Chien-Yi Hsu

Chien-Yi Hsu
Taipei Medical University | TMU · Division of Cardiology

Doctor of Medicine

About

77
Publications
7,567
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1,287
Citations
Citations since 2017
48 Research Items
1089 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200

Publications

Publications (77)
Article
With the promising cardiovascular benefits in the STEP and SPRINT trials, the 2022 Taiwan's hypertension guidelines redefined the hypertension threshold as 130/80 mmHg and a universal blood-pressure target of <130/80 mmHg. This study's objective was to examine the cost-effectiveness of the intensive blood-pressure target for hypertensive patients u...
Article
Objective To investigate the effectiveness and safety of angiotensin receptor-neprilysin inhibitors (ARNIs) in real-world patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) and advanced chronic kidney disease (estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR] < 30 mL/min per 1.73 m²), which have been excluded from the landmark trials. Pa...
Article
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Objective Heart failure (HF) imposes a substantial burden and the prevalence of HF is high in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). HF results in multiple hospital admissions, but whether HF subtypes worsen long-term outcomes and renal function in patients with CKD remains inconclusive. Methods The study comprised 10 904 patients with CKD ag...
Article
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Aims: Sacubitril/valsartan (SAC/VAL) has been used in patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), and cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) could benefit the HFrEF patients with wide QRS durations. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical impacts of SAC/VAL on reverse cardiac remodelling in CRT-eligible and CRT-ineligible...
Article
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Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the application of sacubitril/valsartan in clinical practice and the utility of PREDICT-HF score for outcome prediction in Asian heart failure patients with difference risk profiles. Methods The TAROT-HF study was a multicenter, single-arm, observational study. Totally 1,187 outpatients with HFrEF...
Article
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a common inflammatory vascular disease. Angiotensin II (Ang II) involves in AAA progression by promoting the proliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells, the degradation of extracellular matrices, and the generation of ROS to lead to vascular inflammation. Carbon monoxide releasing molecule-2 (CORM...
Article
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Background This study investigated temporal trends in the treatment and mortality of patients with cardiogenic shock (CS) in Taiwan in relation to acute myocardial infarction (AMI) accreditation implemented in 2009 and the unavailability of percutaneous ventricular assist devices. Methods Data of patients diagnosed as having CS between January 200...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction: Although the efficacy and safety of sacubitril/valsartan (Sac/val) for treating patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) have been shown in global clinical trials, long-term tolerability and effectiveness data from Asian patients are limited. Hypothesis: The aim of this study was to investigate the effectivene...
Article
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Activin A, a cytokine belonging to the transforming growth factor-β family, has been shown to play pivotal roles in tissue remodeling after renal injury and is present in elevated levels in diabetic patients. However, the association between activin A and albuminuria remains unclear. We aimed to evaluate their association by using cross-sectional d...
Article
Background: Statins, beta-blockers, and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin II receptor blockers have been advocated by guidelines as secondary prevention medications to improve the long-term outcomes of post-acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients. However, adequate drug adherence has always been challenging, and different tre...
Article
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Aims: Ivabradine has been used in patients who have chronic heart failure (HF) with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) and concomitant sinus heart rate ≥70 bpm. This administration for acute HFrEF remains a concern. This study used a real-world multicentre database to investigate the effects of ivabradine among patients with acute decompensated HFr...
Article
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Particulate matter (PM), a major air pollutant, may be associated with adverse cardiovascular effects. Reactive oxygen species- (ROS-) dependent proinflammatory cytokine production, such as interleukin-6 (IL-6), is a possible underlying mechanism. Carbon monoxide- (CO-) releasing molecule-2 (CORM-2) which liberates exogenous CO can exert many benef...
Article
Background: This study used a real-world database to investigate the prescription patterns of sacubitril/valsartan (Sac/Val) among Taiwanese patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). Methods: The Treatment with Angiotensin Receptor neprilysin inhibitor fOr Taiwan Heart Failure patients (TAROT-HF) study is a principal in...
Article
Background: Over recent years, new evolution in guideline-directed medical therapy (GDMT) contributes to clinical benefits in patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). The additional medical expenditure may be a concern due to the current financial constraint. This study aimed to investigate the medical costs and clinical...
Article
Background Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia worldwide. Early diagnosis of AF is crucial for preventing AF-related morbidity, mortality, and economic burden, yet the detection of the disease remains challenging. The 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) is the gold standard for the diagnosis of AF. Because of technological ad...
Article
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Background The optimal anticoagulant for end-stage renal disease patients for stroke prophylaxis is unknown. The efficacy and safety of warfarin in this population are debatable. In addition, real-world evidence of direct oral anticoagulants in patients with end-stage renal disease is limited. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical outc...
Article
Background/Purpose The present study was designed to evaluate the local cardiology infrastructure and services for heart failure (HF) care in Taiwan hospitals and to compare the HF care with the hospitals in European countries. Methods Available data from a total of 98 medical centers and regional hospitals in Taiwan were analyzed. Each facility w...
Article
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To examine the effect of de-escalation of P2Y 12 inhibitor in dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) on major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) and bleeding complications after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in Taiwanese patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Patients who had received PCI during hospitalization for AMI (betwe...
Article
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Aims: Ivabradine and sacubitril/valsartan are second-line therapies for patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) based on guideline recommendations. We aimed to evaluate the synergistic effects of these two medications. Methods and results: Patients' data were extracted from a multicentre database between 2016 and 2018....
Preprint
BACKGROUND Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia worldwide. Early diagnosis of AF is crucial for preventing AF-related morbidity, mortality, and economic burden, yet the detection of the disease remains challenging. The 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) is the gold standard for the diagnosis of AF. Because of technological ad...
Article
Aims To examine the effect of de-escalation of P2Y12 inhibitor in dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) on major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) and bleeding complications after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in Taiwanese patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods and results We retrospectively evaluated patients who...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background Ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) has been associated with increased mortality when compared with non-ischemic cardiomyopathy (NICM) from several heart failure (HF) cohorts. Instead, PARADIGM study demonstrated similar event rates of cardiovascular (CV) death, all-cause mortality and HF readmissions between ICM and NICM patients. Although th...
Article
Background Angiotensin receptor and neprilysin inhibition (ARNI) reduces the risk of cardiovascular mortality among patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) as compared with enalapril in the PARADIGM-HF trial. However, patients with glomerular filtration rate (GFR) less than 30 ml/min/1.73 m2 or systolic blood pressure les...
Article
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To facilitate the applications of home blood pressure (HBP) monitoring in clinical settings, the Taiwan Hypertension Society and the Taiwan Society of Cardiology jointly put forward the Consensus Statement on HBP monitoring according to up-to-date scientific evidence by convening a series of expert meetings and compiling opinions from the members o...
Article
Aims Although the beneficial effect of sacubitril/valsartan (SAC/VAL) compared to enalapril was consistent across ischaemic (ICM) and non-ischaemic cardiomyopathy (NICM) groups, the PARADIGM-HF study did not analyze the effect of ventricular remodelling on patients with different etiologies, which may affect clinical treatment outcomes. This study...
Article
Background: The clinical effect of atrial fibrillation (AF)-related ischemic cardiovascular events in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD) remains uncertain. This study aimed to investigate the risk of ischemic events in patients undergoing PD with new-onset AF compared with that in patients without AF and ascertain the association between...
Article
Background: Metabolic disorders such as obesity and diabetes mellitus can cause dysfunction of endothelial cells (ECs) and vascular rarefaction in adipose tissues. However, the modulatory role of ECs in adipose tissue function is not fully understood. Other than vascular endothelial growth factor-vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-mediate...
Article
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Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients with diabetes have significantly worse cardiovascular outcomes than those without diabetes. This study aimed to compare the performance of The Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI), Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE), Primary Angioplasty in Myocardial Infarction (PAMI), and Controlled Abci...
Article
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Dialysis-induced hemodynamic instability has been associated with increased risk of cardiovascular (CV) mortality. However, the control mechanisms beneath the dynamic BP changes and cardiac function during hemodialysis and subsequent CV events are not known. We hypothesize that the impaired hemodynamic control can be prognostic indicators for subse...
Article
Background Recently, both unguided (platelet function testing independent) and guided (platelet function testing dependent) DAPT de-escalation strategies have been investigated in different clinical studies but the data is still limited and conflicting. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of switching dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) on...
Article
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Sympathetic overactivity, an essential mechanism of hypertension, in driving sustained hypertension derives mostly from its effects on renal function. Percutaneous renal denervation (RDN) is designed to disrupt renal afferent and efferent sympathetic nerves to achieve sustained blood pressure (BP) reduction. Since 2017 onward, all three proof-of-co...
Article
Objective— Basic research indicates that TNFSF14 (tumor necrosis factor superfamily 14) may be involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Given the requirements of new biomarkers for risk classification in coronary artery disease (CAD), we conducted a longitudinal analysis to investigate if TNFSF14 levels are associated with the risk of cardi...
Article
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Background: Use of anti-programmed cell death-1 (anti-PD-1) has been successful in treating many types of cancers. Despite its promising efficacy, immune-related adverse events are still a major concern. Immune-related cardiotoxicity, which is rare but fatal, has recently become a focus of attention. Cardiotoxicities including myocarditis, cardiom...
Article
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Activin A and its binding protein follistatin may be crucial in glucose homeostasis, as multifunctional proteins mediating inflammatory and anti-inflammatory effects. However, clinical data on the activin A level in prediabetes, and the association between the circulating activin A level and carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT), are lacking. We ai...
Article
Background: Convincing evidence suggests that inflammatory biomarkers are associated with an increased risk among patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, the impact of systemic inflammatory response (SIRS) on one-year clinical outcomes remains uncertain. Herein we investigated the impact of SIRS on one-year mortality and major ad...
Article
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Objectives The association between hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and cardiovascular disease remains uncertain. This study explored long-term hard endpoints (ie, myocardial infarction and ischaemic stroke) and all-cause mortality in diabetic patients with chronic HBV infection in Taiwan from 2000 to 2013. Design This study was retrospective, lo...
Article
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CKD is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). The accumulation of uremic toxins in CKD induces oxidative stress and endothelial dysfunction. MicroRNA-92a (miR-92a) is induced by oxidative stress in endothelial cells (ECs) and involved in angiogenesis and atherosclerosis. We investigated a role for oxidative stress-responsive m...
Article
Aim: Frailty is a highly prevalent geriatric syndrome, characterized by increased vulnerability to subsequent morbidity and mortality. The association between frailty and preclinical atherosclerosis remains uncertain. The aim of the present study was to clarify the relationship between frailty, preclinical atherosclerosis and inflammatory markers...
Article
Context Although there is evidence to support the beneficial effects of statins on major cardiovascular events, few studies address the protection effect of statins on limb outcome. Objective To investigate whether the use of statin is associated with a risk reduction in lower extremity amputation in type 2 diabetes (DM) patients with peripheral a...
Article
Background: Epicardial adipose tissue is associated with coronary artery disease (CAD). Circulating endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) level represents a marker of endothelial dysfunction and vascular health. However, the relationship between epicardial fat and circulating EPC remains unknown. This study aimed to investigate association between ech...
Article
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Background and objectives: Febuxostat, a nonpurine xanthine oxidase inhibitor, is widely used to treat hyperuricemia. Although febuxostat-associated rhabdomyolysis was reported in some patients with CKD, the association between CKD and febuxostat-associated myopathy remains uncertain. Design, setting, participants, & measurements: Our retrospect...
Article
Background and objectives: We aimed to investigate the benefits and risks of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) after coronary drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation in patients undergoing hemodialysis. Design, setting, participants, & measurements: A nested case-control analysis of patients on hemodialysis after receipt of DES and DAPT treatment w...
Article
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Frailty is characterized by decreased physiological reserve and increased vulnerability to atherosclerosis and subsequent mortality. Recently, low-grade albuminuria has been proposed as an atherosclerotic risk factor. We aimed to investigate the relationship between low-grade albuminuria and frailty by using cross-sectional data among community-dwe...
Article
Background: Recent studies have elucidated the vascular protective effects of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP-4 inhibitors). However, to date no large-scale studies have been carried out to determine the impact of DPP-4 inhibitors on the occurrence of peripheral arterial disease, and lower extremity amputation risk in patients with type 2 d...
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Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21), a polypeptide ligand promoted glucose homeostasis and lipids metabolism, was recently reported to attenuate cardiac hypertrophy. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of FGF21 in diastolic heart failure. Subjects admitted for coronary angiogram were screened for heart failure, and those with left v...
Article
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Background Pleiotropic effects on cardiovascular protection have been suggested in several oral antidiabetic drugs (OAD). The impacts of OADs on aortic aneurysm (AA) growth have been found in animal studies, but the evidence of their beneficial effects for AA protection in human are lacking. We investigated the relationship between OAD therapy and...
Article
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Background: Bilirubin has emerged as an important endogenous antioxidant molecule, and increasing evidence shows that bilirubin may protect against atherosclerosis. The SYNTAX score has been developed to assess the severity and complexity of coronary artery disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether serum bilirubin levels are associate...
Article
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Although the association of hyperuricemia and cardiovascular diseases is well established by previous research studies, the relationship between gout and deep vein thrombosis (DVT) remains unclear. We conducted a nationwide longitudinal cohort study to investigate the relationship between gout and DVT. We used the Taiwan National Health Insurance R...
Article
Background: Stress induced hyperglycemia is common during acute illness and is related to poorer clinical outcome. Objective: To evaluate the correlation between plasma glucose elevation from baseline and clinical outcome during acute illness. Design: Retrospective, observational cohort of patients presenting to emergency department with plasma glu...
Article
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Background/purpose: To investigate the correlation between the CHADS2 score and risk of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN), we conducted a retrospective study in patients who underwent elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and compared its accuracy with previous scoring systems. Methods: A total of 539 patients who underwent elective...
Article
Although accumulating evidence suggests urinary calculi may be associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), the number of longitudinal studies linking urolithiasis to CVD events is limited. We investigated the association between urinary calculi and the risk of development of myocardial infarction (MI) and/or stroke in a natio...
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Declining renal function is an independent risk factor for all-cause mortality in cardiovascular disease. Visfatin has been described as a marker of inflammation and endothelial dysfunction, but whether circulating visfatin levels are predictive to a subsequent decline in renal function remains unclear. In total, 200 nondiabetic, non-proteinuric hy...
Article
Decoy receptor 3 (DcR3), a member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily, is an antiapoptotic soluble receptor considered to play an important role in immune modulation and has pro-inflammatory functions. This study was designed to test whether circulating DcR3 levels are associated with coronary artery disease (CAD) severity and predict...
Article
Objectives: Insomnia may increase the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), but the reported magnitude of the associations between sleep characteristics and CVD is inconsistent. We investigated the association between insomnia and the risk of developing acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and/or stroke by using a nationwide, population-based cohort...
Article
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Unlabelled: Variant angina presenting acute chest pain and ST elevation on electrocardiogram accounts for an underdiagnosed scenario in acute coronary syndrome and contributes to syncope as a consequence of ventricular arrhythmia. Here, we report a case of a 48-year-old man with a recent onset of chest pain and palpitations followed by syncope. Ho...
Article
-Oxidative stress activates endothelial innate immunity and disrupts endothelial functions, including eNOS-derived NO bioavailability. Here, we postulated that oxidative stress induces sterol regulatory element binding protein 2 (SREBP2) and microRNA-92a (miR-92a), which in turn activate endothelial innate immune response, leading to dysfunctional...
Article
Unlabelled: A 64-year-old man with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) presented to our emergency department with severe chest tightness and dyspnea. His electrocardiography (ECG) showed multiple premature atrial complexes (PACs) with wide QRS, and transthoracic echocardiography revealed severe hypokinesis of the left ventricle. The patient later developed...
Article
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Few studies are available on the risk of ischemic stroke after a diagnosis of primary Sjögren's syndrome (PSS). This study investigated whether PSS increased the risk of ischemic stroke in a large, nationwide cohort. Data for 4,276 patients who were newly diagnosed with PSS from 2000 to 2006 and who did not have a stroke prior to diagnosis of PSS w...
Article
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Reduced number and impaired function of circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) in patients with chronic kidney disease have been reported. However, there is little data about the association between circulating EPC levels and risk of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN). The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between circu...
Article
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Possible association between diabetes mellitus (DM) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) has been controversial. This study used a nationwide population-based dataset to investigate the relationship between DM and subsequent AD incidence. Data were collected from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database, which released a cohort dataset of 1,000...
Article
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) levels, heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) and heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). Methods: A total of 44 HFpEF patients, 40 HFrEF patients and 69 age-, gender- and comorbidity-matched controls wer...
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Recent research indicates hypertensive patients with microalbuminuria have decreased endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) and increased levels of endothelial apoptotic microparticles (EMP). However, whether these changes are related to a subsequent decline in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) remains unclear. We enrolled totally 100 hypertensive out-...
Article
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Background: Patients with autoimmune diseases have a high cardiovascular risk. However, few data are available on the risk of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in patients diagnosed with primary Sjögren's syndrome (PSS). We conducted a large nationwide cohort study to investigate the possible association between PSS and the risk of AMI. Methods:...
Article
A 73-year-old woman was admitted to hospital because of progressive dyspnea on exertion. Computed tomography revealed a large hepatic tumor, which was proved to be a hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (EHE). Echocardiography demonstrated high cardiac output, for which the tumor was considered to be the leading cause. A transcatheter arterial...
Article
Osteoporotic fractures are associated with increased mortality risk. However, few data are available on the risk of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) following hip fracture. Therefore, we investigated whether hip fracture increased the risk of AMI in a la