Charlotte De Kock

Charlotte De Kock
Ghent University | UGhent · Department of Penal Law and Criminology

Doctor of Philosophy
Researcher @ Institute for social drug research (ISD), Ghent University

About

49
Publications
3,885
Reads
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124
Citations
Introduction
Researcher @UGent, formerly @HoGent | Equitable substance use treatment for migrants & ethnic minorities in Europe | EU XChange prevention registry | Criminology & Cultural studies #DurfDiversDenken
Additional affiliations
February 2015 - present
University of Gent
Position
  • Researcher
June 2010 - January 2015
Hogeschool Gent
Position
  • Researcher and Lecturer

Publications

Publications (49)
Article
Despite mounting evidence of disparities in health service provision for migrants and ethnic minorities (MEM) across EU countries, there has been limited research into how services (meso) and policy (macro) can contribute to reducing these disparities. In Flemish (Belgian) substance use treatment (SUT) policy making, no systematic attention is give...
Article
In Europe, the prerequisites of equitable substance use treatment (SUT) for migrants and ethnic minorities (MEM) remain understudied. This qualitative study maps barriers and facilitators identified by 14 professionals in Flanders, Belgium. The analysis identified micro and meso level barriers and how they intersect. Whereas barriers to treatment a...
Article
Full-text available
This study explores the impact of the ‘pre-intervention effects’ of a community-based intervention. This refers to participatory research processes and parallel publicity in the media on changes in alcohol use and relevant mechanisms (rules and norms about alcohol, accessibility of alcohol in a formal setting) among adolescents before any intervent...
Preprint
This study explores the impact of the ‘pre-intervention effects’ of a community-based interventions. This refers to participatory research processes and parallel publicity in the media on changes in alcohol use and relevant mechanisms (rules and norms about alcohol, accessibility of alcohol in a formal setting) among adolescents before any interven...
Article
Full-text available
Environmental drug prevention interventions are gaining momentum alongside and in concert with 'classical' prevention practices such as school, family and community interventions. The Icelandic Prevention Model (IPM) is particularly gaining attention because of its innovative environmental approach and because of its supposed impact on lowering (th...
Article
Full-text available
Cultural competence (CC) was introduced to reduce substance use treatment (SUT) disparities among migrants and ethnic minorities. However, outcome reviews report limited evidence for its effectiveness in reducing SUT disparities. This paper applies Bacchi’s “What’s the problem represented to be?” approach and an ecosocial perspective in a narrative...
Article
This systematic review of 15 qualitative studies explores recovery capital among migrants and ethnic minorities (MEM). The results of the framework analysis indicate that addressing barriers to recovery and (often minority-related) root causes of problem substance use is vital to recovery among MEM, as well as building recovery capital on personal,...
Article
Purpose Substance use treatment (SUT) among migrants and ethnic minorities is an underresearched domain in European countries, although preliminary studies point out disparities in treatment use and access compared to general populations. This paper aims to identify the main characteristics of and the types of services solicited by non-nationals in...
Book
Full-text available
Deze wegwijzer biedt een handig overzicht van praktijken die de professional kan gebruiken om migranten en etnische minderheden te ondersteunen bij drughulpverlening. Deze bevolkingsgroepen vinden immers vaak moeilijk toegang tot de drughulpverlening. Heel wat praktijken in deze wegwijzer kunnen snel en met minimale investering worden ingezet. Tege...
Book
Full-text available
Ce recueil fournit un aperçu de pratiques que les professionnels peuvent utiliser pour accueillir et accompagner les migrants et les minorités ethniques dans les services de santé et spécialisés en toxicomanie. Ces personnes ont souvent des difficultés d’accès aux soins. Ce recueil souhaite inspirer la mise en place de nouvelles pratiques pour ces...
Article
The knowledge about substance use and treatment among migrants and ethnic minorities is scarce in the European Union. In light of recommendations to optimize data gathering and processing, the aim of this paper is to identify which migration and ethnicity related indicators are used in the EU-28 treatment demand indicator (TDI) registries. We prese...
Conference Paper
Paper on monitoring migration and ethnicity related indicators in the European national drug reports (2012-2014) and in European Drug Treatment Demand Registries (2017).
Presentation
Full-text available
Cultural competence (CC) was introduced in the USA to reduce substance use treatment disparities among migrants and ethnic minorities. Outcome reviews reveal that there is limited evidence for the effectiveness of CC in reducing SUT disparities. This paper applies Bacchi’s “What’s the problem represented to be?”-approach. We identify the origin and...
Technical Report
The main objective of the SOCPREV research was to gain a good insight into a subject that has been rarely studied in Belgium, namely the content and the evaluation methods of good and promising practices aimed at the social prevention of drug-related crime in Brussels, Flanders and Wallonia (Strebelle 2002: 73). The research was conducted between A...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The main objective of the SOCPREV research was to gain a good insight into a subject that has been rarely studied in Belgium, namely the content and the evaluation methods of good and promising practices aimed at the social prevention of drug-related crime in Brussels, Flanders and Wallonia (Strebelle 2002: 73). The research was conducted between A...
Chapter
De belangrijkste doelstelling van het project “SOCPREV” bestaat uit een empirische analyse van Belgische projecten gericht op de sociale preventie van druggerelateerde criminaliteit en het voorzien in richtlijnen rond het registreren en evalueren van deze preventie. Hiertoe werd in hoofdstuk 4 een literatuurstudie van internationale praktijken gepr...
Presentation
Full-text available
How ethnic is social recovery among persons with a migration background? Exploring ethnicity and recovery among problem users with a Turkish migration background in the city of Ghent, Belgium
Article
Purpose Possessing a strong ethnic identity and ethnic network are described in some epidemiological literature as moderating factors in the relation between perceived discrimination and varying types of substance use in people with a migration background (PMB). The purpose of this paper is to qualitatively explore problem use, discrimination, ethn...
Presentation
Full-text available
Introduction: European crime policies are increasingly focusing on drug-related crime and nuisance. Within the framework of a Federal Science Policy funded research study (SOCPREV) we examined how drug-related crime is conceived of an translated in social preventive practices in Flanders, Belgium. We synthesized the respective program and context c...
Chapter
Onderzoek geeft aan dat personen met een migratieachtergrond minder en anders gebruikmaken van de drugshulpverlening. In België bestaan er geen nationale prevalentiecijfers, maar is de ondervertegenwoordiging van de doelgroep in de Vlaamse drugshulpverlening goed gedocumenteerd. Er bestaat veel internationaal onderzoek over de algemene prevalentie,...
Presentation
Full-text available
Introduction: Possessing a strong ethnic identity and ethnic network are described in some epidemiological literature as moderating factors in the relation between perceived discrimination and substance use in people with a migration background. In this article we qualitatively explore this relationship in a small purposive sample of users with a T...
Article
In this paper, we elaborate on the premises of studying problem substance use and treatment disparities among migrants and ethnic minorities. Due to the growing medicalisation of research on problem substance use and disparities in this group, policy makers, health researchers and practitioners often feel compelled to rely on epidemiological studie...
Article
Full-text available
Community coalitions are a strategy to coordinate activities and resources to prevent adolescent substance use and delinquent behaviour. They can bring together diverse community stakeholders to address a common goal and have the benefit of mobilising communities in prevention and health promotion initiatives. The Communities That Care (CTC) approa...
Article
Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) is an effective strategy to promote action research regarding health and substance use issues. The London-based Centre for Ethnicity and Health’s CBPR model was replicated in Belgium to study substance use and service utilisation in Bulgarian, Slovakian and Turkish communities in the city of Ghent. This...
Book
Full-text available
Professionals working in addiction care in both Belgium and other European countries have identified a discrepancy between the prevalence of problem substance use among people with a migration background, and the presence of people with a migration background in treatment facilities. However, little research is currently available on this topic. Th...
Presentation
Full-text available
Paper presented at Engage 2020 : Engaging society in responsible research and innovation, 10-11-2015, Brussels (BE).
Article
Full-text available
Book
Vanuit verschillende invalshoeken schetsen de auteurs een kader van wat ouder worden vandaag betekent. Theoretische benaderingen worden gecombineerd met verhalen uit de praktijk. Telkens gaat het om een kritische benadering van de context waarin zij de gevolgen van ouder worden in een diverse samenleving ervaren. Onder meer de behoefte aan een aang...
Book
Passages is een boek vol levensverhalen verteld door mensen die leven in een tussenwereld: een wereld tussen ginder en hier. In hun gedachten en herinneringen leven ze 'ginder': het land, de stad, de buurt, de familie waarin ze geboren zijn. Na hun passage leven ze 'hier'. Een 'hier' dat eerst wordt ervaren als onbekend en bevreemdend. Langzaamaan...

Questions

Questions (5)
Question
How would you recommend including (grey) literature refered to during (expert) interviews in your results? I'm interested in how you've handled this in published work. I understand you can do it in varying ways dependent on your topic and types of respondents but would like to know more about your experiences. Can you share any such publications please?
Question
Can you recommend literature that explains the relation between age distribution in health services on the one hand and accesibility of services on the other hand, in the general population or comparing specified population groups?
Question
Can you help me identify (grey) literature on models of cultural sensitivity and competence in European health and especially drug treatment?
Question
Within the framework of the purposive sampling phase for a conceptual review on cultural competence in substance use treatment for migrants and ethnic minorities, I'm in search of literature on
- cultural competence
ánd
- substance use treatment
ánd
- aimed at the target group of migrants and ethnic minorities
Thanks in advance for sharing you work!

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
MATREMI addresses a double caveat in literature and policy concerning migrants and ethnic minorities (MEM) in drug treatment. First, MATREMI will focus on how to register MEM service user presence in drug treatment more adequately (objective 1) and second, MATREMI will provide promising practices (aimed at reach and retention of and service accessibility for [potential] MEM service users) to drug treatment professionals (objective 2). Consequently, MATREMI’s three main research questions are: (1) Which scientifically sound ethnicity related TDI variations (proxies, indicators and variables) and database coupling methods do the 28 EU member states, Norway and Turkey use to have insight in drug treatment presence and trajectories of varying MEM and are they transferrable to the Belgian context? (2) Which scientifically sound ethnicity related proxies, indicators and variables as well as database coupling methods are used in the Belgian education, labour and integration domain and what is their potential for transferability to the drug treatment domain? (3) Which promising practices in the 28 EU member states, Norway and Turkey, and Belgium in particular, exist to increase drug treatment reach and retention of and accessibility for specified (potential) MEM service users? These research questions translate into two main goals: (1) Map and assess (1.1) scientifically sound ethnicity related variations to the treatment demand indicator (TDI) and (1.2) database coupling methods (census and other registers) aimed at insight in MEM presence and trajectories in drug treatment across the EU member states, Turkey and Norway as well as (1.3) scientifically sound ethnicity related proxies, indicators and variablesand database coupling methods (census and other registers) in other domains in Belgium (Belgian education, labour and integration domain). (2) Map and assess promising practices at intervention and organizational level aimed at increasing reach and retention of and service accessibility for (potential) MEM service users (intra-European migrants, asylum applicants and recognised refugees with a Syrian, Afghan and Iraqi migration background but also female MEM problem users and those with a second, third and fourth generation background) across the EU member states, Turkey and Norway, with a focus on Belgium, and to create a hands-on MATREMI Promising Practices Guidebook for drug treatment professionals across the treatment spectrum (from outpatient services to therapeutic communities) in Belgium.
Project
Studying the broad accessibility of substance use treatment (SUT) for migrants and ethnic minorities (MEM) by means of SUT organisational policy, SUT professional and MEM client needs and experiences analysis, with specific attention to cultural competence and social recovery theory.