Chia-Hwa Lee

Chia-Hwa Lee
Taipei Medical University | TMU · School of Medical Laboratory Science and Biotechnology

Doctor of Philosophy

About

59
Publications
4,218
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1,372
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Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (59)
Article
Full-text available
Squamous and anaplastic thyroid cancers are the most aggressive and life‐threatening cancer types in humans, with lymph node involvement in 59% of cases and distant metastases in 26% of cases of all thyroid cancers. The median survival of squamous thyroid cancer patients is less than eight months and therefore of high clinical concern. Here we show...
Article
Colon cancer is a common human cancer worldwide. The survival rate of late staged or metastatic colon cancer patients remains low even though the effectiveness of treatment in colon cancer has greatly improved. Research on tumorigenesis mechanisms and discovery of novel molecular target for treating colon cancer is critical. The promotion roles of...
Article
Full-text available
Thyroid cancer is the most common endocrine malignancy. Patients with well-differentiated thyroid cancers, such as papillary and follicular cancers, have a favorable prognosis. However, poorly differentiated thyroid cancers, such as medullary, squamous and anaplastic advanced thyroid cancers, are very aggressive and insensitive to radioiodine treat...
Article
Full-text available
Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) is the most common type of leukemia in adults, and more than 90% of CML patients harbor the abnormal Philadelphia chromosome (Ph) that encodes the BCR-ABL oncoprotein. Although the ABL kinase inhibitor (imatinib) has proven to be very effective in achieving high remission rates and improving prognosis, up to 33% o...
Article
Full-text available
Although many studies have shown the association between smoking and the increased incidence and adverse prognosis of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), the mechanisms and pharmaceutical targets involved remain unclear. Here, we integrated gene expression signatures, genetic alterations, and survival analyses to identify prognostic indi...
Article
Full-text available
Alterations in membrane proteins (MPs) and their regulated pathways have been established as cancer hallmarks and extensively targeted in clinical applications. However, the analysis of MP-interacting proteins and downstream pathways across human malignancies remains challenging. Here, we present a systematically integrated method to generate a res...
Article
Full-text available
Since imatinib (Glivec or Gleevec) has been used to target the BCR-ABL fusion protein, chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) has become a manageable chronic disease with long-term survival. However, 15%–20% of CML patients ultimately develop resistance to imatinib and then progress to an accelerated phase and eventually to a blast crisis, limiting treatme...
Article
Full-text available
Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) and squamous thyroid carcinoma (STC) are both rare and advanced thyroid malignancies with a very poor prognosis and an average median survival time of 5 months and less than 20% of affected patients are alive 1 year after diagnosis. The clinical management of both ATC and STC is very similar because they are not p...
Article
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of lesinurad for the treatment of hyperuricemia in patients with gout. Design: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Patients or participants: Five RCTs, which included 1959 patients, compared the efficacy and safety of lesinurad in patients with hyperuricemia...
Article
Full-text available
Anaplastic carcinoma of the thyroid (ATC), also called undifferentiated thyroid cancer, is the least common but most aggressive and deadly thyroid gland malignancy of all thyroid cancers. The aim of this study is to explore essential biomarker and use CRISPR/Cas9 with lentivirus delivery to establish a gene-target therapeutic platform in ATC cells....
Data
Supplementary Table: list of all QPCR, sgRNAs, and DNA PCR primers and their sequences.
Data
Supplementary Figure 2: afatinib potentially induced EGFR-independent cell death on SW579 cell. The cell viability of SC and EGFR sgRNA_2 infected SW579 cells with 10 μM afatinib treatment for 24 and 48 hours. The cell viability was carried out by MTT assay, and the data are presented as the mean and standard error. Data were analyzed with Student'...
Data
Supplementary Figure 1: flow cytometry analysis of GFP-positive SW579 cells. GFP-positive SW579 cells were analyzed by flow cytometry. More GFP-positive cells were detected (right shift) with increasing pLJM1-EGFP virus copy number input (fold of SW579 cells) after three days.
Article
Full-text available
Breast cancer is the most common malignancy in women and the second leading cause of cancer death in women. Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) subtype is a breast cancer subset without ER (estrogen receptor), PR (progesterone receptor) and HER2 (human epidermal growth factor receptor 2) expression, limiting treatment options and presenting a poor...
Article
Full-text available
Bevacizumab combined with cytotoxic chemotherapy is the backbone of metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) therapy; however, its treatment efficacy is hampered by therapeutic resistance. Therefore, understanding the mechanisms underlying bevacizumab resistance is crucial to increasing the therapeutic efficacy of bevacizumab. The Gene Expression Omnibu...
Data
Down-regulated bevacizumab-resistant genes. (DOCX)
Article
Full-text available
Esophageal cancer is a worldwide health problem with a very poor prognosis. Therefore, new diagnostic biomarkers or therapeutic strategies for identifying and managing esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) are urgently needed. Glucoseregulated protein 94 (GRP94) is one of major endoplasmic reticulum-stress response proteins that plays a key rol...
Article
Full-text available
Vitamin E (Vit. E) is considered an essential dietary nutrient for humans and animals. An enormous body of evidence indicates the biological and protective effects of Vit. E consumption. Tocopherol-associated protein (TAP) is a major tocopherolbinding protein affecting Vit. E stimulation and downstream signaling transduction. However, how Vit. E ut...
Preprint
Breast cancer is the most common malignancies in women and the second leading cause of cancer death in women. Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) subtype is a breast cancer subset without ER, PR and HER2 expression, limiting treatment options and presenting a poorer survival rate. Thus, we investigated whether HDACi would be used as potential anti...
Article
Full-text available
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) subtype is associated with poor prognosis and a high risk of recurrence-related death in women. Despite the aggressiveness of TNBCs, targeted TNBC therapy is not yet available in the clinic. To overcome this challenge, we generated highly metastatic TNBC cells (LM) derived from metastasized lung cells via a seri...
Article
Full-text available
Heat shock protein 27 (Hsp27) is a key chaperone that interacts with over 200 client proteins. The expression of Hsp27 might be correlated with poor outcome in many types of cancer. Previous study indicated that Hsp27 might be an important biomarker in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the detailed mechanism is less well understood. The shRN...
Article
Full-text available
Background As cancer metastasis is the deadliest aspect of cancer, causing 90% of human deaths, evaluating the molecular mechanisms underlying this process is the major interest to those in the drug development field. Both therapeutic target identification and proof-of-concept experimentation in anti-cancer drug development require appropriate anim...
Article
Background: Accumulated evidence indicates that the incidence of early-onset breast cancer has rapidly increased in Taiwan and other Asian compared to Western countries. The mismatch repair (MMR) pathway might be one of the crucial mechanisms of predisposition to early breast cancer. In this study, we explored whether MMR gene polymorphisms contri...
Article
Previous studies indicated that smoking exposure is associated with an increased risk of breast cancer, and α9-nicotine acetylcholine receptors (α9-nAChRs) are involved in breast tumorigenesis. However, no studies have explored the joint effect of α9-nAChRs (CHRNA9) genes and cigarette smoking exposure on breast cancer risk. A case–control study wa...
Article
Breast cancer is the most common malignancy among women and has an age-specific incidence profile. Over the last decade, many studies have demonstrated the anticancer activity of α-tocopherol, the main and most active form of natural vitamin E. α-Tocopherol-associated protein (TAP) was found to be one of the major α-tocopherol binding proteins in h...
Article
Full-text available
The extracellular matrix (ECM) plays a critical role in the development and invasion of primary breast tumors. Lysyl oxidase (LOX), which is an ECM remodeling enzyme, appears to play roles in promoting cancer cell motility and invasion. To ascertain whether LOX overexpression in breast tumor tissues from Asian patients is associated with decreases...
Article
Tobacco is a substance that contains human carcinogens and may contribute to the risk of tumor formation in the lung and colon via nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs). Cigarette smoke is a complex mixture of many compounds, including nicotine, which is the major active and addictive component of tobacco. Nicotine and its specific metabolized...
Article
Background/purpose: The tobacco-specific mitogen nicotine was reported to correlate with cancer progression and tumorigenesis in breast cancer. Metastasis is a major cause of cancer death, so the influence of nicotine on breast cancer cell migration is also of interest. Our aim is to elucidate the mechanisms of nicotine-enhanced migration of breast...
Article
The aim of this research was to explore whether the tea-polyphenol (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) could be used as a potential agent for blocking smoking (nicotine, Nic)- or hormone (estradiol, E2)-induced breast cancer cell proliferation through inhibition of a common signaling pathway. To explore whether Nic (>0.1 μM, 24 h) and E2 (>1 nM,...
Article
Full-text available
The nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) was first characterized in 1970 as a membrane receptor of a neurotransmitter and an ion channel. nAChRs have been shown to be involved in smoking-induced cancer formation in multiple types of human cancer cells. In vitro and in vivo animal studies have shown that homopentameric nAChR inhibitors, such as...
Article
Full-text available
Cigarette smoking bears a strong etiological association with many neovascularization-related diseases, including cancer, cardiovascular disease, and age-related macular degeneration. Cigarette smoke is a complex mixture of many compounds, including nicotine, which is the major active and addictive component of tobacco. Nicotine and its specific me...
Article
The primary aim of this study was to elucidate the role of the estrogen receptor (ER), a transcription factor involved in the nicotine- and 17β-estradiol (E2)-mediated up-regulation of α9-nAChR gene expression. A real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay was used to quantify the α9-nAChR mRNA expression levels of surgically isolated (n=339) a...
Article
Full-text available
Large epidemiological cohort studies in the United States have indicated that active and passive smoking are associated with increased breast cancer risk. However, there was no direct evidence of an effect of tobacco carcinogens on the cellular molecules involved in breast tumorigenesis. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was used to d...
Article
The aim of this study was to test whether long-term ethanol consumption confers therapeutic resistance to human liver cancer patients infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV). Chronic ethanol-treated cells were established by consecutively culturing a human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line, Hep 3B, which contains integrated HBV sequences, for 20-40...
Data
Fig. S1 RT-PCR analyses for ENO-1 in human breast carcinoma tissues. mRNA expression levels for ENO-1 and GUS were detected as specific single bands (403 and 165 bp, respectively) in both tumor and adjacent normal tissues. PCR was performed for 35 cycles. One hundred cases are represented in this agarose gel image
Article
Previous studies have demonstrated that the persistent exposure of human bronchial epithelial cells to nicotine (Nic) through nicotinic acetylcholine receptors increases cyclin D1 promoter activity and protein expression. The main purpose of this study is to elucidate the carcinogenic role of cyclin D3, which is involved in breast tumorigenesis whe...
Article
We show that TAP/Sec14L2 had a high expression in normal/benign breast, prostate, and liver tissues as compared to lung, colon, and kidney. Its expression was downregulated in breast cancer cell lines shown by quantitative-PCR. Further, 57% of 141 human invasive breast carcinomas had no or markedly reduced TAP/Sec14L2 expression by immunohistochemi...
Article
Full-text available
Enolase-alpha (ENO-1) is a key glycolytic enzyme that has been used as a diagnostic marker to identify human lung cancers. To investigate the role of ENO-1 in breast cancer diagnosis and therapy, the mRNA levels of ENO-1 in 244 tumor and normal paired tissue samples and 20 laser capture-microdissected cell clusters were examined by quantitative rea...
Article
To study the mechanism of 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK)-enhanced migration of colon cancer cells. Long-term cigarette smoking increases the risk of colorectal cancer mortality. Tobacco-specific carcinogen, NNK, was reported to increase DNA synthesis of colon cancer cells. Since metastasis is the major cause of cancer death, t...
Article
Phloretin (Ph), which can be obtained from apples, apple juice, and cider, is a known inhibitor of the type II glucose transporter (GLUT2). In this study, real-time PCR analysis of laser-capture microdissected (LCM) human hepatoma cells showed elevated expression (>5-fold) of GLUT2 mRNA in comparison with nonmalignant hepatocytes. In vitro and in v...
Article
Phloretin (Ph), a natural product found in apples and pears with glucose transporter (GLUT) inhibitory activity, exerts antitumor effects. However, little is known about its effects on human liver cancer. The purpose of this study is to test the cytotoxic effects of Ph on HepG2 cells and to identify the underlying molecular pathways. Human hepatoce...
Article
In this study, the differentiation-promoting effects of terbinafine (Lamisil), TB) were investigated in human epithelioid squamous carcinoma (A431) cells. The polyhydroxyethylmethacrylate (poly-HEMA)- and type-I collagen-coated culture plate models were adapted to harvest the TB-induced differentiated cells by agitation of the suspension medium. We...
Article
Our studies demonstrated that human colon cancer cells (COLO 205), with higher expression level of check point kinase 1 (Chk1), were more sensitive to microtubule damage agent Tubulozole (TUBU) induced G2/M phase arrest than normal human colon epithelial (CRL) cells. TUBU (10 μM, for 3 h) treatment resulted in rapid and sustained phosphorylation of...
Article
Terbinafine (TB, lamisil), a promising world widely used oral-anti-fungal agent, has been used in the treatment of superficial mycosis. In this study, we found that apoptosis but not cell growth arrest was induced by TB (1 microM, for 24 h) in human promyelocytic leukemia (HL60) cells. The apoptotic effect induced by TB in the HL60 cell was not thr...
Article
Econazole (Eco), a potent broad-spectrum anti-fungal agent, has been used in the treatment of superficial mycosis. Eco is a store-operated Ca2+ channel antagonist which induces cytotoxic cell death of leukemia. However, little is known about its cytotoxic effect upon solid tumor cells. The purpose of this study is to investigate both the in vitro a...
Article
Cigarette smoke contains several carcinogens known to initiate and promote tumorigenesis as well as metastasis. Nicotine is one of the major components of the cigarette smoke and the 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK) is a tobacco-specific carcinogen. Here, we demonstrated that NNK stimulated cell proliferation in normal human bro...

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