Chiara Bucciarelli-Ducci

Chiara Bucciarelli-Ducci
University Hospitals Bristol NHS Foundation Trust · Bristol Heart Institute

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386
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Publications

Publications (386)
Article
Full-text available
Background Although prior reports have evaluated the clinical and cost impacts of cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) for low-to-intermediate-risk patients with suspected significant coronary artery disease (CAD), the cost-effectiveness of CMR compared to relevant comparators remains poorly understood. We aimed to summarize the cost-effectivene...
Article
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Most cardiac imaging conferences have adopted social media as a means of disseminating conference highlights to a global audience well beyond the confines of the conference location. A deliberate and thoughtful social media campaign has the potential to increase the reach of the conference and allow for augmented engagement. The coronavirus disease...
Article
Full-text available
The Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (SCMR) is an international society focused on the research, education, and clinical application of cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR). “Cases of SCMR” is a case series hosted on the SCMR website ( https://www.scmr.org ) that demonstrates the utility and importance of CMR in the clinical diagnos...
Article
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) represents a significant threat to women’s health. Heart failure (HF) is one CVD that still has an increasing incidence and about half of all cases involve women. HF is characterised by strong sex-specific features in aetiology, clinical manifestation and outcomes. Women are more likely to have hypertensive heart diseas...
Article
OBJECTIVE We investigated if women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in the third trimester of pregnancy exhibit adverse cardiac alterations in myocardial energetics, function, or tissue characteristics. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Thirty-eight healthy, pregnant women and 30 women with GDM were recruited. Participants underwent phosphorus M...
Article
Structural and functional abnormalities of coronary microvasculature are highly prevalent in several clinical settings and often associated with worse clinical outcomes. Therefore, there is a growing interest in the detection and treatment of this, often overlooked, disease. Coronary angiography allows the assessment of the Coronary flow reserve (C...
Article
Objectives The authors sought to assess whether the combination of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and peak troponin levels in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and nonobstructive coronary arteries would lead to increased diagnostic yield. Background Patients presenting with ACS and nonobstructive coronary arteries are a diagnostic dile...
Article
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Background The extent to which health care systems have adapted to the COVID-19 pandemic to provide necessary cardiac diagnostic services is unknown. Objectives The aim of this study was to determine the impact of the pandemic on cardiac testing practices, volumes and types of diagnostic services, and perceived psychological stress to health care...
Article
ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) remains a significant source of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Despite advances in treatment leading to a significant reduction in the early complications and in-hospital mortality, a significant proportion of STEMI survivors develop heart failure (HF) at follow-up. The classic paradigm of HF a...
Article
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This article reviews the most relevant literature published in 2021 on the role of cardiovascular imaging in cardiovascular medicine. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) continued to impact the healthcare landscape, resulting in reduced access to hospital-based cardiovascular care including reduced routine diagnostic cardiovascular testing. However...
Article
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Background Ventriculo-arterial (VA) coupling in bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) patients can be affected by the global aortopathy characterizing BAV disease and the presence of concomitant congenital lesions such as aortic coarctation (COA). This study aimed to isolate the COA variable and use cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging to perform...
Article
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Myocardial Infarction with Non-Obstructive Coronary Arteries (MINOCA) accounts for 5–15% of all presentations of acute myocardial infarction. The absence of obstructive coronary disease may present a diagnostic dilemma and identifying the underlying etiology ensures appropriate management improving clinical outcomes. Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR...
Article
Background: The reproducibility of mitral regurgitation (MR) quantification by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging using different software solutions remains unclear. This research aimed to investigate the reproducibility of MR quantification between two software solutions: MASS (version 2019 EXP, LUMC, Netherlands) and CAAS (version 5....
Article
Full-text available
Myocarditis represents the entity of an inflamed myocardium and is a diagnostic challenge caused by its heterogeneous presentation. Contemporary noninvasive evaluation of patients with clinically suspected myocarditis using cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) includes dimensions and function of the heart chambers, conventional T2-weighted imaging, lat...
Article
BACKGROUND: The reproducibility of mitral regurgitation (MR) quantification by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging using different software solutions remains unclear. This research aimed to investigate the reproducibility of MR quantification between two software solutions: MASS (version 2019 EXP, LUMC, Netherlands) and CAAS (version 5....
Article
Full-text available
This document is a position statement from the Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (SCMR) on recommendations for clinical utilization of cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) in women with cardiovascular disease. The document was prepared by the SCMR Consensus Group on CMR Imaging for Female Patients with Cardiovascular Disease and endo...
Article
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Background Although coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is primarily a respiratory illness, myocardial injury is increasingly reported and associated with adverse outcomes. However, the pathophysiology, extent of myocardial injury and clinical significance remains unclear. Methods COVID-HEART is a UK, multicentre, prospective, observational, longi...
Article
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The effect of limb remote ischaemic conditioning (RIC) on myocardial infarct (MI) size and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was investigated in a pre-planned cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) substudy of the CONDI-2/ERIC-PPCI trial. This single-blind multi-centre trial (7 sites in UK and Denmark) included 169 ST-segment elevation myo...
Article
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Purpose of Review Parametric mapping represents a significant innovation in cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) tissue characterisation, allowing the quantification of myocardial changes based on changes on T1, T2 and T2* relaxation times and extracellular volume (ECV). Its clinical use is rapidly expanding, but it requires availability of dedi...
Article
Full-text available
Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) is an important non-invasive imaging modality used for the evaluation of patients with known or suspected heart disease. Despite its clinical importance, CMR is currently not widely available, in part, because of a scarcity of well-trained physicians to perform and interpret the exam. Moreover, current 2018 S...
Preprint
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Background The functional implications of left ventricular (LV) morphological characterization in congenital heart disease (CHD) are not widely explored. This study qualitatively and quantitatively assessed LV shape associations with a) LV function and b) thoracic aortic morphology in patients with aortic coarctation (CoA) with/without bicuspid aor...
Article
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The role of inflammation in cardiovascular pathophysiology has gained a lot of research interest in recent years. Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance has been a powerful tool in the non-invasive assessment of inflammation in several conditions. More recently, Ultrasmall superparamagnetic particles of iron oxide have been successfully used to evaluate...
Conference Paper
Background Patients with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) have an increased incidence of developing ascending aortic (AAo) dilation. The pathogenesis of BAV-aortopathy (genetic vs. hemodynamic) remains unclear. Objectives To measure changes in molecular markers and MRI-derived wall shear stress (WSS) around the AAo circumference, elucidating possible m...
Article
Background Up to 10% of patients who present with an acute coronary syndrome have a myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries (MINOCA). Troponin T predicts infarct size and outcomes in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction. The value of peak troponin T in patients with a working diagnosis of MINOCA is not well understo...
Article
Full-text available
Aims A substantial number of patients present with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and non-obstructive coronary arteries. Sex and age differences in these patients are not well understood. This study aims to evaluate the impact of sex and age on clinical presentation and outcome in patients with ACS and non-obstructive coronary arteries, with either...
Article
Background: The reproducibility of mitral regurgitation (MR) quantification by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging using different software solutions remains unclear. This research aimed to investigate the reproducibility of MR quantification between two software solutions: MASS (version 2019 EXP, LUMC, Netherlands) and CAAS (version 5....
Article
Myocardial infarction (MI) with non-obstructive coronary arteries (MINOCA) represents a heterogeneous clinical conundrum accounting for about 6%–8% of all acute MI who are referred for coronary angiography. Current guidelines and consensus documents recommend that these patients are appropriately diagnosed, uncovering the causes of MINOCA, so that...
Article
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We describe a rare case of infiltrative cardiomyopathy characterized by multiple low-signal myocardial lesions consistent with nodular calcifications. A retrospectively detailed clinical history and the use of multimodality imaging enabled us to identify the final diagnosis. (Level of Difficulty: Advanced.)
Article
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Objectives: To assess the clinical impact of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (CMR) in clinical decision making of cancer patients with a suspected cardiomyopathy in a tertiary cancer center. Background: Cardiomyopathies of diverse etiologies are frequently encountered in a Cardio-Oncology practice. The clinical impact of CMR after a presumptive d...
Article
Other than respiratory disease, patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) commonly have cardiovascular manifestations, which are recognized as significant risk factors for increased mortality. COVID-19 patients may present with a wide spectrum of clinical presentations ranging from asymptomatic heart disease detected incidentally by cardiac...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives We aimed to explore the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on cardiac diagnostic testing and practice and to assess its impact in different regions in Europe. Methods The online survey organised by the International Atomic Energy Agency Division of Human Health collected information on changes in cardiac imaging procedural volumes between...
Article
Background Anthracycline therapy may lead to changes in cardiac structure and function not detectable by solely evaluating left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Objectives We hypothesized that cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) would identify structural and functional myocardial abnormalities in anthracycline-treated cancer survivors wit...
Article
Full-text available
Cardiovascular magnetic resonance is increasingly used in clinical practice, as it has emerged over the years as an invaluable imaging technique for diagnosis and prognosis, with clear-cut applications in managing patients with both ischemic and non-ischemic heart disease. In this review, we focus on the evidence and clinical application of stress...
Article
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Funding Acknowledgements Type of funding sources: Private grant(s) and/or Sponsorship. Main funding source(s): Rosetrees Trust James Tudor Foundation Background 6-10% of patients who present with an acute coronary syndrome have a myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries (MINOCA). Troponin T predicts infarct size and outcomes in...
Article
When acute myocardial injury is found in a clinical setting suggestive of myocardial ischaemia, the event is labelled as acute myocardial infarction (AMI), and the absence of coronary stenosis angiographically 50% or greater leads to the working diagnosis of myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries (MINOCA). The initial diagnosi...
Article
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Background Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) has been predominantly used in the Asia–Pacific region for stress perfusion cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR). We evaluated the prognosis of patients stressed using ATP, for which there are no current data. Methods We performed a retrospective longitudinal study from January 2016 to December 2020 and i...
Article
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Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) has a limited role in predicting outlook in heart diseases including heart failure. We quantified the independent geometric factors that determine LVEF using cardiac MRI and sought to provide an improved measure of ventricular function by adjusting for such independent variables. A mathematical model was us...
Article
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Background Barth syndrome is a rare, life-threatening, X-linked recessive genetic disease that predominantly affects young males and is caused by abnormal mitochondrial lipid metabolism. Currently, there is no definitive treatment for Barth syndrome other than interventions to ameliorate acute symptoms, such as heart failure, cardiac arrhythmias, n...
Article
Cardiovascular disease is the worldwide leading cause of death in women. Biological differences between the sexes, a result of genetic, epigenetic and sex hormone-mediated factors, are complex and incompletely understood. These differences are compounded by socio-cultural factors and together account for the variation in the prevalence, presentatio...
Article
Funding Acknowledgements Type of funding sources: None. Background Cardiac amyloidosis (CA) has been increasingly recognized in elderly patients with aortic stenosis (AS), but with uncertain prognostic significance. Objectives We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to clarify whether concurrent CA portends excess mortality in patients...
Article
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Background There are several methods to quantify mitral regurgitation (MR) by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR). The interoperability of these methods and their reproducibility remains undetermined. Objective To determine the agreement and reproducibility of different MR quantification methods by CMR across all aetiologies. Methods Thirty-f...
Article
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Background Quantitative cardiovascular magnetic resonance T1-mapping is increasingly used for myocardial tissue characterization. However, the lack of standardization limits direct comparability between centers and wider roll-out for clinical use or trials. Purpose To develop a quality assurance (QA) program assuring standardized T1 measurements f...
Article
Open in new tabDownload slide Raw 3D data were streamed from standard echocardiograph using custom connection to 3D DICOM viewer workstation (CarnaLife Holo, MedApp, Krakow, Poland) for real-time, dynamic 3D rendering and wirelessly transferred into HoloLens mixed reality display (Microsoft, Redmond, USA) to overlay non-obstructive 3D data hologra...
Article
Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging is a unique imaging modality, which provides accurate noninvasive tissue characterization. Various CMR sequences can be utilized to identify and quantify patterns of myocardial edema, fibrosis, and infiltrates, which are important determinants for diagnosis and prognostication of heart failure. This article...
Article
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Background: Left ventricular maximum wall thickness (MWT) is central to diagnosis and risk stratification of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, but human measurement is prone to variability. We developed an automated machine learning algorithm for MWT measurement and compared precision (reproducibility) with that of 11 international experts, using a dat...
Article
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The aim of this document is to provide general guidance and specific recommendations on the practice of cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) in the era of the COVID-19 pandemic. There are two major considerations. First, continued urgent and semi-urgent care for the patients who have no known active COVID-19 should be provided in a safe manner f...
Article
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Background: We aimed to evaluate the effect of early intravenous metoprolol treatment, microvascular obstruction (MVO), intramyocardial hemorrhage (IMH) and adverse left ventricular (LV) remodeling on the evolution of infarct and remote zone circumferential strain after acute anterior ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) with feature...
Article
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During the peak phase of the COVID-19 pandemic, alterations of standard operating procedures were necessary for health systems to protect patients and healthcare workers and ensure access to vital hospital resources. As the peak phase passes, re-activation plans are required to safely manage increasing clinical volumes. In the context of cardiovasc...
Article
Aims: Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) is increasingly recognized as a diagnostic and prognostic tool in out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) survivors. After assessing CMR findings early after ventricular fibrillation (VF) OHCA, we sought to explore the long-term outcome of myocardial scarring and deformation. Methods and results: We incl...
Article
Introduction Prompt diagnosis of left ventricular (LV) thrombus is clinically important, as it may require immediate anti-coagulation treatment. The aim of this study was to determine if a teaching intervention delivered by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) physicians would increase the CMR radiographers’ ability to detect LV thrombus on a r...
Article
Full-text available
In response to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, The Cardio-Oncology and Imaging Councils of the American College of Cardiology offers recommendations to clinicians regarding the cardiovascular care of cardio-oncology patients in this expert consensus statement. Cardio-oncology patients–individuals with an active or prior cancer his...
Article
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of death worldwide and improving the prognosis and survival of patients with ischemic heart disease remains a priority of cardiovascular specialists. This article will review the principles of myocardial viability, present the noninvasive imaging tests available to clinicians, as well as critically...
Article
Background Myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries (MINOCA) is seen in 6–10% of patients presenting acutely with suspected myocardial infarction. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) can identify an underlying cause in ∼80% of patients. These patients are more likely to have a history of mental health illness or an emotiona...
Article
Background Clinically manifest cardiac sarcoidosis (CS) has a prevalence of 5%, but is more frequent in autoptic series (25%). Diagnosis is multiparametric and relies on clinical criteria and imaging findings, although a certain diagnosis, especially in the case of isolated CS (ICS), can only be based on endomyocardial biopsy. Cardiovascular magnet...
Article
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The presentation and identification of cardiovascular disease in women pose unique diagnostic challenges compared to men, and underrecognized conditions in this patient population may lead to clinical mismanagement. This article reviews the sex differences in cardiovascular disease, explores the diagnostic and prognostic role of cardiovascular magn...
Article
Many biomarkers that could be used to assess ejection fraction, heart failure, or myocardial infarction fail to translate into clinical practice because they lack essential performance characteristics or fail to meet regulatory standards for approval. Despite their potential, new technologies have added to the complexities of successful translation...