Charlie Duclut

Charlie Duclut
Sorbonne Université | UPMC · Physico-chimie Curie (PCC) - UMR 168

PhD

About

26
Publications
3,204
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171
Citations
Citations since 2017
23 Research Items
162 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230204060

Publications

Publications (26)
Preprint
Full-text available
We study the impact of nematic alignment on scalar active matter in the disordered phase. We show that nematic torques control the emergent physics of particles interacting via pairwise forces and can either induce or prevent phase separation. The underlying mechanism is a fluctuation-induced renormalization of the mass of the polar field that gene...
Preprint
Full-text available
How morphogenetic movements are robustly coordinated in space and time is a fundamental open question in biology. We study this question using the wing of Drosophila melanogaster , an epithelial tissue that undergoes large-scale tissue flows during pupal stages. We showed previously (Etournay et al 2015) that pupal wing morphogenesis involves both...
Preprint
Full-text available
We investigate how randomly oriented cell traction forces lead to fluidisation in a vertex model of epithelial tissues. We find that the fluidisation occurs at a critical value of the traction force magnitude $F_c$. We show that this transition exhibits critical behaviour, similar to the yielding transition of sheared amorphous solids. However, we...
Preprint
Collective cell dynamics play a crucial role in many developmental and physiological contexts. While two-dimensional (2D) cell migration has been widely studied, how three-dimensional (3D) geometry and topology interplay with collective cell behavior to determine dynamics and functions remains an open question. In this work, we elucidate the biophy...
Article
Full-text available
Active chiral viscoelastic materials exhibit elastic responses perpendicular to the applied stresses, referred to as odd elasticity. We use a covariant formulation of viscoelasticity combined with an entropy production analysis to show that odd elasticity is not only present in active systems but also in broad classes of passive chiral viscoelastic...
Preprint
Full-text available
We compute the response matrix for a tracer particle in a compressible fluid with odd viscosity living on a two-dimensional surface. Unlike the incompressible case, we find that an odd compressible fluid can produce an odd lift force on a tracer particle. Using a "shell localization" formalism, we provide analytic expressions for the drag and odd l...
Article
Full-text available
Using concepts from integral geometry, we propose a definition for a local coarse-grained curvature tensor that is well-defined on polygonal surfaces. This coarse-grained curvature tensor shows fast convergence to the curvature tensor of smooth surfaces, capturing with accuracy not only the principal curvatures but also the principal directions of...
Article
Full-text available
In amorphous solids as in tissues, neighbor exchanges can relax local stresses and allow the material to flow. In this paper, we use an anisotropic vertex model to study T1 rearrangements in polygonal cellular networks. We consider two different physical realizations of the active anisotropic stresses: (i) anisotropic bond tension and (ii) anisotro...
Article
Full-text available
The interplay between cellular growth and cell-cell signaling is essential for the aggregation and proliferation of bacterial colonies, as well as for the self-organization of cell tissues. To investigate this interplay, we focus here on the collective properties of dividing chemotactic cell colonies by studying their long-time and large-scale dyna...
Preprint
Full-text available
In amorphous solids as in tissues, neighbour exchanges can relax local stresses and allow the material to flow. In this paper, we use an anisotropic vertex model to study T1 rearrangements in polygonal cellular networks. We consider two different physical realization of the active anisotropic stresses: (i) anisotropic bond tension and (ii) anisotro...
Preprint
Full-text available
The interplay between cellular growth and cell-cell signaling is essential for the aggregation and proliferation of bacterial colonies, as well as for the self-organization of cell tissues. To investigate this interplay, we focus here on the collective properties of dividing chemotactic cell colonies by studying their long-time and large-scale dyna...
Preprint
Full-text available
Active chiral viscoelastic materials exhibit elastic responses perpendicular to the applied stresses, referred to as odd elasticity. We use a covariant formulation of viscoelasticity combined with an entropy production analysis to show that odd elasticity is not only present in active systems but also in broad classes of passive chiral viscoelastic...
Article
Morphogenesis depends crucially on the complex rheological properties of cell tissues and on their ability to maintain mechanical integrity while rearranging at long times. In this paper, we study the rheology of polygonal cellular networks described by a vertex model in the presence of fluctuations. We use a triangulation method to decompose shear...
Article
Significance In addition to generating forces and reacting to mechanical cues, tissues are capable of actively pumping fluid and creating electric current. In this work, we examine how a hydraulic or electrical perturbation, imposed, for instance, by a drain of micrometric diameter, can be used to perturb tissue growth. We address this issue in a c...
Preprint
Full-text available
Using concepts from integral geometry, we propose a definition for a local coarse-grained curvature tensor that is well-defined on polygonal surfaces. This coarse-grained curvature tensor shows fast convergence to the curvature tensor of smooth surfaces, capturing with accuracy not only the principal curvatures but also the principal directions of...
Preprint
Full-text available
Morphogenesis depends crucially on the complex rheological properties of cell tissues and on their ability to maintain mechanical integrity while rearranging at long times. In this paper, we study the rheology of polygonal cellular networks described by a vertex model in the presence of fluctuations. We use a triangulation method to decompose shear...
Article
Full-text available
A generically observed mechanism that drives the self-organization of living systems is interaction via chemical signals among the individual elements—which may represent cells, bacteria, or even enzymes. Here we propose an unconventional mechanism for such interactions, in the context of chemotaxis, which originates from the polarity of the partic...
Preprint
Full-text available
We use a theoretical approach to examine the effect of a radial fluid flow or electric current on the growth and homeostasis of a cell spheroid. Such conditions may be generated by a drain of micrometric diameter. To perform this analysis, we describe the tissue as a continuum. We include active mechanical, electric, and hydraulic components in the...
Preprint
Full-text available
Understanding the hierarchical self-organization of living systems is one of the biggest conceptual challenges of the present century. A generically observed mechanism that drives such organization is interaction among the individual elements---which may represent cells, bacteria, or even enzymes---via chemical signals. We use dynamical renormaliza...
Article
Full-text available
Significance The presence of fluid-filled cavities is a common feature of multicellular structures. Nucleation and growth of such lumens typically involve the pumping of fluid by cells, which relies on active ion transport. In this paper, we use a continuum description of a spherical cell assembly that takes into account fluid pumping, electric cur...
Preprint
Full-text available
We discuss the physical mechanisms that promote or suppress the nucleation of a fluid-filled lumen inside a cell assembly or a tissue. We discuss lumen formation in a continuum theory of tissue material properties in which the tissue is described as a two-fluid system to account for its permeation by the interstitial fluid, and we include fluid pum...
Thesis
Full-text available
This manuscript is focused on the study of critical phenomena taking place out-of-equilibrium. In the description of such phenomena, Langevin equations are ubiquitous and are usually derived in a phenomenological way by adding a noise term to a deterministic mean-field equation. However, I show that for reaction-diffusion processes it is in fact po...
Article
Full-text available
The anisotropic model for landscapes erosion first proposed by Pastor-Satorras and Rothman is believed to capture the physics of erosion at intermediate length scale ($\lesssim3$~km), and to account for the large value of the roughness exponent $\alpha$ observed in real data at this scale. Our study of this model -- conducted using the nonperturbat...
Article
Full-text available
We derive the necessary conditions for implementing a regulator that depends on both momentum and frequency in the nonperturbative renormalization group flow equations of out-of-equilibrium statistical systems. We consider model A as a benchmark and compute its dynamical critical exponent $z$. This allows us to show that frequency regulators compat...
Article
Full-text available
For reaction-diffusion processes with at most bimolecular reactants, we derive well-behaved, numerically-tractable, exact Langevin equations that govern a stochastic variable related to the response field in field theory. Using {\it duality} relations, we show how the particle number and other quantities of interest can be computed. Our work clarif...
Article
Full-text available
The majority of dynamical studies in power systems focus on the high-voltage transmission grids where models consider large generators interacting with crude aggregations of individual small loads. However, new phenomena have been observed indicating that the spatial distribution of collective, nonlinear contribution of these small loads in the low...

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