Chia-I Liu

Chia-I Liu
Taipei Medical University | TMU · School of Medical Laboratory Science and Biotechnology

PhD

About

23
Publications
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940
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Publications

Publications (23)
Article
The pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) has been associated by dysregulation of histone deacetylases (HDACs). Previously, acridine-based HDAC inhibitors have shown potential in ameliorating HDAC activity and enhancing neurite outgrowth. In this study, the acridine ring was modified using various phenothiazine derivatives. Several resulting com...
Article
Endoglucanase CtCel9Q is one of the enzyme components of the cellulosome, which is an active cellulase system in the thermophile Clostridium thermocellum. The precursor form of CtCel9Q comprises a signal peptide, a glycoside hydrolase family 9 (GH9) catalytic domain, a type 3c carbohydrate binding module (CBM), and a type I dockerin domain. Here, w...
Article
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Immunogenic cell death (ICD) of tumor cells occurs via various pathways that activate immune cell systems against cancer. Previous studies have demonstrated that shikonin (SK), a plant secondary metabolite, can confer strong pharmacological activities that activate ICD and strong immunogenicity of tumor cells. However, the exact hierarchical regula...
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Crown ethers are small, cyclic polyethers that have found wide-spread use in phase-transfer catalysis and, to a certain degree, in protein chemistry. Crown ethers readily bind metallic and organic cations, including positively charged amino acid side chains. We elucidated the crystal structures of several protein-crown ether co-crystals grown in th...
Article
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We have shown that Sp1 phosphorylation at Thr739 decreases its DNA-binding activity. In this study, we found that phosphorylation of Sp1 at Thr739 alone is necessary, but not sufficient for the inhibition of its DNA-binding activity during mitosis. We demonstrated that Pin1 could be recruited to the Thr739(p)-Pro motif of Sp1 to modulate the intera...
Article
Staphylococcus aureus is one of the major causes of nosocomial infections today. Infections caused by S. aureus are a growing cause of concern owning to the widespread development of multiple antibiotic-resistant strains, particularly methicillin and vancomycin-intermediate resistant strains (MRSA and VISA). The VraSR two component system is report...
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Squalene synthase (SQS) is a divalent metal-ion-dependent enzyme that catalyzes the two-step reductive `head-to-head' condensation of two molecules of farnesyl pyrophosphate to form squalene using presqualene diphosphate (PSPP) as an intermediate. In this paper, the structures of human SQS and its mutants in complex with several substrate analogues...
Article
NkBgl, a β-glucosidase from Neotermes koshunensis, is a β-retaining glycosyl hydrolase family 1 enzyme that cleaves β-glucosidic linkages in disaccharide or glucose-substituted molecules. β-Glucosidases have been widely used in several applications. For example, mutagenesis of the attacking nucleophile in β-glucosidase has been conducted to convert...
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Zaragozic acids (ZAs) belong to a family of fungal metabolites with nanomolar inhibitory activity toward squalene synthase (SQS). The enzyme catalyzes the committed step of sterol synthesis and has attracted attention as a potential target for antilipogenic and antiinfective therapies. Here, we have determined the structure of ZA-A complexed with h...
Article
β-glucosidases (EC 3.2.1.21) cleave β-glucosidic linkages in disaccharide or glucose-substituted molecules and play important roles in fundamental biological processes. β-Glucosidases have been widely used in agricultural, biotechnological, industrial and medical applications. In this study, a high yield expression (70-250 mg/l) in Escherichia coli...
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"Head-to-head" terpene synthases catalyze the first committed steps in sterol and carotenoid biosynthesis: the condensation of two isoprenoid diphosphates to form cyclopropylcarbinyl diphosphates, followed by ring opening. Here, we report the structures of Staphylococcus aureus dehydrosqualene synthase (CrtM) complexed with its reaction intermediat...
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The MST family is a subclass of mammalian serine/threonine kinases that are related to the yeast sterile-20 protein and are implicated in regulating cell growth and transformation. The MST3 protein contains a 300-residue catalytic domain and a 130-residue regulatory domain, which can be cleaved by caspase and activated by autophosphorylation, promo...
Article
The gold color of Staphylococcus aureus is derived from the carotenoid staphyloxanthin, a virulence factor for the organism. Here, we report the synthesis and activity of a broad variety of staphyloxanthin biosynthesis inhibitors that inhibit the first committed step in its biosynthesis, condensation of two farnesyl diphosphate (FPP) molecules to d...
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Full-text available
Staphylococcus aureus produces hospital- and community-acquired infections, with methicillin-resistant S. aureus posing a serious public health threat. The golden carotenoid pigment of S. aureus, staphyloxanthin, promotes resistance to reactive oxygen species and host neutrophil-based killing, and early enzymatic steps in staphyloxanthin production...
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Full-text available
Expression of the gene cluster icaADBC is necessary for biofilm production in Staphylococcus epidermidis. The ica operon is negatively controlled by the repressor IcaR. Here, the crystal structure of IcaR was determined and the refined structure revealed a homodimer comprising entirely alpha-helices, typical of the tetracycline repressor protein fa...
Article
Cell sorting by differential cell adhesion and movement is a fundamental process in multicellular morphogenesis. We have identified a Dictyostelium discoideum gene encoding a novel protein, LrrA, which composes almost entirely leucine-rich repeats (LRRs) including a putative leucine zipper motif. Transcription of lrrA appeared to be developmentally...
Article
Non-mitochondrial citrate synthase catalyses citrate synthesis in the glyoxylate cycle in gluconeogenesis. Screening Dictyostelium discoideum mutants generated by insertional mutagenesis isolated a poor-growing mutant that displayed aberrant developmental morphology on bacterial lawns. Axenically grown mutants developed normally and formed mature f...

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