suggest EI is a significant predictor of individual...
Article
Personality constructs have been demonstrated to be useful for explaining and predicting attitudes, behaviors, performance, and outcomes in organizational settings. Many professionally developed measures of personality constructs display useful levels of criterion-related validity for job performance and its facets. In this response to Morgeson et...
Article
With the increasing use of personality, several measurement issues have been raised. The papers included in the special section of this journal, across three issues, address some of these concerns. In this post-script, we summarize some of the major themes and conclusions that appear across papers published in the special issue. Questions around th...
Article
In a sample of industrial job applicants, relationships among scores on an integrity test, a job knowledge measure, and maximal performance as assessed by a work sample measure were investigated. The observed correlation between the personality-based integrity test and maximal performance was .27, indicating that integrity tests can be predictive o...
Article
Goal setting has been used in a variety of contexts in an effort to induce maximal effort and to facilitate greater performance outcomes than would otherwise be achieved through an individual's more typical efforts. Do pretraining goals induce trainees to maximize learning efforts in training? Does the type of goal matter? We meta-analytically cumu...
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Full-text available
Four studies investigating labor market influences on personality scale scores of job applicants are presented. The first three studies examined whether or not job applicants from internal vs. external labor markets scored similarly on multiscale personality inventories used for personnel selection. Across three samples, data from external job appl...
Article
The convergent validity between self and observer ratings of the Big Five dimensions of personality was examined by cumulating research findings across studies. The mean correlation corrected for coefficient α in self-ratings and inter-rater reliability in observer ratings was .46 for agreeableness (N=6359, k=53), .56 for conscientiousness (N=6754,...
Article
This paper presents an overview of a useful approach for theory testing in the social sciences that combines the principles of psychometric meta-analysis and structural equations modeling. In this approach to theory testing, the estimated true score correlations between the constructs of interest are established through the application of meta-anal...
Article
The problem of nonresponse poses a threat to the external validity of survey conclusions. In this article, procedures are developed to estimate the robustness of survey conclusions to nonresponse by drawing an analogy between studies unavailable for meta-analysis and nonrespondents in a survey. We extended the procedure to assess the effects of sys...
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Full-text available
Interrater correlations do provide an index of reliability of job performance ratings. We show that the arguments presented by Murphy and DeShon (2000) lead to the radical conclusion that traditional measurement models–both classical theory and generalizability theory models–can be used neither with job performance ratings nor with other measures u...
Article
We report a meta-analytic examination of the value of five facets of family-friendly work environments (FFWEs) in reducing work/family conflict (WFC). Cumulation of 38 studies (total N = 13,605) suggests that facets of FFWE may provide less assistance to workers in managing WFC than one may hope, as none explained more than seven percent of the var...
Article
This introductory article to the special issue of Psychology Science devoted to the subject of “Considering Response Distortion in Personality Measurement for Industrial, Work and Organizational Psychology Research and Practice” presents an overview of the issues of response distortion in personality measurement. It also provides a summary of the o...