Chidambaram Sabarathinam

Chidambaram Sabarathinam
Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research | KISR · Division of Water Resources

M.Sc., Ph.D

About

273
Publications
89,502
Reads
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5,716
Citations
Additional affiliations
March 2017 - present
Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research
Position
  • Researcher
July 2015 - January 2017
Annamalai University
Position
  • Head of Department
June 2011 - March 2017
Annamalai University
Position
  • Professor (Full)
Education
February 1997 - June 2001
Annamalai University
Field of study
  • Geology
July 1994 - April 1996
Annamalai University
Field of study
  • Geology
August 1991 - April 1994
Madurai Kamaraj University
Field of study
  • Geology

Publications

Publications (273)
Article
Kuwait Group aquifers and Dammam Formation are the two prominent aquifers, the wells tapping Dammam Formation and Dual completion wells are used for groundwater production. The current study investigates the spatiotemporal evolution of hydrochemical characteristics of the Shagaya water field utilizing long-term (1975–2019) hydrochemical data from 1...
Article
In this article, strontium distribution in sedimentary coastal aquifers of Eastern India was studied and its association with groundwater particles has been ascertained using hydrochemical and morphological tools. Groundwater contains Sr²⁺ in the range of 0.08–4.0 mg/L with higher values concentrated in Cretaceous formation. The particle number in...
Book
Full-text available
This book covers the important and recent aspects of describing groundwater contamination and its fundamentals. The book also assembles various recent techniques to assess groundwater contamination and its relation to different fields such as science, engineering, planning, and management practices. The recent applications of groundwater assessment...
Article
The extraction of mountain salt from the saline waters is the basic livelihood of the Ba'kelalan communities of Sarawak. The current integrated approach is the first attempt to study the sources and geochemical processes of the saline groundwaters in this mountain region. Hence, in this study, saline groundwater samples from five existing wells in...
Article
Full-text available
This study aims to explore the state-wise assessment of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) pandemic spread in Malaysia with focus on influence of meteorological parameters and air quality. In this study, state-wise COVID-19 data, meteorological parameters and air quality index (AQI) were collected from March 13 to April 30, 2020, which encompass three movement...
Article
This research was an attempt to understand spatiotemporal characteristics of stable isotopes in precipitation samples and their regional circulation patterns in Borneo. Two locations were selected in the Limbang River Basin (LRB). Monthly rainwater samples were collected from October 2016 to September 2017. Samples were analysed for δ²H and δ¹⁸O is...
Article
Full-text available
The presence of uranium (U) in potable groundwater must be treated with extreme care because of its health concerns. The study area consists of complex lithology and various land use activities including natural and anthropogenic processes. The present study aims to assess the seasonal distribution, probable sources and factors responsible for U mo...
Conference Paper
Rainwater is one of the major sources of freshwater for harvesting to enhance the freshwater resource, especially from the management perspective. The present study has attempted to investigate the temporal and spatial variations of ion chemistry in rainwater of Kuwait, by collecting samples from industrial and residential regions. Fifty samples we...
Conference Paper
The impact of climate change can be inferred by observing long-term climate variables like temperature, precipitation, and evapotranspiration. A local study on the climatic factors such as temperature, precipitation, CO 2 emissions and population was carried out. The temperature records of the study period reflected with an increase of 1.3 o C, hig...
Article
Groundwater chemistry is mainly governed by lithological variations, space and resident time. In addition, hydrogeochemical characteristics of groundwater in the lithological contact zones are too complex. Hence, Cretaceous–Tertiary (KT) boundary from Ariyalur district, Tamilnadu, India, was selected for this study to identify the hydrogeochemistry...
Article
The study on colloids in groundwater has been gaining great importance in addressing contamination transport. The objective of this study is to determine the size and nature of groundwater colloids and its association with heavy metals. Groundwater samples were collected from two bore wells representing hard rock and sedimentary aquifers in the coa...
Article
Full-text available
Kuwait, being one of the leading oil producers in the world, is enriched with CO2 in the atmosphere, despite the frequent dust storms. Rainwater dissolves the atmospheric CO2 that acts as a carbon sink. The different sources for the contribution of CO2 in an arid region like Kuwait were determined by collecting 50 rainwater samples from November 20...
Article
A reasonable estimation of aquifer recharge can assist in the sustainable management of groundwater resources. The methodology to calculate aquifer recharge presents many challenges due to geological complexity and the existence of different water qualities in the aquifer. The classic Chloride Mass Balance (CMB) method has been used widely for aqui...
Article
Full-text available
The study aims to determine the impact of global meteorological parameters on SARS-COV-2, including population density and initiation of lockdown in twelve different countries. The daily trend of these parameters and COVID-19 variables from February 15th to April 25th, 2020, were considered. Asian countries show an increasing trend between infectio...
Article
In this work, sediments collected from a 150-m deep litho-section of a coastal region and encompassing Quaternary, Tertiary and Cretaceous sedimentary formations were studied for arsenic distribution and other trace and redox sensitive elements. Arsenic concentration in the sediments is found to vary from <0.5 to 30 mg·kg⁻¹ and showed an increasing...
Article
The accurate evaluation of groundwater contamination vulnerability is essential for the management and prevention of groundwater contamination in the watershed. In this study, advanced multiple machine learning (ML) models of Radial Basis Neural Networks (RBNN), Support Vector Regression (SVR), and ensemble Random Forest Regression (RFR) were appli...
Article
The dynamics of the coastal aquifers are well-expressed by geochemical and isotopic signatures. Coastal regions often exhibit complex groundwater recharge pattern due to the influence of depression in the Bay of Bengal, tidal variations on surface waters, saline water intrusion and agricultural return flows. In this research, groundwater recharge p...
Chapter
Kuwait group Aquifers (KGA) and Dammam formation (DFm) are the two major aquifers from which groundwater is being extracted in Kuwait. KGA is chiefly sandy, calcareous, and gypsiferous, and the DFm is predominantly of Limestone. Twenty-two groundwater samples were collected from KGA and 17 from DFm; the age of these samples vary from 32 Ka to 636 y...
Chapter
In recent years the use of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) and remote sensing to expedite the appraisement of runoff modeling from land and water region. To appraise the runoff modeling techniques, different factors were used such as rainfall, soil, land use/land cover, and hydrological conditions. Based on the factors the CN (curve number)...
Chapter
The coastal aquifers form a fragile ecosystem and the groundwater of this system is studied by multiple approaches. This study integrates the geophysical and geochemical and geochemistry to demarcate saline water intrusion. To achieve these objectives 14 geophysical surveys were carried out in a definite pattern using Schlumberger VES technique. La...
Chapter
Kuwait is located in an arid region that is characterized by harsh climatic conditions and the absence of natural water resources. To secure its freshwater needs, Kuwait heavily relies on seawater desalination via numerous desalination plants that are erected along the coast of the Arabian Gulf. Though limited in quantity and quality, groundwater i...
Article
The present research reports the level of nitrate (NO 3-), associated health risks and possible sources of contamination in groundwater from south India. Many samples (32%) are above or approaching the recommended level of NO 3-for safe drinking water. The correlation analysis indicates different sources of NO 3-contamination in different regions r...
Article
Full-text available
Geo-electrical survey was conducted in a highly industrialized area to delineate the freshwater and saline water aquifers. A total of 30 vertical electrical soundings (VES) were made along the coastal aquifers of Tuticorin, which covers both sedimentary formation and crystalline rocks. By using VES data, GIS was used to create spatial maps for resi...
Article
The quality of the groundwater in the study area was evaluated through various water quality indexes for drinking and irrigation purposes. To evaluate the water quality index, 186 groundwater samples were sampled during 2 different seasons, likely pre-monsoon (PRM) and post-monsoon (POM). The collected samples were measured for physical-chemical pa...
Article
The utility of groundwater, irrespective of its availability, is essential for mankind. The efficacy of the coastal aquifer’s groundwater quality for agriculture purpose in the Pondicherry region was gauged by their hydrochemistry. 44 groundwater samples were collected during 4 different seasons namely, pre-monsoon (PRM), southwest monsoon (SWM), n...
Article
This study investigates the sustainable yield of a shared/regional aquifer that covers a hydrogeological basin, Dibdibba Delta Aquifer Basin (DDAB). The aquifer extends over an area of 60,000 km² in three countries: Iraq, Kuwait, and Saudi Arabia. The groundwater resources of DDAB are used by these countries for agricultural and industrial purposes...
Article
Full-text available
Groundwater contamination by the adjacent seawater has been a global problem. To address the process and evolution of salinity in groundwater, different procedures such as major ion ratios, standard plots, geophysical techniques, isotopic techniques, and modelling methods were adopted. It is difficult to distinguish the groundwaters’ with salinity,...
Article
Uranium (U) in groundwater is hazardous to human health, especially if it is present in drinking water. The semiarid regions of southern India chiefly depend on groundwater for drinking purposes. In this regard, a comprehensive sampling strategy was adopted to collect groundwater representing different lithologies of the region. The samples were co...
Article
This study was focused on identifying the region suitable for agriculture-based, using new irrigation groundwater quality plot and its spatio-temporal variation with fuzzy logic technique in a geographic information system (GIS) platform. Six hundred eighty groundwater samples were collected during pre, southwest, northeast, and post monsoon period...
Article
Full-text available
The present investigation has been carried out in the Ottapidaram taluk to evaluate the suitability of groundwater for drinking purposes and to assess the non-carcinogenic health risks. Twenty groundwater samples were collected, and the major physicochemical parameters were measured along with the heavy metals lead (Pb2+) and chromium (Cr2+). The a...
Article
The unusual winter storm event of March 2016 brought excess rainfall in the Central part of Mexico and this study attempts to determine the moisture sources by characterizing the rainwater isotopes (δ¹⁸O, δ²H) and understanding their monthly spatial variations. Rainwater samples from six different stations (Agua Blanca, Molango, Mexico City, Pachuc...
Preprint
Full-text available
The potential groundwater zones of the Maputaland coastal plain of Kwazulu-Natal is identified by comparing the Analytic hierarchy process (AHP)-Multi criteria decision-making (MCDM)techniqueand Boolean logical approach. The map of groundwater potential zones was prepared by generation and integration of 8 thematic layers, i.e. geology, geomorpholo...
Book
Full-text available
The whole world has been on intermittent lockdowns due to the present COVID-19 pandemic. The industrial deacceleration caused by the pandemic has affected everyone without distinction of wealth, religion, or nationality. Also, the pandemic has evidenced how socio-environmental processes have been altered or accentuated, relieving the environment mo...
Chapter
Full-text available
Meteorological parameters and COVID-19 spread-Russia a case study This chapter investigates the meteorological influence on the COVID-19 pandemic spread in Russia. A total of seven months of data on COVID cases and meteorological parameters were analyzed. Statistical tools, such as correlation analysis and factor analysis, were used to further inf...
Book
Full-text available
Environmental Resilience and Transformation in times of COVID-19: Climate Change Effects on Environmental Functionality is a timely reference to better understand environmental changes amid the COVID-19 pandemic and the associated lockdowns. The book is organized into five themes: (1) environmental modifications, degradation, and human health risks...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, the extraction of groundwater (GW) in coastal aquifers has rendered the fragile aquifers more saline due to the sea water intrusion. Groundwater from the coastal aquifers of the Pudhucherry region were sampled to study the process of salinization. An integrated approach was adopted to identify the salinization process, by coordinat...
Article
Full-text available
Uranium (U) is formed by the interaction of groundwater in aquifer and the surrounding rocks. The area chosen for this study is a hard rock terrain of various lithology in South India, which releases U in groundwater and affect the groundwater quality. Hence, this study was conducted to understand the geochemistry and temporal variations of U in gr...
Article
Full-text available
Manakudy estuary is located in the southernmost tip of the Indian sub‐continent, which is essential to study the sediment geochemistry as it receives limited input of sediments during the rainy season from its catchment zones. The elemental geochemical variation of sediments is to understand the mechanism influencing the estuarine environment, and...
Article
The enhanced assessment of groundwater contamination vulnerability is necessary for the management and conservation of groundwater resources because groundwater contamination has been much increased continu- ously in the world by anthropogenic origin. The purpose of this study is to determine the best model among three ANFIS-MOA models (the adaptiv...
Article
Full-text available
The impact of the trace elements on selected marine fishes/crustacean in Kuwait (Sheam, Lobster, Speatty, and Nagroor) were investigated (As, Cd, Ni, Pb, and V) using the element concentrations in marine water and sediments. The toxic elements concentrations were measured in water samples (As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Ni, Pb, V, and Zn) for estimation of to...
Article
Full-text available
Microbes in groundwater play a key role in determining the drinking water quality of the water. The study aims to interpret the sources of microbes in groundwater and its relationship to geochemistry. The study was carried out by collecting groundwater samples and analyzed to obtain various cations and anions, where HCO3-, Cl- and NO3- found to be...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change in Kuwait has resulted in temperature fluctuations, frequent dust storms, and noticeable changes in the amount of precipitation. Pollutants released into the atmosphere from various sources affect the chemical composition of rainwater and impact its usability. The present study on rainwater focused on the determination of trace eleme...
Article
Groundwater overexploitation has resulted in huge scarcity and increase in the demand for water and food security in India. Groundwater in India has been observed to have experienced various water quality issues like arsenic, fluoride, and Uranium (U) contamination, leading to risk in human health. Markedly, the health risk of higher U in drinking...
Article
Full-text available
The present investigation deals with the health risk assessment due to the heavy metals (Cd, Cr, Cu, Co, Mn, Pb, Ni, and Zn) in groundwater in the industrial township of Virudhunagar district. Twenty groundwater samples were collected, and the measured concentration of the heavy metals follows the order Pb > Ni > Zn > Co > Cr > Cd > Cu > Mn. The me...
Article
Full-text available
Evaluation of the hydrogeochemical processes governing the heavy metal distribution and the associated health risk is important in managing and protecting the health of freshwater resources. This study mainly focused on the health impacts due to the heavy metals pollution in a known Cretaceous-Tertiary (K/T) contact region (Tiruchinopoly, Tamilnadu...
Article
Full-text available
The presence of radioactive elements in groundwater results in high health risks on surrounding populations. Hence, a study was conducted in central Tamil Nadu, South India, to measure the radon levels in groundwater and determine the associated health risk. The study was conducted along the lithological contact of hard rock and sedimentary formati...
Chapter
In the current scenario of severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic, a review on the survival of this novel virus in treated and untreated wastewater is proposed. Other coronavirus species are known to survive in wastewater for days to weeks. Present data also shows that SARS-CoV-2 can be present in waste product genera...
Poster
Full-text available
Fig. 2. Variation of pH with respect to the temperature from the PHREEQC Modeling • The pH of the rainwater samples ranged from 5.05 to 8.02 before filtration and after filtration 5.19 to 7.96. This is due to the dust carried with the rainwater. • The study validated the pH and trace metals in rainwater with respect to temperature using PHREEQC mod...
Article
The irregular monsoonal rainfall and overexploitation of groundwater have resulted in the sharp decline of water resources in different parts across India. Various factors like geology, terrain morphology, hydrology, and hydrometeorology influence the recharge potentiality of a region. Application of remote sensing and geographical information syst...
Article
The chief constituents in water samples are obtained by the geochemical analysis. The results are then studied for various utility purposes, such as domestic, drinking, and agriculture. The results are also studied for understanding the thermodynamic states to determine geochemistry and the nature of the reactions. There are several software's avai...
Article
An attempt has been made to examine uranium distribution in groundwater from Cuddalore district, Tamil Nadu, India. Groundwater occurs under porous sedimentary, fractured, and weathered hard rock formations ranging in age from recent sediments to the oldest Archean formations. A total of 186 groundwater samples were collected during Pre- Monsoon (M...
Article
The proposed study investigates the seasonal variation in the concentration and the source of the heavy metals like Mn, Cu, Pb, Zn and Fe in the groundwater samples of Pondicherry region. The study results reveal that, the heavy metal concentration is high during South West Monsoon season (SWM) compared to that of North East Monsoon season (NEM). T...
Article
In order to understand the hydrogeochemical pattern, ground water (n = 23) and surface water (n = 2) samples were collected from three different landscapes (mountain, plain, valley) of Hidalgo State, Central Mexico. Physic-ochemical characteristics (pH, electrical conductivity, total hardness, alkalinity, total acidity, total solids, total dissolve...
Article
A study was conducted to understand the acidic nature of hypersaline groundwater in coastal aquifers of Kuwait. A few hypersaline (HS) and hypersaline acidic groundwater (HSAG) were identified from the samples collected along the Kuwait shoreline. The samples with electrical conductivity (EC) lesser than the HS samples were considered saline to bra...
Article
Full-text available
Microbes in groundwater play a key role in determining the drinking water quality of the water. The study aims to interpret the sources of microbes in groundwater and its relationship to geochemistry. The study was carried out by collecting groundwater samples and analyzed to obtain various cations and anions, where HCO 3-, Cl-and NO 3-found to be...
Article
Full-text available
Groundwater is the most important natural resource around the world which needs new and advanced technologies for control and monitoring. This investigation was to check the groundwater potential zones by integrated techniques of geoinformatics and geophysical investigation through a vertical electrical sounding in Rawalakot, Azad Kashmir, Pakistan...
Article
The water resources in the arid region like Kuwait are a scarce commodity. With the increasing population, industry and urbanization have lead to the demand of water resources with respect to both in quantity and quality. Therefore, quantification of submarine groundwater discharge is essential for sustainable groundwater management. Moreover, subm...
Poster
Full-text available
Dear Professors/Scientists/Researchers We are pleased to invite you and your colleagues to contribute a book chapter for “Meso and Microplastic risk assessment in Marine Environment” to be published by Elsevier. Please submit your abstract on or before 30th July, 2020. There will be no publication charge for the contribution of book chapters. Fo...
Article
Full-text available
Hydrogeochemical understanding of groundwater is essential for the effective management of groundwater. This study has been carried out to have concrete data for the seasonal variations in hydrogeochemistry of groundwater in central Tamilnadu forming a complex geological terrain with a varied lithology. A total of 244 groundwater samples were colle...
Article
Full-text available
An integrated study of health risk assessment, pollution indices and cluster analysis has been carried out to assess the pollution and heavy metal sources in the groundwater. Certain elements analyzed exceed the prescribed limits of WHO standard. Health risk index reveals risk of toxicity through oral pathways is less, as almost all trace elements...