Charles Séguin

Charles Séguin
Université du Québec à Montréal | UQAM · Department of Economics

PhD

About

13
Publications
1,367
Reads
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48
Citations
Citations since 2017
5 Research Items
45 Citations
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201720182019202020212022202302468101214
201720182019202020212022202302468101214
201720182019202020212022202302468101214
Education
August 2007 - May 2012
University of California, Berkeley
Field of study
  • Agricultural and Resource Economics

Publications

Publications (13)
Article
We compare flexible low-carbon regulations in the transportation sector and their interaction and sequencing with greenhouse gas emissions trading systems in California and Quebec. As momentum builds for greater climate action, it is necessary to better understand how carbon markets and other low-carbon transportation policies influence one another...
Article
Full-text available
We study the welfare effects of a revenue-neutral environmental tax reform in a federation. The reform consists of increasing a tax on a polluting input and reducing that on labor income. Households are fully mobile within the federation. Regions are unequally endowed with a nonrenewable natural resource. Resource rents are owned by regions and are...
Article
Reducing adverse environmental consequences of modern industrial agriculture requires an ecological transition of agricultural practices. An important determinant of adoption of new agricultural practices by producers is the perceived profitability of these practices. The profitability of ecological agricultural practices tends to rely on improved...
Preprint
We study the welfare effects of a revenue-neutral environmental tax reform in a federation. The reform consists of increasing a tax on a polluting input and reducing that on labor income. Households are fully mobile within the federation. Regions are unequally endowed with a nonrenewable natural resource. Resource rents are owned by regions and are...
Article
Full-text available
Musicians, singers and bands can use their popularity to promote various causes and products, either through endorsements or more individual initiatives. Environmental activism is becoming more widespread as humans are trying to tackle and mitigate climate change. In this paper, we ask how best a band can compensate for the carbon emissions generat...
Article
To what extent can we predict if a project’s main stakeholders will deem it socially acceptable? In a context where social acceptability has come to be considered as a prerequisite for the realization of any major project, this question has become paramount for projects’ developers and their investors. In this perspective, the Social Risk Index for...
Article
L'acceptabilité sociale des projets miniers constitue un enjeu majeur pour l'industrie extractive. La littérature qui traite de la notion d'acceptabilité sociale en lien avec le monde minier se décline autour du concept de permis social d'opérer, c'est-à-dire comme un moyen d'éviter les perturbations susceptibles de compromettre les activités extra...
Article
Full-text available
Social acceptability of mining projects is a major issue for the extractive industry. The literature considering social acceptability in connection with the mining world discusses a concept called the social licence to operate, as a way to avoid disturbance that could compromise extractive activities. This reductive vision is a transposition in the...
Chapter
Cheap energy has been key to the modern economy. The use of electricity and the internal combustion engine have been crucial for current patterns of civilization, and reduction in availability or increases in the cost of energy have serious consequences for current activities of society. Concerns about climate change, depletion of fossil fuel, and...
Article
In this paper, I formally introduce the nonlinear feedbacks in the green-house gases (GHG) dynamics, which generates "endogenous" thresholds in the coupled climate-economy system. This is in contrast to the traditional approach in economics which focuses on linear feedbacks or uses "exoge-nous" thresholds, i.e. not derived from the underlying clima...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
L’objectif de cette recherche est de comprendre comment l’usage prévu d’un minéral peut contribuer à son acceptabilité sociale, en particulier dans le contexte de la lutte contre les changements climatiques.
Project
This interdisciplinary project proposed and led by Prof. Marc Lucotte, in close collaboration with the Québec Ministry of Agriculture, fisheries and food (MAPAQ), aims at establishing a comprehensive portrait of the impacts of massive usage of GCH (glyphosate-containing herbicide) in different field crops systems in Québec on key agricultural soil functions such as nutrient retention and recycling, compaction prevention, water retention and carbon sequestration, as well as water quality represented by the percolation of glyphosate and its main degradation product (aminomethylphosphonic acid - AMPA) in agricultural streams. A promising direct seeding mulch-based cropping system, promoted by our supporting company SCV Agrologie and requiring little GCH applications will be tested in two climatic zones of Québec in fields of participating farmers and in experimental plots at the Grain Research Center (CEROM). Adopting a systemic approach developed in previous projects by the PI and other researchers of this project (Guay & Waaub 2015), all data generated will be iteratively integrated in a dynamic socio-economic-environmental model. Throughout the project, farmers will actively participate in generating and interpreting scientific results. Scenarios of changes in agricultural practices will be collectively elaborated, ranked and sorted to define farmers’ preferences for adopting alternative cropping systems. While consumers around the world call for a more restrained usage of GCH in field crops production, this project will rigorously monitor over several years the agronomic and environmental benefits of conservation field crops systems. One of the distinctive strengths of our project is that biophysical benefits of various cropping systems will be coupled to complete profitability studies. The soft system methodology/multicriteria decision aid model employed to integrate biophysical and socio-economic data will explain ex post decisions taken by farmers and help formulate recommendations leading to the adoption of conservation systems reconciling field crops activities with periurban populations and neo-country people’s perceptions and expectations. Overall, it is expected that this DMC system will give exemplary results that could be adjusted to other environments throughout the agricultural world (Ferguson & Lovell 2014). Ultimately, the MYFROG project will represent an eloquent demonstration of the power of truly interdisciplinary and intersectoral interventions in the field of landscape ecology
Project
Field crops (grain corn and soybean) in Québec cover over 800 000 hectares and represent one of the largest source of agricultural revenues but are also responsible for most of the use of glyphosate-containing herbicides (GCH). Maintaining high field crops yields while drastically reducing the usage of these herbicides is of strategic importance for keeping the agricultural sector prosperous in a sustainable environment. In close collaboration with the Québec Ministry of Agriculture, fisheries and food (MAPAQ), this interdisciplinary project aims at establishing a comprehensive portrait of the impacts of massive usage of GCH in different field crops systems in Québec on key agricultural soil functions such as nutrient retention and recycling, compaction prevention, water retention and carbon sequestration, as well as water quality represented by the percolation of glyphosate and its main degradation product (aminomethylphosphonic acid) in agricultural streams. A promising direct seeding mulch-based cropping system, promoted by our supporting company SCV Agrologie and requiring little GCH applications will be tested in two climatic zones of Québec in fields of participating farmers and in experimental plots at the Grain Research Center (CEROM). We will develop a dynamic socio-economic-environmental model to establish the mid-term profitability and long-term sustainability and ecosystem services of cropping systems using various rates of GCH. Using a soft system methodology developed in collaboration with the MAPAQ territorial planners and through frequent exchanges between members of the research team and field-crops farmers community, we will circumscribe the conditions of large scale adoption of alternative cropping systems.