Charles R Kiefer

Charles R Kiefer
University of Massachusetts Medical School | UMMS · Department of Pathology

About

34
Publications
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1,047
Citations
Citations since 2017
0 Research Items
174 Citations
20172018201920202021202220230102030
20172018201920202021202220230102030
20172018201920202021202220230102030
20172018201920202021202220230102030

Publications

Publications (34)
Article
We evaluated the utility of an independent biomarker of early ischemic cellular damage-circulating fractional forms of C-reactive protein (fracCRP), to verify the diagnostic relevance of low Troponin I (TnI) values within the context of a workup for Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS). On a semi-preparative scale, the molecular characteristics of fracCRP...
Article
A murine hybridoma was generated which secreted a monoclonal antibody (Mab) that specifically recognized the α268(E17)Asn→Lysβ2 substitution of Hb G-Philadelphia. Hybridomas were produced by fusion of RBF/DnJ immune splenic lymphocytes with FOX-NY murine myeloma cells and selected in adenine-aminopterin-thymidine (AAT) medium. Culture fluids were s...
Article
In athero-prone areas of the human aorta, an accumulation of neutral lipids in the arterial intima precedes the arrival of monocytes and the initiation of the fatty streak. This study continues the investigation of a similar preinflammatory process in the coronary arteries of the sodium-sensitive hypertensive Dahl S rat, focusing on the hemodynamic...
Article
In athero-prone areas of the human aorta, an accumulation of neutral lipids in the arterial intima precedes the arrival of monocytes and the initiation of the fatty streak. This study continues the investigation of a similar preinflammatory process in the coronary arteries of the sodium-sensitive hypertensive Dahl S rat, focusing on the hemodynamic...
Article
The carbohydrate structure and complete amino acid sequence of a human lambda-type immunoglobulin light chain, protein Sin λ, has been determined. The protein was isolated from the urine of a patient with a plasma cell dyscrasia resembling γ-heavy-chain disease. 13 tryptic peptides covering the entire polypeptide chain of 135 residues were isolated...
Article
The Dahl sodium-sensitive hypertensive rat exhibits atherogenic lesions after the initiation of a high-sodium/high-fat diet. This study was designed to gauge the effect of a preadolescent high-fat diet on the postadolescent rate of atherogenesis after supplementation of the diet with sodium. Fifty-three Dahl S male rats were assigned to 2 dietary g...
Article
Direct macrophage recognition of an externalized phosphatidylserine signal on senescent erythrocytes is a process of erythrophagocytic clearance that is in line with the general clearance process of all other circulating cells that become apoptotic. Advances in deciphering this process suggest that oxidation of the erythrocyte's hemoglobin, the sal...
Article
Full-text available
To further the understanding of oxidative effects on inflammation injury to muscle fiber structure, fluorescent imaging analysis of human striated muscle tissues from a variety of inflammatory or postinflammatory etiologies was undertaken in a search for accumulated coproporphyrin, a red autofluorescent byproduct of heme biosynthesis that would the...
Article
Phospholipid asymmetry in the red blood cell (RBC) lipid bilayer is well maintained during the life of the cell, with phosphatidylserine (PS) virtually exclusively located in the inner monolayer. Loss of phospholipid asymmetry, and consequently exposure of PS, is thought to play an important role in red cell pathology. The anemia in the human thala...
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Full-text available
beta 1 integrin-mediated adhesion between renal tubular cells after anoxic injury. This study examined the effect of sublethal injury, induced by ATP depletion (5 mM cyanide in the absence of dextrose), on the distribution and function of beta 1 integrins in primary cultures of mouse proximal tubular (MPT) cells. It was shown in this study that sub...
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Full-text available
The life threatening anemia in beta-thalassemia major (Cooley's anemia) is characterized by profound intramedullary lysis, the cause of which is incompletely understood. Using marrow obtained from beta thalassemia major patients undergoing allogeneic bone marrow transplantation in Pesaro Italy, it became possible to directly study the mechanism of...
Article
The life threatening anemia in beta-thalassemia major (Cooley's anemia) is characterized by profound intramedullary lysis, the cause of which is incompletely understood. Using marrow obtained from beta thalassemia major patients undergoing allogeneic bone marrow transplantation in Pesaro Italy, it became possible to directly study the mechanism of...
Article
Full-text available
The irreducible complexation of hemoglobin with spectrin is a natural phenomenon of red blood cell aging, positively correlating with increasing cell density and decreasing cell deformability. The current study begins to address the role of these complexes in the disruption of membrane skeletal physiology and structure. The effect of bound hemoglob...
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Full-text available
The profound and life-threatening anemia in patients with Cooley's anemia is ascribed primarily to intramedullary hemolysis (ineffective erythropoiesis), the cause of which is obscure. Based on prior morphologic data showing nuclear abnormalities, we hypothesized that accelerated apoptosis could occur in these erythroid precursors. The highly succe...
Article
The profound and life-threatening anemia in patients with Cooley's anemia is ascribed primarily to intramedullary hemolysis (ineffective erythropoiesis), the cause of which is obscure. Based on prior morphologic data showing nuclear abnormalities, we hypothesized that accelerated apoptosis could occur in these erythroid precursors. The highly succe...
Article
The profound and life-threatening anemia in patients with Cooley's anemia is ascribed primarily to intramedullary hemolysis (ineffective erythropoiesis), the cause of which is obscure. Based on prior morphologic data showing nuclear abnormalities, we hypothesized that accelerated apoptosis could occur in these erythroid precursors. The highly succe...
Article
A monoclonal antibody enzyme immunoinhibition assay was used to quantitate serial serum myoglobin (Mb) levels in 121 patients who had > or = 5% creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) and suspected acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Serum Mb levels higher than 0.16 micrograms/ml were considered abnormal. In 94% of these patients who were finally diagnosed with...
Article
Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) to normal human hemoglobins (Hbs) A and F and to variant Hbs C and G-Philadelphia were conjugated to horseradish peroxidase (HRP) and used in qualitative or quantitative enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs). Conjugates with output molar HRP/IgG ratios close to 2.0 had higher avidity for the cognate antigens than...
Article
Full-text available
A murine monoclonal antibody (mAb) was generated that recognizes hemoglobin (Hb) H, the tetrameric form (beta 4) of human beta-globin chains. The antibody beta 4-1 (gamma 1, kappa) does not react with Hbs A, F, Bart's, or isolated beta chains, indicating that the antibody recognizes an epitope comprised of multiple beta chains. A simple, rapid, and...
Article
Full-text available
We have developed a murine monoclonal antibody (mAb) specific for the delta chain of hemoglobin (Hb) A2 that does not cross-react with alpha, beta, or gamma chains. The mAb reacted with Hb P-Nilotic (beta delta hybrid), but not with Hb Lepore-Boston (delta beta hybrid), indicating an epitope consisting of positions 116 (Arg) and 117 (Asn) or 125 (G...
Article
We have developed a murine monoclonal antibody (mAb) specific for the δ chain of hemoglobin (Hb) A2 that does not cross-react with α, β, or γ chains. The mAb reacted with Hb P-Nilotic (β δ hybrid), but not with Hb Lepore-Boston (δ β hybrid), indicating an epitope consisting of positions 116 (Arg) and 117 (Asn) or 125 (Gin) and 126 (Met) of the δ ch...
Article
The prenatal diagnostic program, established at Hacettepe University in Ankara for the purpose of detecting beta-thalassemia (beta-thal), sickle cell anemia (SS), and Hb S-beta-thal, offered the opportunity of evaluating the relative quantities of adult (beta A, beta S), fetal (G gamma, A gamma, A gamma T), and embryonic (epsilon, zeta) chains in 2...
Article
The most common method of blood sample collection for neonatal screening programs for inherited diseases-blood spots on filter paper--is poorly suited for screening of sickle cell diseases by conventional assays because of the denaturing effects of this medium on hemoglobins that affect their electrophoretic identifications. The monoclonal antibody...
Article
To facilitate the screening of blood for the presence of hemoglobins S or C, we devised an enzyme-linked immunoassay (ELISA). The ELISA procedure incorporated a murine monoclonal antibody (mAb), beta s-1, which recognized both Hb variants but did not react with Hb A, Hb A2 or Hb F. Hemoglobins in cord or adult hemolysates were coated on the surface...
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Full-text available
We have generated a murine hybridoma that secretes a monoclonal antibody (mAb) that is highly specific for hemoglobin C (HbC) [α2ß26(A3)Glu→Lys] and shows no cross reactivity with HbA2, HbF2, HbS, HbE, or Hb O-Arab. Using this antibody, we developed a simple and rapid enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) technique for the detection of HbC in b...
Article
We have prepared monospecific antibodies to Hbs D-Los Angeles, J-Baltimore, O-Arab and J-Paris-I and developed an enzyme immunoassay (ELISA) for their identification in hemolysates. Hbs in adult or cord blood hemolysates were coated to the wells of microtiter plates and reacted with the appropriate antisera followed by the detection system which co...
Article
We have developed a monoclonal antibody–based enzyme immunoassay and a solid-phase radioimmunoassay for human myoglobin. Both assays are based on competition for the monoclonal antibody between the free myoglobin present in the standards or serum samples and the myoglobin coated to the wells of microtiter plates. Consequently, the absorbance at 630...
Article
A monoclonal antibody (mAb) that recognizes the gamma chain of human fetal hemoglobin (Hb F) has been produced by cell hybridization techniques. The mAb reacts with Hb F (alpha 2 gamma 2), Hb Bart's (gamma 4), and Hb Kenya (gamma-beta hybrid), but does not cross-react with Hb A (alpha 2 beta 2) or Hb A2 (alpha 2 delta 2). We describe a direct enzym...
Article
In an effort to develop a rapid screening immunoassay for the presence of hemoglobin S (Hb S) in cord blood, we have produced a hybridoma (beta s-1) secreting a monoclonal antibody (MAb) with strict specificity for Hb S over hemoglobin (Hb A). A reactivity was observed for hemoglobin C (Hb C) that was weaker than that for Hb S but still greater tha...
Article
Full-text available
In vitro induced oxidative damage to normal human RBCs has previously been shown to result in increased membrane rigidity as a consequence of the generation of a protein complex between hemoglobin and spectrin. In order to determine if in vivo generated hemoglobin-spectrin complexes may play a role in increased membrane rigidity of certain patholog...
Article
This magnetic affinity immunoassay (MAIA) quantifies hemoglobins (Hb) S, C, and F in hemolysates from adults or newborns. Monospecific antisera to the hemoglobins are covalently conjugated to magnetic beads and reacted with the corresponding 125I-labeled hemoglobin. After centrifugation to separate the free and antibody-bound 125I-labeled hemoglobi...
Article
In vitro induced oxidative damage to normal human RBCs has previously been shown to result in increased membrane rigidity as a consequence of the generation of a protein complex between hemoglobin and spectrin. In order to determine if in vivo generated hemoglobin-spectrin complexes may play a role in increased membrane rigidity of certain patholog...
Article
Variant hemoglobins S, C, and FHull were identified in newborn cord blood hemolysates with an immunoblot procedure. The abnormal hemoglobins were originally detected in cord blood hemolysates by cellulose acetate electrophoresis and presumptively identified according to their mobilities. Hemolysates that contained a hemoglobin variant again underwe...
Article
A murine hybridoma was generated which secreted a monoclonal antibody (Mab) that specifically recognized the alpha 2(68)(E17)Asn----Lys beta 2 substitution of Hb G-Philadelphia. Hybridomas were produced by fusion of RBF/DnJ immune splenic lymphocytes with FOX-NY murine myeloma cells and selected in adenine-aminopterin-thymidine (AAT) medium. Cultur...

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