Charlotte Hess

Charlotte Hess
Syracuse University | SU · Libraries

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23
Publications
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Publications

Publications (23)
Article
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This piece reports on some of the significant research and activities within the knowledge commons arena since the publication of Charlotte Hess and Elinor Ostrom's co-edited book Understanding Knowledge as a Commons in 2007. Hess uses this overview to identify major lacunae in the study of the knowledge commons. First, the relationship between loc...
Article
Hess described those New Commons as shared resources for which there are no pre-existing rules or norms. Often a new commons emerges because of erosion of public goods or new opportunities brought about by technology, such as the Internet and data about the human genome. The New Commons are less about "property" than they are about the question, "h...
Article
From Introduction: "This paper is a guide to the rapidly growing area of research and activity I call 'new commons.' Simply put, new commons (NC) are various types of shared resources that have recently evolved or have been recognized as commons. They are commons without pre-existing rules or clear institutional arrangements. The paper introduces a...
Article
"The relative advantages of private property and common property for the efficiency, equity, and sustainability of natural resource use patterns have long been debated in the legal and economics literatures. The debate has been clouded by a troika of confusions that relate to the difference between (1) common-property and open-access regimes, (2) c...
Article
From p. 336: "In this article we contribute to this new research agenda by presenting an analytical tool to help better understand this new type of commons. We also argue the critical importance of collective action in the success and ultimate sustainability of this commons. The complexity of the issues is enormous for many reasons: the vast number...
Article
Dans une communication anterieure intitulee « Ideas, Artifacts and Facilities as a Common-Pool Resource » nous avons examine le role de l’action collective pour etablir un solide bien commun du savoir (knowledge commons) et neutraliser les tendances a enclore et privatiser le domaine public intellectuel. Notre analyse montrait que l’action collecti...
Article
"Who hasn't heard of the six blind men of Indostan encircled around an elephant? The six-one a political scientist, one a librarian, one an economist, one a law professor, one a computer scientist, and one an anthropologist-discover, based on their own investigations, that the object before them is a wall, spear, a snake, a tree, a fan, and a rope....
Article
Full-text available
Who hasn’t heard of the six blind men of Indostan encircled around an elephant?1 The six—one a political scientist, one a librarian, one an economist, one a law professor, one a computer scientist, and one an anthropologist—discover, based on their own investigations, that the object before them is a wall, spear, a snake, a tree, a fan, and a rope....
Article
"The goal of this paper is to summarize the lessons learned from a large body of international, interdisciplinary research on common-pool resources (CPRs) in the past 25 years and consider its usefulness in the analysis of scholarly information as a resource. We will suggest ways in which the study of the governance and management of common-pool re...
Article
Full-text available
The recent competition for ownership of the intellectual public domain is a direct outcome of new technologies and global markets. Distributed digital technologies have the dual capacity to increase as well as restrict access to information. These technologies have brought a larger number of the people of this earth greater access to important info...
Article
"This paper surveys the literature of 'new commons,' the Internet and other new CPRs. It examines newly-identified CPRs in the context of the traditional literature and suggests appropriate areas for further research. One of the striking observations is a remarkable growth in the use of the word 'commons' applied to the Internet in the popular and...
Article
Full-text available
From Page 1: "Because information plays a central role in environmental and CPR research, the quality, flow, and timeliness of of intellectual resources are crucial. The development agency community repeatedly stresses the intricate relationship between information access and economic development (UNDP, 1997; Mchombu, 1996; McConnell, 1996; Baransh...
Article
Full-text available
"This paper explores the concept of reinventing as 'creating anew,' with the global network of computer networks called the Internet as a sublime example of a new common pool resource (CPR). A commons is not a resource existing independently in nature but rather a human artifact -- an institution crafted by human beings. Nor is a commons an archaic...
Article
Full-text available
"This paper outlines a new research agenda to study the Internet as an intricate and complex common pool resource, both on the local and global level. It identifies four different and, at times, overlapping types of commons within the Internet, each of with have distinctive properties and require different institutional arrangements: a social commo...
Article
"In this paper, we extend our previous work, 'Ideas, Artifacts, and Facilities: Information as a Common-Pool Resource' that was presented at the Conference on the Public Domain at Duke University Law School in November 2001 and published in Law & Contemporary Problems (2003) 66 (1-2):111-146, http://www.law.duke.edu/journals/lcp. The Duke paper arg...
Article
Full-text available
"This paper presents a framework for analyzing the complex resource of scholarly communication as a commons. Previously we have argued that the dilemmas associated with managing shared information are quite similar to those associated with managing natural and human-constructed common-pool resources (CPRs), where we can observe how the development...
Article
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"This is an informal talk "the origins of the concept of the commons, the history of the term, and the emergence of an interdisciplinary school of scholarship on common pool resources." The paper was presented at the closing plenary session "The Future of the Digital Commons" at the WOS3 conference in Berlin 2004. This presentation was accompanied...
Article
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"This article aims to introduce you to the important issues about copyright and open access; to convince you that providing open access to your research is a right and a responsibility; and to provide concrete information and instructions so that all of you can easily contribute and enrich the global information commons. This is a push for institut...
Article
Full-text available
"This past spring, members voted to change the name and the mission statement of the association. Overnight Common Property morphed into the Commons, as our association became The International Association for the Study of the Commons. This was, however, not a quick or rash decision. Rather it was a thoroughly discussed issue by the Council and mem...
Article
Full-text available
Presentation slides on institutional design and governance to facilitate a global research commons for microbiology delivered at the International Symposium on Designing the Microbial Research Commons, sponsored by the National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC, 8-9 October 2009.

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