Chiara Robba

Chiara Robba
Università degli Studi di Genova | UNIGE · Dipartimento di Scienze Chirurgiche e Diagnostiche Integrate (DISC)

PhD

About

421
Publications
79,639
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6,549
Citations
Citations since 2017
378 Research Items
6441 Citations
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201720182019202020212022202305001,0001,5002,0002,500
201720182019202020212022202305001,0001,5002,0002,500

Publications

Publications (421)
Article
Full-text available
In the current investigation, we report our preliminary experience with a black box algorithm that derives a composite index of ICC (Intracranial Compliance Scale—ICS) from non-invasive ICP waveform surrogates. Our primary aim was to evaluate the ICS ability to detect elevations in ICP. Secondarily, we sought out to correlate ICS with early in-hosp...
Article
Full-text available
Background Capillary Refill Time (CRT) is a marker of peripheral perfusion usually performed at fingertip; however, its evaluation at other sites/position may be advantageous. Moreover, arm position during CRT assessment has not been fully standardized. Methods We performed a pilot prospective observational study in 82 healthy volunteers. CRT was...
Preprint
Background: Variation of inferior vena cava (IVC) is used to predict fluid-responsiveness, but the IVC visualization with standard sagittal approach (SC, subcostal) cannot be always achieved. In such cases, coronal trans-hepatic (TH) window may offer an alternative, but the interchangeability of IVC measurements in SC and TH is not fully establishe...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common in critically ill patients admitted to intensive care units (ICU) and is frequently associated with poorer outcomes. Hence, if an indicator is available for predicting severe AKI within the first few hours of admission, management strategies can be put into place to improve outcomes. Materials and m...
Article
Introduction: Severe acute respiratory distress syndrome coronavirus disease-2 (SARS-CoV-2) can lead to acute hypoxemic respiratory failure (AHRF) with possible multisystemic involvement. Ventilation/perfusion mismatch and shunt increase are critical determinants of hypoxemia. Understanding hypoxemia and the mechanisms involved in its genesis is e...
Article
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To ensure neuronal survival after severe traumatic brain injury, oxygen supply is essential. Cerebral tissue oxygenation represents the balance between oxygen supply and consumption, largely reflecting the adequacy of cerebral perfusion. Multiple physiological parameters determine the oxygen delivered to the brain, including blood pressure, hemoglo...
Article
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BACKGROUND Noninvasive respiratory support (NIRS) has been revealed feasible solutions to cope with the massive request for ventilatory support in patients subjected to 'do-not-intubate' order (DNI). OBJECTIVES The aims of the present systematic review and meta-analysis was to estimate pooled incidence of DNI orders and the associated in-hospital m...
Article
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Purpose: Uncertainties remain about the safety and efficacy of therapies for managing intracranial hypertension in acute brain injured (ABI) patients. This study aims to describe the therapeutical approaches used in ABI, with/without intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring, among different pathologies and across different countries, and their assoc...
Article
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Background Severe traumatic brain-injured (TBI) patients should be primarily admitted to a hub trauma center (hospital with neurosurgical capabilities) to allow immediate delivery of appropriate care in a specialized environment. Sometimes, severe TBI patients are admitted to a spoke hospital (hospital without neurosurgical capabilities), and scarc...
Article
Objective: Extubation failure in brain-injured patients is associated with increased morbidity. Our objective was to systematically review prognostic factors associated with extubation failure in acutely brain-injured adult patients receiving invasive ventilation in an ICU. Data sources: MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane Central were searched from i...
Article
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Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) is an essential tool to assess and manage different pathologies in the intensive care unit, and many protocols have been proposed for its application in critical care literature. However, the brain has been overlooked in these protocols. Brain ultrasonography (BU) is easily available, and it allows a goal-directed a...
Article
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Cardiac arrest (CA) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality frequently associated with neurological and systemic involvement. Supportive therapeutic strategies such as mechanical ventilation, hemodynamic settings, and temperature management have been implemented in the last decade in post-CA patients, aiming at protecting both the brain and the...
Article
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Background: Changes in intracranial pressure pulse morphology may indicate impaired intracranial compliance (ICC). The aim of the present study was to determine whether a recently developed noninvasive technology that detects skull deformity (B4C) could reproduce intracranial pressure waveform (ICPW) reliably in patients with acute brain damage. Me...
Article
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The use of rapid molecular tests may anticipate the identification of causative agents and resistance determinants in the blood of critically ill patients with sepsis. From April to December 2021, all intensive care unit patients with sepsis or septic shock who were tested with the T2Bacteria and T2Resistance assays were included in a retrospective...
Article
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Background To compare the clinical outcomes of patients receiving short course (SC) or prolonged course (PC) of antifungal therapy for uncomplicated Candida bloodstream infections (BSI). Methods All episodes of uncomplicated Candida BSI from 1 September 2018 to 31 August 2020 were reviewed. We compared the primary (all cause 90-day mortality) and...
Article
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Excessive sedation is associated with poor outcome in critically ill acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) patients. Whether this prognostic effect varies among ARDS patients with and without COVID-19 has yet to be determined. We compared the prognostic value of excessive sedation—in terms of delirium, length of stay in intensive care unit (IC...
Article
Background: Intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring and its management in aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) is variable worldwide. The present study aimed to explore the practice of ICP monitoring, its variability across countries, and the association with 6-month outcomes in aSAH. Methods: This was a preplanned subanalysis of SYNAPSE-ICU...
Article
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Background The effects of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) on lung ultrasound (LUS) patterns, and their relationship with intracranial pressure (ICP) in brain injured patients have not been completely clarified. The primary aim of this study was to assess the effect of two levels of PEEP (5 and 15 cmH 2 O) on global (LUStot) and regional (an...
Article
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Background Issues remain on the optimal management of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) patients once they are admitted to the referring center, before and after the aneurysm treatment. To address these issues, we created a consensus of experts endorsed by the Italian Society of Anesthesia and Intensive Care (SIAARTI). In this manuscript, we aim to pro...
Article
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Background Alternative noninvasive methods capable of excluding intracranial hypertension through use of transcranial Doppler (ICP tcd ) in situations where invasive methods cannot be used or are not available would be useful during the management of acutely brain-injured patients. The objective of this study was to determine whether ICP tcd can be...
Article
Full-text available
Background Questions remain on the optimal management of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) patients once they are admitted to the referring center, before and after the aneurysm treatment. To address these issues, we created a consensus of experts endorsed by the Italian Society of Anesthesia and Intensive Care (SIAARTI) to provide clinical guidance re...
Article
Full-text available
Cerebral multimodality monitoring (MMM) is, even with a general lack of Class I evidence, increasingly recognized as a tool to support clinical decision-making in the neuroscience intensive care unit (NICU). However, literature and guidelines have focused on unimodal signals in a specific form of acute brain injury. Integrating unimodal signals in...
Article
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Background Sedatives and mild hypothermia alone may yield neuroprotective effects in acute ischemic stroke (AIS). However, the impact of this combination is still under investigation. We compared the effects of the combination of mild hypothermia or normothermia with propofol or dexmedetomidine on brain, lung, and kidney in experimental AIS. AIS-in...
Article
Full-text available
Analysis of intracranial pressure waveforms (ICPW) provides information on intracranial compliance. We aimed to assess the correlation between noninvasive ICPW (NICPW) and invasively measured intracranial pressure (ICP) and to assess the NICPW prognostic value in this population. In this cohort, acute brain-injured (ABI) patients were included with...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Variation of inferior vena cava (IVC) is used to predict fluid-responsiveness, but the IVC visualization with standard sagittal approach (SC, subcostal) cannot be always achieved. In such cases, coronal trans-hepatic (TH) window may offer an alternative, but the interchangeability of IVC measurements in SC and TH is not fully establishe...
Article
Full-text available
Organism survival depends on oxygen delivery and utilization to maintain the balance of energy and toxic oxidants production. This regulation is crucial to the brain, especially after acute injuries. Secondary insults after brain damage may include impaired cerebral metabolism, ischemia, intracranial hypertension and oxygen concentration disturbanc...
Article
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Background Optimal oxygen targets in patients resuscitated after cardiac arrest are uncertain. The primary aim of this study was to describe the values of partial pressure of oxygen values (PaO 2 ) and the episodes of hypoxemia and hyperoxemia occurring within the first 72 h of mechanical ventilation in out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patient...
Article
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Critical care ultrasonography (US) is widely used by intensivists managing critically ill patients to accurately and rapidly assess different clinical scenarios, which include pneumothorax, pleural effusion, pulmonary edema, hydronephrosis, hemoperitoneum, and deep vein thrombosis. Basic and advanced critical care ultrasonographic skills are routin...
Article
The primary objective was to investigate the association between partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO2) change after extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) initiation and neurologic outcome in neonates treated for respiratory failure. A retrospective analysis of the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization (ELSO) database including newborns...
Article
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In this study we evaluated the effect of fluid challenge (FC) administration in elective surgical patients with low or normal blood pressure. Secondarily, we appraised the pharmacodynamic effect of FC in normotensive and hypotensive patients. We assessed five merged datasets of patients with a baseline mean arterial pressure (MAP) above or below 65...
Article
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Intracranial hypertension is a harmful complication occurring in acute brain-injured (ABI) patients and a contributing factor to unfavourable outcomes [1]. Because intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring is invasive, different non-invasive tools for ICP assessment (nICP) have been recently proposed [2,3,4,5]. However, the early prognostic value of s...
Article
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Background Up to 30% of hospitalised patients with COVID-19 require advanced respiratory support, including high-flow nasal cannulas (HFNC), non-invasive mechanical ventilation (NIV), or invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV). We aimed to describe the clinical characteristics, outcomes and risk factors for failing non-invasive respiratory support in...
Article
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Background The optimal hemodynamic targets and management of patients with acute brain injury are not completely elucidated, but recent evidence points to important impact on clinical outcomes. We performed an international survey with the aim to investigate the practice in the hemodynamic targets, monitoring, and management of patients with acute...
Article
Full-text available
Different neurological manifestations of COVID-19 in adults and children and their impact have not been well characterized. We aimed to determine the prevalence of neurological manifestations and in-hospital complications among hospitalized COVID-19 patients and ascertain differences between adults and children. We conducted a prospective multicent...
Article
Full-text available
Different neurological manifestations of COVID-19 in adults and children and their impact have not been well characterized. We aimed to determine the prevalence of neurological manifestations and in-hospital complications among hospitalized COVID-19 patients and ascertain differences between adults and children. We conducted a prospective multicent...
Article
Introduction: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has put a strain on global healthcare systems. Despite admirable efforts to develop rapidly new pharmacotherapies, supportive treatments remain the standard of care. Multiple clinical trials have failed due to design issues, biased patient enrollment, small sample sizes, inadequate con...
Article
Background Despite the need for specific weaning strategies in neurological patients, evidence is generally insufficient or lacking. We aimed to describe the evolution over time of weaning and extubation practices in patients with acute brain injury compared with patients who are mechanically ventilated (MV) due to other reasons.Methods We performe...
Article
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PurposeNeurocritical care patients receive prolonged invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV), but there is poor specific information in this high-risk population about the liberation strategies of invasive mechanical ventilation.MethodsENIO (NCT03400904) is an international, prospective observational study, in 73 intensive care units (ICUs) in 18 cou...
Article
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Background Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) has become an essential tool for anaesthesia and critical care physicians and dedicated training is mandatory. This survey describes the current state of Italian residency training programs through the comparison of residents’ and directors’ perspective. Methods Observational prospective cross-sectional...
Article
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Introduction During the COVID-19 pandemic, electroencephalography (EEG) proved to be a useful tool to demonstrate brain involvement. Many studies reported non-reactive generalized slowing as the most frequent pattern and epileptiform activity in a minority of patients. Objective To investigate the prevalence of diffuse unreactive background attenu...
Article
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In this narrative review, we discuss the relevant issues of therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) in critically ill patients. For many conditions, the optimal indication, device type, frequency, duration, type of replacement fluid and criteria for stopping TPE are uncertain. TPE is a potentially lifesaving but also invasive procedure with risk of adver...
Article
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Purpose of Review To summarize pathophysiology, key conflicts, and therapeutic approaches in managing concomitant severe acute brain injury (SABI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Recent Findings ARDS is common in SABI and independently associated with worse outcomes in all SABI subtypes. Most landmark ARDS trials excluded patients...
Article
Editorial commenting the article by Idei et al. (PMID: 35661319) and globally addressing the value of the processed EEG monitoring to titrate sedative drugs dosing in the ICU
Article
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Introduction We performed a systematic review in COVID-19 mechanically ventilated (MV) patients which analysed the effect of tracheostomy timing and technique (surgical vs. percutaneous) on mortality. Secondary outcomes included intensive care unit (ICU)-and hospital-length-of-stay (LOS), decannulation from tracheostomy, duration of MV, and complic...
Article
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Background The use of processed electroencephalography (pEEG) for depth of sedation (DOS) monitoring is increasing in anesthesia; however, how to use of this type of monitoring for critical care adult patients within the intensive care unit (ICU) remains unclear. Methods A multidisciplinary panel of international experts consisting of 21 clinician...
Preprint
Background : Analysis of intracranial pressure waveforms (ICPW) provides information on intracranial compliance. We aimed to assess the correlation between noninvasive ICPW (NICPW) and invasively measured intracranial pressure (ICP) and to assess the NICPW prognostic value in this population. Methods : In this cohort, acute brain-injured patients w...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Neurological manifestations and complications in coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) patients are frequent. Prior studies suggested a possible association between neurological complications and fatal outcome, as well as the existence of potential modifiable risk factors associated to their occurrence. Therefore, more information is ne...
Article
Introduction: Ventilatory management and general supportive care of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in the adult population have led to significant clinical improvements, but morbidity and mortality remain high. Pharmacologic strategies acting on the coagulation cascade, inflammation, oxidative stress, and endothelial cell injury have b...
Preprint
Purpose Capillary Refill Time (CRT) is a marker of peripheral perfusion usually performed at fingertip; however, its evaluation at other sites/position may be advantageous. Moreover, arm position during CRT assessment has not been fully standardized. Methods We performed a pilot prospective observational study in 82 healthy volunteers. In randomize...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Capillary Refill Time (CRT) is a marker of peripheral perfusion usually performed at fingertip; however, its evaluation at other sites/position may be advantageous. Moreover, arm position during CRT assessment has not been fully standardized. Methods: We performed a pilot prospective observational study in 82 healthy volunteers. CRT was...
Preprint
Full-text available
Objectives: The mechanism of acute brain injury initiates a cascade of consequences which can directly cause lung damage, and this can contribute to poor neurological outcomes. The aim of this study was to evaluate activation of different apoptotic pathways in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) in patients after severe brain injury and to corr...
Article
Full-text available
Impaired cerebral autoregulation (CA) may increase the risk of brain hypoperfusion in septic patients. Sepsis dysregulates the autonomic nervous system (ANS), potentially affecting CA. ANS function can be assessed through the pupillary light reflex (PLR). The aim of this prospective, observational study was to investigate the association between CA...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: The optimal ventilatory settings in patients after cardiac arrest and their association with outcome remain unclear. The aim of this study was to describe the ventilatory settings applied in the first 72 h of mechanical ventilation in patients after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest and their association with 6-month outcomes. Methods: Pre...
Article
Background: Atelectasis is one of the most common respiratory complications in patients undergoing open abdominal surgery. Peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO2 ) and forced vital capacity (FVC) are bedside indicators of postoperative respiratory dysfunction. The aim of this study was to describe the changes in lung aeration, using quantitative analy...
Article
Intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring is now viewed as integral to the clinical care of many life-threatening brain insults, such as severe traumatic brain injury, subarachnoid hemorrhage, and malignant stroke. It serves to warn of expanding intracranial mass lesions, to prevent or treat herniation events as well as pressure elevation which impede...
Article
Full-text available
The International Severe Acute Respiratory and Emerging Infection Consortium (ISARIC) COVID-19 dataset is one of the largest international databases of prospectively collected clinical data on people hospitalized with COVID-19. This dataset was compiled during the COVID-19 pandemic by a network of hospitals that collect data using the ISARIC-World...
Article
Background and Purpose. The optic nerve is surrounded by the extension of meningeal coverings of the brain. When the pressure in the cerebrospinal fluid increases, it causes a distention of the optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD), which allows the use of this measurement by ultrasonography (US) as a noninvasive surrogate of elevated intracranial pre...
Article
Introduction: Noninvasive neuromonitoring could be a valuable option for bedside assessment of cerebral dysfunction in patients with coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) admitted to intensive care units (ICUs). This systematic review aims to investigate the use of noninvasive multimodal neuromonitoring in critically ill adult patients with COVID-19...