Chloe Lau

Chloe Lau
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health

Doctor of Philosophy

About

40
Publications
5,840
Reads
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248
Citations
Citations since 2016
39 Research Items
244 Citations
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Introduction
I am a Postdoctoral Fellow funded by CIHR and Mitacs-Mental Health Research Canada and an Adjunct Research Professor at the Department of Psychiatry at Western University. I received the Governor General's Gold Medal for my PhD. I was a visiting scholar at the University of Zurich, Switzerland and University of Florence, Italy to promote cross-cultural knowledge exchange. I enjoy meeting people, expanding my network, and collaborating. Please feel free to reach out!

Publications

Publications (40)
Article
Full-text available
Purpose This study aims to understand the association between positive personal resources (i.e., optimism, hope, courage, trait mindfulness, and self-efficacy), resilience, and psychological distress (i.e., anxiety, depression, stress) in women with breast cancer and breast cancer survivors during the COVID-19 pandemic. We hypothesized that persona...
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The present study investigates the mediating roles of psychological inflexibility and differential coping strategies on perceived stress and post-traumatic symptoms and growth in the context of COVID-19. Study one recruited 662 participants (54.8% women; Mage = 40.64 years, SD = 13.04) who completed a cross-sectional questionnaire. It was proposed...
Article
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The State-Trait Cheerfulness Inventory (STCI) assesses latent traits and states of cheerfulness, seriousness, and bad mood to represent the temperamental basis of humor. The present study (1) tested the generalizability of the three-factor model in both state and trait versions of the STCI across European Canadian (N = 489) and first generation Chi...
Article
The Essential Resilience Scale (ERS) measures global trait resilience and three factors of physical, emotional, and social resilience. This study developed an Italian adaptation of the ERS and recruited participants from Italy ( N = 500) to complete the measure along with criterion validity measures of broad personality traits and related psycholog...
Article
The temperamental basis of the sense of humor involves high cheerfulness, low seriousness, and low bad mood that would contribute to exhilaration and enjoyment of humor. In a sample of undergraduate participants (N = 946), the present study investigated whether (1) use of humor under stress (HUS) mediates the association between cheerfulness and de...
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Liver transplant recipients require specific clinical and psychosocial attention given their frailty. Main aim of the study was to assess the quality of life after liver transplant during the current pandemic. This multicenter study was conducted in clinically stable, liver transplanted patients. Enrollment opened on June and finished on September,...
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The present study aims to validate the Italian version of the revised Sense of Coherence Scale (SOC-R). The scale was administered to a large sample of Italian adults (N = 689; 54.3% females, Mage = 34.09, SD = 16.27, range = 18–84) along with measures of related psychological concepts. Confirmatory factor analyses indicated adequate fit for the th...
Article
The present study investigated the structure and facet-to-facet systematic links (controlled for other links) across the temperamental basis of humor along with humor traits using network analysis. Undergraduate students (N = 747) completed the state-trait cheerfulness inventory and humor trait measures (e.g., comic styles, benevolent and correctiv...
Article
Humor training has become increasingly popular to enhance the “sense of humor” and well-being and to decrease depressive symptoms. Despite the wide applications of these training programs, the assessment of training efficacy has attracted less attention. The Sense of Humor Scale (SHS; McGhee, 1996 , 1999 ) recently was expanded to a long version (S...
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The State-Trait Cheerfulness Inventory–State Version (STCI-S) measures three states of cheerfulness, seriousness, and bad mood as the temperamental basis of humor. The present study investigates (1) the development and psychometric validation of a newly developed short version and (2) test-criterion validity with state measures and language use. St...
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The assessment of well-being remains an important topic for many disciplines including medical, psychological, social, educational, and economic fields. The present study assesses the reliability and validity of a five-item instrument for evaluating physical, psychological, spiritual, relational, and general well-being. This measure uniquely utiliz...
Article
The concept of genius, typically defined as the co‐occurrence of creativity, achieved eminence, and superlative intellectual ability, is produced through the interaction of genetic and environmental (sociocultural) factors. Despite being a heterogeneous group with important differences between individuals, geniuses overall display a number of commo...
Article
The construct of hopelessness, typically defined as the belief that negative events will occur and that one is powerless in influencing the onset of these events, is produced by the interaction between cognitive vulnerability and occurrence of negative events. This entry examines etiological factors and psychometric measures of hopelessness in clin...
Article
For the last six decades, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fifth Edition (DSM‐V) and its predecessors have served to standardize the diagnosis of psychiatric disorders for clinical practice and research. A brief history of the DSM, the development and innovations of the latest edition, limitations of the classification syst...
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The benefits of cheerfulness, as a mood state and personality trait, are widespread in the literature concerning subjective well-being and physical health. While robust findings in the literature have shown positive affect and more positive, lighthearted uses of humor are associated with self-esteem, no study has investigated the role of self-estee...
Article
The concept of genius, typically defined as the co‐occurrence of creativity, achieved eminence, and superlative intellectual ability, is produced through the interaction of genetic and environmental (sociocultural) factors. Despite being a heterogeneous group with important differences between individuals, geniuses overall display a number of commo...
Article
For the last six decades, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fifth Edition (DSM‐V) and its predecessors have served to standardize the diagnosis of psychiatric disorders for clinical practice and research. A brief history of the DSM, the development and innovations of the latest edition, limitations of the classification syst...
Article
The construct of hopelessness, typically defined as the belief that negative events will occur and that one is powerless in influencing the onset of these events, is produced by the interaction between cognitive vulnerability and occurrence of negative events. This entry examines etiological factors and psychometric measures of hopelessness in clin...
Article
The interRAI Child and Youth Mental Health (ChYMH) is a standardized assessment instrument utilized in over 60 mental health agencies that promotes seamless transition across public healthcare sectors. The purpose of this study was to develop and assess the reliability and validity of the externalizing subscale on the interRAI Child and Youth Menta...
Article
Full-text available
Benevolent and corrective humor are two comic styles that have been related to virtue, morality, and character strengths. A previous study also supported the viability of measuring these two styles with the BenCor in 22 countries. The present study extends the previous one by including further countries (a total of 25 countries in 29 samples with N...
Article
Using the omnicultural composite (OCC) approach within an Item Response Theory framework, the present study aimed both to provide evidence of the invariance of the emotional intelligence facets (emotionality, self-control, well-being, and sociability) across women from Western to Eastern countries and to detect unique cultural patterns. Samples of...
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The present study aims to develop and validate an Italian version of the Brief Self-Control Scale (BSCS). A large sample of Italian-speaking participants (N = 1139) completed the BSCS and measures of personality and individual dispositions. A clinical sample (N = 217) was administered the Italian version and an English-speaking sample (N = 274) com...
Article
The present study derived a short form of the State-Trait Cheerfulness Inventory-Trait Version (STCI-T30) using an item response theory framework. Latent trait test-retest correlations and reliability across the latent continuum in the STCI-T30 remained high. Moreover, the STCI-T30 showed external validity with criterion variables (e.g., playfulnes...
Article
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All available peer-reviewed literature on humor and gender differences (1977–2018) was screened and evaluated according to a priori defined QUALSYST criteria. The 77 papers surpassing a conservative quality criterion generated seven emergent themes around humor and gender differences. In short, men score higher in the aggressive humor style (M > F)...
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Background: Compassionate love is defined as awareness and understanding of one's suffering, connecting with the distress, and being emotionally and cognitively moved to alleviate suffering. The Compassionate Love Scale for Humanity (CLS-H) was developed to measure compassion towards strangers who need help and/or are vulnerable. The present study...
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Emerging adulthood represents a time of substantial change and unpredictability. Personal resiliency is defined as an ability to adapt and thrive in the face of challenging circumstances. This study evaluated the cross-cultural validity of a new Spanish translation of the Resiliency Scale for Young Adults (RSYA) using samples of 393 young adults (6...
Article
The Essential Resilience Scale (ERS) is a locally developed measure conceptualized by Chinese researchers and demonstrated strong psychometric properties in Chinese residents. The present study recruited undergraduate students from China (N = 375) and Canada (N = 378) to complete the ERS and criterion validity measures (i.e., Resiliency Scale for Y...
Article
The State-Trait Cheerfulness Inventory–Trait Version (STCI-T60) measures the temperamental basis of sense of humor involving theoretically derived personality dispositions of cheerfulness, seriousness, and bad mood. The reliability and validity of the newly developed STCI-T60 Italian version were assessed in a sample of Italian speakers ( N = 683)....
Article
The purpose of the present study was to examine how cheerfulness and seriousness may interact relating to resiliency and well-being. This topic was investigated in a sample of 646 college students and their family members who completed measures of cheerfulness, seriousness, resiliency, and subjective well-being (SWB). The indirect benefits of serio...
Article
Internalizing difficulties in children and adolescents refer to inner-directed disordered mood and emotions. The purpose of this study was to develop and assess the reliability and validity of the internalizing subscale on the interRAI Child and Youth Mental Health (ChYMH) in assessing broadband internalizing mental health symptoms. Data were colle...
Article
The State–Trait Cheerfulness Inventory–trait version (STCI‐T60) consists of three dimensions of cheerfulness, seriousness, and bad mood integrated to measure the temperamental basis of the sense of humour. The present study replicated the three‐dimensional factor structure of the STCI in China using 60 items consistent with other standard trait ver...
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While presence of meaning in life (i.e., presence) is associated with a plethora of desirable qualities (e.g., greater well-being, longevity, positive affect), search for meaning is associated with psychological distress (e.g., reports of conflict, rumination, depression; Boyle, Barnes, Buchman, & Bennett, 2009). Individuals with higher resiliency,...
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Both Internet and offline video gaming have become a normal aspect of child development, with estimates of children playing video games ranging from 90% to 97%. Research on problematic video gaming (PVG) has grown substantially in the last decade. Much of that research has focused on community samples, while research on clinically referred children...
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The present study aims to validate the interRAI Child and Youth Mental Health (interRAI ChYMH), Disruptive/Aggression Behaviour Scale (DABS) and Hyperactive/Distraction Scale (HDS). Data were collected from children/youth aged 4–18 (N = 3464) across 39 mental health agencies in Ontario, Canada. Unrestricted factor analysis using polychoric correlat...
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Preferences for the delivery of department-led mentorship programs are important to understanding and closing the gap between mentorship need and mentorship actualization. The objective of this paper is to, therefore, describe the perceived needs and barriers to mentorship in a postgraduate psychiatry program through separate mixed-methods surveys...
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Objective Mentorship remains vital to the career development, research productivity, and professional advancement of healthcare professionals in all disciplines of academic medicine. Recent studies describe mentor training initiatives aimed at increasing mentoring competency through multisession training curricula. Although the published results of...
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Full-text available
Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is an anxiety disorder characterized by excessive fear of exposure to situations that involve potential scrutiny by others. This disorder is one of the most common psychiatric conditions in children and adolescents and often presents with comorbid anxiety and mood disorders. Although the onset of SAD is typically in la...

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