Chia Longman

Chia Longman
Ghent University | UGhent · Department of Languages and Cultures

Associate Professor

About

73
Publications
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427
Citations

Publications

Publications (73)
Preprint
Women's lower participation in the male-dominated sports in Iran is perceived to be caused by religious and cultural forces. This article uses feminist scholarship to investigate whether belief in Islam plays a central role in forming women's perceptions of sports participation and gender. Based on interviews with twenty-six women participants, the...
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Integration policies and citizenisation programmes tend to have narrow conceptions of 'good' citizenship and are often articulated alongside specific assumptions regarding different migrant groups. This study draws on the qualitative research of a unique citizenisation pilot programme in Flanders, Belgium. The programme offered the combination of l...
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Introduction While several studies have focussed on the experiences of women living with infertility, there is a paucity of information related to understandings, representations and actions of key stakeholders (i.e. organisations and individual actors involved in activities or professional care surrounding infertility) when it comes to infertility...
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The hijab has been the subject of public and academic debates that have polarized scholars, politicians, and activists. Opinions on veiling range widely: while some view veiling as an oppressive practice, others regard veiling as an expression of women's agency and empowerment. Solidarity practices, such as movements against compulsory veiling or a...
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Background: In many low-and middle-income countries women with infertility are often in polygynous marriages. From a human and women's rights perspective, the practice of polygyny is commonly understood as harmful. Studies indicate that polygyny aggravates negative life circumstances of women with infertility with respect to their health and socia...
Article
The female body has been in the foreground of nation-building in Iran especially since the 1930s projects of modernization, when unveiling women and adaptation to Western clothing became a crucial factor of bolstering modern Iranian national identity as opposed to a religion-based national identity. After the 1979 Revolution, the Islamic dress code...
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Introduction: In many Sub-Saharan African countries, women with infertility search relentlessly for treatment. Guided by the Partners for Applied Social Sciences model for health seeking behaviour and access to care research, this study aims to understand the health seeking behaviour of women with infertility in the West Coast region of The Gambia...
Chapter
The study is conducted based on a life story narrative of a Muslim migrant woman from Iran, now living in Belgium. Her life story and experiences prior to and after migration are analysed to reveal how she has built and made sense of her religiosity in the European context. Muslim migrants in Europe have faced challenges defining their identity and...
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Background: There is an increasing awareness that infertility in Sub-Saharan Africa constitutes a severe social and public health problem. Few of the existing studies on infertility explicitly take into account the differences between women. However, how women experience infertility is formed by their various social positions. This research explore...
Chapter
This edited collection provides interdisciplinary, global, and multi-religious perspectives on the relationship between women’s identities, religion, and social change in the contemporary world.
Article
In this paper, drawing on notions, such as harmful cultural practices and beauty, and based on semi-structured interviews with young female university students in Iran, perceptions and experiences on beauty practices and cosmetic surgery are studied. We show how despite existing criticism of the gendered aspects of beauty practices among Iranian wo...
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This paper draws on the results of ethnographic research on ‘women’s circles’; women-only spaces that celebrate sisterhood and the ‘feminine’, including the increasingly globally popular ‘Red Tent’. Women’s circles are non-institutionalized, often monthly gatherings, for women to come together and relax, meditate, share stories, partake in rituals,...
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In this article, we aim to contribute to feminist academic debates about multiculturalism and secularism/religion by drawing upon an analysis of an ethnic minority women’s organisation in Belgium that has been active since 1999: ella. The analysis focuses upon the way in which ella constructs notions of empowerment and emancipation by discussing st...
Article
What makes the difference? A gender-critical perspective on the theme of intersex In this article the different meanings are explored from a gender-theoretical perspective that have been attributed to the phenomenon of intersex in western thought. While pre-modern thought was characterised by a ‘one-sex-model’ and relative tolerance towards perceiv...
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This article analyses cases of women entrepreneurs’ discourses about their life experiences of empowerment and their leadership communication acts that empower their female subordinates. Compilation of qualitative data fieldwork findings from Bandung, Indonesia were compared with two existing similar studies on women’s entrepreneurship in the US. D...
Book
This volume explores a variety of ‘harmful cultural practices’: a term increasingly employed by organizations working within a human rights framework to refer to certain discriminatory practices against women in the global South. Drawing on recent work by feminists across the social sciences, as well as activists from around the world, this volume...
Article
A comparative gender analysis is made of contemporary body practices, especially as regards women's hairdressing and clothing for Flemish women, including ethnic-religious minorities. In standard anthropology the symbolic meaning of hair has often been related to sexuality across cultural and religious traditions. In radical and liberal feminist th...
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In this article, a comparative analysis is presented of two ethnographic case studies on mothering practices in Belgium. Interviews with, and participant observation among, both undocumented migrant mothers from the South and Belgian white adoptive mothers of black Ethiopian-born children provide an insight into the way in which mothering plays an...
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This study reviews the main bases of interpersonal communication competence that determine women entrepreneurs' success: knowledge, motivation, and communication skills. The rising phenomenon of women becoming entrepreneurs could encourage the processes of socioeconomic development; however, many women face barriers when trying to become successful...
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Dit artikel beschrijft de interculturalisering van de Vlaamse jeugdhulpverlening ten aanzien van de strikt ortho-doxe joodse gemeenschap. Door middel van een situationele analyse, een methodologie geënt op de Sociale Werelden Theorie, gaan we na vanuit welke problemen Vlaamse hulpverleners en de strikt orthodoxe joodse gemeenschap interageren en we...
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This contribution contains a synthesis of the results of two socio-cultural anthropological research projects among Orthodox Jewry concerning the 'identity', 'emancipation' and 'integration' of women. First the meaning of female religiosity from the perspective of strictly Orthodox, including Chassidic, women is discussed. Whereas in the public and...
Book
Full-text available
Des thèmes tels que le foulard, les migrations par mariage, la répudiation, la polygamie, les mutilations génitales, les opérations de reconstruction de l'hymen ou les crimes d'honneur ne manquent généralement pas d'alimenter de grands débats sociétaux. Ce livre entend apporter une contribution critique aux controverses sociétales actuelles en cern...
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Full-text available
This contribution contains a synthesis of the results of two socio-cultural anthropological research projects among Orthodox Jewry concerning the 'identity', 'emancipation' and 'integration' of women. First the meaning of female religiosity from the perspective of strictly Orthodox, including Chassidic, women is discussed. Whereas in the public and...
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Full-text available
This article presents an analysis of the recent headscarf debate in Belgium, and explores in particular to what extent issues of gender equality and feminist arguments were central to the discussion. It is argued that compared to France, concerns about secularity and state-neutrality, national identity and equality, all find resonance in the Belgia...
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This article addresses the question of women's agency in traditionalist religion, through a study of self-narratives by women in the Orthodox Jewish community of Antwerp, Belgium. Women who study or work outside the boundaries of their community were interviewed about their experiences in negotiating gender ideologies by moving in and between the `...
Article
Within the contemporary debate about cultural and gender diversity, the items diversity and multiculturalism are confronted with biodiversity. On a second level, essentialism is being analysed in many attitudes towards cultural identity. Finally, light is thrown on the increasing impact of cityfication with the purpose to reach a justified complect...
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Full-text available
Within the contemporary debate about cultural and gender diversity, the items diversity and multiculturalism are confronted with biodiversity. On a second level, essentialism is being analysed in many attitudes towards cultural identity. Finally, light is thrown on the increasing impact of cityfication with the purpose to reach a justified complect...
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Full-text available
English Feminist research into the position and participation of women in contemporary fundamentalist and traditionalist identity movements shows how essentialist ideologies of sexual difference are often deployed in critique of western secular liberal feminism. In this article the author draws a comparison between discourses of belonging according...
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In this paper, the call for a reconsideration of in anthropology is critically assessed by drawing on the author's research in the field of gender and religion. Using illustrations from a study on women's religiosity in the strictly Orthodox Jewish community of Antwerp, Belgium, it is shown that an ethnographic holistic perspective was necessary in...
Article
The abstract for this document is available on CSA Illumina.To view the Abstract, click the Abstract button above the document title.
Article
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The text of this paper is based on a lecture given at the symposium of the Ghent African Platform “Researching Gender in/on Africa” at Ghent University in December 2009. It addresses some general challenges faced by ‘gender studies’ as an autonomous field versus ‘gender research’ as an integrated topic within mainstream disciplines in academia. Gen...

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