Charlie E. Jarvis

Charlie E. Jarvis
Natural History Museum, London · Department of Life Sciences

Doctor of Philosophy

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160
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Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (160)
Article
The works of James Petiver have a complicated publishing history. Apart from his more substantial publications, Musei Petiveriani (1695–1703) and Gazophylacii naturæ et artis (1702–1711), which were chiefly based on specimens in his collection and were issued in multiple parts, Petiver also published nearly thirty shorter articles and tracts, some...
Article
The typification of two Linnaean names (Asphodelus luteus, Cynomorium coccineum), applicable to species described from Sicily, is discussed. A specimen from L (Herb. Van Royen) and an illustration by Micheli are designated as lectotypes. For Cynomorium coccineum, an interpretative epitype is also designated.
Article
The dried plant specimens painstakingly acquired by the London apothecary James Petiver ( ca 1663–1718) from around the world constitute a substantial, but underappreciated, component of the vast herbarium of Sir Hans Sloane, now housed at London's Natural History Museum. Petiver was an observant field biologist whose own collecting was focused in...
Article
Current usage of the name Ulva lactuca, the generitype of Ulva, remains uncertain. Genetic analyses were performed on the U. lactuca Linnaean holotype, the U. fasciata epitype, the U. fenestrata holotype, the U. lobata lectotype, and the U. stipitata lectotype. The U. lactuca holotype is nearly identical in rbcL sequence to the U. fasciata epitype,...
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2640) Proposal to conserve the name Polypodium parasiticum (Thelypteris parasitica, Christella parasitica) (Thelypteridaceae) with a conserved type
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According to recent molecular and morphological studies, the apparently homogeneous Carex pendula has been shown to include two different species. One species is distributed across western Europe and the Mediterranean, whereas the other ranges from central and eastern Europe to the Caucasus and northern Iran. Three different names have been conside...
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Since the time of its publication by Carolus Linnaeus in 1753, and to date, Sempervivum tectorum has always been identified with the wild and naturalized taxon widespread in western and central Europe, characterized by linear or slightly lanceolate green leaves, glabrous but strongly ciliated, with a long mucronate red-brown tip, inflorescence wide...
Article
Although the Florentine botanist Pier Antonio Micheli and the Swedish physician and systematist Carl Linnaeus never met, they are linked through Micheli’s Nova Plantarum Genera (1729), of which Linnaeus was a great admirer. A recently located letter from Linnaeus, dating from 1736 when he was in the Netherlands, shows Linnaeus’s appreciation of Mic...
Chapter
During the last quarter of the seventeenth century, commerce was increasing between Europe and China. In England, demand for Chinese goods, notably tea, porcelain, lacquerware and silk, was strong, and the English East India Company (EIC) responded by sending ships to the East, trying to establish trading posts on the Chinese islands of Amoy (Xiame...
Article
The typification of the name Ficus pumila var. pumila (Moraceae) is discussed. The designation of the corresponding type is based on the consultation of Linnaeus’s original material and the literature cited in the protologue. An illustration from Kaempfer is designated as the lectotype.
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The nomenclatural history of the genus Pteranthus (Caryophyllaceae) is reviewed. Original material of Camphorosma pteranthus and Pteranthus dichotomus came from a single gathering made by Forsskål in the desert outside Cairo, Egypt, in March 1762. The original material of C. pteranthus was grown from seed collected with the herbarium material of P....
Article
The typification of the sacred lotus, Nelumbo nucifera Gaertner (≡ Nymphaea nelumbo L.; Nelumbonaceae), is discussed. The designation of the nomenclatural type is based on an assessment of Linnaeus’s original material and the literature cited in the protologue. The name is lectotypified using a specimen from Paul Hermann’s herbarium at BM.
Article
It had long been believed that none of the bird, egg or nest specimens that had been in the collection of Sir Hans Sloane at his death in 1753 had survived. However, a specimen of a rhinoceros hornbill, originally in Sloane's hands, was discovered in the Natural History Museum's collections in London in 2003, and three more Sloane hornbill specimen...
Article
The typification of the name Anabasis foliosa L. (≡ Neocaspia foliosa (L.) Tzvelev) (Chenopodiaceae) is revisited. The specimen on the left of sheet no. 316.3 in the Linnaean Herbarium (LINN) is designated as the lectotype.
Article
The Linnaean name Laurus borbonia was lectotypified in 1966 on a 1731 Mark Catesby etching. However, as the taxonomic identity of the lectotype is ambiguous, and might relate to either Persea borbonia or P. palustris (and may even have been drawn from two different genera of Lauraceae), an epitype is designated here to maintain application of the n...
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The herbarium material that was the basis for Primula nivalis, described by Peter Simon Pallas in 1776, and held at the Natural History Museum in London, is discussed, and a lectotype of Primula nivalis is designated.
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The application of the names Cucubalus reflexus and Silene nocturna is revised and discussed while, for the name S. mutabilis, a specimen in LINN (Herb. Linnaeus) is designated as lectotype. It is concluded that S. nocturna, which is based on cultivated material, correctly matches its current application. Silene reflexa is a heterotypic synonym of...
Article
James Cuninghame's visit to China (1697-99) yielded a great deal of valuable information on both natural and artificial objects aswell as items of contemporaneous trade interest (for example china clay and a scarlet dye). However, the circumstances surrounding the voyage have long been unclear. Although it has previously been assumed that Cuningham...
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The typification of the name Zostera oceanica L. (≡ Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile) (Posidoniaceae) is discussed. Original material conserved in UPS-BURSER is designated as the lectotype.
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The typification of four Linnaean names (Asperula crassifolia L., Hesperis dentata L., Pancratium illyricum L., Scrophularia trifoliata L.), applicable to species endemic to the Italian flora, is discussed. Specimens from L (Herb. Van Royen) and LINN (Herb. Linnaeus) are designated as lectotypes. For Asperula crassifolia, an interpretative epitype...
Article
Original material of Senecio lanatus L. and Senecio populifolius L., two names that are not in current use, has been located. It is concluded that, in both cases, this material is identifiable as the South African species currently known as Senecio verbascifolius Burm. f., a name that postdates the two Linnaean names. Lectotypes for the three names...
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The typification of the name Anabasis foliosa L. (≡ Neocaspia foliosa (L.) Tzvelev) (Chenopodiaceae) is discussed. A specimen from LINN is designated as the lectotype.
Article
The typifications of the names Celosia castrensis L., C. cristata L. and C. margaritacea L. (Amaranthaceae) are discussed. Specimens from the Linnaean and Clifford Herbaria are designated as the lectotypes.
Article
The typification of the names Chenopodium aristatum L. (≡ Teloxys aristata (L.) Moq.) and Chenopodium multi fidum L. (≡ Dysphania multifida (L.) Mosyakin & Clemants) (Amaranthaceae) is discussed. Specimens from the Linnaean Herbarium (LINN) are designated as lectotypes for the names Chenopodium aristatum L. and Chenopodium multifidum L.
Article
James Cuninghame (ca. 1665-1709) was the first person to explore, collect and send back to the West significant numbers of Chinese plants and animals. During his first voyage to the Far East, this distinguished Scottish surgeon and naturalist stopped at the island of La Palma (Canary Islands). Although we do not know the exact dates of his arrival...
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The currently accepted lectotype (Herb. Linn. No. 629.4, LINN) of Reseda glauca L. is identifiable as the related species, R. virgata Boiss. & Reuter. The specimen, collected by Löfling in central Spain, was not explicitly cited in Linnaeus's protologue, in contrast to a specimen (at UPS) collected by Burser in the Pyrenees and identifiable as R. g...
Article
Cynoglossum creticum Mill., a name in current usage for a widely distributed Mediterranean species, is neotypified in the apparent absence of original material for the name.
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The publication of Species Plantarum by Carl Linnaeus in 1753 represented a major milestone in the history of plant sciences, laying the foundation for the scientific system of naming plants that we use today. However, long before Linnaeus, plant exploration was a major priority for the early botanic gardens stablished in Europe during the 16th and...
Article
The Macaronesian islands were an early place of interaction between European botanists and a spectacular flora characterized by high levels of endemism. In 1992, a project was launched to investigate the extent to which the flora of Macaronesia was known among pre-Linnaean botanists from Britain. This chapter reviews the major findings from that st...
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The typification of ten Linnaean names of taxa belonging to the Valerianaceae is discussed. Lectotypes are designated from the Linnaean herbarium at LINN (Valeriana dioica, V. locusta var. discoidea, V. phu, V. tripteris), the Burser Herbarium at UPS (V. montana, V. tuberosa), and from the Clifford Herbarium at BM (V. rubra). An illustration in a p...
Article
The typification of ten Linnaean names of taxa belonging to the Valerianaceae is discussed. Lectotypes are designated from the Linnaean herbarium at LINN (Valeriana dioica, V. locusta var. discoidea, V. phu, V. tripteris), the Burser Herbarium at UPS (V. montana, V. tuberosa), and from the Clifford Herbarium at BM (V. rubra). An illustration in a p...
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Impatiens balsamina Linnaeus (1753: 938) Protologue: “Balsamina. 5. IMPATIENS pedunculis unifloris aggregatis, foliis lanceolatis, nectariis flore brevioribus. Hort. ups. 276. Impatiens pedunculis confertis unifloris. Hort. cliff. 428. Balsamina femina. Bauh. pin. 306. Balsamina. Dod. pemt. 671. Habitat in India. [annual]” Original material: Herb....
Article
The Macaronesian Islands comprise the Atlantic archipelagos of Azores, Madeira, Selvagens, Canaries and Cape Verde. These islands were a major focus for plant exploration during the 17th and 18th centuries. Sir Hans Sloane (1660-1753), one of the most important patrons and sponsors of natural sciences and botanical research, visited Madeira on his...
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Full-text available
The Macaronesian Islands comprise the Atlantic archipelagos of Azores, Madeira, Selvagens, Canaries and Cape Verde. These islands were a major focus for plant exploration during the 17th and 18th centuries. Sir Hans Sloane (1660–1753), one of the most important patrons and sponsors of natural sciences and botanical research, visited Madeira on his...
Article
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The typification of eleven Linnaean names of taxa belonging to the current circumscription of Liliaceae is discussed. Lectotypes are designated from the Linnaean herbarium at LINN (Lilium bulbiferum, L. candidum, L. martagon), the Burser herbarium at UPS (Bulbocodium serotinum, Fritillaria pyrenaica, Lilium bulbiferum), the Van Royen Herbarium at L...
Article
The widely used name Frangula alnus (syn. Rhamnus frangula) has in recent years been threatened by F. dodonei, an allegedly older name said to be published in a rare work by Pietro Arduino. However, from the context of Arduino's paper it is clear that “F. dodonei“ is not a binomial; it just happens to look like one, and has no nomenclatural status.
Article
Lectotypifications are proposed for the names of the following 36 temperate North American species proposed by Carl Linnaeus: Allium canadense, Amaranthus lividus, Aristolochia arborescens, Asarum canadense, Aster tenuifolius, Baccharis foetida, Bartsia pallida, Chenopodium anthelminticum, Croton argenteus, Erigeron carolinianus, Gentiana villosa,...
Article
The currently accepted lectotype of the circumboreal species Lycopodium complanatum L., or Diphasiastrum complanatum (L.) Holub, is a specimen of the related species L. tristachyum Pursh, or D. tristachyum (Pursh) Holub, mainly distributed in eastern North America and Europe. This lectotype, in LINN, is here superseded in favour of an alternative o...
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Lectotypes (61), neotypes (4) and epitypes (6) are designated here by 15 specialists for Linnaean algal names. These newly designated types support the current usage of the names concerned. All Linnaean names that have been linked with algal taxa are listed, and earlier but ineffective or supersedable type selections are discussed where appropriate...
Article
Background Linnaeus developed a robust system for naming plants and a useful, if mechanical, system for classifying them. His binomial nomenclature proved the catalyst for the rapid development of our knowledge of orchids, with his work on the family dating back to 1737 in the first edition of his Genera Plantarum. His first work devoted to orchids...
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The types of seven names of Carex species described by Hudson in the first and second editions of Flora anglica are designated here. Four lectotypes are chosen; two are plates, from Morison and Plukenet, a third is from original material conserved at BM-SL (all of them fixed by epitypes) and a fourth is from original material conserved at K. For th...
Article
Francis Masson was the first official plant collector of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Between 1776 and 1779 he undertook extensive plant collecting on the Macaronesian archipelagos of Madeira, the Azores and the Canaries. This field trip marked a major milestone in the plant exploration of the region, with material collected by Masson resulting...
Article
JARVIS, C. E., 1992. The Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project. Carl Linnaeus (1707–1778) introduced the consistent use of binomial names for plants and animals. As he published more than 9000 plant names, valid under the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature, their application is of considerable importance. Professor Steam's reputation a...
Article
LOOS, B. P. & JARVIS, C. E., 1992. The typification of Lolium perenne and Lolium temulentum (Poaceae). The typification of the Linnaean species Lolium perenne and Lolium temulentum has been studied. Lolium perenne is typified by material in LINN, as proposed by Terrell, but it has been necessary to select a lectotype for L. temulentum, and material...
Article
Twenty-seven species of New World Solatium described by Linnaeus are lectotypified. All elements of the protologue are discussed and photographs of all lectotypes provided. Species that have been previously lectotypified are also discussed, and the lectotypifications verified.
Article
The typification of six Linnaean Datura names (D. stramonium, D. metel, D. arborea, D. ferox, D. fastuosa and D. tatuld) is discussed. A modification to the typification of D.fastuosa is proposed and a lectotype for D. tatula is designated here.
Article
Linnaean names appearing in Volume 1 of Flora Nordica are typified. The main sources for types are the Linnaean Herbarium (LINN), the Clifford Herbarium (BM), the Burser Herbarium (UPS) the Iter lapponicum Herbarium in Paris (LAPP), and cited illustrations. The study forms part of the “Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project” based at the Natural...
Article
The taxonornic history of Psychotria asiatica L., the type species of the genus Psychotria L., is introduced and discussed in. detail. For the first time, the name P. asiaticu is unambiguously linked with wild populations of Psychotria from south-east China, allowing critical morphological characteristics and geographical distribution of Psychotria...
Article
A lectotype for Clematis integrifolia L. has been designated: Hortus Siccus Cliffortianus: 225, Clematis 5 (BM). A description, based on specimens covered in the wild from sites in Central Europe, is presented.
Article
The typification of the 109 names of lichens described by Linnaeus is discussed; 50 lectotypes, 24 epitypes and eight neotypes are newly designated. All written sources of which we are aware have been consulted, including original manuscripts. The relevant specimens in Linnaeus' lichen herbarium (LINN) have been carefully evaluated. All these eleme...
Article
OOST, E. H., BRANDENBURG, W. A. & JARVIS, C. E., 1989. Typification of Brassica oleracea L. (Cruciferae) and its Linnaean varieties. The Linnaean concept of Brassica oleracea and its varieties is discussed. In the light of this concept several types are considered and chosen.
Article
STACE, C. A. & JARVIS, C. E., 1985. TypiHcation of Linnaean taxa of annual Poaceae: Poeae related to Vulpia and Desmazeria. The status and typification of 15 Linnaean species of annual grasses related to Vulpia and Desmazeria are discussed. Of these 15, eight are represented by holotypes or lectotypes in LINN, two by lectotypes in Herb. A. van Roye...
Article
Linnaean names appearing in Flora Nordica in the families Brassicaceae - Apiaceae (in the conventional family sequence of the Flora) are typified. The main sources for types are the Linnaean Herbarium (LINN), the Clifford Herbarium (BM), the Burser Herbarium (UPS) and the Iter lapponicum herbarium in Paris (LAPP), and cited illustrations. The study...
Article
Lectotypes and neotypes are designated for 17 previously untypified Linnaean plant names belonging to the family Convolvulaceae. These newly proposed types support the current usage of the names concerned. Earlier type statements are discussed.
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All the seven accepted names for species of the Jacobaea maritima group are discussed and typified. Lectotypes are selected for Cineraria bicolor Willd. from the Willdenow Herbarium (B); C. gibbosa Guss. and C. nebrodensis Guss. from the Gussone Herbarium (NAP); Othonna maritima L. from the Clifford Herbarium (BM); Senecio gnaphalodes Sieber from t...
Article
As a part of a research study on the systematics of the genus Helichrysum in the Mediterranean and Irano-turanian area, 53 new typifications of names in Gnaphalium and Helichrysum belonging to taxa in Helichrysum sect. Stoechadina, H. sect. Helichrysum and H. sect. Virginea are presented, along with some additional comments on the nomenclature of t...
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Article
Full-text available
JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new forms of scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org. .
Article
Lectotypes, neotypes and epitypes are designated by 20 specialists for 45 previously untypified Linnaean plant names belonging to the family Caryophyllaceae. These newly proposed types support the current usage of the names concerned. Earlier but ineffective or supersedable type statements are discussed.
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The typification of the names of three Linnean species which occur in Calabria (S. Italy) is discussed. An illustration in a pre-Linnaean work of Dillenius is designated as the lectotype of Aizoon hispanicum L. (Aizoaceae); a specimen from the Clifford Herbarium (BM) is designated lectotype for Staphylea pinnata L. (Staphyleaceae), and one from the...
Article
Lectotypes, neotypes and epitypes are designated by seven specialists for 35 previously untypified Linnaean plant names (with one epitype being designated for a previously typified name) belonging to the family Cyperaceae. These newly proposed types support the current usage of the names concerned. Earlier but ineffective or supersedable type state...
Article
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The names described by Linnaeus in the genus Callitriche are discussed and most are newly typified. Callitriche palustris L. is recognised, with C. verna L. as a heterotypic synonym, and the current usage of C. hermaphroditica L. is maintained.
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Lectotypes, neotypes and epitypes are designated by 14 specialists for 42 previously untypified Linnaean plant names belonging to the family Boraginaceae. These newly proposed types support the current usage of the names concerned. Earlier but ineffective or supersedable type statements are discussed.
Article
Lectotypes, neotypes and epitypes are designated by 11 specialists for 18 previously untypified Linnaean plant names belonging to the family Ericaceae. These newly proposed types support the current usage of the names concerned. Earlier but ineffective or supersedable type statements are discussed.
Article
Lectotypes, neotypes and epitypes are designated by 23 specialists for 86 previously untypified Linnaean plant names belonging to the family Brassicaceae (Cruciferae), and one epitype is designated for a previously lectotypified name. These newly proposed types support the current usage of the names concerned. Earlier but ineffective or supersedabl...
Article
The names Campanula barbata and C. cenisia were published by Carl Linnaeus in 1759 and 1763, respectively. For both names, Linnaeus referred to material he had received from the Italian botanist Carlo Allioni, and we designate lectotypes from Allioni material preserved in LINN. For C. cenisia, it has been possible to identify the locus classicus.
Article
The typification of Ranunculus bullatus L. is discussed and a lectotype and epitype chosen which maintain usage of the name in the sense of subsp. bullatus. Ranunculus bullatus subsp. cytheraeus (Halácsy) Vierh. is recognized at species rank, and the combination R. cytheraeus (Halácsy) Baldini is made to accommodate it. Both taxa are described and...
Article
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The Herbarium of Moscow State University, Russia, possesses a relatively small (63 specimens), but historically interesting, collection of herbarium specimens linked with Carl Linnaeus (1707–1778). Some of these originally formed part of Linnaeus’ own herbarium while others, although never his property, were nevertheless studied by him and may be o...
Article
A lectotype is designated for Astragalus physodes L. and the typification of Phlox sibirica L. is reconsidered. The history of specimens linked with Linnaeus in the Herbarium of Moscow University is briefly discussed.
Article
Mabberley, D.J. (Nationaal Herbarium Nederland, University of Leiden, The Netherlands, and Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney, Mrs Macquaries Road, Sydney, NSW, Australia 2000), Jarvis, C.E. (Department of Botany, The Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD, UK), and Juniper, B.E. (Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford, South P...
Article
Lectotypes, neotypes and epitypes are designated by 18 specialists for 102 previously untypified Linnaean plant names belonging to the family Lamiaceae (Labiatae). These newly proposed types support the current usage of the names concerned. Earlier but ineffective or supersedable type statements are discussed.
Article
The typification of Clematis viticella L. is discussed, and a lectotype designated from the Clifford Herbarium (BM). A standard specimen for C. viticella«Purpurea Plena Elegans» has also been selected. Data from hybridization experiments and studies of natural distribution suggest that Clematis campaniflora Brotero is better treated as a subspecies...