Charles D Samuelson

Charles D Samuelson
University of Oslo · Department of Psychology

PhD

About

39
Publications
14,915
Reads
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1,969
Citations
Citations since 2016
5 Research Items
559 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
Introduction
My current research addresses two general problems: (1) Identifying social psychological influences (e.g., social norms) on climate change mitigation behavior; (2) understanding how consumers and producers think about the sustainability of electric vehicle (EV) batteries across the life-cycle and its relative importance in consumer preferences and buying decisions.
Additional affiliations
January 2021 - December 2021
University of Oslo
Position
  • Lecturer
April 2013 - December 2019
Sage Publishing
Position
  • Editor
Description
  • Associate Editor for Small Group Research
September 2002 - September 2006
Texas A&M University
Position
  • Associate Department Head
Education
April 1984 - July 1986
University of California, Santa Barbara
Field of study
  • Social Psychology
September 1981 - March 1984
September 1977 - May 1981
Tufts University
Field of study
  • Psychology

Publications

Publications (39)
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter reviews current literature on the use of collaborative processes in ecosystem management. Relevant theoretical frameworks for understanding environmental conflict resolution (ECR) collaborative processes and stakeholder partnership success are reviewed from political science, sociology, alternative dispute resolution (ADR), and systems...
Article
Full-text available
Police depend on prevailing descriptive and injunctive norms to maintain civil order. Yet, conformity to social norms is predicated on citizens sharing the same social reality where such norms of civility guide and constrain behavior. The invisible influence of law enforcement expectations on preparedness for January 6 suggests the critical social...
Article
Full-text available
Two studies were conducted to test a two-stage model of the psychological mechanisms underlying the overconsumption of scarce resources in small groups. The model proposes that members of groups sharing resources first anchor their consumption choices on an “equal-division” heuristic and then, given sufficient cognitive capacity, adjust their choic...
Chapter
Full-text available
Considerable research has focused on understanding why group discussion promotes cooperation in social dilemmas. Several causal explanations (i.e., group identity, commitment-making, norms) have been proposed and tested experimentally. This chapter reviews the literature on group discussion and cooperation to further explore why and how face-to-fac...
Preprint
Abstract: There is abundant evidence documenting the beneficial effect of face-to-face (FTF) group discussion on cooperation in social dilemmas. The primary research question was whether text-based computer-mediated communication (CMC), common today in blogs and wikis, would have the same facilitative effect on cooperation in a commons dilemma. We...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined the perceived attributes, behavioral expectations, and expected implementation timing of 11 organizational emergency response actions for hurricane emergencies. The perceived attributes of the hurricane response actions were characterized by two hazard-related attributes (effectiveness for person protection and property protecti...
Article
Local authorities who believe their water systems are contaminated need to warn those at risk to take protective actions. In the past, such efforts have often achieved only partial success in preventing people from deciding to continue consumption of contaminated drinking water. To examine the possible antecedents of decisions to comply with water...
Article
Full-text available
To provide people with more specific information about tornado threats, the National Weather Service has replaced its county-wide warnings with smaller warning polygons that more specifically indicate the risk area. However, tornado warning polygons do not have a standardized definition regarding tornado strike probabilities (p s) so it is unclear...
Article
Full-text available
This study extends the Protective Action Decision Model, developed to address disaster warning responses in the context of natural hazards, to “boil water” advisories. The study examined 110 Boston residents' and 203 Texas students' expectations of getting sick through different exposure paths for contact with contaminated water. In addition, the s...
Research
Full-text available
An accepted journal article awaiting publication with Natural Hazards
Article
Although evacuation is one of the best strategies for protecting citizens from hurricane threat, the ways that local elected officials use hurricane data in deciding whether to issue hurricane evacuation orders is not well understood. To begin to address this problem, we examined the effects of hurricane track and intensity information in a laborat...
Book
This handbook is the first to comprehensively study the interdependent fields of environmental and conservation psychology. In doing so, it seeks to map the rapidly growing field of conservation psychology and its relationship to environmental psychology. The Oxford Handbook of Environmental and Conservation Psychology includes basic research on en...
Chapter
Full-text available
We investigate the concepts and perspectives of conflict, power, and status developed across the disciplines of political science, psychology, and sociology. Although the different disciplines, at times, have different assumptions about actors and interactions, we find a great deal of similarity. This similarity allows us to uncover some general pr...
Article
Full-text available
This article investigates the concepts and perspectives of conflict, power, and status developed across the disciplines of political science, psychology, and sociology. Although the different disciplines, at times, have different assumptions about actors and interactions, there is a great deal of similarity. This similarity allows one to uncover so...
Chapter
Full-text available
The central problem addressed in this chapter is: When does knowledge about environmental problems result in action and when does it not? We propose that group identity may be an important mediator between knowledge and action. Figure 13.1 shows our theoretical framework for analyzing the links between knowledge and action. In this chapter we use t...
Article
Full-text available
A field study and scenario study were conducted to investigate the impact of a structural solution in the management of a natural resource dilemma: the effects of individual metering in a water shortage. It was predicted that metering would be beneficial in promoting conservation, in particular, when people experienced a shortage. Consistent with e...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigated the relationship between environmental uncertainty and social value orientation in a replenishable resource dilemma paradigm. One hundred seventy-two undergraduates harvested units from a common resource pool over 20 trials. Two levels of social value orientation (cooperative, noncooperative) were crossed with two levels of...
Article
Full-text available
This article examines how individuals’ harvest behavior is affected by their motivational orientation and different types of information regarding a declining renewable resource. We considered individuals who are either “individualistic” or “cooperative” in orientation and hypothesized this orientation is an important and constant influence on harv...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter presents an overview of the theoretical approach and major empirical results from our research program which began over ten years ago to investigate institutional solutions to social dilemmas involving shared resources. This research started with the goal of understanding the conditions under which people will decide to change the rule...
Article
Full-text available
Two experiments investigated the use of equal division as a social decision heuristic in a group resource-sharing task. We proposed that group members use equality as a decision heuristic to the extent that environmental cues making the rule salient are present and to the extent that competing cues are absent. In Study 1, subjects were provided wit...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigated the effects of social values, efficiency of resource use, and inequity on harvest behavior and preferences for structural change in a resource dilemma. Evaluation of allocation systems was conceptualized as a multiattribute utility problem in which overall preference is represented as a simple additive weighted function of a...
Article
Full-text available
Rivers and their associated riparian systems are in great demand for a variety of competing uses. The current priority for Texas river water use was established by the state legislature in the 1930s. This paper reports on a contemporary comparison by the Texas citizenry of the importance rankings of 4 uses of Texas river water: industrial, irrigate...
Article
Full-text available
This study reports a large-scale survey of citizens' attitudes and beliefs toward energy use and conservation in the southwestern United States. A probability sample of 1,000 Texas residents responded to a 10-item telephone survey. Questions concerned issues such as thermal comfort and health, economic benefits of conservation, efficacy of individu...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigated the effects of causal attributions for group performance on Preferences for structural change in resource dilemmas. Six-person groups performed a resource management task in which members harvested resource units from a common, replenishable pool. All subjects. received preprogrammed feedback that their group had failed to m...
Article
Full-text available
This article presents a social dilemma approach to the applied problem of energy conservation. Residential energy use is first analysed in terms of its social dilemma characteristics. Empirical research from both laboratory experiments on social dilemmas and field studies of energy conservation are reviewed to identify a set of psychological variab...
Chapter
Full-text available
In many group decision making settings, members must consider two sources of uncertainty, environmental and social. Environmental uncertainty refers to environmental variables that determine which group action is best, while social uncertainty centers on how other group members will respond. The present study investigated members' responses to thes...
Article
Full-text available
Investigated the effects of inequities in access to and use of shared resources on harvest decisions and preferences for structural change in resource dilemmas. 70 undergraduates, in groups of approximately 6, harvested resource units from a common resource pool over 10 trials. Following the harvest trials, Ss were asked to vote on how to conduct t...
Article
Full-text available
Comments on the contribution of D. R. Fox (see record 1985-30567-001) whose central thesis was that psychological researchers have ignored radical decentralization as a possible solution to the global commons problem confronting society today. It is suggested that Fox's argument is weakened by inaccurate statements and logical flaws. In addition,...
Article
Full-text available
Groups of six undergraduates were given a resource management task in which they were to harvest points from a regenerating resource pool. Their objective was to maximize individual harvests while maintaining the common resource pool. Following the trials, subjects were asked to vote on how to conduct a second session. The 2 × 2 × 3 between-subject...
Article
Full-text available
Subjects wrote lists of either fair or unfair things that they or others did. A pervasive tendency was found for subjects to associate themselves with fair behaviors and others with unfair behaviors. When different subjects rated samples of the written behaviors for fairness and frequency we found that fair behaviors were rated as more frequent tha...
Article
Full-text available
In a field study, subjects were mailed a request for a monetary contribution toward the maintenance of a public good. One half the subjects received only this request, while the other half received the request along with a short questionnaire that asked for subjects' opinions regarding how their contributions might be best put to use. It was predic...
Article
Full-text available
Administered a resource management task to 86 US and 97 Dutch undergraduates. Ss were divided into groups of 6 and instructed to harvest points from a regenerating resource pool. Their objective was to maximize individual harvests while maintaining the resource pool. The factorial design crossed 3 levels of resource use (overuse, underuse, and opti...
Thesis
Thesis (M.A.)--University of California, Santa Barbara, 1984. Department of Psychology. Experimental data with American sample reported in: Samuelson, Messick, Wilke, & Rutte (1984). Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (see reprint available here on ResearchGate profile).
Article
Full-text available
Entrapping conflicts are characterized by the tendency for individuals to make increasing commitments to some failing course of action, in large part to justify the appropriateness of previous investments made in that situation. It has been suggested that (1) these dilemmas frequently arise in organizational settings, and (2) whether decision maker...
Article
Full-text available
This article deals with decision making in small human groups that share renewable resources. It describes a computer-controlled laboratory that was developed to study factors that influence group members' decisions about resource uses in situations which may lead to the so-called “tragedy of the commons,” in which common resources are depleted unl...
Article
Full-text available
Entrapping conflicts are those in which decision makers continue investing their resources in a costly or losing course of action in order to justify the appropriateness of already sunken costs. Given the great costs often associated with becoming entrapped, it would seem worthwhile to learn how this decision-making process can be avoided or reduce...

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