Cheryl L Waldner

Cheryl L Waldner
University of Saskatchewan | U of S · Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences

DVM PhD

About

304
Publications
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Publications

Publications (304)
Article
Cattle at high-risk for bovine respiratory disease on entry to western Canadian feedlots are often treated metaphylactically with antimicrobials from the macrolide class. High levels of resistance to macrolides have been reported in Mannheimia haemolytica isolates from clinical samples, but it is less clear whether this trend extends to the broader...
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Full-text available
To support Indigenous communities in preparing for uncertainties such as climate change impacts and unexpected threats to health, there are calls by researchers and community members for decision support tools that meaningfully and sensitively bring together Indigenous contextualized factors such as social dynamics, local- and culture-specific know...
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While Johne's disease (JD) is less common in beef than in dairy herds, consolidation is increasing transmission risk. Estimates of Mycobacterium avium spp. paratuberculosis (MAP) prevalence and test performance in cow-calf herds are needed to inform control programs. Objectives of this study included describing the prevalence of MAP in Canadian cow...
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Background Bovine respiratory disease (BRD) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality and is responsible for most of the injectable antimicrobial use in the feedlot industry. Traditional bacterial culture can be used to diagnose BRD by confirming the presence of causative pathogens and to support antimicrobial selection. However, given that...
Article
OBJECTIVE The objectives of this study were to investigate scattered radiation doses to the hands of equine workers holding the cassette and the x-ray tube by hand, for both limb and vertebral column studies, and to compare the scattered radiation attenuation of lead with radiation protection lead-free gloves. Radiation doses to the hands of the ca...
Preprint
Background. Bovine respiratory disease (BRD) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality and is responsible for most of the injectable antimicrobial use in the feedlot industry. Traditional bacterial culture can be used to diagnose BRD by confirming the presence of causative pathogens and to support antimicrobial selection. However, given that...
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Full-text available
Background The species composition of cattle gastrointestinal nematode (GIN) communities can vary greatly between regions. Despite this, there is remarkably little large-scale surveillance data for cattle GIN species which is due, at least in part, to a lack of scalable diagnostic tools. This lack of regional GIN species-level data represents a maj...
Article
This study compared changes in prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of Mannheimia haemolytica, Pasteurella multocida, and Histophilus somni in feedlot calves derived from the auction market (AUCT; n = 299) and from a single-ranch source (RANCH; n = 300). In the AUCT calves, the prevalence of Mannheimia haemolytica decreased, whereas Histophi...
Article
Computed tomographic (CT) features of lymph nodes are used for diagnosis, staging, and response evaluation in veterinary patients. The objectives of this study were to describe maximum short- and long-axis transverse diameters (SATD and LATD, respectively), volume, and attenuation of presumed normal canine mandibular lymph nodes (MLNs) and medial r...
Article
Objectives: To describe self-reported radiation safety practices by equine veterinary technicians in North America and identify factors associated with these practices. Sample: 154 equine technicians. Procedures: An electronic questionnaire regarding radiation safety practices during the use of portable x-ray equipment was sent to 884 members...
Article
Veterinary workers use lead shielding for protection against harm from ionizing radiation during diagnostic imaging. Surface lead on shielding has been reported as a potential exposure hazard. The purpose of this prospective, analytical, descriptive study was to measure surface lead on lead-containing shielding in the field service and small animal...
Article
Mandibular and medial retropharyngeal lymph nodes are routinely evaluated with CT when staging dogs with oral melanomas. While size alone is considered inadequate for detecting nodal metastasis, it is critical in evaluating treatment response, as clinical decisions are based on changes in size. It is common for different radiologists to measure the...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background The species composition of cattle gastrointestinal nematode (GIN) communities can vary greatly between regions. Despite this, there is remarkably little large-scale surveillance data for cattle GIN species which is due, at least in part, to a lack of scalable diagnostic tools. This lack of regional GIN species-level data represents a maj...
Article
Objective: To describe the radiation safety behaviors of veterinary specialists performing small animal fluoroscopic procedures and examine potential risk factors for these behaviors, including knowledge of radiation risk and training regarding machine operating parameters. Sample: 197 veterinary specialists and residents in training. Procedures:...
Article
Biosecurity practices of beef cow-calf herds in western Canada have not been studied extensively nor is there a good understanding of their association with herd health. A survey was sent to 103 cow-calf producers of the Western Canadian Cow-Calf Surveillance Network. Eighty completed questionnaires were returned. Bulls were purchased for all herds...
Article
The objective of this study was to report observed radiation safety practices among equine workers using portable X-ray units at 3 veterinary practices in Canada. Practice 1 was comprised of equine field service workers from an academic institution, whereas Practices 2 and 3 were comprised of workers from private equine referral practices. Out of 2...
Article
Campylobacter infections in humans are usually self-limiting; however, antibiotic intervention may be necessary in the case of severe infection. Fluoroquinolones are often the drug of choice for treatment of campylobacteriosis; however, resistance to these drugs can develop rapidly, complicating treatment protocols. Increasing resistance to fluoroq...
Article
Bovine respiratory disease (BRD) is an economically important cause of morbidity and mortality in beef calves. Control of BRD is most often addressed through "homologous" vaccination utilizing the same injectable modified-live viral (MLV) vaccine for both priming and boosting. Heterologous prime-boosting uses different routes and antigenic forms fo...
Article
Although manual restraint for small animal diagnostic radiography is common, worker protection is often not optimized, particularly for hands and eyes. Radiation safety training videos generally include hours of material on content other than personal protective equipment (PPE), have limited content, if any, on reducing dose to the lens of the eye,...
Article
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of IV magnesium sulfate in decreasing the number of ventricular ectopic beats or convert ventricular tachyarrhythmia to sinus rhythm in dogs. Design: Prospective, observational feasibility study. Setting: Private referral center. Animals: Sixteen client-owned dogs exhibiting 1 or more of the following: (1)...
Article
There is a lack of information regarding interobserver agreement on canine meningioma gross tumor volume (GTV) delineation, and on the impact of MRI on this agreement. The objectives of this retrospective, secondary analysis, observer agreement study were to describe agreement between veterinary radiation oncologists on GTV for canine intracranial...
Article
Data generated from Statistics Canada's 2016 Census of Agriculture and Census of Population were used to describe the adoption of 8 technologies by the Canadian dairy industry: computer/laptop, smartphone/tablet, auto-steering, auto-feeding, auto-environment, robotic milking, global positioning systems (GPS), and geographical information systems (G...
Article
This study complements the existing literature on disparities associated with Indigenous and non-Indigenous small drinking water systems. The team took a quantitative approach and assessed relationships between seasonality, location, and type of community against the number of drinking water advisories in Saskatchewan for a 4-year period from 2012...
Article
The ownership structure and financial status of Canadian dairy farms is described using Statistics Canada 2016 Census of Agriculture data. As herd size increased, family corporation became the most common ownership model after accounting for herd location by region. Regardless of location, gross farm receipts, operating expenses and profit margin i...
Article
Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) is an important pathogen causally associated with morbidity and mortality, and production losses in both suckling and weaned beef calves. Vaccination for protection against disease caused by BVDV is challenging because of the inhibitory effect of maternal antibodies; however, it is most convenient for beef produce...
Article
Fecal samples were collected from cows (n = 1458), calves (n = 1188), and replacement heifers (n = 921) between 2012 and 2014 from 199 herds and generalized estimating equations were used to predict mean fecal egg counts and prevalence of egg-positive samples. Replacement heifers had the highest prevalence of Trichostrongylid-type eggs at 83% [95%...
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Full-text available
The use of metaphylactic antimicrobials to control bovine respiratory disease (BRD) is under increased scrutiny; therefore, effective immunization is becoming a priority. Stimulation of an effective immune response is challenging because calves are often primed with injectable (IJ) vaccines, in the face of maternal antibodies which can interfere wi...
Article
There is a paucity of information from western Canadian beef cow-calf producers about how they control gastrointestinal nematodes. The objectives of this study were to describe cow-calf producers' management practices related to control of gastrointestinal nematodes including pasture management and use of parasite control products. A questionnaire...
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The flipped classroom has been gaining momentum within medical education circles. Pre-class assignments are an important component of this pedagogical approach. In this study, a section of the introductory course to veterinary medical imaging was taught using a flipped classroom, and the effectiveness of two different pre-classroom assignments was...
Article
Daily image guidance reduces inter‐fractional variation in patient position for intracranial radiation therapy. However, the ability to detect and correct positioning errors is limited below a certain level. Because of these limitations, the accuracy achieved with a positioning system prior to image guidance may affect the error remaining after ima...
Article
Objective: To describe response rate, tumor progression, patient survival times, prognostic factors associated with tumor progression and patient survival times, and radiation toxicoses (acute and latent) in dogs treated with curative-intent stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for soft tissue sarcomas (STS). Animals: 35 client-owned dogs...
Article
Between 2011 and 2016, the number of dairy operations in Canada decreased by 13.3%. Mean herd size increased from 65 to 73 animals per farm. The ratio of older (> 60 years old) to younger (< 31 years old) producers also increased. The age structure of the industry suggests that consolidation will continue for the next decade, which has implications...
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Full-text available
Vaccination against putative causal organisms is a frequently used and preferred approach to controlling bovine respiratory disease complex (BRD) because it reduces the need for antibiotic use. Because approximately 90% of feedlots use and 90% of beef cattle receive vaccines in the USA, information about their comparative efficacy would be useful f...
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Full-text available
We conducted a systematic review and network meta-analysis to determine the comparative efficacy of antibiotics used to control bovine respiratory disease (BRD) in beef cattle on feedlots. The information sources for the review were: MEDLINE®, MEDLINE In-Process and MEDLINE® Daily, AGRICOLA, Epub Ahead of Print, Cambridge Agricultural and Biologica...
Article
Sources of residual setup error after image guidance include image localization accuracy, errors associated with image registration, and inability of some treatment couches to correct submillimeter translational errors and/or pitch and roll errors. The purpose of this experimental study was to measure setup error after image‐guided correction of th...
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The cow-calf industry in North America is in a period of rapid consolidation with corresponding increases in herd sizes and changes in management. The objectives of this study were to examine longitudinal data on reproductive performance in cow-calf herds and identify benchmarks for the most critical measures and important sources of differences am...
Article
Objectives To explore tuberculosis (TB) incidence in Canada and the United States from 1953 to 2015. In the most recent decade, the US incidence was lower than that of Canada. Since both countries are high income and have low TB incidence with similar TB surveillance programs, we hypothesized that rates should be similar. Methods TB incidence data...
Article
Recall inaccuracies are a key limitation in a foodborne outbreak investigation. Misclassifications in self-reported exposure status reduce the power of epidemiological studies to detect meaningful associations between exposures and the development of illness. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of recall inaccuracies on the vali...
Article
The collection of comprehensive data on both food exposure history and gastrointestinal symptoms associated with foodborne illness is typically challenging because of poor compliance with data collection methods. Smartphone technology provides a convenient tool with which to collect data on food consumption behavior and foodborne illness. Ethica, a...
Article
Rural communities dependent on unregulated drinking water are potentially at increased health risk from exposure to contaminants. Perception of drinking water safety influences water consumption, exposure, and health risk. A community‐based participatory approach and probabilistic Bayesian methods were applied to integrate risk perception in a holi...
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There is growing interest in the role of environmental exposures in the development of diabetes. Previous studies in rural Saskatchewan have raised concerns over drinking water contaminants, including arsenic, which has been identified as a possible risk factor for diabetes. Using administrative health and water-quality surveillance data from rural...
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One hundred cow-calf producers in western Canada were surveyed to determine their perceptions regarding antimicrobial use (AMU) and how these perceptions and other herd management factors were associated with AMU. Veterinarians were the most important source of AMU information. Half of the producers considered antimicrobial resistance (AMR) when ch...
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The aims of this study were to describe when and how vaccines are administered during the production cycle in cow-calf herds in western Canada, as well as the factors that influence vaccine usage as reported by producers. The most commonly used vaccines were bovine viral diarrhea virus/infectious bovine rhinotracheitis (BVDV/IBR) in adult animals a...
Article
Open-palm hand shields are used by veterinary workers during manual restraint for small animal radiography. The objective of this study was to measure the reduction in scatter and primary beam radiation dose to the hand provided by a full glove and an open-palm shield, using a cadaver dog to simulate restraint by 2 workers of an awake, cooperative...
Article
The objectives of this study were to describe the frequency of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in Escherichia coli and Campylobacter spp. isolates in fecal samples from beef cow-calf herds and to examine the associations between herd management practices, reported antimicrobial use, and AMR. Baseline prevalence data are needed to evaluate the effect...
Article
OBJECTIVE To assess outcomes, factors associated with survival time, and radiation-induced toxicoses in dogs treated for nasal tumors with curative-intent stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT). DESIGN Retrospective case series. ANIMALS 28 client-owned dogs. PROCEDURES By use of a 6-MV linear accelerator, dogs were treated with SBRT (3 consecut...
Article
Federal government guidelines recommend wearing hand shielding that provides full protection for the entire hand during manual restraint of animals for radiography. The primary objective of this cross-sectional survey of 143 Saskatchewan veterinary workers was to describe behaviors of workers who do not follow guidelines for effective hand shieldin...
Article
Statistics Canada's 2016 census data were analyzed to determine the proportion of Canadian cow-calf producers who had adopted the use of 7 different technologies and 2 different grazing/feeding management practices, collectively referred to as "management tools." The 4 most commonly used management tools were rotational grazing, in-field winter gra...
Article
While ongoing surveillance and research initiatives have provided some information on antimicrobial use (AMU) in many livestock commodities, there are no recent reports for Canadian cow-calf herds. Antimicrobial use data were collected in 2014 for bulls, cows, and calves from 100 herds participating in the Western Canadian Cow-Calf Surveillance Net...
Article
Objective To determine if 3 resuscitative fluid therapy strategies increase N‐terminal pro‐brain natriuretic peptide (NT proBNP) levels in healthy dogs. Design Randomized crossover trial. Setting Veterinary teaching hospital. Animals Plasma NT proBNP concentrations were measured in 6 healthy purpose‐bred dogs that received 3 resuscitative fluid...
Article
OBJECTIVE To describe self-reported use of x-ray personal protective equipment (PPE) by veterinary workers in Saskatchewan, Canada, and to examine factors that affected their use of x-ray PPE. DESIGN Cross-sectional survey. SAMPLE 331 veterinary workers. PROCEDURES A questionnaire was distributed to Saskatchewan veterinary workers electronically an...
Article
Competency in One Health (OH) leadership was emphasized in the Roadmap for Veterinary Medical Education in the 21st Century in 2011. Since then, several educational interventions have been aimed at increasing awareness and capacity for inter-professional collaboration. At the University of Saskatchewan, Canada, a 3-day event, the One Health Leaders...
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Four gauges (14G, 16G, 18G, 20G) of single use hypodermic needles were evaluated for sharpness by measuring the force required to puncture rehydrated bovine leather. The needles began to dull after 1 use with maximum bluntness occurring within 4 to 5 uses. © 2018 Canadian Veterinary Medical Association. All Rights Reserved.
Article
From 2011 to 2016, both the number of cow-calf producers and farm operations in Canada decreased by 12.4%. Furthermore, the current demographics portend a similar or greater loss in the number of producers and farms by the next census (2021). This level of consolidation has implications with respect to veterinary education and how practitioners wil...
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Background: Pain is an important health problem adversely affecting functionality and quality of life. Though self- rated health (SRH) is a major predictor of mortality, its relationship with pain is not well understood. We explore 1) how pain and age interact to influence SRH, and 2) provincial variations in SRH across Canada. Methods: We analy...
Article
OBJECTIVE To describe animal owners' experiences with palliative radiation therapy (PRT) of pets and identify factors influencing satisfaction with their pets' treatment. DESIGN Retrospective, cross-sectional study. SAMPLE 118 owners of dogs, cats, or rabbits. PROCEDURES Medical records were searched to identify animals that underwent PRT between 2...
Article
OBJECTIVE To identify whether age, sex, or breed is associated with crown height of the left and right maxillary first molar tooth (M1) measured on CT images, to develop a mathematical model to determine age of horses by use of M1 crown height, and to determine the correlation between M1 crown height measured on radiographic and CT images. SAMPLE C...
Article
Risk assessments are utilized to understand the risks associated with bacterial foodborne pathogens with increased antimicrobial resistance (AMR). This review aimed at identifying and describing the literature on risk assessments for the study of antimicrobial resistance of foodborne bacteria in humans, with focus only on products intended for the...
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Selective pressure exerted by the widespread use of antibacterial drugs is accelerating the development of resistant bacterial populations. The purpose of this scoping review was to summarise the range of studies that use dynamic models to analyse the problem of bacterial resistance in relation to antibacterial use in human and animal populations....
Article
Associations between groundwater quality and the prevalence of hypertension and ischemic heart disease were investigated in rural areas of the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. The partially ecological study was analyzed using Bayesian hierarchical models to account for spatial variability in risk. Exposure measures and health outcomes were estima...
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The provision of safe drinking water is a key driver of public health and a pressing health issue facing First Nations communities in Canada. Contaminated water is a perennial issue for reserve communities across the country despite numerous government investments. Many First Nations communities rely heavily on cistern use for their drinking water...
Article
Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of bipolar radiofrequency (RF) energy on canine stifle joint fluid temperature. Materials and Methods A standard stifle arthroscopy was performed on 15 canine large breed cadaveric stifle joints. A bipolar RF (VAPR III, 2.3-mm side effect electrode; Depuy Mitek, Raynham, Massachusetts, Unit...
Article
Objective To evaluate the incidence of hypochloremic metabolic alkalosis (HCMA) in dogs and cats in the ICU that had intermittent nasogastric tube (NGT) aspiration for up to 36 hours. Design Prospective cohort study (December 2013 to October 2014). Setting Privately owned emergency and referral teaching hospital. Animals Forty‐nine client‐owned...
Article
A commonly used therapeutic strategy for type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) in humans involves the use of synthetic incretin hormone-based therapies including exenatide, a glucagon-like pepetide-1 hormone agonist. Glucagon-like pepetide-1 agonists can be used alone or as an ancillary therapy with other agents, including insulin and oral antihyperglycemi...
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Previous studies have described concerns regarding tap water in Indigenous communities, yet there is little information on participants who report drinking their tap water and being satisfied with its quality. This study undertaken with members of 8 Indigenous communities in Saskatchewan, Canada, and identified factors associated with both the deci...
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This study determined whether mineral concentrations in the hooves of cattle with toe tip necrosis syndrome (cases) differed from those of cattle dying of all other causes (controls). Samples were collected over a 2-year period from 16 different feedlots and analyzed for 8 minerals [cobalt (Co), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), magnesium (Mg), manganese (Mn...
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Objective: The objective of this study was to examine the association between area level deprivation and vehicle collisions resulting in either property damage or injury. Methods: A multilevel observational study was conducted using the 2000 to 2010 Saskatchewan Traffic Accident Information System (TAIS) (n = 72,234) and 2006 Census data at the...
Article
Staging and therapeutic planning for dogs with malignant disease in the popliteal lymph node are based on the expected patterns of lymphatic drainage from the lymph node. The medial iliac lymph nodes are known to receive efferent lymph from the popliteal lymph node; however, an accessory popliteal efferent pathway with direct connection to the sacr...
Article
Emergence and dissemination of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in food-borne bacteria is a public health issue. Retail meat is considered an important carrier for antimicrobial-resistant Escherichia coli. Currently, resistance of E. coli strains to third generation cephalosporins are of particular concern, with significant potential animal and publi...
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Prions that cause chronic wasting disease (CWD) in cervids can remain infective for years outside the host. Infectious cervids shed prions for a long time, consequently depositing prions in frequently used areas. These environmental prions are important in CWD epidemiology. Unfortunately, effective tools for quantifying CWD prions in soil, water an...
Article
The use of personal protective equipment by veterinary workers during radiographic imaging is inconsistent. While the self-reported use of leaded aprons and thyroid shields approaches 100% in some studies, the use of leaded gloves and eyeglasses is much lower. Previous studies describing personal protective equipment use are based on self-reporting...