Chien-fei Chen

Chien-fei Chen
University of Tennessee | UTK ·  Institute for a Secure and Sustainable Environment (ISSE)

Doctor of SOCIOLOGY

About

76
Publications
12,118
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
2,168
Citations
Citations since 2016
60 Research Items
2067 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
Introduction
Chien-fei Chen, an environmental sociologist and research associate professor, currently works at NSF engineering research center- CURENT. She is the Co-Director of the Center for the Study of the Social Justice, the Director of Energy and Environmental Justice, at the Institute for a Secure and Sustainable Environment (ISSE), University of Tennessee. Her research focuses on interdisciplinary research of social science and energy topics, energy justice, quantitative method, and mix-method.
Additional affiliations
August 2011 - August 2016
University of Tennessee
Position
  • Managing Director
January 2011 - March 2019
University of Tennessee
Position
  • Managing Director
January 2011 - March 2019
University of Tennessee
Position
  • Managing Director

Publications

Publications (76)
Article
This study examines the relationships between energy use intensity (EUI), which is considered to be an indicator of energy efficiency, and dwelling or housing characteristics, technology (appliances), socio-demographic characteristics, geographic factors, and energy-related behavioral actions. Additionally, it explores whether these relationships v...
Article
Energy and internet insecurity are exacerbated by the compounding of multiple forms of social-economic disadvantage during extreme events. This study demonstrates the effects of concentrated disadvantage on internet and energy burdens and utility hardships in the United States during the COVID-19 pandemic in 2021. Based on 1991 online respondents,...
Article
An increasing number of distributed energy resources (DERs), such as rooftop photovoltaic (PV), electric vehicles (EVs), distributed energy storage, etc., are being integrated into the distribution systems. The rise of DERs has come hand-in-hand with large amounts of data generated and explosive growth in data collection, communication, and control...
Article
China has established a solar photovoltaics poverty alleviation program to help reduce rural poverty and environmental inequality. However, little is known about how the conflicts between governmental goals and social-psychological factors influence the rural villagers' decision to adopt solar photovoltaics. Using integrated agency and structural t...
Article
Low-income households face long-standing challenges of energy insecurity and inequality (EII). During extreme events (e.g., disasters and pandemics) these challenges are especially severe for vulnerable populations reliant on energy for health, education, and well-being. However, many EII studies rarely incorporate the micro- and macro-perspectives...
Article
COVID-19 pandemic has affected clean energy labor market. Using real-time job vacancy data, this study analyzes the impacts of the pandemic on the U.S. clean energy labor market in 2020, including biomass, energy efficiency (EE), electric vehicle (EV), power/microgrid, solar, and wind industries. This study identifies how COVID-health factors and p...
Article
Full-text available
Energy burden directly influences households’ health and safety. Amidst a growing literature on energy poverty and gender remains relatively understudied. We evaluate socioeconomic, geographic, and health factors as multidimensions of concentrated disadvantage that magnify energy burden in the United States over time. We show that energy burden is...
Article
Low-income households face long-standing challenges of energy insecurity and inequality (EII). During extreme events (e.g., disasters and pandemics) these challenges are especially severe for vulnerable populations reliant on energy for health, education, and well-being. However, many EII studies rarely incorporate the micro- and macro-perspectives...
Article
An accurate representation of occupancy schedules is needed to assess potential energy savings from occupancy-based controls in residential buildings. In this study the variation in US residential occupancy profiles is developed by household income level, age group, household size, and day of the week using 14 years of American Time Use Survey and...
Article
Full-text available
Low-income households (LIHs) have experienced increased poverty and inaccess to healthcare services during the COVID-19 pandemic, limiting their ability to adhere to health protective behaviors. We use epidemiological models to show how a households’ inability to adopt social distancing due to constraints in utility and healthcare expenditure can d...
Article
Full-text available
Developing and maintaining efficient energy-saving behaviors in the workplace is an important factor in reducing energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. Building on integrated theories, including a recently developed theoretical approach to studying the dynamics of social norms and decision-making, the theory of planned behavior, the norm...
Article
Occupants’ adaptive strategies play an important role in office buildings' energy consumption. Previous research has mostly focused on the adaptive strategies triggered by occupants’ indoor discomfort; however, it is crucial to understand if specific adaptive strategies are linked to occupants’ energy-saving intentions. This study explores the rela...
Article
The COVID-19 pandemic has rapidly changed our lives. While the global impacts of the pandemic are shocking, the implications for energy burdens, climate policy, and energy efficiency are salient. This study examines income differences in the acceptance of and willingness to pay for home energy management systems during the COVID-19 pandemic among 6...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose of Review Renewable energy research in China often underestimates the impact of non-technical or human factors on adoption, as well as the impacts of these factors on energy inequality. This review investigates how social-psychological and demographic factors influence the adoption of electric vehicles, photovoltaic panels, solar water heat...
Article
The Chinese government has established a photovoltaics poverty alleviation (PVPA) program to help reduce rural poverty and environmental inequality. However, there is a scarcity of detailed investigations into how social-psychological factors influence the rural poor's decision to adopt solar photovoltaics. The present study examines the local voic...
Article
Indoor environmental quality (IEQ) plays a key role in determining occupants’ productivity at work; however, the analyses in the interconnected factors among building physical, attitudinal, social and demographic components in one study are lacking. To link this research gap, this study investigates these interconnected factors’ influence on occupa...
Article
Demand response (DR) is widely recognized as an alternative approach to achieving the supply-demand balance of power systems. The accurate quantification of DR flexibility potential is important for implementing DR, especially in countries where fewer DR related studies have been conducted and where the societal structures determining DR flexibilit...
Article
This study explores energy use patterns, climate change issues, and the relationship between social-psychological factors, and residents’ acceptance of and willingness to pay (WTP) for home energy management systems (HEMS) during COVID-19 pandemic in New York. The results of our survey suggest that there were no longer morning or evening usage peak...
Article
A Home Energy Management System (HEMS) is a system for increasing energy efficiency and demand flexibility. Despite the steady advances in HEMS technology, there are still several barriers impeding its acceptance. This paper investigates the multifaceted factors influencing residents' willingness to adopt and pay for HEMS in New York (N.Y.) and Tok...
Article
Measures to control the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are having unprecedented impacts on people’s lives around the world. In this paper, we argue that those conducting social research in the energy domain should give special consideration to the internal and external validity of their work conducted during this pandemic period. We...
Preprint
Measures to control the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are having unprecedented impacts on people’s lives around the world. In this paper, we argue that those conducting social research in the energy domain should give special consideration to the internal and external validity of their work conducted during this pandemic period. We...
Article
Social media have been widely recognized as critical communication channel in disaster situations. However, there is limited empirical investigation on how the intersecting issues of social order, environmental impacts, and crisis communication unfold from the perspective of a social media user. This study examines 60,449 tweets to and from the new...
Article
Electric vehicle Vehicle-grid integration Vehicle-to-grid Diffusion of innovations Low-carbon mobility Electrification of transport A B S T R A C T This study investigates the interconnected influence of socio-demographic, behavioral, economic, and technical factors associated with electric vehicle (EV) adoption interest and the influence of vehicl...
Article
Full-text available
Reducing energy consumption in office buildings is critical for improving energy efficiency and decarbonization at the large scale. This study (N = 854) investigated the influence of social-psychological factors on energy-saving intention and behaviors in single-person versus shared offices based on the extend model of Theory of Planned Behavior (T...
Article
Inspired by Beyond Politics and extending its thesis focusing on the household sector’s potential in enabling energy efficiency technology and behavioral plasticity in reducing carbon emissions, we examine this sector’s critical role in the operation of grid-connected technologies, particularly electric vehicles (EVs) and demand response (DR), thro...
Article
This study investigates human-building interaction in office spaces across multiple countries including Brazil, Italy, Poland, Switzerland, the United States, and Taiwan. We analyze social-psychological, contextual, and demographic factors to explain crosscountry differences in adaptive thermal actions (i.e. cooling and heating behaviors) and confo...
Article
Occupant behavior influences office building energy performance. The level of human-building interactions (HBIs) in shared offices strongly influences building energy use and occupant well-being. This study explored the link between occupant personality types and their behaviors of sharing energy and environment control systems and interactions wit...
Article
This study investigates human-building interaction in office spaces across multiple countries including Brazil, Italy, Poland, Switzerland, the United States, and Taiwan. We analyze social-psychological, contextual, and demographic factors to explain cross-country differences in adaptive thermal actions (i.e. cooling and heating behaviors) and conf...
Article
This study scrutinizes the impacts of efficiency innovations as well as affluence on residential energy consumption, which is a major driver of greenhouse gas emissions. The study draws on the ecological-modernization perspective, which is optimistic about how technological innovations and affluence can help societies overcome environmental challen...
Article
Full-text available
A bottom-up method to generate synthetic residential loads realistically, but with minimal computational resources, is presented. Six energy services, associated with high electricity use, are considered. Each energy service is characterized by number of events on a given day, event start time, and event duration. Distributions for number of events...
Article
Demand response (DR) has been widely recognized as an important approach to balance the power grid and reduce peak load of power systems. In order to better estimate the capability and the expense of peak load reduction through DR, we need to obtain the residential load profile and customers’ attitudes toward DR programs. Based on a large-scale onl...
Article
Occupant behavior has a significant impact on building energy consumption. To reduce energy use in office buildings, various intervention strategies have been investigated to promote energy-saving behaviors among occupants. However, the influential factors of these behaviors have not been fully understood in existing studies. To fill this gap, this...
Article
Energy poverty intertwines with the issues of energy inequality and energy justice, presenting a particular challenge for low-income households (LIHs). This study explores energy justice in the U.S. through the lens of several interconnected questions: Do energy assistance programs have adequate participation rates? How accessible are energy effici...
Article
Despite growing availability of renewable energy or “green pricing” programs for residential use, consumer adoption in the U.S is limited. Existing data indicate that consumer values and political orientation—both of which reflect moral considerations—are associated with interest in renewable energy policies and use. An online experiment (n = 317)...
Article
A key component to understanding demand response programs design is elasticity, which reflects customer reaction to economic offers. In this work, customer elasticity for Incentive Based Demand Response (IBDR) programs is estimated using data from two nation wide surveys and integrated with a detailed residential load model. In addition, incentive...
Article
Residential direct load control (DLC) is an important type of demand response designed to reduce electricity consumption during peak hours through utility companies' control over the operation of certain household appliances. Despite many benefits of DLC, customers' concern for losing control has been hindering its adoption. This study aims to inve...
Article
This paper contributes an inclusive review of scientific studies in the field of sustainable human building ecosystems (SHBEs). Reducing energy consumption by making buildings more energy efficient has been touted as an easily attainable approach to promoting carbon-neutral energy societies. Yet, despite significant progress in research and technol...
Chapter
When conducting research, one of the primary considerations should be to maintain high scientific and ethical standards, including protecting the rights and benefits of all participants. Researchers should take great care to ensure scientific validity during the design of a study; at the same time, ethical conduct should not be considered a researc...
Article
This study introduces an interdisciplinary framework for investigating building-user interaction in office spaces. The framework is a synthesis of theories from building physics and social psychology including social cognitive theory, the theory of planned behavior, and the drivers-needs-actions-systems ontology for energy-related behaviors. The go...
Article
Drawing on the Attitude-Behavior-Condition model, this study examined how attitudinal factors (energy saving belief and belief about the link between comfort and productivity) and conditional factors (group norms and organizational support) were associated with 1) employees’ willingness to save energy in the workplace at some cost of comfort and 2)...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The large scale deployment of renewable generation is generally seen as the most promising option for displacing fossil fuel generators, especially coal-fired power plants. A key challenge in integrating Renewable Energy Resources (RERs) is to find approaches that ensure long term sustainability and economic profit. The appropriate design of Demand...
Article
Full-text available
The hot summer and cold winter zone (HSCW) plays a significant role in residential energy consumption in China because of climate, policy, and social-economic factors. Accordingly, occupant heating behaviors and associated social-psychological factors are essential elements in understanding energy consumption. This study presents a new investigatio...
Article
Low-income households comprise an important, but often-neglected, target population for energy reduction in the U.S. residential sector. Previous research of this population tends to emphasize demographic and economic factors with little consideration of social-psychological variables. This paper utilized the theory of planned behavior (TPB) to inv...
Article
Occupant behavior has significant impacts on building energy performance and occupant comfort. However, occupant behavior is not well understood and is often oversimplified in the building life cycle, due to its stochastic, diverse, complex, and interdisciplinary nature. The use of simplified methods or tools to quantify the impacts of occupant beh...
Conference Paper
The aim of this paper is to advance the understanding of social-psychological and architectural parameters influencing occupant behaviour and resulting operational energy consumption in office settings. Existing knowledge on occupant behavior is reviewed from an architectural and socialpsychological perspective. The identified parameters are visual...
Conference Paper
Incentive based demand response (IBDR) offers one of the more promising opportunities for engineering sustainable electricity services. While there are a wide range of studies representing the potential of IBDR program in the power market, understanding customer response needs further study. A key component in all demand response (DR) programs' des...
Conference Paper
Incentive-based demand response (IBDR) is an important category of demand response (DR) programs with large untapped potential, especially in the residential sector. Understanding customers elasticity is key to effective design of incentives. However due to limited information, price-based elasticity is needed in IBDR modeling as well. In this work...
Article
Renewable energy technologies, such as solar water heaters (SWHs) and alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs), have been widely adopted in China. Using an extended model of the Theory of Planned Behavior, we investigated how social–psychological factors (environmental attitudes, perceived behavioral control (PBC), subjective and descriptive norms, and ren...
Article
This study examined how framing of residential energy-saving benefits as environmental or economic (i.e., benefit framing) and long-term or short-term (i.e., temporal framing) influenced individuals' attitudes toward and perceived outcome efficacy of energy-saving behaviors, and, especially, how individual differences in environmental concern, poli...
Conference Paper
Due to the development of intelligent energy management system with automatic control, the large population of residential appliances have the opportunity to be effectively utilized by load serving entities (LSEs) to reduce their operating costs and increase total profit. In practice, LSEs are promoting various demand response (DR) programs to stim...
Article
Full-text available
There is a worldwide trend to modernize old power grid infrastructures to form future smart grids, which will achieve efficient, flexible energy consumption by using the latest technologies in communication, computing, and control. Smart grid initiatives are moving power systems curricula toward smart grids. Although the components of smart grids f...
Article
A shortage of U.S. trained power and energy engineers has been predicted in the near future. One approach to solve this problem involves increasing the number of students choosing to study engineering, especially by exposing more students to engineering at an early age, even before high school. This paper presents the curricula and assessment of tw...
Article
A key feature of cognitive radio network is the intelligence of secondary users who can collaborate to improve the system performance. The collaboration in terms of channel recommendation is studied in this paper. The recommendation mechanism results in dynamics of the channel preferences of secondary users, thus causing a behavior propagation in a...
Article
Full-text available
The thin-ideal is becoming increasingly dominant among women in Eastern Asian countries such as China and South Korea. The internalization of the thin-ideal leads to body image disturbance and unhealthy weight-control behaviors. Based on the social networks and social norms approaches, this study tests the effectiveness of normative messages in red...
Conference Paper
With the rapid adoption of Internet and wireless technology, the demand for a faster and reliable speed has been dramatically increasing. Identifying influential factors in consumers wireless technology adoption and willingness to pay for a faster Internet speed across various settings has been an important and focal interest in wireless communicat...
Article
Exposing students at an early age to science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) activities has been considered an important factor in influencing them to select a technical career path. The Center for Ultrawide-Area Resilient Electric Energy Transmission Networks (CURENT) is an engineering research center jointly supported by the Nati...
Conference Paper
The social behavior in cognitive radio networks is studied using analysis tools in social networks. A recommendation system is proposed for cognitive radio, thus incurring the channel preference propagation in the corresponding random geometric network. A mean field based ordinary differential equation is used to describe the dynamics of the channe...
Conference Paper
Nation-wide, or largely synchronous activities, such as the World Cup or Super Bowl, have impacts on the power grid frequency response. This paper examines the influence of these sporting events on power system dynamics using data collected from the Frequency Monitoring Network (FNET). The frequency data of the German power grid during the 2010 Wor...
Chapter
Instrumental approaches to norms treat their enforcement as problematic and suggest that self-interested actors are unlikely to sanction. We suggest an alternative conceptualization of the norm enforcement problem. Research shows that social rewards can offset sanctioning costs, thereby encouraging enforcement. The issue then becomes how individual...
Article
A survey (n=280) was conducted to examine the motivational nature of enduring involvement in terms of its relationship to information source usefulness and knowledge. The results of the study indicate that enduring, or personal, involvement is associated with perceptions of greater information source usefulness and high topic knowledge. High involv...