Charlotte Brownlow

Charlotte Brownlow
University of Southern Queensland  · Graduate Research School

PhD

About

74
Publications
38,874
Reads
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1,137
Citations
Additional affiliations
March 2009 - June 2010
The Open University (UK)
Position
  • Lecturer

Publications

Publications (74)
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: It is crucial to understand the micro-level personal factors that impact farmer mental health help-seeking, given that farmers are at increased risk of suicide yet show reduced mental health help-seeking behaviors. Methods: Ten farmers, 10 farmers' partners, and 8 general practitioners (ie, family physicians) from Australia completed qu...
Article
Full-text available
The ability to self-regulate is a key focus for educators, especially for neurodivergent students, such as those with ADHD, fetal alcohol syndrome, mental health difficulties, autism, and/or anxiety. Students not being able to self-regulate frequently results in their behaviours being labelled as “naughty” or “challenging” by teachers. Continued dy...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to evaluate the experience of autistic young adults aged 18 to 25 years old over a 12-month transition period from 2016 to 2017. Data was collected through a longitudinal repeated measures case series design with assessments conducted at 2 time points, at baseline then 12 months later. Assessments included self-report eval...
Chapter
This introductory chapter focuses on the rising influence and importance of social media both within academic research and everyday contexts. The chapter reflects on this intersection with individual lives, providing the context for the primary focus on the edited collection on the meanings and impacts of social media within individual developmenta...
Chapter
This final chapter of the edited collection seeks to draw together and reflect on the key themes that have been highlighted by the individual chapter authors. The chapters overall highlight the nuanced ways that individuals and groups engage with technology across the lifespan. Overall, three key themes are highlighted for discussion. The first ref...
Chapter
Facebook has become an important part of building and maintaining relationships and an increasingly integral part of our lives at all developmental stages. Using Facebook to connect with friends and family can provide greater perceptions of social support, providing a buffer between life stress and physical and mental health outcomes. It has been h...
Book
This practical and informative book demystifies interoception and provides tools to help boost interoceptive abilities. It summarises the latest research, explores how interoceptive difficulties can be identified, suggests strategies to manage feelings and emotions, and explains how to support individuals in 'tuning in' to themselves.
Article
Models that conceptualize family are employed by psychologists, governments, legislators, and policymakers to inform professional practice and formulate public policy. However, extant models are notably Western‐centric in both origin and context. Given the cultural diversity of today's globalized world, it is timely to question whether such models...
Article
Full-text available
An inclusive approach to education requires schools and educators to address the support needs and individual predispositions of all students. Our research highlights the crucial importance of effective and respectful communication with autistic students to facilitate their successful participation in schools. This paper explores the experiences of...
Article
Full-text available
The suicide rate of farmers is approximately double that of the general Australian population, yet farmers employ fewer help-seeking behaviours (Arnautovska et al. in Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 49:593-599, 2014; Brew et al. in BMC Public Health 16:1-11, 2016). Therefore, it is crucial to understand if, and how health services and system mig...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to explore the barriers and facilitators during the transition to adulthood for young adults on the autism spectrum, from the perspectives of service providers. Fourteen disability service providers participated in two focus groups. Focus group data were analysed using thematic analysis resulting in two themes relative to...
Article
The aim of this study was to explore the role of Mothers of young adults on the autism spectrum in Australia, during the transition to adulthood. Data collected through interviews were analysed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis resulting in two themes relevant to autism and inclusive practices: Inclusion Support and Mothers’ Support. T...
Article
Empathy is essential for social functioning and is relevant to a host of clinical conditions. This COSMIN review evaluated the empirical support for empathy self-report measures used with autistic and nonautistic adults. Given autism is characterized by social differences, it is the subject of a substantial proportion of empathy research. Therefore...
Article
Empathy is essential for social functioning and is relevant to a host of clinical conditions. This COSMIN review evaluated the empirical support for empathy self-report measures used with autistic and nonautistic adults. Given autism is characterized by social differences, it is the subject of a substantial proportion of empathy research. Therefore...
Article
For families with limited opportunities for face-to-face interaction, social media can be a vital communication medium to help shape the family identity, maintain bonds, and accomplish shared tasks. This mixed-methods systematic review of quantitative, qualitative, and mixed-method empirical studies published between 1997 and 2019, uses a convergen...
Article
The Australian National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) reached full national implementation in July 2019. It supports Australians with disabilities via individualized funding packages for disability-specific services and assistive technology. This systematic review of literature presents research describing the experiences of parents of childre...
Article
With an increase in gender equality policies and gender balance targets within traditionally male professions, organisations such as the police service are experiencing changing demographics. How these shifts influence the construction of professional identity is unclear. Drawing on focus group data, this study aimed to explore identity constructio...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to establish ‘proof of concept’ for a novel approach to HIV and STI testing at a sex on premises venue (SOPV) for gay and bisexual and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM) during late night group sex theme parties. A mixed-methods approach was used, and the study aimed to: (1) Build upon existing SOPV funded service del...
Article
The aim of this study was to understand the ‘farming life’ factors that affect the mental health help‐seeking of farmers. Semi‐structured interviews were completed with 10 farmers, 10 farmers’ partners, and eight General Practitioners (GPs), covering mental health help‐seeking. Interview data were then analysed using thematic analysis resulting in...
Article
Many of the contemporary treatment recommendations and guides for adapting therapy for men originates from the context of the United States. This qualitative study invited 15 Australian therapists, who advertised themselves as working with men, to describe their recommendations for male-friendly counseling. Three themes and 14 subthemes were identi...
Poster
Full-text available
Sex on premises venues (SOPV) are frequented by GBMSM (gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men) and provide novel contexts for more sexually adventurous practices, including co-morbid recreational substance use among some patrons. Engaging with this subgroup provides unique insight into the experiences, sexual activity and substance use p...
Article
Full-text available
In the current research climate, in which many autistic and autism communities are increasingly calling for a move towards collaborative forms of research, we consider how a loosely formed epistemological community may serve to challenge ‘business as usual’ in the academy. Mindful of the need to move beyond theory, we use this experience to concret...
Article
Full-text available
The rise of social networking sites have provided a new avenue for interpersonal communication. Facebook, as the largest social networking site targeted at providing access to interpersonal social networks, has been found to be a source of social support. Facebook-based social support has been found to be beneficial across a number of health outcom...
Article
With a rapidly growing global population of just over two billion users, Facebook has changed the way many people engage with each other. Whilst the autism community—autistic people, their families and carers, and their broader support network—are represented in this population there is limited research about how or why this community intends to us...
Article
Full-text available
Background Innovative health promotion strategies are needed to improve access to HIV testing among regional people in Australia, particularly for men who have sex with men (MSM). This project aimed to establish proof of concept for point-of-care-testing (POCT) via a mobile van clinic at community ‘beat’ locations. Surveys evaluated client satisfac...
Article
Full-text available
Increasing attention is being paid to how adults on the autism spectrum perceive and interpret the interoceptive sense. This 20-item Interoception Sensory Questionnaire represents a single factor scale that can be interpreted as representing confusion about interoceptive bodily states unless these states are extreme (Alexisomia), and has been desig...
Article
Issue addressed: Australians living in peri-urban areas are insufficiently active, sedentary and experience poorer health than people in major cities. There are health benefits attributable to active lifestyles that could contribute to the improved health and well-being of this population. To support the adoption of active lifestyles, it is import...
Chapter
The introduction to the book highlights the challenges relating to identity and stigma which are faced by a broad range of diversity groups in the workplace, specifically those relating to various types of disability, youth and ageing workers, gender and migrant work. The book also examines the influence of unions and acting collectively has had on...
Chapter
This book has drawn together research from a variety of fields within the diversity and work context. Key themes relate to the roles of employers and unions in order to continue to advance the interests of these groups of workers as workplaces endeavour to become more inclusive. The influence of power structures and existing workplace culture has b...
Chapter
Employees with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are vulnerable in the workplace due to the stigma associated with their condition. Negative attitudes of colleagues can compound misunderstandings of the identity of the individual related to their condition; thus, there are risks associated with revealing such a condition. Employees with stigmatised id...
Book
This edited volume highlights relevant issues and solutions for diversity groups within the workplace. It explores issues of identity as they relate to attributes of gender, age, migrant labor, disability, and power in social spaces. Identity is rarely well-defined in many social spaces, and understandings that define belonging are often developed...
Chapter
In this chapter, Brownlow et al. seek to explore the positioning of individuals with autism within clinical consultation sessions. They draw upon the previous work of Edley (Discourse as data: A guide for analysis. Sage, 2001) in applying the principles of critical discursive psychology to a section of data drawn from a clinical consultation sessio...
Article
Full-text available
The Questionnaire for Autism Spectrum Conditions (Q-ASC) was developed by Attwood et al. (2011) to identify gender-sensitive profiles of autism symptomatology; prioritise and adjust the direction of clinical interventions; and support positive psychosocial outcomes and prognosis into adulthood. The current research piloted the Q-ASC with parents of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Psychology is a discipline which has high ethical standards required for research. APAC requirements state that all Honours students " should be given sufficient grounding in relevant…research ethics ". However, from the APAC documentation, it is ambiguous as to what constitutes, and therefore what would be acceptable evidence of, sufficient ground...
Article
Over the past few decades, there have been calls to customize therapy for men. Researchers have increasingly become aware of the impact of masculinity on men and their psychological health, their willingness to seek help, and their experience of therapy. Recommendations have been published for how to enhance engagement and therapeutic change for me...
Poster
Full-text available
Background: Highlighted differences in the clinical research literature among children and adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) reflect a unique presentation of ASD among females, demonstrated by greater compensatory capacity and ability in social masking, camouflaging and imitation. It is argued that such presentation may have an inhibi...
Article
Full-text available
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental condition increasing in overall prevalence and consequently impacting on the number of adolescents seeking post-school employment. A systematic literature review was conducted on the predictors of successful outcomes for adolescents with ASD post-compulsory education. An extensive search in educatio...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Internet has extended the opportunity for researchers to investigate human actions and interactions. This study aims to critically examine the various ways that ethical considerations associated with Internet-Mediated Research (IMR) are constructed as a social reality by Australian Human Research Ethics Committee (HREC) and the implications for...
Article
In this paper we explore how our cultural contexts give rise to different kinds of knowledges of autism and examine how they are articulated, gain currency, and form the basis for policy, practice and political movements. We outline key tensions for the development of critical autism studies as an international, critical abilities approach. Our aim...
Chapter
As critical scholars, we are interested in the social construction of ‘normal’ development in children and how this operates discursively through the construction of ‘other’ childhoods that are seen to be different from the norm. Ideas about ‘normal’ development are naturalised in and through psychological descriptions of children’s behaviours, par...
Chapter
The desire to ‘be normal’ is something that has been discussed in relation to a range of groups within society, including drug users (Nettleton, Neale, & Pickering, 2012), adults with mental health issues (Spondenkiewicz et al., 2013), and people with disabilities (Lee & Lin, 2013). The commonality shared by each of these is that individuals are be...
Article
span style="font-family: Times New Roman; font-size: small;"> In this paper we discuss the notion of 'autistic friendship'. Drawing on articles published in the Swedish advocacy magazine Empowerment , written for and by autistic people, a thematic analysis explores two interrelated themes: the meaning and performance of friendship in non-autistic (...
Conference Paper
Educational achievement is consistently linked to better employment outcomes for individuals, but navigating through higher education can be particularly challenging for regional, rural, and remote students. Some individuals face additional difficulties linked to personal disability, and a particularly vulnerable group are those individuals with an...
Article
This study aimed to investigate the current gap in the literature with regard to how adults with and without Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) interpret elements of the interoceptive sense, which includes thirst, hunger, temperature, satiety, and the prediction of onset of illness. Adults with a diagnosed ASD (n = 74; 36 males, 38 females) were compar...
Article
This paper critically considers the discursive features of recorded therapy interactions to focus on how clients and therapists co-construct the therapeutic interaction.
Article
Construction of adult life course and identity has typically been built around norms of partnering and parenting, placing single women who do not have children outside the norm. Studies undertaken with single women have found that relationship status was a key factor in their identity construction. In this study, we conducted semi-structured interv...
Article
In this paper, we seek to explore the tensions between advocacy and self advocacy autistic movements in a Swedish context with a special focus on the meanings that enable the production of particular understandings of autism and the autistic subject. Drawing on articles written for the Swedish advocacy magazine Empowerment written for and by people...
Conference Paper
Inclusive Education for individuals on the Autism Spectrum is a much sought after goal internationally. Many education facilities have donned to achieve this goal; however few have achieved it successfully without providing an independently designed facility tailored specifically for those on the Spectrum, ultimately losing the original goal. The c...
Article
Within dominant approaches to autism and relationships, people with autism are assumed to be either unable to form relationships or are in need for educational interventions to be better equipped at managing relationships in a social world dominated by non-autistic people (neurotypicals). In this paper, we argue that broader constructions of friend...
Article
This paper draws together empirical work that has been produced by the authors in two different autistic spaces: the Swedish magazine Empowerment produced by and aimed at adults with autism, and English-speaking autistic communities online. While the two points of data collection are quite different, there are important points of commonality that e...
Article
Full-text available
Autism is a widely researched area and much emphasis has been placed in research on the differences between the autistic and non-autistic populations. Such research commonly draws on proposed deficits within people with autism in order to explain differences. This paper seeks to present an alternative understanding of differences and draws on writi...
Article
An important element in the experiences of people with autism is the key role played by therapeutic interventions. This paper examines the role of therapeutic intervention and the construction of individuals with autism in the therapeutic relationship. The contributions to four online asynchronous discussion lists were analysed using discourse anal...
Article
Researchers have proposed numerous theories to explain autism, ranging from those that are psychologically focused to those influenced by biology and neurology. Many theories of autism share the assumption that there is a deficit in people with autism that should be researched, classified, and, ultimately, modified if the hypothesis suggests that t...
Article
Full-text available
The work presented in this paper is part of a larger project in which online asynchronous discussion groups were employed to examine how a range of contributors--including people with autism, parents of people with autism, and professionals working within the field of autism--view and understand autism. In this paper, we focus on the voices of peop...
Article
Excerpts from current research with people who have autism using online discussion groups are provided. Two major themes emerged that focus on "expert" knowledge of autism and identity. In contrast to the image of people with autism being unable to speak for themselves, our research on chat rooms has demonstrated that these individuals are finding...
Article
This paper details an analysis of BBC reporting of the proposed links between MMR and autism. The study aimed to identify main issues arising from the media reports into the link between MMR and the development of autism, and how these contribute to common understandings about people with autism. The study employed a form of discourse analysis to d...
Article
Full-text available
Recent years have witnessed a rapid growth in Internet technologies, which offer new possibilities for researching hard to reach groups. However, research guidelines, which could aid research in this new forum, have not yet been fully developed. The focus of the article will be ethical issues that may arise from using the Internet as a research too...

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Projects (3)
Project
Strong family social connectedness leads to better psychological and physical health outcomes for its members, including wellbeing and life satisfaction (e.g., Denny et al., 2014; Jose, Ryan, & Pryor, 2012). It is commonly held that social connectedness is facilitated by family members regularly seeing each other, or participating in family activities together (Crespo, Kielpikowski, Pryor, & Jose, 2011; Stafford, 2005). However, many families live at a distance from each other, so their face-to-face interaction is limited. This study is concerned with exploring how social media might be utilised by these types of long-distance families to maintain their relationships.