Chien-Huang Lin

Chien-Huang Lin
Taipei Medical University | TMU

About

197
Publications
10,233
Reads
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4,539
Citations
Citations since 2017
20 Research Items
1547 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250
Introduction
Additional affiliations
August 2018 - present
Taipei Medical University
Position
  • CEO
February 2018 - present
Taipei Medical University
Position
  • Professor
February 2018 - present
Taipei Medical University
Position
  • Professor
Education
August 2009 - July 2012
National Taiwan University
Field of study
  • EMBA
August 1991 - July 1994
National Taiwan University
Field of study
  • Pharmacology
August 1989 - July 1991
National Taiwan University
Field of study
  • Department and Graduate Institute of Pharmacology

Publications

Publications (197)
Article
Full-text available
Background Airway fibrosis is one of the pathological characteristics of severe asthma. Transforming growth factor (TGF)-β has been known to promote epithelial-mesenchymal transition formation and to play a role in the progression of tissue fibrosis. Cellular communication network factor 2 (CCN2) and fibronectin (FN) are well-known markers of EMT a...
Article
Full-text available
Background Doublecortin-like kinase 1 (DCLK1) has been recognized as a marker of cancer stem cell in several malignancies. Thrombin is crucial in asthma severity as it can promote IL-8/CXCL8 production in lung epithelial cells, which is a potent chemoattractant for neutrophils. However, the pathologic role of DCLK1 in asthma and its involvement in...
Article
Full-text available
Objective Platelet activation and adhesion to cancer cells increase the release of multiple factors that contribute to EMT and chemoresistance. Elevated levels of D-dimer have been associated with poor clinical outcomes in lung cancer. Platelets in high D-dimer plasma may be activated and implicated in acquired resistance to EGFR TKI in advanced lu...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major cause of chronic mortality. The objective of this study was to investigate the therapeutic potential of a novel potent histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor MPT0E028 on emphysema. Materials and Methods: A mouse model of porcine pancreatic elastase (PPE)-induced emphysema was orally...
Article
Full-text available
Background Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibition was reported to ameliorate lung fibrosis in animal models. However, little is known about the underlying mechanism of HDAC7 in the regulation of CTGF production in lung fibroblasts. Methods The role of HDAC7 in CTGF production caused by ET-1 stimulation in WI-38 cells (human lung fibroblast) was exa...
Article
Patients with chronic obstructive asthma (COA) develop airflow obstruction caused by subepithelial fibrosis. Although a disintegrin and metalloproteinase 17 (ADAM17) has been implicated in lung inflammation and tissue fibrosis, its role in airway fibrosis in COA has not been explored. Here, we found marked overexpression of ADAM17, phosphorylated A...
Article
Chronic obstructive asthma is characterized by airway fibrosis. Hypoxia and connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) play important roles in airway fibrosis. Preadipocyte factor-1 (Pref-1) participates in adipocyte differentiation and liver fibrosis. Herein, we investigated the role of Pref-1 in airway fibrosis in chronic obstructive asthma. We found...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Several studies have reported that hypoxia plays a pathological role in severe asthma and tissue fibrosis. Our previous study showed that hypoxia induces A disintegrin and metalloproteinase 17 (ADAM17) expression in human lung fibroblasts. Moreover, preadipocyte factor 1 (Pref-1) is cleaved by ADAM17, which participates in adipocyte diff...
Article
The pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) has been associated by dysregulation of histone deacetylases (HDACs). Previously, acridine-based HDAC inhibitors have shown potential in ameliorating HDAC activity and enhancing neurite outgrowth. In this study, the acridine ring was modified using various phenothiazine derivatives. Several resulting com...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Lung epithelial cells play critical roles in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Methods: In the present study, we investigated whether transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β)-induced expression of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) was regulated by the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)/a disintegrin and metalloproteinase 17 (A...
Article
Thrombin plays a crucial role in lung inflammatory diseases such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Thrombin induces the release of interleukin-8 (IL-8)/CXCL8 by lung epithelial cells, and this phenomenon plays a vital role in lung inflammation. Our previous studies have indicated that thrombin stimulates IL-8/CXCL8 express...
Article
Full-text available
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M.tb) infection in lung causes pulmonary fibrosis, which leads to the irreversible reduction of pulmonary function. Fibrotic protein connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) expression has been confirmed to play a crucial role in lung fibrosis. However, the underlying signal pathway and effect of M.tb on CTGF expression in...
Article
In the present study, we investigated the role of PKR‐like endoplasmic reticular kinase (PERK), an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress kinase, in endothelin 1 (ET‐1)‐ and thrombin‐induced pulmonary fibrosis (PF), and the preventive effects of curcumin (CUR). Using the human embryonic WI‐38 lung fibroblast cell line, ET‐1 and thrombin induced the expr...
Article
Full-text available
Background In idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, the interaction of CXCL12 and CXC receptor 4 (CXCR4) plays a critical role in lung fibrosis. Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) overexpression underlies the development of pulmonary fibrosis. Our previous report showed that the Rac1-dependent extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), c-Jun N-termi...
Article
Lung fibroblasts play critical roles in fibrotic procedures and contribute to lung fibrosis. Several studies indicated that thrombin, a disintegrin and metalloproteinase 17 (ADAM17), and connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) participate in the formation of pulmonary fibrosis. In this study, we examined the involvement of the ADAM17/epidermal growt...
Article
Hypoxia was identified as a mediator of lung fibrosis in patients with chronic obstructive asthma (COA). Overexpression of a disintegrin and metalloproteinase 17 (ADAM 17) and connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) leads to development of tissue fibrosis. However, the signaling pathway in hypoxia-induced ADAM 17 expression remains poorly defined. I...
Article
Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are common chronic lung inflammatory diseases. Thrombin and interleukin (IL)-8/C-X-C chemokine ligand 8 (CXCL8) play critical roles in lung inflammation. Our previous study showed that c-Src-dependent IκB kinase (IKK)/IκBα/nuclear factor (NF)-κB and mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kina...
Article
Full-text available
Several reports have indicated that hypoxia, GLI, and connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) contribute to pulmonary fibrosis in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. We investigated the participation of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK) kinase 1 (MEKK1)/MEK1/ERK1/GLI-1/2 and activator protein-1 (AP-1) signaling in hypoxia-induced CTGF express...
Article
Although microRNA (miRNA) dysregulation with intracellular signaling cascade disruption has been demonstrated in the pathophysiology of pulmonary fibrosis, the relationship between miRNAs and intracellular signaling cascades in pulmonary fibrosis remains unclear. Using the human embryonic lung fibroblast cell line WI-38, we observed endothelin-1 (E...
Article
Colon cancer is the third most common malignancy worldwide. Recently, some interesting associations between ghrelin and cancer were reported, and it may participate in colon cancer development. In the present report, we explored the role of the growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHS-R), Ras, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), Akt, and mammali...
Article
Airway inflammation plays a major role in the pathophysiology of lung inflammatory diseases such as asthma. Thrombin, a serine protease, is known to mediate central functions in thrombosis and hemostasis and also plays a critical role in lung inflammation via producing chemokine release including interleukin (IL)-8/CXCL8. Our previous studies showe...
Article
Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), a CCN family member, is a secreted protein regulating cellular functions, including fibrosis, apoptosis, adhesion, migration, differentiation, proliferation, angiogenesis, and chondrogenesis. CTGF increases proinflammatory factor production; however, inflammatory cytokine regulation by CTGF is poorly understo...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to explore the combined effect of melatonin receptor type 1A (MTNR1A) gene polymorphisms and exposure to environmental carcinogens on the susceptibility and clinicopathological characteristics of oral cancer. Three polymorphisms of the MTNR1A gene from 618 patients with oral cancer and 560 non-cancer controls were anal...
Article
Full-text available
Background Pterostilbene (PTER) is a dimethylated analog of the phenolic phytoalexin, resveratrol, with higher anticancer activity in various tumors. Herein, the molecular mechanisms by which PTER exerts its anticancer effects against acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells were investigated. Methodology and Principal Findings Results showed that PTER...
Article
Full-text available
Background Our previous study showed NF-¿B repressing factor (NKRF) downregulates IP-10 and IL-8 synthesis in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells and alveolar macrophages of TB patients with high bacterial loads. However, the mechanism underlying the repressive effect of NKRF is not fully understood.ResultsThe levels of IP-10, IL-8 and NKRF were...
Article
Full-text available
Previous report showed that epidermal growth factor (EGF) promotes tumor progression. Several studies demonstrated that growth factors can induce heme oxygenase (HO)-1 expression, protect against cellular injury and cancer cell proliferation. In this study, we investigated the involvement of the c-Src, NADPH oxidase, reactive oxygen species (ROS),...
Article
Full-text available
CXCL12 (stromal cell-derived factor-1, SDF-1) is a potent chemokine for homing of CXCR4+ fibrocytes to injury sites of lung tissue, which contributes to pulmonary fibrosis. Overexpression of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) plays a critical role in pulmonary fibrosis. In this study, we investigated the roles of Rac1, extracellular signal-regu...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Ventilator-induced lung injury-(VILI-) induced endothelial permeability is regulated through the Rho-dependent signaling pathway. Ibuprofen inhibits Rho activation in animal models of spinal-cord injury and Alzheimer's disease. The study aims to investigate ibuprofen effects on high tidal volume associated VILI. Methods: Twenty-eight...
Article
Vascular endothelial growth factor C (VEGF-C), an angiogenic/lymphangiogenic factor with high expression levels in tumor tissues, plays important roles in the development of several malignancies including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The purpose of this study was to examine whether VEGF-C gene polymorphisms are associated with susceptibility to...
Article
Endothelin-1 (ET-1) acts as a key mediator of vasoconstriction and tissue repair. Overproduction of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) underlies the development of lung fibrosis. ET-1 induces expression of matrix-associated genes in lung fibroblasts, however, little is known about the signaling pathway of CTGF expression caused by ET-1. In this...
Article
Full-text available
Thrombin, a serine protease, is a well-known coagulation factor generated during vascular injury and plays an important role in lung inflammation. We previously showed that the c-Src- and Rac/PI3K/Akt-dependent NF-κB pathways are involved in thrombin-induced IL-8/CXCL8 expression in human lung epithelial cells (A549). In this study, we investigated...
Article
Full-text available
NF-κB repressing factor (NRF) is a transcriptional silencer implicated in the basal silencing of specific NF-κB targeting genes, including iNOS, IFN-β and IL-8/CXCL8. IP-10/CXCL10 and IL-8/CXCL8 are involved in neutrophil and lymphocyte recruitment against M. tuberculosis (MTb) and disease progression of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). Alveolar macrop...
Article
Background: Endothelial cell-specific molecule (ESM)-1 is a soluble proteoglycan expressed by the vascular endothelium and which also circulates in the bloodstream. Inflammatory cytokines and proangiogenic growth factors increase its expression, and increased serum levels are found in immunocompetent patients with sepsis. The aim of this study was...
Article
Hispolon is an active phenolic compound of Phellinus igniarius, a mushroom that was recently shown to have antioxidant and anticancer activities in various solid tumors. Here, the molecular mechanisms by which hispolon exerts anticancer effects in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells was investigated. The results showed that hispolon suppressed cell...
Article
Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) plays an important role in lung fibrosis. In this study, we investigated the role of Rac1, mixed-lineage kinase 3 (MLK3), c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), and activator protein-1 (AP-1) in CTGF-induced collagen I expression in human lung fibroblasts. CTGF caused concentration- and time-dependent increases in col...
Article
Full-text available
Rationale: Fibrocytes possess increased differentiability into α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA)(+) myofibroblasts in chronic obstructive asthma (COA) and contribute to pulmonary fibrosis. Endothelin-1 (ET-1) induces matrix-associated gene expression through the ETA receptor (ETAR) and promotes fibroblast differentiation. However, the mechanism of fib...
Article
Full-text available
Oral cancer, which is the fourth most common male cancer, is associated with environmental carcinogens in Taiwan. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-C, an angiogenic/lymphangiogenic factor with high expression levels in tumor tissues, plays important roles in the development of several malignancies. This study was designed to examine associa...
Article
In addition to its functions in thrombosis and hemostasis, thrombin also plays an important role in lung inflammation. Our previous report showed that thrombin activates the protein kinase C (PKC)α/c-Src and Gβγ/Rac1/PI3K/Akt signaling pathways to induce IκB kinase α/β (IKKα/β) activation, NF-κB transactivation, and IL-8/CXCL8 expressions in human...
Article
Full-text available
Mastoidectomy is a surgical procedure for removing mastoid air cells and has been used widely to establish drainage and cleaning infections from the mastoid bone. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are the primary instruments used to clinically detect mastoid effusion following surgery. This study examines the feasibility...
Article
Full-text available
In Taiwan, oral cancer has causally been associated with environmental carcinogens. Carbonic anhydrase 9 (CA9) is reportedly overexpressed in several types of carcinomas and is generally considered a marker of malignancy. The current study explored the combined effect of CA9 gene polymorphisms and exposure to environmental carcinogens on the suscep...
Article
Denbinobin, a phenanthraquinone derivative, was shown to exert antitumor activities in several types of cancer cell lines. However, the precise mechanism underlying denbinobin-induced cell death remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the apoptotic signaling cascade elicited by denbinobin in human glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) cells. Denbin...
Article
Full-text available
Thrombin might activate c-Src to induce JAK2 activation, which causes STAT3 activation, inducing CCN2 expression in human lung fibroblasts. Thrombin is a multifunctional serine protease and an important fibrotic mediator that induces CCN2 expression. We previously showed that thrombin induces CCN2 expression via an ASK1-dependent JNK/AP-1 pathway i...
Article
Full-text available
Background Zerumbone, a sesquiterpene compound isolated from subtropical ginger, Zingiber zerumbet Smith, has been documented to exert antitumoral and anti- inflammatory activities. In this study, we demonstrate that zerumbone induces apoptosis in human glioblastoma multiforme (GBM8401) cells and investigate the apoptotic mechanism. Methods We add...
Article
Full-text available
Autophagy is a crucial process for cells to maintain homeostasis and survival through degradation of cellular proteins and organelles, including mitochondria and endoplasmic reticula (ER). We previously demonstrated that temozolomide (TMZ), an alkylating agent for brain tumor chemotherapy, induced reactive oxygen species (ROS)/extracellular signal-...
Data
Effects of autophagy inducer, rapamycin, on TMZ-treated U87 MG glioma cells. U87 MG cells were pre-treated with or without 0.5 µM rapamycin for 1 h followed by incubation with 400 µM TMZ for 72 h to determine the percentages of cells undergoing autophagy (A) and apoptosis (B), as well as cell viability (C). Results are presented as the mean ± SD. *...
Data
Effect of SP600125 on TMZ-induced cytotoxicity. U87 MG cells were treated with 10 µM SP600125 and 400 µM TMZ for 72 h or 21 days, and were supplied to LDH release assay (A) and soft agar colony formation assay (B), respectively. *p<0.05, **p<0.01 vs. each respective TMZ group. (TIF)
Article
Full-text available
Oral cancer, which is the fourth most common cancer in Taiwanese men, is associated with environmental carcinogens. The possibility that genetic predisposition in nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB)-signaling pathways activation is linked to the development of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) requires investigation. The current study examines associa...
Article
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of genetic polymorphisms of interleukin (IL)-23 and the IL-23 receptor (IL-23R) on the susceptibility to oral cancer. Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) was used to measure polymorphisms of these genes in 240 controls and 240 patients with oral cancer...
Article
This study investigates the association between polymorphism in the E-cadherin/CDH1 promoter region and the risk and progression of oral cancer. Genetic polymorphisms of CDH1-160 and -347 were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) in 347 noncancer controls and in 251 patients with oral cancer. The...
Article
Full-text available
To investigate the signaling pathways involved in thrombin-induced connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) expression in rat vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). Experiments were preformed on primary rat aortic smooth muscle cells (RASMCs) and a rat VSMC line (A10). CTGF protein levels were measured using Western blotting. Luciferase reporter genes...
Article
In this study, we investigated the roles of mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK), mitogen stress-activated protein kinase 1 (MSK1), and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling pathways in thrombin-induced inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression in alveolar macrophages (NR8383). Treatment of NR8383 cells with thrombin caused an increase in...
Article
The pattern of protein expression in tumors is under the influence of nutrient stress, hypoxia, and low pH, which determines the survival of neoplastic cells and the development of tumors. Carbonic anhydrase (CA) XII is a transmembrane enzyme that catalyzes the reversible hydration of cell-generated carbon dioxide into protons and bicarbonate. Hypo...
Article
Elevated levels of survivin and histone deacetylases (HDACs) are often found over-expressed in human cancers, including colorectal cancer, and have been implicated in tumorigenesis. HDAC inhibition induces growth arrest and cell death in various transformed cell; however, the mechanisms by which this reduces cell viability in colorectal cancer cell...
Article
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most frequent malignant neoplasms worldwide, and is the second leading cause of cancer death in Taiwan. E-cadherin is an epithelial cell adhesion molecule, and decreased E-cadherin expression in HCC is associated with a poor prognosis. This study investigates the effects of single nucleotide polymorphism...