Chia-Ming Fan

Chia-Ming Fan
University of South Australia | UniSA · Sansom Institute for Health Research

About

19
Publications
1,428
Reads
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227
Citations
Citations since 2017
8 Research Items
149 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023051015202530
2017201820192020202120222023051015202530

Publications

Publications (19)
Article
Intensive use of methotrexate (MTX) and/or dexamethasone (DEX) for treating childhood malignancies is known to cause chondrocyte apoptosis and growth plate dysfunction leading to bone growth impairments. However, mechanisms remain vague and it is unclear whether MTX and DEX combination treatment could have additive effects in the growth plate defec...
Article
Cancer chemotherapy can significantly impair the bone formation and cause myelosuppression; however, their recovery potentials and mechanisms remain unclear. This study investigated the roles of the β‐catenin signaling pathway in bone and bone marrow recovery potentials in rats treated with antimetabolite methotrexate (MTX) (five once‐daily injecti...
Article
Methotrexate (MTX), a widely used antimetabolite in paediatric cancer to treatment, has been widely reported to cause bone loss and bone marrow (BM) microvascular (particularly sinusoids) damage. Investigations must now investigate how MTX‐induced bone loss and microvasculature damage can be attenuated/prevented. In the present study, we examined t...
Article
Dexamethasone (Dex) is known to cause significant bone growth impairment in childhood. Although previous studies have suggested roles of osteocyte apoptosis in the enhanced osteoclastic recruitment and local bone loss, whether it is so in the growing bone following Dex treatment requires to be established. The current study addressed the potential...
Article
Cancer chemotherapy can cause significant damage to the bone marrow (BM) microvascular (sinusoidal) system. Investigations must now address whether and how BM sinusoidal endothelial cells (SECs) can be protected during chemotherapy. Herein we examined the potential protective effects of genistein, a soy‐derived flavonoid, against BM sinusoidal dama...
Article
Chemotherapeutic agents are very well evident extrinsic stimuli for causing damage to endothelial cells. Methotrexate is an antimetabolite commonly used to treat solid tumours and paediatric cancers. However, studies on the effect(s) of methotrexate on bone marrow microvascular system are inadequate. In the current study, we observed a significant...
Article
Full-text available
Although bone marrow and bone toxicities have been reported in breast cancer survivors, preventative strategies are yet to be developed. Clinical studies suggest consumption of long chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCn3PUFA) can attenuate age-related bone loss, and recent animal studies also revealed benefits of LCn3PUFA in alleviating bo...
Article
Methotrexate (MTX) chemotherapy is known to cause bone loss which lacks specific preventative treatments, although clinically folinic acid is often used to reduce MTX toxicity in soft tissues. This study investigated damaging effects of MTX injections (0.75 mg/kg/day for 5 days) in rats and potential protective benefits of fish oil (0.25, 0.5, or 0...
Article
Full-text available
The underlying pathophysiology for bone growth defects in paediatric cancer patients receiving high dose methotrexate chemotherapy remains unclear and currently there are no standardized preventative treatments for patients and survivors. Using a model in young rats, we investigated damaging effects of long-term treatment with methotrexate on growt...
Article
Intensive use of cancer chemotherapy is increasingly linked with long-term skeletal side effects such as osteopenia, osteoporosis and fractures. However, cellular mechanisms by which chemotherapy affects bone integrity remain unclear. Methotrexate (MTX), used commonly as an anti-metabolite, is known to cause bone defects. To study the pathophysiolo...
Article
Full-text available
Cancer chemotherapy has been recognized as one severe risk factor that influences bone growth and bone mass accumulation during childhood and adolescence. This article reviews on the importance of this clinical issue, current understanding of the underlying mechanisms for the skeletal defects and potential preventative strategies. Both clinical and...

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